Icse-x english-i 2012



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ICSE-X ENGLISH-I 2012

(Two Hours)
Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.

This time is to be spent in reading the Question Paper. The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.

Attempt all four questions.

The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. You are advised to spend not more than 35 minutes in answering Question 1

and 20 minutes in answering Question 2.



Question 1.

(Do not spend more than 35 minutes on this question.)

Write a composition (350 - 400 words) on any one of the following : (25)

  1. Write an original short story that begins with the words : It wasn't going to be easy she knew. ..bat somehow she had to confront him. She took a deep breath, and walked into the room.

  2. "Money causes more harm than good." Express your view either for or against this statement.

  3. People play a very important role in our lives. Describe in vivid detail, any one person and show how he/she has been a very special influence in your life.

  4. Modes of Communication are continually changing. What are some of these changes ? Say which one change you like best and why ?

  5. Study the picture given below. Write a story or a description or an account of what it suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or you may take suggestions from it; however, there must be a clear connection between the picture and your composition.


Answer 1.

(a) IT WASN'T GOING TO BE EASY SHE KNEW.....

It wasn't going to be easy she knew ........ but somehow she had to confront him. She took a deep breath and walked into the room. She was sure that through her sheer presence and unrelenting spirit, she could do this. She has overcome challenges from day one. She was born with this disability and remember that she had both legs amputated below the knee when she was only a year old.

Her amazing spirit and drive had always helped to compensate for the portion of her body she was missing. Despite her physical limitations, she pushed herself physically and mentally to succeed. Since her childhood she had a passion for sports and in her primary school she had participated in numerous sports, including softball and skiing.

Today in high school, she heard about a track meet for people with disabilities. She had been selected for the same but she was actually bothered by the idea. She had the ability to compel against 'able-bodied’ athletes in other sports. And today she Knew that to defy this conventional public mindset She really has to prove herself.

She saw the coach sitting in the room along with other members of the association. The confrontation started with him not allowing her to participate hi the normal meet. Simply through her honest, open personality she started showing her medals and certificates of her incredible talent.

She expressed her views that the athletes are limiting themselves by defining themselves by their disabilities but determination can force one to push harder to succeed. Looking at ail her certificates and medals and overall her strong will power, he just hung his head. Instead of deterring her determination, he allowed her to compete with the abled one. She not only won but also made a world record. He has realized that true bravery is not the absence of fear, but the ability to conquer It.

(b) MONEY DOES MORE HARM THAN GOOD

(i) FOR

It is a common saying that "Money is the root of all evil." Idealists wonder why we cannot live in a world where everyone is equal, and where there is no greed or jealousy resulting from status differences. Unfortunately, they overlook the fact that our desire to have higher status than others is part of our human nature, and nothing can change it. Man's desire to rise ahead of others is too strong, and money is the only thing that man Competes for. Deng Xiao-ping said. "To get rich is glorious." It's good to nave money and the things that money can buy, but it's good, too, to check up once in a while and make sure that you haven't lost the things that money can't buy. Money comes and goes but what stay are memories with your family and friends. People kill people for money. Abundance rarely brings anything other than increased sorrows. Wars, crimes, and robbery is happening because of money. More & more people are finally realizing that money cannot bring them the happiness they crave. A person is not willing to sacrifice his happiness and freedom to obtain economic status. We want certain things, and money is necessary to enjoy them. Happily, though, money Is only needed to provide with a safe and comfortable home, food to eat and the ability to visit friends and family. Other than that one doesn't need much at all.

There are things that are far more important than having money, things like spending time with family and loved ones and enjoying your career. Time is more valuable than money. You can get more money, but you cannot get more time. If one has to work fifteen hours a day and never get time to spend with family and friends and spend that money, than what good does it do? You have not lived a perfect day, even though you have earned your money, unless you have done something for someone who will never be able to repay you. While money can't buy happiness, it certainly lets you choose your own form of misery. Money is necessary, but it isn't the only thing. And once our basics are covered, we find that we have richness in being together and enjoying the simple things. We certainly have to be careful to set our priorities correctly to avoid regrets later in life. Money is good, but other things are better! Money is just a means to an end as money can help fill a host of material needs. But learning to be content is far more important - love from family and friends, good health, time to spend with loved ones. This outweighs being the wealthiest but the loneliest man in town. Though money can buy status, friendship or even save you out from a sticky situation, all these evaporates once your money vanishes. Time invested in love and quality friendship last eternally,

(ii) AGAINST

Many people around the world think that money is bad. They say money is the root cause of all evil and wealthy people are rarely seen happy. I don't really know who derived this condition: if you are rich, you aren't happy. There are also people who want be on either sides. They say having money is good, but being greedy for money is not at all moral. Why? Tell me one thing that money can't buy. 1 know they have this explanation of money can't buy happiness and love. But do you really believe so? Are we really happy if we don't have money? The answer is obviously no. We would never be happy if we don't have money to repay the mortgage amount, to pay off your credit card debts, to buy a new car.



Everything in modern society is based on money. As the saying goes, money makes the world go around. Security is more important than happiness. Materialism influences education, too. Students acquire knowledge not for its own sake, but for a bigger wage. You are happy if you have money. And when people don't have enough money, they say money is not good. This 'ideology' is hindering the growth of today's youth, family, business, and the country. The people who live under the influence of such philosophy lack the motivation of earning money, getting promotion, generating side incomes and any other activity that can bring money. Is it really doing good to the society?

Bill Gates, owner of Microsoft Corporation, probably has wealth that could easily eradicate the financial crises of United States. Money is a motivational factor due to which we, as world population, are able to witness growth in every industry. Money is helping each country to build its strength, defend itself.

Where would we be if we had no money? How we would buy things to fulfill our basic needs? Money is never bad. It purely depends on how you use it and what consequences you face due to it. It is a means to acquire what may cater to our needs and our satisfaction.

(c) THE INFLUENTIAL PERSON IN MY LIFE

Over time, there have been several people who have influenced various aspects of my life, based on their personal characteristics. accomplishments, and values. I had numerous teachers and professors who I respect for their patience and intelligence. I value many political leaders, who have inspired me by their contributions to society, and their ability to change our futures. Of all the people I have encountered in my life, the person who has a special influence in my life is my father.

The reason I admire him that much is for the simple fact of him being not just my father, my dad. As a wise man once said "Anyone can be a father, but it takes a real man to be a dad."

I believe not every father can be a dad. It takes courage, strength, responsibility, patience, acceptance, love, justice, reliability and much more and my dad has shown these virtues in everyday life experiences. My dad grew in a close family surrounded by love. I have always admired his open mind, compassion, and sense of understanding. He is a very reserved man, but has a great sense of humour, and always knows how to put a smile on my face. One good lesson my dad has taught me was that you most likely won't have the answer to everything, but that is what life is for, to learn from your mistakes and find those answers you are looking for. From him I also learned that to make people hear you, you need to speak. And I really hope someday t can give people such good advice as the one my father gives to me when I encounter a problem, and to be able lo handle it with the same strength and grace as he does. In every aspect of my life my father continuously pushes me to excel. Whenever I feel like giving up, or have a question or a concern, I know I can always call on him for advice. From him I have also learned that sometimes you have to put others needs ahead of your own, but not to the point that they begin taking advantage of you. His strength seems to be unbreakable during hard times, and is extremely determined to accomplish anything he sets his mind on. I hold great esteem for how he stands up for what he believes in. and never backed down.



(d) CHANGING MODES OF COMMUNICATION

The communication has always been the crucial part of mankind's social life. The means of communication has changed according to the changes in people's living conditions and all other circumstances such as technological developments. Throughout history, the technology has had a huge impact on the means of communication. In the past, smoke was used as a means of communication from one mountain to another. Needless to say that only a few simple messages could be sent and received with this primitive method of srnoke signals. Carrier pigeon was another means of communication to send messages further away. The letter, which was replaced with fax and e-mail consecutively, used to be a common means of communication as well. People needed to send their messages further away and faster as the world population increased and started to be globalized. This period has influenced the methods of communication.

Today, we use telephones, mobiles, text messages, fax, e-mail, internet as ways of communication. The inventors and producers are aiming to develop faster, cheaper, smaller-sized, multi-tasking gadgets for communi­cation. The best of all these changes is the launching of social networking sites. Email, Twitter, Facebook, MySpace. YouTube, and scores of others - all part of the new and wonderful ways we can now connect with one another electronically, each with its own culture and unique set of rules. In one sense, the planet has never been more interconnected.

Many people nowadays have created accounts to various social websites. People can now connect with friends old and new. It's a great way for you 53 communicate with your loved ones from other countries without occurring expensive phone bills. Businesses also take advantage of marketing strategies in social web sites in a less expensive way. Social networks give you the opportunity to branch out and interact with the Spends of your friends. It widens your social circle and you can connect to possible job connections at the same time. You can be introduced to many things, like hobbies, sports, food and other fun activities.

Facebook, and Twitter have become the main communication channels and are effectively reaching individual people or thousands of people at the same time. And the future? It is not difficult to predict the future of communication. The trend of mobile, multi-tasking, wireless technology seems to continue to improve. HDTV's, hologram simulators are the clues for possibility of image transferring or the matter transferring at the speed of light in the future. We will be transferred to communicate our own messages to the other places in an instant one day. Who knows?



(e) CHILD LABOUR

The given picture is depicting a small poor girl of around 10-14 years of age who is making pop corns. It is indicating one of the worst forms of child exploitation which is child labour, a common practice of poor families hoping to pay off debts owed to landlords and local merchants or to earn their livelihood. Children are considered useful as labourers because they are easier to manage and control and perhaps most importantly, could be paid less than adults. Child labourers often work for long hours in dangerous conditions for very little money to support their families, but are forced to forget an education. This practice is considered exploitative by many International organizations and Is illegal in many countries. India, itself is a home to a quarter of the world's working children. Child labour in India is a human rights issue for the whole world. It is a serious and extensive problem, with many children under the age of fourteen working in carpet making factories, glass blowing units and making fireworks with bare little hands. It is all due to public indifference, poverty and lack of political will. Indian law already prohibits the employment of children in "hazardous" industries and as maids or in restaurants, tea shops, hotels, or roadside eateries. Yet child labour remains widespread in India.

Instead of going to school, children are forced to work in carpet weaving, match and firework industries. They pay very low wages and make them work for long hours in unhygienic conditions. Millions of children are being robbed of their future. Factory owners usually find loopholes and violate the law. Poverty is the main reason for child labour in India. Primary school education in India is free, yet only half of the students could read and write. Parents prefer sending their children to work as they think they are not learning anything in school. The innocence of the childhood is lost in the dingy furnaces.

The situation of child labourers in India is desperate. State authorities & civil society organizations should come forward to free the children engaged in labour and working as domestic workers. All children have the right to lead a healthy, happy & fulfilling life. If we have courage, determination, imagination and good organization. We know change is possible.

Question 2. (10)

Select one of the following :

  1. Many areas near your school have been affected by floods. You. are President of your school social service club. Write a letter to the Mayor of your town/city telling him/her what you plan to do for the relief of the victims, suggest ways in which you can combine with other organizations to bring about better distribution of relief items.

  2. You were taken by your school to visit a place of historical Interest. Write a letter to your classmate who was unable to go on the trip telling him/her about the trip, why it was important and what you gained from the experience.

Answer 2.

  1. XYZ School,

Jaipur

8th March. 2012

The Mayor

Jaipur


[Sub: Appeal for the relief operation for flood victims)

Sir,

Although we are all very much saddened by the enormous damage and loss of lives caused by the recent floods In the city, we convey our thanks to all those who are working tirelessly and courageously to help those affected by this catastrophe, especially the work carried out by the government organizations.



Many areas near our school have been declared as one of the worst affected and the most dangerous. The social service club of our school would like to focus our efforts to lend a helping hand in this aspect. Our aim is to mobilize people to provide immediate relief to the flood-victims. With the cooperation of local NGO'S we can successfully raise funds by personally visiting several educational Institutions in the city, through social media and through word of mouth. Our dedicated team of volunteers would request the public to contribute whatever they could. They would also help in conducting the relief operations more efficiently. The damage caused by these floods is immense and the true scale of the tragedy hasn't really dawned upon us. Given all this it is paramount on every one of us to do whatever Is in our capacity to help our fellow citizens In their time of need.

I hope you will give our social service club a chance to put into practice what we have dreamt of and through our joint efforts carry out the relief work.

Thanking you

Sincerely yours,

Rahul Srivastava

PRESIDENT



(Social Service Club)

  1. Letter on visit to a historical place

25,Sec-7

Malviya Nagar,

Jaipur

8th March, 2012



Dear Raksha,

I hope this letter finds you in high spirits. How is your father now? Hope be is showing good recovery. Yesterday, only we came back from Agra. We enjoyed this trip very much.



Agra is a historical city. It has been a mute spectator to the rise and fall of dynasties. Historical monuments narrate the story of its glorious past. It is famous all over the world for the Taj Mahal. This symbol of love was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Located on the bank of the river Yamuna, this beautiful monument, carved in white marble shimmers under the sun's rays. All were mesmerized and awestruck by the fine carvings on the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. It presents a wonderful sight in moonlit night and glitters like thousands of diamonds and precious stones.

The beauty was unimaginable but we were really forced to worry about the future of this heritage of India. Environmental pollution spurred by industry and automobiles has been progressively destroying the Taj Mahal's white marble surface. It is the greatest work of Mughal architecture and India needs to protect its cultural heritage.

We also visited Fatehpur Sikri, Diwan-e-Aam and Diwan-e-Khas. If you would have been with us you also would have enjoyed it.

Convey my regards to Uncle and Aunt

Yours loving friend

Sakshi


Question 3.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

It was a dull autumn day and Jill Pole was crying behind the gym.



She was crying because they had been bullying her. This is not going to be a school story, so I shall say as little as possible about Jill's school, which is not a pleasant subject. It was Co-educational, a school for both boys and girls, what used to be called a "mixed" school; some said it was not nearly so mixed as the minds of the people who ran it. These people had the idea that boys and girls should be allowed to do what they liked. And unfortunately what ten or fifteen
of the biggest boys and girls liked best was bullying the others. All sorts of
things, horrid things, went on which at 'an ordinary school would have been found out and stopped in half a term, but at this school they weren't. Or even if they were, the people who did them were not
expelled or punished. The Head said they were interesting psychological cases and sent for them and talked to them for hours. And if you knew the right sort of things to say to the Head, the main result was that you became rather a favourite than otherwise.

T
5

10

15



20

25

30



35

40

45


hat was why Jill Pole was crying on that dull autumn day on the damp little
path which runs between the back of the gym and the shrubbery. And she hadn't nearly finished her cry when a boy came round the corner of the gym whistling, with his hands in his pockets. He nearly ran into her.

"Can't you look where you're going ?" said Jill Pole.



"All right," said the boy. "you needn't start -" and then he noticed her face, "I say. Jill," he said, "what's up?"

Jill only made faces; the sort you make when you're trying to say something but find that if you speak you'll start crying again.



"It's Them, I suppose - as usual," said the boy grimly, digging his hands further Into his pockets.

Jill nodded. There was no need for her to say anything, even if she could have
said it. They both knew.

"Now, look here." said the boy. "its no use...."

He meant well, but he did talk rather like someone beginning a lecture. Jill suddenly flew into a temper [which is quite a likely thing to happen if you have been interrupted in a cry).

"Oh, go away and mind you own business," she said. "Nobody asked you to
come
barging in. did they ? And you're a nice person to start telling us what we
all ought to do, aren't you ? I suppose you mean we ought to spend all our time sucking up to Them, and currying favour, and dancing attendance on Them like you do."

"Oh, Lord !" said the boy, sitting down on the grassy bank at the edge of the shrubbery and very quickly getting up again because the grass was soaking wet. His name unfortunately was Eustace Scrubb, but he wasn't bad sort.

"Jill!" he said. "Is that fair ?"

"I d-don't know and I don't care," sobbed Jill.



Eustace saw that she wasn't quite herself yet and very sensibly offered her a peppermint. He had one too. Presently Jill began to see things in a clearer
light.

"I'm sorry, Eustace," she said presently.



(a) Give the meanings of each of the following words as used in the passage.

One word answers or short phrases will be accepted.

(i) bullying (line 2)

(ii) expelled (line 11)



(iii) barging (line 33) [3]

(b) Answer the following questions briefly in your own words.

(i) Why was Jill crying ? [2]

(ii) Why do you think she was crying behind the gym ? [2]

(iii) Who is the Them' referred to in line 24 ? [2]

(iv) Why did Jill fly into a temper ? [2]

(v) Which sentences tell us that both Jill and Eustace Scrubb had

suffered similarly ? [2]

(vi) When did Jill begin to see things differently ? [2]

(c) (i) What kind of school did the children go to ? Write your answer in not
more than 60 words.
[8]

(ii) Give a title to your summary in 3 (c). Give a reason to justify your
choice.
[2]

Answer 3.

  1. (i) intimidating her to do something

(ii) ordered to leave

(iii) interrupt in rudely

  1. (i) Jill was crying because the senior boys and girls of her school had been bullying her.

(ii) She had been bullied by boys and girls of her school and she did not want anyone to notice her crying so she went on the damp little path which ran between the back of the gym and the shrubbery.

(iii) The ten or fifteen of the biggest boys and girls of Jill's school who liked bullying the others.

(iv) Suddenly Jill flew into a temper because Eustace Scrubb came round the corner of the gym and could not make out the reason of Jill’s crying. He like a Professor started giving a lecture to her, asking her that it was no use to cry because of those bullies

(v) 1 suppose you mean we ought to spend on them like you do.

(vi) Eustace could make out that Jill wasn't quite herself and offered her a peppermint. She could then see things in a clearer light and realized that he was not a bad sort



  1. (i) It was a co-educational school. The management was in weak hands No discipline was observed in the school. The senior boys and girls were allowed to do all sorts of horrid things. The defaulters were neither expelled nor punished and were treated as interesting psychological cases.

(ii) "Effects of bullying" as the passage deals with the emotions and mental condition of Jill and Eustace after being bullied.
Question 4.

(a) Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.

Example :



(0) My guide _____ (tell) me If I wanted to meet these people I would have to walk two miles.

Answer: told.

We finally (1) _____ (reach) a village where I (2) _____ (meet) a lady whose age I (3) _____ (can.) not immediately make out. My translator (4) _____ (find) it difficult to Interpret the lady's words because her dialect was quite different. She (5) _____ (is) a dark-skinned and dark-hatred lady. She must have been around seventy years old but there was no grey in her hair. She obviously could not afford to dye her hair. So what was her secret ? Nobody (6) _____ (know). It must have been a 'secret' common to all for not one person in that whole village (7) _____ (has) a trace of grey hair ! I (8) _____ (think) about ft/or a long time. [4]

(b) Pill in the bionics with an appropriate word :

(i) He was touched pity when he heard the tale.

(ii) There is always a demand _____ good tailors.

(iii) The mother prevented her child _____ going out in the rain.

(iv) The baby crawled _____ the table and hid there.

(v) Once upon a time the great King ruled _____ all these villages and towns.

(vi) She is the smarter _____ the two.

(vii) Sheila insists _____ wearing that dress, although her mother thinks it is too short/or her.

(viii) The teacher complained _____ him when she met his mother in the
market
[4]

(c) Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so.

(i) He lived in the city for many years. He could not find his way about.

(ii) She complained that her brother did not know anything. Her brother claimed he knew everything.

(iii) The coffee isn't strong. It won't keep us awake.

(iv) I finished my homework. I switched on the TV. [4]

(d) Re-write the fallowing sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.

(i) My mother left a month ago.

(Begin: It has .......................)

(ii) Anil was wrong to lose his temper.

(Begin : Anil ought .......................)

(iii) As soon as the Chief Guest had seated himself the play began.

(Begin : No sooner .......................)

(iv) Rajiv said to Arjun, "Is this the book you were reading yester­day ?"

(Begin: Rajiv asked Arjun if .......................)

(v) Only a foolish person would be taken in by this trick.

(Begin: None.......................)

(vi) Everybody has heard of Gandhiji.

(Begin : Who.......................?)

(vii) He will issue the cheque only u>hen he hears from the head office.

(Begin : On .......................)

(viii) Father will send you a message if his flight is cancelled.

(Begin : Should .......................) [8]

Answer 4,

(a) 1. reached, 2. met, 3. could, 4. was finding, 5. was, 6. knew, 7. had,

8. had been thinking



(b) (i) by (ii) for (ill) from (iv) under (v) over (vi) among (vii) upon

(viii) against
(c ) (i) Although he lived in the city for many years yet he could not find his


way about.

(ii) She complained that her brother did not know anything whereas her brother claimed he knew everything.

(iii) The coffee isn't too strong to keep us awake,

(iv) I switched on the T.V. as soon as I finished my homework.



(d) (i) It has been a month since my mother left.

(ii) Anil ought not to lose his temper.



(iii) No sooner did the chief guest seated himself, the play began.

(iv) Rajiv asked Arjun if that was the book he had been reading the day before.

(v) None other than a foolish person would be taken in by this trick.

(vi) Who has not heard of Gandhiji?

(vii) On hearing from the head office he will issue the cheque.



(viii) Should the flight gets cancelled, father will send you a message.

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