I. Revival of Indian Ocean Trading System A. Indian Ocean Trade
Date conversion 01.01.2017 Size 6,23 Kb.
A. Indian Ocean Trade 1. Afro-Eurasian trade revived in the Indian Ocean due to collapse of Mongol overland trade routes in C. Asia 2. Indian Ocean trade items: --precious metals & jewels --rare spices (ginger, cinnamon, pepper, nutmeg, cloves) --horses --timber Indian Ocean in Arabian Sea dhow Chinese in Bay of Bengal & South China Sea junk Indian Ocean trade decentralized & cooperative Indian Ocean trade decentralized & cooperative Commercial interests created regional trade networks E. Africa: gold Arabia: horses, slaves coastal India: spices; received goods from east & west Strait of Malacca: meeting point between China-Indian Ocean B. The Swahili Coast & Great Zimbabwe 1. Swahili Coast: --1,800 miles long linking trade from Africa to Asia --cultural diffusion from India, Arabia, & China --spread of Islam --gold from inland state of Great Zimbabwe --creation of trade language: (“shores”) Swahili 2. Great Zimbabwe (“ house of stone”): 1250-1450 C.E. --long distance trade mostly in gold --ecological crisis from overgrazing & deforestation C. Arabia: Aden & the Red Sea 1. Gujarat: prospered from trade of cotton & indigo 2. Muslim rulers expanded into Hindu states 3. Malabar Coast: spices Gujarat Passage point to the S. China Sea Allied with China Malaccan conversion to Islam promoted trade 4. Meeting point for all Indian Ocean traders II. Social & Cultural Influences in the Indian Ocean Spread of Islam throughout Indian Ocean region Marriage spread Islam (up to 4 wives) Islam pushed Buddhism out of India 4. Coptic Christians in Egypt The spread of universal religions from 300-1500 CE C. Social & Gender Effects 1. Growth of slavery (Arab slave traders) 2. Mali exported slaves across the Sahara 3. Ethiopia sold slaves to Aden 4. Swahili Coast to India 5. Many female slaves sold as servants, entertainers, and concubines CHANGE OVER TIME ESSAY Historical Background: Evidence of trade between cultures predates written records. Goods, people, and ideas have spread across the Afro-Eurasian land mass in varying amounts and regularity. A major change occurred between 100 BCE and 1000 CE which would usher in the Atlantic System and the modern global trading network. Discuss change & continuities in the Afro-Eurasian trading systems, 100 BCE-1200 CE.
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