How to write a good geography essay? How to analyze this question?



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How to write a good geography essay?

How to analyze this question?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.
    • Pg.105 Q1

How to analyze this question?

How many parts are there?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.

How many parts are there?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • 1. What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? 2. Account for the above statement.

What are the question words?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.

What are the question words?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.

What are the keywords?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.

What are the keywords?

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.

Re-phrase the question

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity along a destructive plate boundary is more hazardous than along a constructive plate boundary.”
    • What are the conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur? Account for the above statement.

Re-phrase the Question

    • “Extrusive vulcanicity (e.g. volcanic eruption) along a destructive plate boundary (convergence) is more hazardous (more death & damages) than along a constructive plate boundary (divergence).”
    • = more death & damages at destructive >>> constructive plate boundaries
    • What are the conditions (NOT reasons, = without the conditions, extrusive vulcanicity can’t occur) needed for extrusive vulcanicity to occur?
    • Account for the above statement.
    • Why damages & deaths occur at constructive & destructive plate boundaries?
    • Why more damages & deaths at destructive plate boundaries / less damages & deaths at constructive plate boundaries?

Rephrasing

    • 1a. Conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity
    • 2a) Why damages & deaths occur at constructive & destructive plate boundaries?
    • 2b) Why more damages & deaths at destructive plate boundaries / less damages & deaths at constructive plate boundaries?

How to analyze the question?

  • Break into parts
  • find question words
  • Highlight keywords
  • Re-phrasing the question (e.g. own interpretation, add concepts, find linkage between different parts)

Structure of an essay

  • I. Introduction (a must? How long?)
  • II. Body
  • - heading?
  • - how long?
  • - how to write?
  • - wordings only?
  • III. Conclusion (a must? How long?)

Introduction

  • A must???????????
  • How to write?????
  • Copy the question again?????
  • 1. No idea -> (copy the question in NSS1-2)
  • 2 .Must include keywords in question (e.g. constructive & destructive plate boundaries)
  • 3. Can give some definition of some important terms (e.g. extrusive vulcanicity)
  • 4. Structure of the essay (how do you re-phrase the question)
  • (e.g. I will first mention the necessary conditions for …. Then the arguments will focus on why destructive plate boundaries have ….. while constructive plate boundaries have ……)
  • Short (1 paragraph, <5 lines)
  • No marks given for introduction, only discretionary marks only

Body

  • A. Heading (NSS1-2) to show which part of the question you are answering
  • Try to write heading for this essay
  • 1. Conditions needed for extrusive vulcanicity
  • 2. Why damages occur at destructive & constructive plate boundaries?
  • 3. Reasons for more damages & deaths at destructive plate boundaries / less damages & deaths at constructive plate boundaries
  • Comparison is needed
  • B. Key topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph
  • E.g. xxxx is needed for extrusive vulcanicity to take place as .……………

Body

  • C. Duration of each part
  • 1-2 paragraph (description)
  • 2-3 paragraphs (explanation, evaluation)
  • D. Weighting
  • Evaluation / application / discussion >> explanation >> description
  • E. Answers in perspectives
  • Environmentally, economically, socially, politically……….
  • F. Wordings only???
  • Relevant diagrams to gain discretionary marks
  • G. In-depth answer????
  • Choose a few factors & have in-depth analysis.

How to gain discretionary marks?

  • 1. Clear structure
  • 2. Correct examples, NOT case
  • 3. Important diagrams (e.g.volcanic eruption) – diagrams before description
  • 4. simple flowchart
  • 5. Analytical > Descriptive
  • 6. Update cases (e.g.Sichuan Earthquake)
  • 7. Data (e.g. global warming)
  • 8. Geographical keywords

Conclusion

  • A must??
  • Answer all parts first
  • What to write?
  • New ideas / major point
  • E.g. Besides the type of plate boundaries, xxx also affect the damages of extrusive vulcanicity ….)
  • Wording only?
  • Flow chart / diagram (especially if time is running short)

How to write a good essay?

  • 1. Answer every parts in time
  • 2. Write in short paragraphs
  • 3. Clear introduction & conclusion
  • 4. Good structure
  • - clear headings for each part
  • - clear topic sentence for each paragraph (<8 lines)
  • - pattern -> explanation -> example
  • 5. Look at the issues from different perspectives (Evaluation)
  • 6. Geographical keywords
  • 7. No contradictions
  • 7. Support answers with data, examples, diagrams, flow charts ……
  • 8. In-depth arguments > superficial arguments


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