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  • October 8th – 11th , 2012


  • Remember your Socratic Seminar responses are due on 10/9/2012
  • Continue reading.
  • Remember the “Time for a Real Hero” essay is due on 10/30 and 10/31.
  • Bring your Prose Models books next class!

Focus Lesson


  • Journal Entry # 6 – “Teenage Affluenza”
  • Affluenza – portmanteau –affluence and influenza
  • Portmanteau – a blended combination of words
  • Examples: spork, bromance, brunch, camcorder, carjack, frenemy, gaydar

How Wikipedia defines “affluenza”

  • affluenza, n. a painful, contagious, socially transmitted condition of overload, debt, anxiety and waste resulting from the dogged pursuit of more. (de Graaf [1])
  • affluenza, n. 1. The bloated, sluggish and unfulfilled feeling that results from efforts to keep up with the Joneses. 2. An epidemic of stress, overwork, waste and indebtedness caused by the pursuit of the American Dream. 3. An unsustainable addiction to economic growth. (PBS [1])

Journal Entry #6

  • “Teenage Affluenza”
  • Do you suffer from teenage affluenza?
  • Discuss the truth behind the video and identify the creator’s rhetorical devices or techniques.
  • To what degree is satire effective at conveying a message that would lead to change certain actions, behaviors, or attitudes?


  • “from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” pg. 106
  • Identify imagery throughout the piece. Is it effective? Which sense is affected most?

Figurative Language

  • “The Minister’s Black Veil” pg. 304


  • “Fireworks” pg. 264

Euphemism & Jargon

  • “Little Red Riding Hood Revisited” pg. 278

The Modes:

  • Dominant impression:
    • “If you want to persuade someone to see something your way then you can either glorify it, if you like it , or completely knock it down until you give someone else the image that you have.”
    • The dominant impression of a description is its central and unifying theme; it is the feeling you are trying to convey condensed into a single word or phrase. In a paper of this nature, you should describe as vividly as you can the physical characteristics of a person or a place about which you have a strong feeling.

Dominant Impression:

  • a descriptive essay has one, clear dominant impression. If, for example you are describing a snowfall, it is important for you to decide and to let your reader know if it is threatening or lovely; in order to have one dominant impression it cannot be both. The dominant impression guides the author's selection of detail and is thereby made clear to the reader in the thesis sentence.



  • Subjective: Subjective description is personal. It reflects the thoughts, feelings, mood of the writer. One writer may write a glowing description of Las Vegas, marveling at the lights, the glamour, the grandeur. Another writer may decry the city's shallow glitz, tasteless opulence, and dedication to selfishness and greed. Rather than focusing on factual detail, subjective descriptions seeks to create powerful impressions

Tips for Organizing Details:

  • List your details before you organize them
  • Include only relevant details
  • Choose an order for your details that suit your main point. What are you trying to communicate?
  • Organize your details according to such characteristics as: importance, size, position, number, color, etc.


  • describes a sequence of fictional or non-fictional events.
  • Narration is, simply put, the art of "telling back" what has been learned.
  • narrator exists within the world of the story (and only there—although in non-fiction the narrator and the author can share the same persona, since the real world and the world of the story are the same) and presents it in a way the reader can comprehend.


  • A narrator may tell the story from his own point of view (as a fictive entity) or from the point of view of one of the characters in the story. The act or process of telling the particulars of a story is referred to as narration.
  • narration is the fiction-writing mode whereby the narrator communicates directly to the reader.


  • the narrator speaks from within the story and, so, uses "I" to refer to him- or herself (first-person narration); in other words, the narrator is a character of some sort in the story itself, even if he is only a passive observer
  • or the narrator speaks from outside the story and never employs the "I" (third-person narration)

Writing Narratives:

  • it should be a story in which either you or someone you know well was actually involved
  • should be about people, about the decisions they make and the consequences that follow
  • A narrative is a moving picture. Like description, narratives need to have a rich texture of details so that the reader is seeing, hearing, smelling, and touching. The reader should experience the story, not simply hear it


  • Pacing is an important concept in narrative writing.
  • Basically, pacing means that the writer sometimes slows the pace by putting more detail in, but sometimes she also hurries over details.


  • Chronological – listing by time, earliest to latest.
  • Flashback - an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached.
  • Flashbacks are often used to recount events that happened prior to the story’s primary sequence of events or to fill in crucial back-story.

Work Period

  • Satire continued…
  • Read “Ellison to Grads: Diplomas are for losers” (Source:
  • Categorize the type and form of this satirical piece. What is the intended message? Who is the audience(s)? What is the tone of the piece? How do you know?
  • 15 minutes

Class Work/Homework

  • Post to the forum!

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