Find at least 5 sources of at least 3 kinds to support your arguments.
(e.g. Newspapers/Magazines, Surveys, Books, etc.)
Be careful not to seek out only one opinion about your topic. Look for a wide variety of perspectives on your topic.
Revise your Persuasive Essay:
Change the order of two sentences.
Rewrite two sentences to use parallelism.
Replace passive verbs with active verbs
Change general words to specific words
Finish Fallacies Worksheet
When you use other people’s ideas in a researched essay, you must cite your sources within the essay. In some cases you may also need to provide full citations at the end of the essay to show where to find the original sources.
Hermans, Stephen. “Fernando Pessoa’s Lisbon of Disquiet.” Literary Traverler. 1 June 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2012
Wharton, Edith. “The Other Two.” 50 Great Short Stories. Ed. Milton Crane. New York: Bantam Dell, 2005. Print.
Thomas, Rob. “Short Stories Harvest Emotional Landscapes.” The Capital Times. 25 Aug. 2006. Print
Order: Hermas, Thomas, Wharton
Trade papers with a partner. Check Formatting for errors.
Alphabetical by author’s last name
Different formats for different types of entries
Instructor: Mr. Faires
Week 12, Fall 2015
Critical Reading & Writing
Warm - Up
Write an explanation. What are the problems of reasoning in this passage.
Bicycles are a means of transportation, and we all know that transportation is vital to American commerce. If we get rid of all the current bike lanes, there will be less bikes, hence less transportation. Getting rid of bicycle lanes would cripple American trade entirely.
Billy Joe is honest: therefore, he will get a good job.
2. Hasty Generalization
Teenagers are reckless drivers.
3. Ad hominem (against the man)
His arguments might impress us more if he didn’t have false teeth.
Everyone else is cheating, so why shouldn’t I?
5. Red herring (distraction from the point)
Why worry about a few terrorists when we ought to be doing something about acid rain?
Common Logical Fallacies
6. Either/Or Oversimplification (False Dichotomy)
We have only two choices: ban nuclear weapons or destroy the earth.
7. False Analogy
Since the books are about the same length and cover the same material, one is probably as good as the other.
8. Slippery Slope
Eating sugar will make your teeth fall out.
9. False Cause (Post hoc, Ergo Propter hoc)
The new mayor took office last January, and crime in the streets has already increased 25 percent.
10. Begging the Question
He is lazy because he doesn’t like to work.
In support of her argument that global warming is damaging the environment, Susan cites Al Gore’s movie An Inconvenient Truth. However, Gore was a terrible Vice President and his hair looks greasy.
Ad hominem (against the man)
Nine months after George W. Bush took office January 2001, the economy took a nosedive. Thousands of jobs were lost and the stock market dropped by more than 30%. This demonstrates that Bush was a poor economic leader.
All people have a right to freedom of speech because people should be able to say what they want to say.
In 2007, carbon emissions grew globally by approximately 8.8%. The following year, cancer diagnoses increased at approximately the same rate. This indicates that carbon emissions cause cancer.
If we allow power to stay on all the time in students dormitories, they will stay up too late playing video games. They will be too tired to study, will fail their exams, not graduate, and RUC will no longer be one of China’s top universities.
I know the Professor said that the Bridges of Madison County was smarmy trash and lacked any artistic worth. But I still think he's wrong. After all, it was on the best-seller list for over 100 weeks
Your honor, the defendant must be guilty because no one can prove his innocence.
Argument from ignorance (type of False Dichotomy)
Logical Fallacies: your papers
Heavy punishment = revenge
“[Rome] thought the heavy punishment could raise fear and therefore crimes would be stopped. But the fact was not as expected, even the emperor of Rome was murdered. From this historical fact, we can find that we can find that revenge can’t stop crime.”
Can you see a logical weakness?
“To provide another angle, research has been done that people can only be really close to less than 10 people due to the brain capacity, and therefore, wider and easier connections do more good than harm, in terms of interpersonal relationships.”