History Alive! The United States Through Industrialism



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sharecropping, 327

Shays’s Rebellion, 105

Sheridan, General Philip, 318

Sherman, General William Tecumseh, 318, 319

Sherman, Roger, 110, 113

Sherman Antitrust Act, 390

Shoshone people, 212, 213

Siberia, 2

silver mining, 230, 343–344

Sinclair, Upton, 395

Sitting Bull, 349

Sixth Amendment, 140, 421, 482

slave quilts, 268, 280, 281

slave rebellions, 278

slave trade, 20, 40, 45, 55, 112

slavery


and the abolitionists, 246–247, 450–452

addressed in state constitutions, 433

debated at Constitutional Convention, 111

debated during drafting of Declaration of Independence, 84

economics of, 256–257, 272–273

opposition to, 450–452

resistance to, 277–278

Thirteenth Amendment ending, 127, 324

in Virginia, 45

slaves


buying and selling, 270, 279

control by owners, 270, 276

fugitive, 278, 290, 292

in Mexicano communities, 237

introduction to America, 19–20

in the Revolutionary War, 90

rural vs. urban, 270

in the South, 274–282

smallpox, 19, 20, 21, 24

Smith, Captain John, 28–29

Smith, Jedediah, 204–205

Smith, Joseph, 222

Smith, Samuel Francis, 181

Social Darwinism, 389



Song of Hiawatha (Longfellow), 182

Sons of Liberty, 67, 71–72, 73

South

advantages/disadvantages in Civil War, 305



African Americans free in, 270

comparison of North and, 262–263

economy of, 111, 256–257, 272

geography of, 255

reconstruction and, 324–329

society of, 264

tensions between North and, 190

transportation in, 261

See also Civil War; Confederacy

South Carolina (colony), 38

opposition to ending slavery, 112

Southeast, Native American cultural region, 3, 4–5, 14

Southern colonies, 38, 44–46

See also colonies by name

Southern Democrats, 299, 328

Southwest

as America’s fruit basket, 234

Native American cultural region, 3, 4–5, 11, 426

Spanish-style architecture of, 236

water in, 11, 234, 444–445

See also Mexican Americans

sovereignty, popular, 120

Spain

ally of Continental Army, 94



and battleship Maine, 465–466

claim to Oregon, 204

Florida’s purchase from, 200

Latin American revolutions and, 171

New World conquests, 18–19, 20–23

in the Philippines, 404

role in slavery, 19–20, 24

Spalding, Henry and Eliza, 219

Spanish-American war, 402–403

Spanish borderlands, 22, 23–24

speech, freedom of, 136–137

spoils system, 189

St. Augustine (Florida), 23

St. Mary’s City (Maryland), 44

Stamp Act, 67

Standard Oil, 359, 385, 389, 390

Stanford, Leland, 341

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 248, 249, 250, 446

“Star-Spangled Banner,” 169, 175, 181

text of, 491

Starving Time, 29

state constitutions, 108, 329, 433

State Department, 124

state government, powers of, 128–129

states’ rights, 142, 156

in McCulloch v. Maryland, 179

in nullification crisis, 190

Statute for Religious Freedom (Jefferson), 435

steam engines, 260

steel, 356

Stephens, Uriah, 366

Steuben, Baron Friedrich von, 95

Stone, Lucy, 249

Story, Justice Joseph, 138

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 292–293, 450

Strauss, Levi, 462

Stuart, Gilbert, 180

Stuyvesant, Peter, 31, 32

suffrage, 396

for 18-year-olds, 127, 421, 488

for African Americans, 325, 328–329, 332, 421,


447

for women, 222, 248–250, 396, 434, 445–447

Sumner, Charles, 295–296

Supreme Court, 125

First Amendment and, 135

judicial nationalism and, 178–179

justices, 124, 125

school segregation and, 333, 422

on the slavery issue, 296–297

See also individual case names


T

Taino people, 18

Tallmadge Amendment, 286–287

Taney, Chief Justice Roger, 296, 297

Tarbell, Ida, 385, 390

tariffs, 178, 190, 401

Taylor, Zachary, 207

Tea Act, 70, 71

technology

industry and improvement of, 356–357

transformation of American economy, 419, 420

Tecumseh, 169, 170

Tejanos, 201, 202, 231

telephone, 357

tenement housing, 361, 375, 464–465

Tenochtitlán, 20

Tenth Amendment, 142, 483

Tenure of Office Act, 326, 327

Texas, 201–203, 206

Thanksgiving, first, 39

theocracy, in Massachusetts, 38

Third Amendment, 138, 482

Thirteenth Amendment, 127, 484

Thoreau, Henry David, 243

three-fifths compromise, 112

Ticonderonga, Fort, 81

Tilden, Samuel J., 331

Tillman, Ben, 331

Tippecanoe Creek, Battle of, 169

tobacco, 29, 38, 45, 55, 253, 255, 256

Tories, 63

See also Loyalists

Tocqueville, Alexis de, 175, 177, 182

on slavery, 183

Townshend Acts, 68–69, 70

trade


Latin America and, 171

in New World colonies, 37, 40, 42, 43, 46

trade unions, 366–367, 422

Trail of Tears, 193, 194, 439–440

transcendentalism, 243

transcontinental railroad, 340, 341–343

transportation

American System and, 178

in the North and South 259–261, 262

to the West, 220, 340–341, 441–442

trappers, 25, 217–218

Travis, William, 201, 202–203

Treasury Department, 146

Treaty of Ghent, 170

Treaty of Greenville, 439

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 208, 229

Treaty of Paris, 100, 104

Treaty with the Six Nations, 439

Treaty of Versailles, 413–414

Trenton (New Jersey), 92

trials, 139, 140, 141

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, 358, 360

fire, 353, 368

ILGWU strike and, 367

location and code violation, 362

and state investigations, 392

working conditions at, 365

Tripoli, 166–167

Trumbull, John, 97

trust, 359–360

Truth, Sojourner, 241, 246, 247

Tubman, Harriet, 278

Turner, Nat, 277, 278, 289, 290

Turner’s Rebellion, 278

Tuskegee Institute, 394, 460

Twain, Mark, 355

Twelfth Amendment, 158, 159, 483

Twenty-fourth Amendment, 421, 487

Twenty-sixth Amendment, 127, 421, 488

tyranny, 66


U

Uncle Sam, symbol of national unity, 177



Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Stowe), 292–293, 450

Underground Railroad, 278

Union, the, 286

See also Civil War

Union Pacific Railroad, 341–342

unions, 366–367, 422

United Farm Workers Union, 422

urbanization, 265, 361–362, 417

Utah, 222, 223, 444
V

Vallejo, General Mariano Guadalupe, 207

Valley Forge, 94–95, 432

Van Buren, Martin, 193

Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 354

Vanderbilt, Mrs. William Kissam, 354

vaqueros, 231, 232

Venezuela, 171

Vesey, Denmark, rebellion of, 278

veto, 122

Vicksburg, Battle of, 316

Virginia (colony), 38, 45

adoption of Alien and Sedition acts, 156

House of Burgesses, 108

plan for state representation in the government, 109

ratification of Constitution, 134

Virginia Plan, 109

Virginia Resolutions, 156

visa, required for immigration, 382

voting rights. See suffrage


W

War Hawks, 169

War of 1812, 169–170, 197

Washington, Booker T., 394

Washington, D.C., 151, 156, 177, 180, 291

Washington, George, 64, 65, 73, 145

in American Revolution, 80, 81, 88, 91–95, 96

at Constitutional Convention, 106, 107, 113, 115

foreign policy under, 154, 163

as president, 134, 146–148, 161, 163, 166

water, conflicts over, 237, 444

Weaver, James B., 387

Webster, Daniel, 178, 185, 186, 291, 292

debate with John Calhoun, 453–454

Weld, Theodore, 247, 451

West


conservation in, 393

expansion into, 198–199, 203, 204–208

exploration of, 212–214

farming and ranching in, 216, 231–234, 387

immigrants in, 347, 459

Kansas-Nebraska Act and slavery in, 293–296

in literature, 182, 438–439, 459

mining in, 224–226, 230, 343–344

pioneers in, 219, 220–222, 442–443

trappers in, 217–218

water in, 11, 234, 237, 444–445

See also railroads; Native Americans

“What the Black Man Wants” (Douglass), 452

Whigs, 63

See also Patriots

Whiskey Rebellion, 147

White, John, 15, 27

White, Ryan, 422

Whitman, Marcus and Narcissa, 219–220

Whitney, Eli, 256, 258, 357

Wilder, Laura Ingalls, 443

William of Orange, 52

Williams, Roger, 40

Wilmot Proviso, 290

Wilson, James, 108, 110, 113

Wilson, Woodrow

engagement during World War I, 411–412

neutrality during World War I, 408

Treaty of Versailles and, 413–414

Winthrop, John, 39



Woman in the Nineteenth Century (Fuller), 447

women


in abolition movement, 246–247, 248

as Civil War supporters, 309

earnings in 2003, 418

education for, 57, 246, 249, 434

equal rights for, 248–250, 445–447

pioneers, 220–222, 442–443

property rights, 237, 248, 250

role in Iroquois society, 13

unions and, 367

voting and, 130, 222, 248–250, 396, 434, 445–447

women’s rights, 241, 248–250, 396, 434, 445–447

Woodward, Charlotte, 250

workers’ rights, 392

See also unions

working conditions

in industry, 364, 392, 448–449

for slaves, 264, 274, 276

World Anti-Slavery Convention, 248, 446, 447

World War I, 408–410

America enters, 411–412

armistice, 412

at sea, 410

trench warfare, 409

World Wide Web, 420

worship, freedom of, 135–136

Wright, Wilbur and Orville, 462–463


X

XYZ Affair, 164


Y

yellow fever, 406

yellow journalism, 402

Yorktown, Battle of, 96–97, 99

Yosemite National Park, 393

Young, Brigham, 222–223


Z

Zenger, John Peter, 136
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