History Alive! The United States Through Industrialism



Download 3,23 Mb.
Page38/39
Date conversion23.10.2016
Size3,23 Mb.
1   ...   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39

industry, 263, 363

growth in 1800s, 258–259, 356–357, 388

See also factories

information economy, 420

initiative, 391

interest groups, 130

International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU), 367

Internet, 420

interstate commerce, national regulation over, 128

Intolerable Acts, 72–73, 79

Inuit people, 3

inventions

airplane, 462–463

automobile, 461–462

blue jeans, 462

cotton gin, 256

dishwasher, 461

electrical devices, 357

for farming, 259, 460–461

for industry, 258

moving assembly line, 420

reaper, 259, 461

sewing machine, 258

steamboats, 260

steam locomotives, 260

steel plow, 461

telephone, 357

Iroquois people, 13, 26, 31

Dutch settlers and, 31

French settlers and, 26

irrigation, 11, 234, 444

Irving, Washington, 182, 217, 438

isolationism, 163, 164, 168, 172, 437

Madison’s abandonment of, 169

Italian immigrants, 374–375
J

Jackson, Andrew, 179, 187–188

Battle of New Orleans, 170

inauguration of, 186

Indian policy of, 192–193

“kitchen cabinet,” 189

as president, 189–191

presidential campaign (1824), 179, 188

presidential campaign (1828), 185, 188

Jackson, Rachel, 185, 187

Jackson, General Thomas (Stonewall), 309

Jacksonian Democracy, 188

James, Duke of York, 32, 42, 52

James I, king of England, 28, 44

James II, king of England, 41, 52

Jamestown, 28–29, 45

Japan, trade treaties with, 401

Jay, John, 116, 150, 164

Jay Treaty, 164

Jefferson, Thomas, 83, 106, 107, 134, 145, 152, 172

Alien and Sedition acts, 156

election of, 157–158

“First Inaugural Address” (1801), 436 foreign policy of, 166–167

interest in Florida, 200

loss of election to Adams (1796), 155

Louisiana purchase by, 198–199

Republican party and, 152–154, 155

as vice president, 155

view of human nature, 152

Jewish immigrants, 362, 376–377

and religious freedom, 31, 44

Jim Crow laws, 181, 333, 394, 457–458

John, king of England, 52

John Brown’s Raid, 298–299

Johnson, Andrew, 324, 325, 326

impeachment of, 327

president after Lincoln’s assassination, 323

Joliet, Louis, 26

Jones, Mary Harris (Mother Jones), 392

judicial branch of government, 109, 124–125, 126

judicial review, 125, 126

Jungle, The (Sinclair), 395, 397

jury


right to hearing by a grand, 139

right to trial by, 140

Justice Department, 124
K

Kansas-Nebraska Act, 293–294

Kearny, General Stephen, 206

Kelley, Oliver, 386

Kemble, Fanny, 450

Kendall, Amos, 189

Kennedy, John F., 418

Kentucky, adoption of Alien and Sedition acts, 156

Key, Francis Scott, 169, 175

King, Martin Luther, Jr., 418

King, Rufus, 110

Kitty Hawk (North Carolina), 462

Knights of Labor, 366

knowledge workers, 420

Knox, Henry, 81, 145, 146

Ku Klux Klan, 330


L

La Follette, Robert, 391

labor. See factories, unions

labor laws, child, 392

labor unions, 366–367

Lafayette, Marquis de, 94, 95

laissez-faire doctrine, 354

Land Ordinance of 1785, 104



Last of the Mohicans (Cooper), 438–439

Latin America, foreign policy and, 171–172, 405–406, 437

Latinos. See Mexican Americans

Lazarus, Emma, 371

League of Nations, 413, 414

Lee, General Robert E., 305, 454–455

battle of Antietam, 310–311

defeat and surrender, 318–319, 320

waging a defensive war, 313

legal system

in the colonies, 53

influence of Mexican, 237

rights and protections of the people, 139–141

Legend of Sleepy Hollow (Irving), 438

legislative branch of government, 109, 121–122, 126, 127

Leisler, Jacob, 42

Lemon v. Kurtzman, 135

Lewis, Meriwether, 204, 212–215, 338

Lewis and Clark expedition

claim of Oregon and, 204

map and images of, 214–215

Nez Percé and, 338

Lexington (Massachusetts), 75, 90

Liberator, 247

Lieberman, Joseph, 418

Liliuokalani, queen of Hawaii, 401

Lincoln, Abraham, 285, 304, 306

assassination of, 323

Emancipation Proclamation, 312

Gettysburg address, 314

Jefferson Davis vs., 305–306

northern oppostion to war, 313

planning of Union’s war strategy, 308

position on slavery, 300

as president, 285, 300

presidential campaign (1860), 299

reelection of, 318

run for Senate, 298

Lincoln-Douglas debates, 298

literature

early American, 182, 438–439

See also individual titles

Little Big Horn, Battle of, 350

Little Rock Nine, 422

Livermore, Arthur, 287

Locke, John, 108

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 400, 405

Lone Star Republic, 203

long drive, 345–346

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 182, 295

Los Niños Héroes, 208

Louisiana

French claim on, 26

purchase of, 198–199

Spanish control of, 163

Louisiana Purchase, 198–199

Louis XIV, king of France, 26

L’Ouverture, Toussaint, 199

Lowell, Francis Cabot, 258

Lowell (Massachusetts) textile mills, 258, 448–449

Loyalists, 63, 70, 81, 83

and the Boston Tea Party, 73

resettlement in Canada, 100

in the Revolutionary War, 92, 96

Lusitania, sinking of, 410
M

Madison, James

and Constitutional Convention, 103, 105, 107, 108, 109, 112, 113

drafting Bill of Rights, 134–135

Father of the Constitution, 107, 134

and Federalist Papers, 116

on Latin America, 171–172

as president, 168–169

and War of 1812, 169–170

Magna Carta, 52

Maine, as a free state, 288

Maine, U.S.S. sinking of, 402, 465–466

malaria, 28, 58, 406

Manhattan, settlement of, 30–31

Manifest Destiny, 197, 203, 208, 399

Mann, Horace, 245, 246

maps


Agricultural Regions, 1900, 363

Agriculture, 1860, 262

America in 1820, 176

Barbary Coast, 166

Battle of Yorktown, 99

Civil War, 1861–1865, 307

Colonial America in 1770, 36

Comparing the Worlds of North and South, 262–263

Compromise of 1850, 291

Dred Scott Decision, 297

European Settlements in North and South America, 1682, 32

Exploration of the Americas, 21

Free and Slave Population, 1860, 263

Immigration to the United States, 1820–1990, 373

Indian Removals, 194

Industry and Raw Material, 1860, 263

Iron and Steel Production, 1900, 363

Kansas-Nebraska Act, 294

Key Battles of the American Revolution, 98

Land Losses of Native Americans, 348

Lewis and Clark Expedition, 214

Mexican Cession, 208

Migrating Routes of the First Americans, 2

Military Reconstruction and the Readmission of the South, 326

Missouri Compromise, 288

Native American Clothing, 4

Native American Cultural Regions, 4

Native American Food, 5

Native American Housing, 5

North America in 1763, 66

North American Territorial Claims in 1796, 162

Oregon Country, 205

Railroads, 1860, 262

Slave System, 1801–1860, 273

Triangular Trade and the Enslavement of Africans, 84

U.S. Expansion Around the World, 1867–1903, 407

March on Washington, 418

marriage


in the colonies, 58

of slaves, 279

state laws for, 129

Marion, Francis, 96

Marquette, Father, 26

Marshall, Chief Justice John, 178–179

Marshall, James, 224

Marshall, Justice Thurgood, 141

Martí, José, 402

Martin, Joseph, 87, 88, 89, 91, 94, 95, 97, 432

Maryland (colony), 38, 44

Mason, Biddy, 221

Mason, George, 115

mass production, techniques of, 357

Massachusetts (colony), 37, 38, 39

Boston Massacre, 69–70

Boston Tea Party, 70–72

farmers’ rebellion, 105

Intolerable Acts against, 72

ratification of Constitution, 133

Salem witch trials, 53,

schools and education in, 57

start of American Revolution in, 75–76, 430

Massachusetts 54th Regiment, 317

Mather, Cotton, 40

Mayflower, 39

Mayflower Compact, 39, 428

Mayhew, Jonathan, 429

McClellan, General George, 310–311, 318

McClure, Sam, 385, 390

McCormick, Cyrus, 259

McCoy, Joseph, 345

McCulloch v. Maryland, 142, 179

McKinley, William, 399

annexation of Hawaii, 401

position on the Philippines, 405

presidential campaign (1892), 387

support for Cuba, 402

Meade, General George C., 312

measles, 24, 220

Meat Inspection Act, 395

meatpacking industry, 395

medical care, Civil War, 311

Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro, 23

Mennonites, 347

mentally ill, treatment of, 244

mercenaries, 89

Merrimac, 315

mesa people, 11

Mexican Americans/Mexicanos, 229

architectural style, 236

attitudes toward slavery, 237

cattle ranching and, 231, 232

food and cooking style, 235

as immigrants, 380–381, 382

irrigation system for farming, 234

legal principles, 237

mining techniques, 230

sheep raising system, 233

Western entertainments, 238

Mexican-American War, 206–208

Mexican Cession, 208, 233, 290

Mexican Revolution, 380

Mexico

and California, 206–207, 216



independence from Spain, 171

Spanish conquest of, 20

Texas, conflict over, 201–203

U.S. war with, 206–208

Middle colonies, 37–38, 42–43

See also colonies by name

Midway Island, 401, 407

migration

of African Americans from the South, 334

of the first Americans, 2

militarism, 408

Military Reconstruction Act, 326

militias

in the colonies, 64, 73

in the states, 138, 163

mills, 258, 448–449

miners, 224–226, 230, 343–344, 393

mining law, 237

Minuit, Peter, 30

Minutemen, 73, 74, 75–76, 431

Miranda warning, 139

missionaries, 24, 25, 205, 216, 219–220

Mississippi River

as boundary of frontier, 176, 198, 211, 213

as boundary of free vs. slave states, 286

control of, in Civil War, 305, 310, 315, 316

French exploration of, 26

Native Americans and, 169, 192, 195, 439

as transportation for farmers, 198, 199, 261

Missouri, slavery issue in, 286

Missouri Compromise, 288–289, 290, 293–294, 296–297

Missouri River, exploration of, 212–213, 217

Mittelberger, Gottlieb, 35

Monitor, 315

Monmouth, Battle of, 95

monopoly, 71, 359–360, 390

Monroe, James, 198–199

Latin America foreign policy, 171–172

Louisiana Purchase and, 198–199

as president, 178–179

road building and, 259

Monroe Doctrine, 172, 402

Morgan, J. P., 359

Mormons, 222–223

Morris, Gouverneur, 111, 113

Mother Jones, 392

Mott, Lucretia, 248, 249, 250, 446–447

mountain men, 217–218

muckrakers, 385, 395

mudslinging, 185

Muir, John, 393

music and dance

early American, 181

Mexicano, 238

of slaves, 181, 280, 281, 282



My Ántonia (Cather), 459
N

Napoleon Bonaparte, 165, 168

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 394

national bank. See Bank of the United States

National Board of United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers, 367

National Council of Colored People, 271

national forest, 393

National Organization for Women (NOW), 422

national parks, 393

National Road, 259

National Woman’s Party, 396

nationalism, 408

Native Americans, 3–14

in American art, 180

beliefs of, 1, 6, 426

and the buffalo, 12, 342, 345

and the colonists, 39, 40, 45, 60

Five Civilized Tribes, 192

clothing of, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10 11, 12, 13, 14

crafts of, 7, 8

cultural regions, 3, 4, 6–15

and European diseases, 19, 20, 24, 26, 45, 216, 220, 225

food of, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

housing of, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

Jackson’s policy on, 192–194

land losses of, 348

migration routes, 2

missions and, 216, 220

railroads and, 342

relations with early explorers, 19–20, 24–25, 26, 30–31

reservation life, 337, 338, 339, 349

resistance to white settlers, 169, 170

Trail of Tears, 193–194, 439–440

treaties, 192, 338, 439–440

wars, 169, 192–193, 338–339, 349–350

See also individual tribes

nativism, 382

Nebraska, 293–294

neutrality, U.S.,163, 164–167, 408

Nevada, 342

New Amsterdam, 31–32

New England colonies, 37, 39–41

See also colonies by name

New England Primer, 57

New France, 25–26

New Hampshire (colony), 37

New Haven (Connecticut), 41

New Jersey (colony), 37, 42, 68, 133

plan for state representation in the government, 109

New Mexico, 24, 208, 291

New Netherland, 30–32

New Orleans, 198, 280

Battle of, 170, 185, 188

Napoleon’s plans for, 198

as river port, 198, 261

New Spain, 20

New York (colony), 32, 37, 42, 68

Washington’s defeat in, 91

newspapers

abolitionist, 247, 289, 451

in the colonies, 49, 67, 120

freedom of the press, 136–137

on secession, 300, 301

on sinking of the Maine, 465–466

on settling the West, 197, 211

Nez Percé people, 213, 219, 338–339

Niagara Movement, 394

Nineteenth Amendment, 127, 396, 421, 485

Ninth Amendment, 142, 483

North

advantages/disadvantages in the Civil War, 304–305



African Americans free in, 265–266, 271

comparison of South and, 262–263

economy of, 257–259

geography of, 254

opposition to Civil War, 313

society of, 265–266

tensions between South and, 190

transportation in, 259–260

North, Lord, 69, 71, 72, 100

North Carolina (colony), 38

Northern Securities Company, Antitrust Act and, 390

Northwest Coast, Native American cultural region, 3, 4–5, 6–7

Northwest Ordinance of 1787, 104, 286

Northwest Passage, 25, 26, 30, 212

Northwest Territory, 104

nullification crisis, 190


O

Oberlin College (Ohio), 246, 249

Oglethorpe, James Edward, 46

Ohio Valley conflict, 64, 164

oil business, 359, 389, 390

Olive Branch Petition, 82

Oñate, Juan de, 24

Oregon Country, 204–205, 214

Oregon Trail, 219–221, 442

Orlando, Vittorio, 413

Osceola people, 193

Ostend Manifesto, 293

O’Sullivan, John, 197

Our Lady of Guadalupe, 238


P

Pacific, American expansion in, 400–401

Pacific Railroad Act, 340–341

Paine, Thomas

Common Sense, 82, 430

The Crisis, 92

Panama Canal, 405–406

Paredes, Mariano, 206

Parker, Captain John, 75

Parks, Rosa, 418

Parliament

founding of English, 52

repeal of Stamp Act, 67

repeal of Townshend Acts, 69

parties. See political parties

Patriots, 63, 64

“America’s Forgotten,” 431

Boston, 68, 69–70, 71–72, 73

forming militias, 73

Patrick Henry, 79

Thomas Paine, 82

in the Revolution, 88, 89, 91, 92, 100

Patterson, William, 108, 109

Paul, Alice, 396

Pearl Harbor, 401

Penn, William, 43

Pennsylvania (colony), 37, 38, 43

ratification of Constitution, 133



Pennsylvania Gazette, 49

People’s Party, 387

Perry, Oliver Hazard, 169

Pershing, General John J., 412

personal computers, 420

Peru, conquest of, 21, 22

petition, right to, 137

Philadelphia, 37, 43, 51, 106, 120, 416

occupation of, 93, 94

Philippines, 404–405

Pickett, George, 313

Pike, Zebulon, 213

Pilgrims, 39, 45, 428

Pinckney, Charles, 113, 157

piracy, 53, 166–167

Pizarro, Francisco, 21

Plains Indians, 12, 342, 344, 345

plantations, 38, 256–257, 274, 279, 320

Plateau, Native American cultural region, 1, 3, 4–5, 10

Pledge of Allegiance, text of, 490



Plessy v. Ferguson, 333

Plymouth Rock, 39, 45

Pocahontas, 29

pogroms, 376

political parties, 114, 130, 149, 153

reform of, 375

See also specific parties by name

Polk, James K.

manifest destiny and, 203

Oregon issue and, 205

War in Mexico, 206, 290

poll taxes, 332, 421

Polo, Marco, 17, 18

Ponce de León, Juan, 22



Poor Richard’s Almanac, 49

popular sovereignty, 120

population

free/slave, 111, 263, 269

Native American, 3, 192

in New Amsterdam, 31

in the New World colonies, 51, 64

United States in 1790, 109, 111

United States in 1850, 269

United States in 20th century, 417

Populists, 386, 387

Populist Party. See People’s Party

Portsmouth (Rhode Island), 40

poverty rate, in 2002, 420

Powell, John Wesley, 444–445

Powhatan, 28, 29

Preamble, to the Constitution, 120, 433

president

debate over the title of, 146

election of, 113–114, 123

powers of, 124, 126

removing from office, 124

term of office, 123

veto power, 122

See also presidents by name

press, freedom of, 136–137, 156

Preston, Captain Thomas, 70

privacy, right to, 138, 142

Proclamation of 1763, 66

Progressive Movement, 385



Promised Land, The (Antin), 463

Promontory Point, Utah, 343

property

community, 237

protection of private, 140

Providence (Rhode Island), 40

public schools, 245–246

See also education

Pueblo people, 24, 234

Puerto Rico, 22, 403

Pure Food and Drug Act, 395

Puritans, 39, 40, 41, 53, 56, 57

Putman, Israel, 80
Q

Quakers, 38, 43, 49

on slavery, 246, 247, 248, 249, 445

Quartering Act, 68

quartering troops, 68, 138

Quebec, 26

Quetzalcoatl, 20

quota, immigration, 382


R

racism, 181, 269, 333, 394



See also discrimination

railroads, 260, 261, 262, 380, 388

Central Pacific, 342–343

ranchers’ transportation, 345–346

steel industry and, 356

transcontinental, 340–343, 378

Union Pacific, 341–342

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 27, 45

ranchos, 216–217, 231

Randolph, Edmund, 113, 115

Rankin, Jeanette, 396

reaper, 259, 461

recall, 391

Reconstruction

congressional, 326–327

end of, 330–331

presidential, 324–325

reversal of, 332–333

southern, 328–329

redcoats, 70

referendum, 391

reform movements

in education, 245–246

in Progressive era, 385–396

women and, 244, 247–250

refugees, 372

See also immigrants

religion


in the colonies, 38, 39, 40, 43, 44, 56

freedom of, 135–136, 435

for slaves, 281

See also missionaries

religious freedom, 38, 39, 40, 44, 347, 376

guaranteed by Constitution, 135–136

Renaissance, 18

reparations, paid by Germany, 413

Republican Party

views of, 152–154

vs. Democratic Party, 188, 299, 328, 414

vs. Federalist party, 147–148, 152–154, 155, 436

and Reconstruction, 330–331

reform of, 391

reservations, for Native Americans, 337, 338, 339, 349

Revere, Paul, 63, 69, 70, 75

Revolutionary War. See American Revolution

Rhode Island (colony), 37, 40

Rice, Thomas Dartmouth, 181

right to bear arms, 138

right to petition, 52, 137

right to privacy, 138

right to speedy, public trial, 140

right to vote

election of 1828 and, 186

freedmen, 328

Nineteenth Amendment and women’s, 130, 328, 396

Twenty-fourth Amendment and poll taxes, 421

Twenty-sixth Amendment and 18-year-olds, 421

rights, natural, 83

rights of accused persons, 139–141

Ripley, George, 243

roads, building, 178, 179, 259

Roanoke Island, 27

Rockefeller, John D., 388, 389

Antitrust Act and, 390

Standard Oil Company trust, 359, 385

rodeos, 231, 238

Rolfe, John, 29

Rolvaag, Ole E., 459–460

Roman Catholics, 24, 25, 44, 375, 381, 418

Roosevelt, Theodore

ally of expansionists, 399

investigation of meatpacking industry, 395

national forests, expansion of, 393

and Rough Riders, 403

as trust-buster, 390

and Panama Canal, 405–406

Ross, Nellie Tayloe, 443

runaway slaves, 200, 237, 278, 292

Russia, 376, 400, 408, 412
S

Sac people, 192

Sacagawea, 212–213

Salem (Massachusetts), witch trials, 53

Salt Lake City, settlement of, 223

San Martín, José de, 171

San Salvador, 18

Santa Anna, General Antonio López de, 202–203, 207

Savannah (Georgia), 96

Sawyer, Philetus, 391

scalawags, 328

Schneiderman, Rose, 366, 367

schools. See education

Schurz, Carl, 400, 405

Schuyler, Elizabeth, 149

Scott, General Winfield

invasion of Mexico, 207–208

planning of Union’s war strategy, 308

search and seizure, unreasonable, 139

secession, 288, 300, 453, 454

Second Amendment, 138, 482

Second Great Awakening, 242–243, 289

Secotan people, 15

secretary of state, 172

Sedition Act, 155–156

segregation, 271, 333, 334, 394, 417, 457–458

Supreme Court and, 421, 422

self-incrimination, 139

Seminole people, 192, 193, 200

Senate, 109, 110, 121–122, 124, 126

powers described in constitution, 474–478

power to try impeachments, 124

Seneca Falls Convention, 249–250

separation of church and state, 135, 433, 435

Separatists, 39

Sequoyah, 192

Serbs, 408

Serra, Junipero, 216

servant, indentured, 35, 45, 54, 58

Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, 419

Seven Cities of Cibola, 22–23

Seventh Amendment, 140–141, 482

Seward, William, 400

Seymour, Horatio, 328

1   ...   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39


The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016
send message

    Main page