Hinduism and Buddhism ap world History Bartlett High School Mr. Pahl Hinduism
- AP World History
- Bartlett High School
- Mr. Pahl
- No single founder
- No single sacred text.
- Grew out of various groups in India:
- The Aryans added their religious beliefs to those of the Indus Valley.
- Our of all its complexity, though, there are certain basic beliefs…
- God is one, but is known by many names.
- Everything in the universe is part of the unchanging, all-powerful force called Brahman.
- Brahman is too complex for most people to understand.
- They worship gods that give a concrete form to Brahman.
- Gods are Brahma the Creator; Vishnu the preserver, Shiva, the destroyer
- All are aspects of Brahman
- Every person has an essential life, or atman.
More Hindu beliefs
- But even the atman is just another name for Brahman.
- The ultimate goal is to attain moksha, union with Brahman.
- Since this usually takes more than one lifetime, Hindus believe in reincarnation.
- Reincarnation is the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form.
- Karma; your good or bad deeds affect one’s future, and the future of those around one, for good or suffering
More Hindu Beliefs…
- All existence is ranked: Brahman, humans, animals, plants, things.
- To help escape the wheel of fate, dharma, religious duties, can help one acquire merit for the next life.
- Vedas and Upanishads are sacred texts. The BhagavadGita spells out many ethical ideas.
- Ahimsa is another key principle of Hinduism; nonviolence.
- Gautama Buddha, from the foothills of the Himalayas, founded a new religion.
- Gautama born about 566 BC
- He saw for the first time in his protected environment, a sick person, an older person, and a dead person.
- Gautama left a happy married life to discover the realm of life “where there is neither suffering or death.”
- He meditated and fasted. For 48 days he meditated in one place. He believed he understood the cure for suffering and sorrow; he was now Buddha.
- The Four Noble Truths are the heart of Buddhism:
- All life is full of suffering, pain and sorrow.
- The cause of suffering is the desire for things that are really illusions, such as riches, power and long life.
- The only cure for suffering is to overcome desire.
- The way to overcome desire is to follow the Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path:
- Right views
- Right aspirations
- Right speech
- Right conduct
- Right Livelihood
- Right effort
- Right mindfulness
- Right contemplation
- Final goal of Buddhism is nirvana, union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth.
- Buddhism and Hinduism agree on karma, dharma, moksha and reincarnation.
- They are different in that Buddhism rejects the priests of Hinduism, the formal rituals, and the caste system. Buddha urged people to seek enlightenment through meditation.
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- Buddhism rejects the priests of Hinduism, the formal rituals, and the caste system. Buddha urged people to seek enlightenment through meditation
- Buddha preached in northern India and his teachings spread.
- Buddhas followers gathered his teachings into the Tripitaka.
- Gradually Buddhism split into two parts, schools:
- Theravada Buddhism. Closely followed Buddha’s original teachings.
- Mahayana Buddhism. Made following Buddhism easier for the ordinary people.
- Buddhism declined in India, being swallowed up by Hinduism which made Buddha another Hindu god.
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