“ Whether this portion of the world were rent
By the rude Ocean, from the Continent,
Or thus created; it was sure design’d
To be the sacred refuge of mankind.”
WALLER To the Protector.
THE Druids in ancient Britain were Buddhistic Brahmans; they adopted the metempsychosis, the preexistence of the soul, and its return to the realms of universal space. They had a divine triad, consisting of a Creator, Preserver, and Destroyer, as with the Buddhists. The Druids constituted a Sacredotal .Order which reserved to itself alone the interpretation of the mysteries of religion.
“ The ban of the Druids was equally terrible with that of the Brahmans; even the king against whom it was fulminated fell,’ to use the expression of the Druids, like grass before the scythe.’ “1
Mr. Pococke says: “It was the Macedonian hero who invaded and vanquished the land of his forefathers unwittingly. It was a Napier who, leading on the small but mighty army of Britain, drove into headlong flight the hosts of those warlike clans from whose parent stock himself and not a .few of his troops were the direct descendants.”2
Mr. Pococke also says: “The Scotch clans, their original localities and their chiefs in Afghanistan and Scotland, are subjects of the deepest interest. How little did the Scotch officers who perished in the Afghan
1Theogony of the Hindus, p. 104. 2lndia in Greece, p. 86.
campaign think that they were opposed by the same tribes from whom they themselves sprang! A work on this subject is in progress.”‘
Mr. Pococke says: “It is in no spirit of etymological trifling that I assure the reader, that the far-famed hurrah’ of his native country (England) is the war-cry of his forefather, the Raj put of Britain, for he was long the denizen of this island.) His shout was haro! haro!’ (hurrah! hurrah!) Hark to the spirit-stirring strains of Wordsworth, so descriptive of this Oriental warrior. It is the Druid who speaks :--
Then seize the spear, and mount the scythed wheel, Lash the proud steed, and whirl the flaming steel, Sweep through the thickest host and scorn to fly, Arise! arise! for this it is to die.
Thus, neath his vaulted cave the Druid sire
Lit the rapt soul, and fed_ the martial fire.”
“The settlement of the people of the Draus in this island, the northern part of which was essentially that of the III-BUDH-DES (E-BUDH-DES7) or the land of the Hiya Bud’has at once accounts satisfactorily for the amazing mechanical skill displayed in the structure of Stone Henge, and harmonises with the industrious and enterprising character of the Budhists throughout the old world; for these are the same people who drained. the valley of Cashinir, and in all probability the plains of Thessaly.”
The history of the Druids is thus explained: “The Druids were Drui-des. They were in fact the same as the Druopes. These venerated sages, chiefs of the tribes of the Draus, were of the Indu Vansa or lunar race. Hence the Symbol of the crescent -vs orn by
ii4dia in Greece, p. 77.
2lndia in Greece,. p. 114,
these Druids. Their last refuge in Britain from the oppression of the. Romans was the Isle of Saints’ or ‘Mona’ (more properly Mooni,’ Sanskrit for a holy sage). The Druids were the bards of the ancient Rajputs.”
Hark E ‘twas the voice of harps that poured along The hollow vale the floating tide of song;
I see the glittering train, in long array,
Gleam through the shades, and snowy splendours play; I see them now with measured steps and slow,
‘Mid arching groves the white-robed sages go. The oaken wreath with braided fillet dresLThe crescent beaming on the holy breast—The silver hair which waves above the lyre,
And shrouds the strings, proclaim the Druid’s quire. They halt and all is hushed.
That the Hindus lived in Britain in ancient- times is clear from the fact that a chief of the twiceborn was once brought frorn/Sah-dwipa (Britain) to India by Vishnu’s eagle.’ D
For further information regarding—tite--1.1i4du colonization of Great Britain see(Godfrey Higgins’ )’ Celtic Druids”, wherein it has been proveatHaFfEe-Druids were the priests of the Hindu colonists who emigrated from India and settled in Britain.’)-
1 Colebrooke’s Miscellaneous Essays, Vol. 11, p. 179, Translation of Jatimaht. The learned Pictet says: “I here terminate this parallel of the Celtic idioms with the Sanskrit. I do not believe that after this marked_ series of analogies, a series which embraces the entire organization of their tongues, that their radical affinity can be contested.
“The Celtic race established in Europe from the most ancient times must have been the first to arrive there. The decisive analogies which these languages still present to the Sanskrit carry us back to the most ancient period to which we can attain by Comparative Philology, . .
Lettre a M. Humboldt, Journal Asiatique (1836), p. 455.
tut, Oh! what pencil of a living star
Could paint that gorgeous car,
In which as in an ark supremely bright, The Lord. of boundless light
Ascending calm o’er the Empyreum sails, And with ten thousand beams his beauty veils.
-.HYMN TO SURYA: Translated by S. W. Jones.
THE eastward wave of Hindu emigration covered the whole of Eastern Asia, comprising the Transgangetic Peninsula, China, Japan, the isles of the Indian Archipelago, Australia, and broke upon the shores of America.
The manners and institutions of the inhabitants of the Transgangetic Peninsula bear so strong an affinity to those of the Hindus that one cannot resist the idea of their having been a Hindu race at some distant period. The fundamental principles which underlie their polity, manners, morality and religion are the same as those of the Hindus. In fact, it may be taken for granted that the Transgangetic Peninsula was but a part and parcel of India so far as society, religion and polity were concerned. There was no general change in India but was also wrought there. The propagation of Buddhism was not confined to India; the people of the Transgangetic Peninsula took their share in it.
Till recently the Peninsula was swayed wholly by Indian thought, but by and by a second power was felt to assert itself. China accepted the religion of the Great Buddha. Thenceforward 4 became a rival power with
India in the eyes of the inhabitants of the Peninsula. The Aryas soon reverted to their ancient faith, or rather to a modified form of the ancient faith, but on the people of the Peninsula the grasp of the reformed faith was too firm to be so easily shaken off, and hence the silver card of friendship that tied the two together was snapped. The inhabitants of the Transgangetic Peninsula thenceforward began to look up to the Celestials rather than to the Hindus for enlightenment and instruction. But as their political and social institutions had a Hindu cast, a total overthrow of Hinduism in consequence of this cleavage was impossible. Their civilization there-. fore retained its Hindu basis.
It is a well-known fact that the Pardah system was unknown in ancient India and that it came in the train of the Mohamedan invaders. The present position of the Burmese women in the social and domestic life of Burmah, supports the theory that the Celestial influence over the countries between the Brahmaputra and the Pacific was too strong and deep to allow the people there to follow the Hindus in their revolutionary social changes that were unhappily forced upon them by the wave of a less civilized but a more determined foreign aggression.
“ The Burmans, we are told by Symes, call their Code generally, Dharmasath or Sastra; it is one among the many commentaries on Manu. Mr. Syme speaks in glowing terms of the Code.”‘
Mr. Wilson says: “The civilization of the Burmese and the Tibetans is derived from India.”
1 See Sywe’s Embassy to .A,va, p, 826, „
The name Burmah itself is of Hindu derivation and proves the Hindu origin of the Burmans. The name Camboja is frequently mentioned in Sanskrit works, and who that has read accounts of it will deny its identity with Cambodia ?’ In 1882 a Hindu temple was excavated in that country by a Frenchman,2 whose writings prove that in ancient times, if not a part of the Indian empire, it was most closely connected with it.
China, too, was a colony of the ancient Hindus. According to the Hindu theory of emigration, China was first inhabited by the Kshatriyas from India. Colonel Tod says: “The genealogists of China and Tartary declare themselves to be the descendants of “ Awar,” son of the Hindu King, “Pururawa.”3
“ Sir W. Jones says the Chinese assert their Hindu origin.”4
According to the traditions noted in the S Auld?? g, the ancestors of the Chinese conducted by Fohi came to the plains of China 2900 years before Christ, from the high mountainland which lies to the west of that country. This shows that the settlers into China were originally inhabitants of Kashmir, Ladakh, Little ‘Tibet, and Punjab, which were parts of ancient India.5
I Compare Cambistholi of Arrian, Camba-Sthala (Sthala=place or district). The word denotes the dwellers in the Kamba or Kambis Country. So Kamboja may be explained as those born in Kamba or Karobos.—Wilson’s Vishnu Purana, Vol. 11, p. 182.
2The Indian Mirror of the 2nd September 1882.
gAnnals of Rajasthan, Vol. I, p. 35.
4Annals of Rajasthan, Vol. I, p. 57.
5It may be reiterated that in the days of the Mahabharata and for long after, Alghanistan was a part of Aryawarta, The Raja of Kandahar was a Hindu, and his daughter Khandhari or Gandhari was the mother of Duryodhan. Even at the time of Alexander the Great it was a part of India.
The religion and culture of China are undoubtedly of Hindu origin. Count Bjornstjerna says: “What may be said with certainty is that the religion of China came from In dia. “
That ancient India had constant intercourse with China nO one can deny. China’ and Chinese products are constantly mentioned in the sacred as well as the profane literature of the time. Chinese authors; too, according to Elphinstone, note Indian ambassadors to the court of China. rofessor Heeren says that “ the name. China is of Hindu origin and came to us from India) See also Vincent, Vol. II, pp. 574, 75.2 The word Sinim occurs in the Bible, Isaiah xlix. 12.
The wave of Indian migration before breaking on the shores of America merged the islands of the Indian Archipelago. Colonel Tod says: “The isles of the Archipelago were colonized by the Suryas (SuryaVansa, Kshtriyas) whose mythological and heroic his- , tory is sculptured in their edifices and maintained in the writings.” 3
Mr. Elphinstone says: “ The histories of Java give a distinct account of a numerous body of Hindus from Kalinga who landed on their island, civilized the inhabi
Ramayana mentions Chinese silks and other manufactures.
2M. de Guigues says that Magadha was known to the Chinese by the name 1110-lciato, and its capital was recognised by both its Hindu names, Kusumpura, for which the Chinese wrote Ilia-so-mo-pon-lo and Patalc:putra, out of which they made Patoli-tse by translating putra, which means son in Sanskrit, into their own corresponding word, tse.—Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol.V. [Stich translation of names has thrown a veil of obscurity over many a name of Hindu origin. Hindu geography has thus suffered a great loss].
3Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol. H, p, 218, footnote,
wilts and established an era still subsisting, the first year of which fell in the seventy-fifth year before Christ,’
“ The colonization of the eastern coast of Java” by Brahmans is “a fact well established by Sir Stamford Raffles.” 2
Later immigrants from India were evidently Buddhists. Mr. Sewell says: “Native tradition in Java relates that about the beginning of the seventh century (G03 A. D. according to Fergusson) a prince of Gujrat arrived in the island with 5,000 followers and settled at Mataram. A little later 2,000 more immigrants arrived to support him. He and his followers were Buddhists, and from his time Buddhism was firmly established as the religion of Java.”3
“The Chinese pilgrims who visited the island in the fourth century found it entirely peopled by the Hindus.”4 Respecting the inhabitants of Java, Mr . Buckle says: “Of all the Asiatic islanders this race is the most attractive to the imagination. They still adhere to the Hindu faith and worship.”3
Dr. Cust says: “In the third group we come once more on traces of the great Aryan civilization of India; for many centuries ago some adventurous Brahmans from the Telegu coast (or from Cambodia) conveyed to Java their religion, their sacred books and their civilization, and Java became the seat of a great and powerful Hindu dynasty.0 As regards Borneo, the largest island of the
Elphinstone’s History of India, p. 168.
2Heeren’s Historical Researches, Vol. II, p. 303, footnote.
Antiquarian Notes in Java, Journal, R. A. S., p. 402 (1906).
4 See R. A. S. Journal, Vol. IX, pp. 136, 38 on the History of Java.
Beauties, Sublimities and Harmonies of Nature, Vol. I. e Linguistic and Oriental Essays.
Archipelago, another traveller] observes that “in the very inmost recesses of the mountains as well as over the face of the country, the remains of temples and pagodas are to be seen similar to those found on the continent of India bearing all the traits of Hindu mythology; and that in the country of Wahoo, at least 400 miles from the coast, there are several of very superior workmanship with all the emblematic figures so common in Hindu places of worship.”
Stamford Raffles while describing the small island of Bali, situated towards the east of Java says :
Here, together with the Brahminical religion, is still preserved the ancient form of Hindu municipal polity.”2
The Bugis of the island of Celebes trace back their history to the Savira Geding, whom they represent to have proceeded in immediate descent from their heavenly mediator Baitara Guru (which is distinctly a Hindu name), and to have been the first chief of any celebrity in Celebes.
As regards Sumatra, M. Coleman says: “Mr. Anderson in his account of his mission to the coast of that island (Sumatra) has, however, stated that he discovered at Jambi the remains of an ancient Hindu temple of considerable dimensions, and near the spot various mutilated figures, which would appear to clearly indicate the former existence of the worship of the Vedantio philosophy.”.3.,
Australia was probably deserted soon after its settlement. But that the wave of Hindu civilization and
1Ste Dalton’s account of the Diaks of Borneo in the Journal of
the Asiatic Society, Vol, VII. p. 153. 2Description of Java, Vol. II, p, 236. 3 Coleman’s Hindu Mythology, p. 361.
emigration did at one time break on the shores of Australia is evident from the fact that many extraordinary things are found, there. Among other things, the native races have got a kind of arrow, which clearly betrays its Hindu origin. This arrow called bomerang by the natives, is exactly the same as that used by Arjuna and Karan in the 1Vlahabharata. Its great merit is that it returns to the archer if it misses the aim.’
‘For further information on the point see. “ Military Science.”