Hindu superiority: An Attempt to Determine the Position of the Hindu Race in the Scale of Nations By Har Bilas Sarda, B. A., F. R. S. L



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VII. GERMANY.


The press’s magic letters,

That blessing ye brought forth, Behold! it lies in fetters

On the soil that gave it birth.

.---CAMPB ELL: Ode to the Germans.

THAT the Ancient Germans were migrators from India is proved by the following passage from Muir: “It has been remarked by various authors (as Kuhn and Zeitschrift, IV. 94 If) that in analogy with Manu or Manus as the father of mankind or of the Aryas, German mythology recognises Manus as the ancestor —f— Teutons.’ 5 The English man’ and the -German.

‘ appear also to be akin to the word m anu ‘ and the German `menscV-uresents a close resemblance to man ush ‘ of Sanskrit.” 1 J

---Tlie—B:rst habit of the Germans, says Tacitus, on rising was ablution, - which’ Colonel Tod thinks must have been of Eastern origin and not of the cold climate of Germany,2 as also “ the loose flowing robe, the long and braided hair tied in a knot at the top of the head so tual4matic of the Brahmins.”

The Germans are the Brahmans or Sharmas of India. Sharma became Jarma and Jarma became Jerrnan For in Sanskrit sh and j and a are convertible into one another, as Arya, Arjya and Arshya (see Max Muller’s Rig Veda.) Csoma-De-Coras in the Preface to his

manning’s Ancient and Mediaeval India. Vol, I, p, 118. 2Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol, I, pp, 63 and 80.

Tibetan Dictionary, says: “The Hungarians will find a fund of information from the study of Sanskrit respect- ing their origin, manners, customs and language.” The Saxons are no other than the sons of the Sacas, who lived on the North-western frontier of Aryawarta, whence they migrated to Germany. The name Saxon is a compound of “ Saca “ (Sakas) and “ sanu “ (descen- dants). They were so-called because they were descen- dants of the Sakas. Their name for Heaven is the same as that of the Indians. A critic says: “It is from the Himalaya Mountains of the Sacas that the ‘ Sac-soons ‘ those sons of the Sacas (Saxons or Sacsons, for the words are at once Sanskrit, _Saxon and English) derived their Himmel or Heaven.” j Colonel Tod says: “I have often been struck with a characteristic analogy in the sculptures of the most ancient Saxon cathedrals in England, and on the con- tinent to Kanaya and the Gopis. Both may be intended to represent divine harmony. Did the Asi and Jits of Scandinavia, the ancestors of the Saxons, bring them from Asia ?”1



1Tod’s Rajasthan, Volume I, (People’s Edition), p. 570,

VIII. SCANDINAVIA.


The Swedish sage admires in yonder bowers, His winged insects and his rosy flowers.

- CAMPBELL: Pleasures of Hope.

THE Scandinavians are the descendants of the Hindu Kshatriyas. The term Scandinavian and the Hindu “ Kshatriya” or the Warrior caste are identical, “the former being a Sanskrit equivalent for the latter :” “Scanda Nabhi” (Scanda Navi) signifies Scanda Chiefs (Warrior Chiefs).

Colonel Tod says: “The Aswas were chiefly of the Indu race, yet a branch of the Suryas also bore this designation.” In the Edda we are informed that the G-etes or Jits who entered Scandinavia were termed Asi, and their first settlement was Asigard (Asi garh, fortress of_the Asi).”

(Pinkerton says: “Odin came into Scandinavia in the time of Darius Hystaspes, 500 years before Christ, and that his successor was G-otama. This is the period of the last BoodhaLor Mahavira, whose era is 477 before Vicrama, or 533 before Christ. G-otama was the successor of Mahavira.”‘

“In the martial mythology and warlike poetry of the Scandinavians a wide field exists for assimilation.”2

“We can scarcely question,” says Count Bjornstjerna, “the derivation of the Edda (the ‘religious books of ancient Scandinavia) from the Vedas.”)

I Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol, 1, p, 64. 2Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol. 1, p. 68,

3 Theopny of the Hindus, p. 108.

The principle on which the seven days of the week are named in India is the same on which it has been done in Scandinavia :-

(1) Sunday is called by the Hindus Aditwarant, after Addit, the sun, after which also the Scandinavians call the day Sondag.

(2) Monday is called by the Hindus Somawararn, from Soma, the moon. Among the Scandinavians it is called Monday.

(3) Tuesday is called Manyalwararn, in India after the Hindu hero, Mangla. It bears the name Tisdag amongst the Scandinavians, after their hero, This.

(4) Wednesday is termed Boudhawararn by the Hindus, after Boudha,; by the Scandinavians, it is denominated after Oden (Wodan, Bodham, Budha), Onsdag.

(5) Thursday is called Brahaspatiwaram by the Hindus, after Brahspati, or Brahma, their principal god; it bears the name Thorsdag amongst the Scandinavians, after their principal god, Thor.

(6) Friday is called by the Hindus Sucrawararn, after Sucra, the goddess...9f beauty; it is named by the Scandinavians after Freja, the,zoddess of beauty Frejday.

(7) Saturday is called Saniwararn by the Hindus after Sanischar, the god who cleanses spiritually; it is named Lordag by the Scandinavians-Tiom-loger, bathing.

“ We have here,” says Count Bjornstjerna, himself a Scandinavian gentleman, “another proof that the Myths of the Scandinavians are derived from those of

the Hin.dus.”1

]Theogony of the Hindus, p. 169,

THE HYPERBOREANS.


“ Hail, Mountain of delight

Palace of glory, blessed by Glory’s King!

With prospering shade. embower me, while I sing Thy wonders, yet unreach’d by mortal flight Sky-piercing mountain! in thy bowers of love No tears are seen, save where medicinal stalks Weep drops balsamic o’er the silvered. walks.”

-HYMN TO INDRA Sir W. Jones’ translation.

THE Hyperboreans (who formerly occupied the Northern-most parts of Europe and Asia) were the Khyber, purians, or the inhabitants of Khyberpur and its district. Another Khyber settlement will be seen in Thessaly on the Eastern branch of Phoenix river. Its name is tolerably well-preserved as Khyphara and Khyphera.1

Air. Pococke says: “While the sacred tribe of Dodo, or the Dadan, fixed their oracle towards the northerly line of the Hellopes, in Thessaly, the immediate neighbours of the Hyperboreans took up their abode towards the south of the holy mountain of To-Maros, or Soo-Meroo. These were the Pashwaran, or the emigrants from Peshawar, who appear in the Greek guise of Passarou. We now readily see the connection between the settlements of the Dodan (Dodonian Oracle), Passaron (Peshawar people), and the offerings of the Hyperboreans, or the men of Khyberpur, who retained this appellation wherever they subsequently settled...”2

lIndia in Greece, p. 129. 2India in Greece, p. 127.

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