“ Oh Tiber! Father Tiber
To whom the Romans pray,
A Roman’s life, a Roman’s arms,
Take thou in charge this day!
Mr. POCOCKE says: “The great heroes of India are the gods of Greece. They are in fact—as they have been often rationally affirmed, and as plausibly but not as rationally denied—deified chiefs and heroes; and this same process of deification, both among Greeks and Romans—the descendants of colonists from *India, continued, specially amongst the latter people down to and throughout the most historical periods.”‘
The Romans were the descendants of the Trojans, the inhabitants of that part of Asia Minor in which Hindu settlements had long been established. Niebuhr says: `(llonne is not a Latin name.” Mr. Pococke says 4iEl “ Ramad) The Sanskrit long “ a” is replaced by “ o “ or “ w “ of the Greeks, as Poseidon and Poseidan.
Their neighbours, the Etruscans, had a system of religion in many respects similar to that of the Hindus. It is remarkable that their religion was as perfect in ceremonial details as the religion of the Hindus, or of the Egyptians (which was a direct outcome of Hinduism.) But the early Etruscans, too, were a body of colonists from India who penetrated into Italy some time before or about the Hindu colonization of Greece. Of the Asiatic tribe called “ Asor,” Count Bjornstjerna says: “It seems to be the same tribe which came by sea to Etruria.”3
lIndia in Greece, p. 142.
2India in Greece, p, 166,
3Theogony of the Hindus p. 105.
VI. TURKISTAN AND NORTHERN ASIA.
“ At length then to the wide earth’s extreme bounds, To Scythia are we come, those pathless wilds
Where human footstep never marked, the ground.”
THE Turanians extending over the whole of Turkistan and Central Asia were originally an Indian people. Colonel Tod says: “Abdul Gazi makes Tamale, the son of Turc, the Turishka of the Puranas. His descendants gave their name to Tocharistan or Turkistan.”‘ Professor Max Muller says: “Turvas and his descendants who represent Turanians2 are described in the later epic poems of India as cursed and deprived of their inheritance,” and hence their migration.
Colonel Tod says: “The Jaisaliner annals assert that the Yadu and the Balica branches of the Indu race ruled Korassan after the Great War, the Indo-Scythic races of Grecian authors.” Besides the lialicas and the numerous branches of the Indo-Medes, many of the sons of Cooru dispersed over these regions: amongst whom we may place Ootooru Cooru (Northern Coorus) of the Puranas, the Ottorocuraa of the Greek authors. Both the Indu and the Surya races were eternally sending their superfluous population to those distant regions.”‘
A Mohamedan historian4 says that the country of Khatha was first inhabited by a body of emigrants from India.
1Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol, I, p. 103. 2-Science of Language, p, 242. 3Tocl’s ilajasthan, Vol, I, p. 43. 4History of China, Vol, II, p. 10,
‘ A hand of Hindu settlers left India for Siberia, where they founded a kingdom, with Bajrapur as its capital. It is related that on the death of the king of that country in a battle, Pardamun, Gad and Sambha, three sons of Sri Krishna Chandra, with a large number of Brahmans and Kshatriyas, went there, and the eldest brother succeeded to the throne of the deceased Raja. On the death of Sri Krishna Chandra they paid a condolence visit to Dwarka.1
Colonel Tod says “ The annals of the ‘Yadus of
Jaisalmer state that long anterior to Vikrama, they held dominion from Ghazni to Samarkand; that they established themselves in those regions after the Mahabharata or the Great War, and were again impelled on the rise of Islamism within the Indus.”2 He further says: “The Yadus of Jaisalmer ruled Zabulistan and founded Ghazni.”3 They claim Chaghtaes as of their own Indu stock, “ a claim which,” says Colonel Tod, “ I now deem worthy of credit.”
The Afghans are the descendants of the Aphgana, the serpent tribe of the Apivansa of ancient India. “ According to Abu Haukal, the city of Herat is also called Heri. This adjoins Maru or Murve.”4 The country called Seestan, which the Middle Eastern Question may - yet bring more prominently before the public, was a settlement of the Hindus. Colonel Tod says: “Seestan (the region of cold, see-sthan) and both sides of the
‘Hari Vansha, Vishnu Parva, Adhyaya 97.
Tod’s Rajasthan, p. 529.
3Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol. I, p. 61. “The sons of Krishna eventually left Indus behind and passed into Zabulistan, and peopled these countries, even to Samarkand.”--p. 85.
4Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol, IT, p, 231.
valley were occupied in the earliest periods by another branch of the Yadus.”1 Colonel Tod again says: “To the Indu race of Aswa (the descendants of Deomida and Bajaswa), spread over the countries on both sides of the Indus, -(3.c$: We owe the distinctive appellation of Asia.”‘
That the Bactrians were an Indian people has already been shown. And that the Indian migrations extended* to Siberia and the northern-most part of Asia is evident from the fact that the descendants of the Aryan migrators are still found there. “ The Samoyedes and Tchoudes of Siberia and Finland are really Samayhdus and Joudes of India, The languages of the two former races are said to have a strong affinity and are classed as Hindu-Germanic by Klaprotb, the author of ‘Asia Polyglotta.’ “3 Mr. Remusat traces these tribes to Central Asia, where the Yadus long held sway. Sama, Syam is a title of Krishna. They were Sama Yadus.
1Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol. II, p. 230.
2Tod.’s Rajasthan, Vol. T, p. 63. “ Europa derived from Sarupa,
of the beautiful face,” the initial syllable su and eu having the same signification in both languages, viz., good. Rupa is countenance.”—p. 515.
3Tod’s Rajasthan, Vol, I, p. 529. The race of Joude is described by Baber as occupying the mountainous range, the very spot mentioned in the annals of the Yadus as their place of halt on quitting India twelve centuries before Christ, and thence called Yadu-ki-dang, or hill of Yadu.