Huseinov [Goussenov], Farhang [Farkhang] (Rahim Oglu)
(b Baku, 16 July 1949). Azerbaijani composer. He studied composition with Karayev and the violin with Dombayev at the Azerbaijan State Conservatory (1969–71). He continued his education at the Moscow Conservatory as a composer (under Aram Khachaturian) and violinist (under Leonid Kogan). He then taught the violin at the Azerbaijan Conservatory (1975–92) before becoming an associate professor in 1992 and chair of the string department of the Çukurova University State Conservatory in Adana, Turkey. He is a member of the Board of the Azerbaijani Composers' Union.
As a violinist, Huseinov excels in the interpretation of modern music having been the first performer of many Azerbaijani compositions. As a composer, he developed under the influence of his teacher, Karayev, and of musicians such as Enescu and especially Bartók. He eventually arrived at the highly expressive individual style in which the balance of the Western and Eastern varies in different works. The ecstatic expression found mainly in codas of some instrumental compositions could be associated with the Sufi tradition. Formal organization is based on Western 20th-century traditions, but both the spiritual aspect of his music and the thematic material (which frequently alludes to Eastern modes) lead us to the East. An interesting quality of Huseinov's conception of the East is its expanding nature: initially located in Azerbaijan, the space later widened from Turkey to Japan.
International recognition came to Huseinov in 1991 when he became a laureate of the Japanese Silk Road competition with his concerto for orchestra Travelling through Time). He was subsequently commissioned to write the opera Kodayu (after the novel Hokusa Bunryaku by Katsuragava Hoshu, a story based on the adventures of a Japanese sailor in 18th-century Russia). The first performance took place in Tokyo in 1993 and was very successful. In 1995 Huseinov received a UN prize for the oratorio May Peace Prevail on Earth. His works have been published and performed in Azerbaijan, Germany, Japan, Russia, Switzerland and Turkey.
Ops: Malen'kiy prints [The Little Prince] (A. Efendiyev, after A. de Saint-Exupéry), 1991; Kodayu (E. Aoki, after K. Hoshu: Hokusa Bunryaku), 1993 [Russ. version by A. Efendiyev and K. Yamashita]
Orch: Vn Conc., 1969; Serenada, str, 1981; Travelling through Time, conc. for orch, 1991
Vocal: Gimn solntsu [Hymn to the Sun] (ancient Egyptian, trans. Doblhofer), S, str qt, 1981; The Sixth Paragraph of Hammurabi's Laws (Akkadian text), B, 13 insts, 1981; Pesn' o pobede [Song of Victory] (cant., F. Godzha, R. Rza, S. Vurghun), S, B, chorus, orch, 1985; Antivoyennaya kantata [Anti-War Cant.] (T. Aslanli), S, chorus, orch, 1987; Stabat mater, S, str qt, 1992; Jesus redemptor, chbr cant., S, 8 insts, 1994; 4 Songs (D. Rathaus, A.S. Pushkin, A.K. Tolstoy), Bar, pf, 1995; May Peace Prevail on Earth (orat, R. Fielding, N. Newhall, hymn: Veni creator spiritus), S, B, tape, org, orch, 1995
Chbr and solo inst: 5 Pieces, vn, pf, 1973; Pf Sonata, 1974; Prelude and Toccata, pf, 1974; Sonata, vn, 1975; Pieces for Children, pf, 1978; Sonata, vc, 1978; Fuga, pf, 1979; Pamyati shug Ali [In Memory of Ashug Ali], ob, str, 1981; Str Qt, 1988; Concertino, 10 insts, 1989
Other works: incid music, works for wind band, pieces for amateur choir, transcriptions
Principal publishers: Sovetskiy Kompozitor, Muzïka
L. Berger: ‘Zhivoy puls muzikantov Zakavkazia’ (The vivid puls of the Transcaucasian musicians), Gobustan no.1 (1985), 7–10
F. Alieva: ‘Yaponskiye dni Farkhanga Guseinova’ [The Japanese days of Farkhang Gousseinov], Azerbaijan-irs, nos.2–3 (1999), 94–8
F. Alieva: ‘Farkhang gousseinov, perviy muzikalniy puteshest-vennik Shyolkovogo Puti’ [Farkhang Gousseinov, the first musical traveller of the Silk Road], Mir muziki [The musical world], no.1 (1999), 120–21
Husk, W(illiam) H(enry)
(b London, 4 Nov 1814; d London, 12 Aug 1887). English music scholar. He earned his living as a clerk to a firm of solicitors. In 1832 he joined the Sacred Harmonic Society; in 1853 he was appointed its librarian and began to compile a Catalogue of the Library of the Sacred Harmonic Society (London, 1862, rev. 2/1872, suppl. 1882). He also published An Account of the Musical Celebrations on St Cecilia’s Day in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (1857) and a collection of Christmas carols, with many of their airs, as Songs of the Nativity (1864/R). He wrote a reminiscence of Templeton & Malibran (London, 1880) ‘with original letters & anecdotes’, and contributed many careful and conscientious biographical articles to the first edition of Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London, 1879–89).
DNB (L.M. Middleton)
Obituary, MT, xxviii (1887), 539
American hardcore punk rock band. Formed in 1979 by Bob Mould (b New York, 16 Oct 1960; guitar and vocals), Grant Hart (b Grantsburg, WI, 18 March 1961; drums and vocals) and Greg Norton (b Illinois, 13 March 1959; bass); they disbanded in 1988, and Mould and Hart subsequently produced solo albums. Hüsker Dü made typically energetic, raucous punk music, but with more conventional song structures, greater emphasis on melody and melodic hooks, and more thoughtful, introspective, emotionally revelatory lyrics. Their popularity was built through touring and college radio; their album Zen Arcade (SST, 1984) was a critical success, and the precedents they set were important for the punk-pop hybrids of the 1990s.