Haack [Haacke, Haak, Haake], Friedrich Wilhelm

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Hurlstone, William (Yeates)

(b London, 7 Jan 1876; d London, 30 May 1906). English composer and pianist. At the age of nine his father published his set of Five Easy Waltzes for piano, and at 18 he won a scholarship to the RCM. There he studied until 1898 under Stanford for composition, and Ashton and Dannreuther for the piano. He left as a brilliant pianist, but asthma prevented a concert career. He produced three substantial orchestral works – Five Dances for Orchestra (1895), a Piano Concerto (1895), which was also given at St James's Hall under Stanford in 1896, and the Variations on an Original Theme (1896) – as well as numerous chamber pieces including a Piano Sonata (1894), a Violin Sonata (1897), a Quintet for Piano and Wind (1897) and a Piano Quartet (1898). He also collaborated in 1895 with Fritz Hart on a short two-act comic opera, which was never performed.

After leaving the RCM in 1898, Hurlstone's reputation as a composer continued to flourish as his chamber works were produced at the series of British Chamber Concerts in 1897–9. Stanford, who thought him his best pupil, continued to be a staunch advocate, conducting first performances of the Variations on a Hungarian Air in 1899 and the orchestral suite The Magic Mirror in 1901. Richter also conducted the Hungarian Variations at the Hallé Concerts in Manchester. With the founding of the Patron's Fund concerts in 1904, the Fantasie-Variations on a Swedish Air was chosen for the first orchestral concert in May and the Piano Quartet in E minor for the first chamber concert in December. In 1906 his Phantasie string quartet won the first of the Cobbett prizes. Despite his success as a composer, Hurlstone's financial circumstances were meagre; he eked out a living teaching, conducting and arranging in Norwood, Anerley and Croydon. In September 1905 he was appointed professor of counterpoint at the RCM.

As a composer, Hurlstone was happiest when working in the province of instrumental music. His chamber works, particularly the Cello Sonata, the Piano Quartet and the Phantasie Quartet, exude a confidence in their fertile treatment of structure and thematic manipulation which drew enthusiastic praise from Parry and Cobbett. A similar boldness is evident in the Piano Concerto. After his death many of his works were published with financial assistance from friends and from the Society of British Composers.


(selective list)

MSS at GB-Lcm

all printed works published in London

Orch works, incl. Pf Conc., D, 1895; The Magic Mirror, suite (1896); Fantasie-Variations on a Swedish Air (1904)

Chbr works, incl. Sonata, vn, pf, F (1897); Pf qt, e, 1898 (1906); Phantasie Str Qt (1906); Sonata, vc, pf, D (1909)

Pf works, incl. Sonata, f, 1894; Capriccio, b; 2 sets of variations

Vocal works: Alfred the Great (cant., F. Attenborough), 4vv, orch, 1901; 14 partsongs; 32 songs


Obituary, MT, xlvii (1906), 482 only

Society of British Composers’ Yearbook, 1907–8 (London, 1908) [incl. complete list of works]

H.G. Newell: William Yeates Hurlstone, Musician and Man (London, 1936)

K. Hurlstone, ed.: William Hurlstone, Musician: Memories and Records by his Friends (London, 1947)


Hurník, Ilja

(b Poruba, nr Ostrava, 25 Nov 1922). Czech composer and pianist. After attending the music institute in his native town he moved to Prague, where he studied the piano with Kurz (1938) and composition with Vítězslav Novák (1941–4); after the war he continued his piano studies at the Conservatory (1945–8) and at the Academy of Musical Arts, from which he graduated in 1952. By this time he had already established himself as a concert pianist, as an interpreter of works by Janáček and Debussy (he made numerous recordings) and as a champion of concertos arranged for piano duo; initially he worked with the pianist Pavel Štěpan and later with his wife Jana. His greatest achievements also include writings, particularly his fictional essays such as Trubači z Jericha (‘The Trumpeters of Jericho’), Múza v terénu (‘The Music in the Field’) and Muzikální Sherlock, which were aimed at popularizing the classics. Hurník has also written film scripts, radio plays and devised concerts for children, the latter having been recorded as a series of LPs entitled Umění poslouchat hudbu (‘The Art of Listening to Music’). Together with Petr Eben he published the Czech translation of Orff's Schulwerk. From the early 1970s he taught at the Prague Conservatory and at the Bratislava Academy. He joined the staff of Ostrava University shortly after receiving an honorary doctorate there in 1992.

Hurník's early works were inspired by Novák and by folk music of his native Silesia; apart from Slezské písně (‘Silesian Songs’) instances of this can be found in Ondrás, the cantata Maryka and the song cycle Květiny (‘Flowers’). Initially he wrote vocal and chamber works bearing the hallmarks of neoclassicism, examples being the Sonata da camera (1953) and Nový clavecin. In the 1960s his language assimilated modern principles of composition (dodecaphonic music, serial and timbre music), particularly in the Moments musicaux and Cyclops. After the success of his opera Dáma a lupiči (‘The Lady and the Robbers’), a work that reflects his sense of humour as well as his skill at depicting characters, he concentrated on dramatic genres. His many honours include the Vercelli Prize (1955, for the Sonata da camera) and the Grand Prix from the Piano Duo Association of Japan (1990, for Variationen auf Pergolesi).


(selective list)

Stage: Ondráš (ballet), 1950, Ostrava, 1951; Dáma a lupiči [The Lady and the Robbers] (op, Hurnik, after W. Ros), 1967, Pilzer, 1966; Mudrci a bloadi [Wise Men and Fools] (op) 1972

Orch: Conc., ob, str, pf, 1959; Cyclops, 1965; Conc., pf, small orch, 1972; Věci [The Things], divertimento, chbr orch, 1977; Nový clavecin [New Harpsichord], pf, str, 1982; Sinfonietta, 1995

Chbr: Str Qt no.1, 1949; Sonata, va, pf, 1952; 4 ročních dob [The 4 seasons], 12 insts, 1952; Sonata da camera, fl, ob, vc, hpd, 1953; Muzikanti, nar, 18 str, 1961; Esercizi, fl, ob, cl, bn, 1958; Moments musicaux, 11 wind, 1963; Concertino, vn, pf, 1973; Malý faun [Little Faun], fl, pf

Vocal: Květiny [Flowers], lv, pf, 1941; Slezské písně [Silesian Songs], S, orch, 1946; Maryka (cant., Silesian trad.), chorus, orch, 1948; Sbory o matkách [Choruses about Mothers], chorus, 1955; Noe (orat), 1958; Šalamoun [Salomon], Bar, str qt, 1961; Šulamit, A, pf, orch, 1963; Aesop (cant.), S, chorus, orch, 1964; Pastorela, children's chorus, chbr ens, 1965; Minutové písničky [One-Minute Songs], S, fl, pf, 1972; Missa venea crucis, children's chorus, org orch, 1991

Pf: Sonatina, 1952; Domácí hudba [Music for Home], pf 4 hands, 1963; Fantasy, pf 4 hands, 1973; Voršilská ulička [Voršilská Street], instructive Pieces, 1976; Jžezík [Little Jazz], instructive Pieces, 1977


Principal publishers: Bärenreiter, Český hudební fond, Leduc Panton, Schott, Supraphon Universal Edition


V. Felix: ‘Se skladatelem a klavíristou Hurníkem’ [With the composer and pianist Hurník], HRo, xi (1958)

J. Klusák: ‘Hurník aneb O pokorné hře’ [Hurník or about humble play], HRo, xvii (1964), 1003–5

I. Hurník: Dětství ve Slezsku [Childhood in Silesia] (Prague, 1979)

J. Malina, ed.: Ilja Hurník (Brno, 1995)


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