Haack [Haacke, Haak, Haake], Friedrich Wilhelm



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Hosokawa, Toshio


(b Hiroshima, 23 Oct 1955). Japanese composer. After tuition in composition and the piano in Tokyo, he studied composition with Isang Yun at the Hochschule der Künste in Berlin (1976–82) and with Klaus Huber and Ferneyhough at the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik in Freiburg (1983–6). He presented his works at the Darmstadt summer courses in 1980–82. He won first prizes in the Valentino Bucchi Composition Competition with Jo-Ha-Kyū (1980) and in the competition commemorating the centenary of the Berlin PO with Preludio (1982); in 1989 he won the Otaka Prize with Ferne-Landschaft I (1987). In 1989 he was appointed artistic director of the annual Akiyoshidai International Contemporary Music Seminar and Festival.

While Hosokawa’s compositional models are based on the music of the postwar German avant garde, elements of Japanese and oriental traditional arts infuse much of his output. The inspiration for Sen II (1986), for instance, arises from the brushstrokes of oriental calligraphy, and for Ferne-Landschaft I from both gagaku and the use of perspective in Chinese landscape paintings. These characteristics apply to works whose titles give no indication of an oriental inflection, such as Landscape II (1992) and Vertical Time Study III (1994), in which faint, metallic and explosive sounds are brought out by the manipulation of various performing styles. His frequent concentration on a single timbre or pitch combined with his attention to each sound from its inception to its vanishing point further reflects elements of Japanese traditional music. Further information is given in KdG (W.-W. Sparrer).


WORKS


(selective list)

Vision of Lear (op, T. Suzuki, after W. Shakespeare), 1997–8, Munich, Carl-Orff-Saal, 19 April 1998

Orch: Preludio, 1982; Pass into Silence, 1983; Hajah, accdn, orch, 1984; Jenseits der Zeit …, vn, str, 1987; Fl Conc. ‘Per-Sonare’, 1988; In die Tiefe der Zeit, vc, accdn, str, 1994; Garten Lieder I, chbr orch, opt str, 1995; Utsurohi-Nagi, shō, hp, cel, perc, str, 1996; Vc Conc. ‘In memoriam Toru Takemitsu’, 1997; Memory of the Sea ‘Hiroshima Sym.’, 1998; Seascapes-Oita, 1998; Sax Conc., 1998–9; Pf Conc. ‘Ans Meer’, 1999

Chbr: Jo-Ha-Kyū, fl, vn, va, vc, 1980; Str Qt no.2 ‘Urbilder’, 1980; Manifestation, vn, pf, 1981; Dan-sō, vn, vc, pf, 1984; Utsurohi, shō, hp, 1986; Im Tal der Zeit …, str qt, pf, 1986; 2 pieces, vn, hp/pf, 1993; Interim, hp, fl + a fl, cl, perc, vn, va, vc, db, 1994 [revision of Landscape II]; Variations, solo cl, 2 ob, cl, 2 hn, 2 bn, dbn, 1994; Medea Fragments I, ov., chbr ens, 1996; Memory: in Memory of Isang Yun, str trio, 1996; Windscapes, 2 perc, 1996; Slow Dance, fl + a fl, cl, perc, pf, vn, vc, 1996; Cloudscapes-Moon Night, shō, accdn, 1998; Seascapes-Daybreak, chbr ens, 1998; Silent Fowers, str qt, 1998; Duo, vn, vc, 1998

Solo inst: Melodia II, pf, 1977; Winter Bird, vn, 1978; Melodia, accdn, 1979; Nocturne, 17-str koto, 1982; Neben dem Fluss, hp, 1982; Intermezzo, lute, 1991; Nacht Klänge, pf, 1994; Vertical Song I, fl, 1995; Atem-Lied, b fl, 1996

Vocal: Tokyo 1985, shōmyō, gagaku ens, 1985; Seeds of Contemplation ‘Mandara’, shōmyō, gagaku ens, 1986; Banka (Manyō-shū), S, 17-str koto, 1989; Ave Maria, chorus, 1991; Ave Maris Stella, chorus, 1991; Tenebrae, children’s chorus, 1993; Super flumina Babylonis, S, A, chbr orch, opt. str, 1995; Singing Trees: in Memory of Toru Takemitsu, children’s chorus, 1996; New Seeds of Contemplation ‘Mandara’, shōmyō, gagaku ens, 1995; Seascapes-Night (Basho), chorus, 2 perc, hp, 2 vn, va, vc, 1997; Koto-Uta, 1v, koto, 1999

Sen I–VII: I, fl, 1984–6; II, vc, 1986; III, sangen, 1988–91; IV, org, 1990; V, accdn, 1991–2; VI, perc, 1993; VII, bn, 1995

Renka I–III: I (Manyō-shū), S, gui/hp, 1986; II (Manyō-shū), S, 2 fl, 2 hp, cel, 2 perc, 1987; III (Izumi-Shikibu), S/Mez, vn, va da gamba/vc, hp, 1990

Ferne-Landschaft I–III, orch: I, 1987; II, 1996; III ‘Seascapes of Fukuyama’, 1996

Fragmente I–III: I, shakuhachi, koto, sangen, 1988; II, a fl, str qt, 1989; III, wind qnt, 1989

Hiroshima Requiem I–III: I, Preludio ‘Night’, orch, 1989; II, Death and Resurrection (A. Osada, ed.: Children of Hiroshima), 3 spkr, 4/8 solo vv, mixed chorus, children’s chorus, opt. tape, orch, 1989; III, Dawn, orch, 1992

Birds Fragments I–IV: I (Saigyo), Mez, a fl, hp, 1990; II, shō, opt. perc, 1990; III, shō, fl + pic + b fl, 1990; IV, shō, vc, perc, 1991

Landscape I–VI: I, str qt, 1992; II, hp, str qt, 1992; III, vn, orch, 1993; IV, str qnt, 1993; V, shō, str qt, 1993; VI ‘Cloudscapes’, chbr orch, 1994

Vertical Time Study I–III: I, cl, vc, pf, 1992; II, t sax, perc, pf, 1993–4; III, vn, pf, 1994

Voyage I–III: I, vn, chbr ens, 1997; II, bn, chbr ens, 1997; III, trbn, ens, 1997

Film scores: Shi no toge [Sting of Death] (dir. K. Oguri), 1990; Nemuru Otoko [Sleeping Man] (dir. Oguri), 1995

Principal publisher: Schott (Japan)

YOKO NARAZAKI
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