Haack [Haacke, Haak, Haake], Friedrich Wilhelm



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Horne, David


(b Tillicoultry, 12 Dec 1970). Scottish composer and pianist. In 1982 he entered St Mary's Music School in Edinburgh, where he studied the piano with Audrey Innes and composition with Geoffrey King. He quickly established himself as a pianist, winning the keyboard section of the 1988 BBC Young Musician of the Year competition, and performing at the BBC Proms in 1990. He studied composition first with Ned Rorem at the Curtis Institute, Philadelphia (1989–93), then at Harvard University (1993–9, PhD 1999) where he was appointed lecturer in music in 1999. That same year he also became composer-in-association with the Royal Liverpool PO. The awards he has received include the Musician's Prize at the Huddersfield Contemporary Music Festival (1986) and the Stephen Oliver Prize (1994) for his chamber opera Travellers.

Horne's music can be considered both as a continuation of, and a reaction to, the modernist tradition. Beneath his more energetic surfaces, marked by rhythmic vitality and a flair for texture and instrumentation, he is capable of creating either a rapid or a relatively static harmonic rhythm. At the same time he has a pronounced lyrical vein which can be heard in such works as Phantom Moon (1993) for flute and two percussionists. His tendency towards abstract forms, shown in the Concerto for Six Players (1993), has not prevented him from exploring theatrical genres. Two chamber operas and the music theatre piece Beyond the Blue Horizon (1996–7) preceded his first full-scale opera Friend of the People (1998–9) which takes as its subject the plight of the Scottish reformer Thomas Muir.


WORKS


(selective list)

Dramatic: Jason Field (chbr op, 1, C. Hart), 1993, London, Donmar Warehouse, 18 May 1993; Travellers (chbr op, 1, A.N. Wilson), 1994, London, Cochrane Theatre, 1 June 1998; Beyond the Blue Horizon (music theatre, T. Wilsher and J. Chafer), 1996–7, Cambridge, Trestle Theatre, 21 Oct 1997; Friend of the People (op, 3, R. MacLennan), 1998–9, Glasgow, Theatre Royal, 6 Nov 1999

Orch: Pf Conc., 1992; Flicker, chbr orch, 1997

Vocal: The Burning Babe (R. Southwell), children's vv (SSA), ens, 1992; Days Now Gone (H. Ibsen, trans. M. Meyer), T, pf, 1992; The Lie (MacLennan, after Dinesen: The Ring), S, T, children's chorus, ens, 1993; The Letter (W. Whitman), T, pf, 1993; Mag and Nunc, SATB, org, 1993; Praise Ye (Pss xlvii, L), children's chorus, org, 1995; Pensive (Whitman), Mez, vv, chbr orch, 1998

Chbr and solo inst: Splintered Unisons, cl, vn, vc, pf, 1988; towards dharma …, fl + high claves, ob, perc, pf + low claves, va, vc, 1989; Out of the Air, fl + a fl + pic, ob + eng hn, cl + b cl, hn, perc, pf, vn, va, vc, 1990; Contraries and Progressions, fl, cl, pf, vn/va, vc, 1991; Conc. for 6 Players, fl + pic, cl + b cl, perc, pf, vn, vc, 1993; Sonata, trbn, pf, 1993; Phantom Moon, fl, 2 perc, 1993; Surrendering to the Stream (Str Qt no.1), 1993; Pulse, mar, 1994; Reaching Out, perc, 1994; Undulations (Str Qt no.2), 1995; Resound, pf, digital tape, 1995; Unbound, fl + pic, ob, cl + b cl, hn, vn, va, vc, 1996; Refrain, pf, 1996; Liszt, pf, 1996; Flex, pf, 13 insts, 1997; Glow, fl + a fl + pic, ob + eng hn, cl + b cl, hn, perc, pf, vn, va, vc, 1998; Filters, va, pf, 1998; Shiver, pf, 2 vn, va, vc, 1998; Spike, fl + pic, b cl, perc, pf, vn, vc, 1998; Broken Instruments, eng hn, hn, perc, hp, gui, va, vc, db, 1999; Zip, vc, pf, 1999

Principal publisher: Boosey & Hawkes

BIBLIOGRAPHY


S. Nickalls: ‘Impressions of David Horne’, Tempo, no.188 (1994), 21–4

FRANCIS J. MORRIS


Horne, Lena (Calhoun)


(b Brooklyn, NY, 30 June 1917). American actress and popular singer. She began her professional career as a dancer in the Cotton Club, Harlem, when she was 16 years old. She then toured as a singer with several black American dance bands, including those of Noble Sissle and Charlie Barnet, and appeared in the Broadway musical Blackbirds of 1939. In 1941 she began a singing engagement at Café Society Downtown, New York, where she worked with the bandleaders Teddy Wilson and Sid Catlett. She then went to Hollywood to sing at the Little Troc and shortly afterwards became the first black performer to sign a contract with a major studio (MGM). Her roles in a number of films, which included Panama Hattie (1942), Cabin in the Sky (1943), Stormy Weather (1943), Swing Fever (1943), Broadway Rhythm (1944), Ziegfeld Follies (1946) and Till the Clouds Roll By (1946), were often restricted to speciality appearances, however, in order that those portions of the works could be easily removed for showings in certain theatres in the South.

Horne was subsequently active primarily as a night-club entertainer. In 1947 she married the pianist and arranger Lennie Hayton, who thereafter worked as her accompanist and musical director. She appeared in concert halls throughout Europe and the USA, on radio and television, and again on Broadway in Arlen and Harburg’s musical, Jamaica (1957); she also made a large number of recordings. Her earthy, husky voice is highly distinctive and capable of considerable depth of expression; it is perhaps captured at its most powerful in the title song of Stormy Weather. Horne published two autobiographies, In Person: Lena Horne (New York, 1950) and Lena (New York, 1965), and was a recipient of a Kennedy Center Honor in 1984 and a New York Governor’s Arts Award in 1985.


BIBLIOGRAPHY


SouthernB

J. Haskins and K.Benson: Lena: a Professional Biography of Lena Horne (New York, 1984)

HARRY SUMRALL


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