Haack [Haacke, Haak, Haake], Friedrich Wilhelm



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Holý, Ondřej František [Holly; Holli, Andreas Franz]


(b c1747; d Breslau, 4 May 1783). Czech composer and theatre orchestra director. His name is not listed in baptismal registers of anywhere that could be the ‘Böhmisch Luba’ given as his birthplace in earliest sources. The claims that he attended the Jesuit Gymnasium in Prague and was later a novice of the Franciscan order cannot be substantiated. In 1768 or 1769 Holý joined the theatrical troupe of Joseph von Brunian at the Kotzen theatre in Prague, succeeding the former music director Johann Baptist Savio as co-répétiteur; when the troupe was reorganized in April 1772 Holý became its Kapellmeister. He set several Singspiel texts written by an actor of the troupe, Karl Franz Henisch (1745–76). When Henisch left Prague Holý followed him to Berlin (not earlier than about 1773), where he became music director of the Koch troupe, and then to Breslau, where he was music director of the Wäser troupe from about 1774 until his death.

Because Prague audiences in the late 1760s were not enthusiastic about Italian opera seria, Holý modelled his stage works on the type of German comic opera initiated by J.A. Hiller and C.F. Weisse. At about the same time as his fellow Czech Georg Benda, he contributed to the development of Singspiel not only in northern Germany but also in Vienna, where his most successful comic opera, Der Kaufmann von Smyrna, was staged in 1776 and 1781. Most of the manuscripts are lost, although the Breitkopf catalogues (1779–84; see Brook) list extant scores and parts of a number of the Singspiele.


WORKS


(selective list)

only printed librettos extant unless otherwise stated


singspiele


komische Opern, Operetten; Br.cat. – MS listed in Breitkopf Catalogue

Die Verwechslung, oder Der Teufel in Allen Ecken (3, ? K.F. Henisch), Prague, 1769

Der lustige Schuster (3, Henisch, after C. Coffey), Prague, 1770 [sequel to Die Verwechslung]

Das Gespenst (3, Henisch), Prague, Kotzen, 3 Dec 1771, CZ-Pu

Die Jagd (3, C.F. Weisse, after C. Collé), Prague, 10 May 1772

Der Zauberer (1, Henisch), Prague, 1772

Der Kaufmann von Smyrna (1, C.F. Schwan, after S. Chamfort), Berlin, Koch's, 13 Nov 1773, vs (Berlin, 1775); as Wohltaten gewinnen die Herzen, Vienna, Kärntnertor, May/June 1776; as Der Sklavenhändler von Smyrna, Vienna, Burg, 13 Feb 1781

Der Bassa [Pascha, Baron] von Tunis (1, Henisch), Berlin, Koch's, 6 Jan 1774, Br.cat. (1781), B-Bc; according to Eitner, vs pubd (Berlin, 1775)

Das Gärtnermädchen (3, ? K.A. Musäus), Breslau, 1775

Gelegenheit macht Diebe (3, Henisch), Breslau, 1775)

Der Patriot auf dem Lande (K.E. Schubert), Breslau, 1777

Der Irrwisch (3, C.F. Bretzner), Breslau, 1779

Der Tempel des Friedens, Breslau, 1780

Die Zigeuner (? H.F. Möller), Br.cat. (1781)

other dramatic

music lost


Deukalion und Pyrrha (melodrama, 2, Schubert), Berlin, 1776

Das Opfer der Treue (Vorspiel with songs, 1, Schubert), Breslau, Wäser's, 24 Jan 1776

Hamlet (play with music, Shakespeare), Breslau, 1 May 1778

Der Tempel des Schicksals (prol, Schubert), Breslau, 1 Jan 1779

Macbeth (play with music, Shakespeare), Breslau, 23 April 1780

Galora von Venedig (play with music)

Hanno, Fürst in Norden (play with music)

sacred


Euge serve bone, off, 4vv, 2 vn, va, 2 fl, 2 ob, 2 bn, 2 tpt, timp, org, CZ-Pnm

Amati quaeso montes, aria; Salve regina: ?Psj

Stationes, TeD, Vesperae BVM, motets: PL-WRu

BIBLIOGRAPHY


BrookB

EitnerQ

GerberL

LoewenbergA

WurzbachL

C.F. Cramer, ed.: Magazin der Musik, ii (Hamburg, 1784/R), 37

G.J. Dlabacž: Allgemeines historisches Künstler-Lexikon, 1 (Prague, 1815/R), 661

H.M. Schletterer: Das deutsche Singspiel (Augsburg, 1863/R), 226–7

O. Teuber: Geschichte des Prager Theaters, i (Prague, 1883), 297, 322–3, 374–5; ii (Prague, 1885), 19, 23–4

O.G. Sonneck: Catalogue of Opera Librettos Printed Before 1800 (Washington DC, 1914/R)

O.E. Deutsch: ‘Das Repertoire der höfischen Oper, der Hof- und der Staatsoper’, ÖMz, xxiv (1969), 399–70, 379–421

O. Michtner: Das alte Burgtheater als Opernbühne von der Einführung des deutschen Singspiels (1778) bis zum Tod Kaiser Leopolds II (1792) (Vienna, 1970), 95, 373, 465

Z. Pilková: ‘Doba osvícenského absolutismu (1740–1810)’ [The Age of englightened absolutism (1740–1810)], Hudba v českých dějinách: od středověku do nové doby [Music in Czech history: from the Middle Ages to the modern era] (Prague, 1983, 2/1989), 211–84, esp. 244, 272

MILAN POŠTOLKA


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