Information for screen reader users:
This document has been created to be accessible to individuals who use screen readers. You may wish to consult the manual or help system for your screen reader to learn how best to take advantage of the features implemented in this document. Please consult the separate document, GRE Screen Reader Instructions.doc, for important details.
Section 3 - Verbal Reasoning.
Answer: E. clear
Answer in Context: Many find it strange that her writing is thought to be tortuous; her recent essays, although longer than most of her earlier essays, are extremely clear.
Answer: E. benign
Answer in Context: Most spacecraft are still at little risk of collision with space debris during their operational lifetimes, but given the numbers of new satellites launched each year, the orbital environment in the future is likely to be less benign.
Answer: C. a detachment
Answer in Context: The author presents the life of Zane Grey with a detachment unusual in a biographer: he is not even convinced that Grey was a good writer.
Blank 1: A. missing from
Blank 2: E. commonplace
Answer in Context: The unironic representation of objects from everyday life is missing from serious American art of the twentieth century: “high” artists ceded the straightforward depiction of the commonplace to illustrators, advertisers, and packaging designers.
Blank 1: A. discussed
Blank 2: D. disappear
Answer in Context: A newly published, laudatory biography of George Bernard Shaw fails, like others before it, to capture the essence of his personality: the more he is discussed, the more his true self seems to disappear.
Blank 1: C. impudence
Blank 2: E. courteous
Answer in Context: Although he has long had a reputation for impudence, his behavior toward his coworkers has always been courteous, suggesting he may not be as insolent as people generally think.
Blank 1: C. nettles
Blank 2: F. observation
Blank 3: G. contemptuous
Answer in Context: There is nothing that nettles scientists more than having an old problem in their field solved by someone from outside. If you doubt this observation, just think about the contemptuous reaction of paleontologists to the hypothesis of Luis Alvarez—a physicist—and Walter Alvarez—a geologist—that the extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by the impact of a large meteor on the surface of the planet.
Blank 1: A. casual
Blank 2: E. plentiful
Blank 3: H. discern
Answer in Context: If one could don magic spectacles—with lenses that make the murky depths of the ocean become transparent—and look back several centuries to an age before widespread abuse of the oceans began, even the most casual observer would quickly discover that fish were formerly much more abundant. Likewise, many now depleted species of marine mammals would appear plentiful. But without such special glasses, the differences between past and present oceans are indeed hard to discern.
Answer: B. has been studied more thoroughly by historians
Answer: D. illustrate the wide range of people who used the civil legal system in England during that period
Answer: B. Because it is inaccurate, the history of civil law in early modern England should enrich the general historical scholarship of that period.
Answer: C. is called into question by the chain of events described in the passage
Answer: C. They play only a minor role in the productivity of saltmarsh ecosystems.
Answer: C. Almost all of the officials who have served in city government for any length of time are appointees of Mayor Bixby.
Sentence to be completed: The slower learning monkeys searched BLANK but unintelligently: although they worked closely together, they checked only the most obvious hiding places.
Answer: C. cooperatively
Answer: F. harmoniously
Sentence to be completed: By about age eight, children’s phonetic capacities are fully developed but still BLANK; thus children at that age can learn to speak a new language with a native speaker’s accent.
Answer: A. plastic
Answer: F. malleable
Sentence to be completed: In medieval philosophy every physical phenomenon is presumed to have some determinate cause, leaving no place for BLANK in the explanation of particular events.
Answer: A. happenstance
Answer: B. chance
Sentence to be completed: Although the film is rightly judged imperfect by most of today’s critics, the films being created today are BLANK it, since its release in 1940 provoked sufficient critical discussion to enhance the intellectual respectability of cinema considerably.
Answer: A. beholden to
Answer: B. indebted to
Sentence to be completed: The detective’s conviction that there were few inept crimes in her district led her to impute some degree of BLANK to every suspect she studied.
Answer: B. acumen
Answer: D. shrewdness
Answer: B. perceive the odor as being less intense than it was upon first exposure
Answer: A. The exposures are of long enough duration for researchers to investigate many aspects of olfactory adaptation.
Answer: C. help illustrate how the information gathered from most olfactory research may not be sufficient to describe the effects of extended exposures to odors
Answer: A. Northern Renaissance prints should be regarded as passive representations of their time.
Answer: C. Northern Renaissance prints provide reliable records of
contemporary events, opinions, and beliefs.
Answer: A. disinterested
Answer: C. The compounds break down into harmless substances after a few months of exposure to water or air.
Section 4 - Verbal Reasoning
Answer: A. polemical
Answer in Context: This filmmaker is not outspoken on political matters: her films are known for their aesthetic qualities rather than for their polemical ones.
Answer: C. precedence
Answer in Context: James Boswell’s Life of Samuel Johnson is generally thought to have established Boswell as the first great modern biographer; yet the claim of precedence could be made for Johnson himself as author of a life of Richard Savage.
Blank 1: A. susceptible to
Blank 2: E. panned
Answer in Context: Critics charge that the regulatory agency, having never defined what constitutes an untenable risk, has grown susceptible to outside influences on that issue: several experts have panned it recently for allowing one power plant to delay an inspection for more than six weeks despite compelling safety concerns.
Blank 1: C. a discontinuity
Blank 2: D. incompatible
Answer in Context: Television promotes a discontinuity of emotion in viewers through an unnatural evocation, every five minutes, of different and incompatible feelings.
Blank 1: B. preeminence
Blank 2: F. beguile
Answer in Context: Because we assume the preeminence of natural design, nature can often beguile us: as the Wright brothers noted, the birds initially misled them in almost every particular, but their Flyer eventually succeeded by being the least avian of the early flying machines.
Blank 1: C. arrogant
Blank 2: D. prickly
Blank 3: G. dispel
Answer in Context: Colleagues describe Padgett as both forthright and reticent, humble and arrogant, good-natured and prickly. And in her behavior as a businesswoman, Padgett herself does little to dispel these contradictions. She says she is proemployee but is avowedly antiunion. She calls herself procustomer but acknowledges that she runs a store with higher profit margins and prices than almost any other grocer.
Blank 1: C. banal
Blank 2: D. consequence
Blank 3: G. elusive
Answer in Context: Historical research makes two somewhat antithetical truths that sounded banal come to seem profound: knowledge of the past comes entirely from written documents, giving written words great consequence, and the more material you uncover, the more elusive your subject becomes.
Blank 1: B. undermines
Blank 2: E. articulate
Blank 3: I. posturing
Answer in Context: The recent publication of the painter Robert Motherwell’s substantial body of writing, as well as writings by fellow Expressionist Barnett Newman, undermines Ann Gibson’s assertion that the Abstract Expressionists were reluctant to articulate issues of artistic meaning in their work and suggests that this supposed reticence was perhaps more artistic posturing than historical fact.
Answer: E. presenting one scholar’s explanation for a major development in Behn’s literary career
Answer: B. emphasize the consequences of these characters’ actions in the private sphere
Answer: B. The structure of the private sphere should not replicate the hierarchical order of the public sphere.
Answer: D. assumption made by the authors of conventional dramatic tragedies that legitimate tragic action occurs only in the public sphere
Answer: A. Failure to allow for some of the processes that influence climate
Answer: B. Mathematical equations that do not accurately reflect natural phenomena
Answer: A. exacerbates
Answer: D. The development will leave sufficient forest to sustain a significant population of deer.
Sentence to be completed: Female video artists’ rise to prominence over the past 30 years has BLANK the ascent of video as an art form: it is only within the past three decades that video art has attained its current, respected status.
Answer: A. matched
Answer: C. paralleled
Sentence to be completed: The report’s most significant weakness is its assumption that the phenomenon under study is BLANK, when in reality it is limited to a specific geographic area.
Answer: C. ubiquitous
Answer: E. universal
Sentence to be completed: The spy’s repeated bungling was, above all else, BLANK those who wished to thwart her efforts, since it was so unpredictable as to obscure any pattern that might otherwise lead to her capture.
Answer: A. an obstacle to
Answer: C. a hindrance to
Sentence to be completed: Each member of the journalistic pair served as BLANK the other: each refrained from publishing a given piece if the other doubted that it was ready to be printed.
Answer: A. a check on
Answer: D. a brake on
Answer: E. explain why the Spanish use of sugar in chocolate was not a sign of a need to transform chocolate
Answer: A. The second (“There is a common belief that Europeans needed to “transform” chocolate to make it appetizing.”).
Answer: A. An article written by a biologist for the general public summarizing current theories about avian and dinosaurian evolution
Answer: B. A close examination of available data on avian and dinosaurian evolution
Answer: A. dramatic
Answer: E. concede that one explanation for the prevalence of a particular portrait type has a basis in fact
Answer: A. An eighteenth century English etiquette manual discussing the social implications of the “hand-in” stance
Answer: C. A passage from an eighteenth century English novel in which a gentleman considers what stance to adopt when his portrait is painted