German Romanticism By Iskren Georgiev Introduction to Romanticism



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  • By Iskren Georgiev
  • Introduction to Romanticism
  • intellectual orientation that characterized many works of literature
  • painting, music, architecture, criticism and historiography in the Western
  • Civilization over a period from the late 18th to the mid 19th century
  • emphasized the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative,
  • the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, and the
  • transcendental
  • Romanticism is a rejection of:
  • Classicism
  • 18th century Neoclassicism
  • Enlightenment
  • 18th century Rationalism
  • Physical materialism
  • German Romanticism
  • Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
  • (22 Jan 1729 – 15 Feb 1781)
  • born in Kamenz, a little town in Saxony
  • studied theology and medicine in Leipzig
  • Jobs
  • reviewer and editor for Vossische Zeitung
  • secretary to a General Tauentzien
  • dramaturge at German National Theater
  • librarian at the Herzog-August-Bibliotek
  • Literary work
  • his writings are remarkable for their witty and ironic style and their
  • unerring polemics
  • look at the thought from different angles and search for elements of
  • truth even in the arguments made by his opponents
  • Interest in Theater
  • criticized the simple imitation of the French example
  • pleaded for a recollection of the classic theorems of Aristotle
  • appealed for a serious reception of Shakespeare’s works
  • Works
  • Johann Wolfgang Goethe
  • (28 Aug 1749 – 22 Mar 1832)
  • took lessons in Latin, Greek, French, English,
  • Hebrew, dancing, riding and fencing
  • had a lively devotion to theater (puppet shows
  • in his home)
  • studied law in Leipzig (1765 – 1768)
  • found inspiration in the Rhine area during his
  • Visit in Alsace
  • practiced law at Wetzlar (1772)
  • held a succession of political offices
  • Works
  • Götz von Berlichingen
  • The Sorrows of Young Werther
  • Iphigenia in Thauris
  • Egmont
  • Torquato
  • Tasso
  • Roman Elegies
  • Faust
  • Elective Affinities
  • From my Life: Poetry and Truth
  • Italien Journey
  • Mignon’s song
  • contributed significant works to the sciences among which are the
  • Theory of plant metamorphosis and the theory of colours
  • Fridrich Schiller
  • (10 Nov 1759 – 9 May 1805)
  • born in Marbach, Württemberg
  • studied medicine in the Karlsschule Stuttgart
  • (an elite, extremely strict, military academy)
  • wrote his first play (The Robbers) at school
  • obtained a post as a regimental doctor in
  • Stuttgart (1780)
  • was arrested because of the performance of
  • The Robbers (1781)
  • was appointed professor of History and
  • Philosophy in Jena (1789)
  • Works
  • Philosophical papers:
  • on ethics and aesthetics
  • developed the concept of
  • the beautiful soul (Schöne Seele )
  • concerned with the question of freedom
  • Dramas:
  • The Robbers
  • Fiesko
  • Intrigue and Love
  • Don Carlos
  • The Wallenstein Triology
  • Maria Stuart
  • The Maid of Orleans


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