Generic essay formats



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GENERIC ESSAY FORMATS
1] PROBLEM / SOLUTION – CAUSE / EFFECT ESSAY FORMAT
Paragraph One - Introduction

What is the problem? What happens? When / where does it happen?



Paragraph Two – Causes

What are the causes of this problem?



Paragraph Three – Effects

What are the effects of this problem?



Paragraph Four – Solution[s]

Give an example of a solution [from the Internet]

What is the solution? Does this solution solve the problem? Why? Why not?

Paragraph Five - Conclusion

What are other possible solutions? Are these solutions good? Why? Why not?

2] ADVANTAGES / DISADVANTAGES ESSAY FORMAT

Paragraph One - Introduction

What situation, method, technology or idea are you going to evaluate?



Paragraph Two – Advantages

What are the advantages of this situation, method, technology or idea?



Paragraph Two – Disadvantages

What are disadvantages of this situation, method, technology or idea?



Paragraph Two – Conclusion

What is your general evaluation of this situation, method, technology or idea?


3] COMPARE / CONTRAST – ADVANTAGES / DISADVANTAGES ESSAY FORMAT

Here two situations, methods, technologies or ideas are compared.



Paragraph One - Introduction

What elements: A, B, C etc. [situations, methods, technologies or ideas] are you going to compare?



Paragraph Two – Advantages & Disadvantages of A

What are the advantages of Situation, Method, Technology or Idea A? What are disadvantages of Situation, Method, Technology or Idea A?


Paragraph Three – Advantages of B

What are the advantages of Situation, Method, Technology or Idea B? What are disadvantages of Situation, Method, Technology or Idea A?


Paragraph Four – Conclusion

Which situation, method, technology or idea would you choose? Why? In what situation would this situation, method, technology or idea is useful or suitable?


4] FOR & AGAINST ESSAY FORMAT
This essay format is similar to the ‘Advantages / Disadvantages’, ‘Compare / Contrast’ formats, but is more abstract: it deals with ideas, beliefs about the right way to do something, political agendas etc., rather than things, machines or practical procedures.

Paragraph One – Introduction

What are you going to discuss in this essay? What is the context, background of this topic?



Paragraph Two – Reason for supporting this approach or method

What is / are the reasons for supporting this approach or method?



Paragraph Three – Reasons against supporting this approach or method

What is / are the reasons for not supporting this approach or method?



Paragraph Six – Conclusion

Would you choose this approach or method? Why? Why not?

5] FOR & AGAINST / COMPARE / CONTRAST ESSAY FORMAT

In this type of essay the advantages and disadvantages of two approaches or methods are discussed and compared.



Paragraph One – Introduction

What are you going to discuss in this essay? What is the context, background of this topic?



Paragraph Two – Reason for supporting A

What is / are the reasons for supporting Approach, Method A?



Paragraph Three – Reasons for not supporting A

What is / are the reasons for not supporting Approach, Method A?



Paragraph Four – Reasons for supporting B

What is / are the reasons for supporting Approach, Method B?



Paragraph Five – Reasons for not supporting B

What is / are the reasons for not supporting Approach, Method B?



Paragraph Six – Conclusion

Which approach or method would you choose? Why? Why not?

6] NARRATIVE ESSAY FORMAT

Paragraph One – Introduction

Where were you? What were you doing? Who were you with?



Paragraph Two

What happened? What did you see / hear? What did you do? What did the people you were with do?



Paragraph Three

What happened next? What did you see / hear next? What did you do next? What did the people you were with do next?



Paragraph Four

What happened as a result? What happened to you as a result? What happened to the people you were with as a result?



Paragraph Five

What would you do if this happened again?

7] DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY FORMAT

Paragraph One – Introduction

What animal, thing, situation, place, machine, process or phenomenon are you going to describe?



Paragraph Two

Describe the appearance of the animal, situation, place, machine, process or phenomenon.

What is the purpose of this machine / process? When / where is it used?

When / Where / How does the situation, process or phenomenon occur?



Paragraph Three

What happens in this situation, process or phenomenon?

How does this machine / process work?

What does this animal eat? Where does it live? What does it do?



Paragraph Four – Conclusion

Why is this animal, situation, place, machine, process or phenomenon interesting or important? What do we learn from it?






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