Final Bibliographic Essay



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Final Bibliographic Essay
This bibliography deals with the authors, writers, and materials that inspired the conception, growth, development, and evolution of the Ntalextuwl Cultural ZcyNzz of Blacology. These are the materials that I read that were like the water, fertilizer, and foundation in this Blacological Research. This bibliography also reflects BlacZcholarz ideas and their influence on the evolution of Blacology into an Ntalextuwl Cultural ZcyNzz. References to BlacAfrican Ntalextuwl Studies such as Black Nationalism, Pan Africanism, Negro History, Negritude, Black History, Black Studies, Afrocentricity, African American Studies, Africalogy, Africology, African-Centered Education, other Cultural Studies and Blacology can be found in the articles and books listed here. Some of the writings that were influential or relate to some of the experiences and concepts that influenced Blacology are also included. These are some of the materials in which I have research and study at HBCU, Black Public Schools, Radio, Television, Libraries, Black Book Stores, and on the Internet in the development of Blacology from 1962 to 2005 a total of 43 years. We are currently compiling an extensive bibliography containing several hundred references to BlacAfrican Ntalextuwl Studies. As Blacologist we are encourage to contribute to the on going research and study of Blacology. Blacological Research has revealed that the BlacAfrican Culture is so vast and so wide that you can not learn it or know all of it in 1 year, 10 years, 50 years, or 100 years. If you are aware of publications in other languages that reference Blacology and other Ntalextuwl Studies please send us an email at CulturalScience@cs.com and go to BLACOLOGY.COM for contact with references or information.

Bibliographies:

Abraham, W.E. The Mind of Africa. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1962.

Adams, Russell. Great Negroes Past and Present, Third Edition,

Illustrated By Eugene Winslow edited by David P. Ross, Jr., Afro-Am

Publishing Company Inc., Chicago, Illinois, isbn-910030-07-3, ISBN-

910030-08-1, revised 1972, 1976, 1981,1984, Copyright© 1963, Library

of Congress, 7287924
Adler, Vera Stanley. The Finding of the Third Eye. New York: Weiser, Inc., 1936, 1974.

"Afrocentricity, "Microsoft ®Encart a®African a2000 .© 1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. http://www.microsoft.com/encarta/


Africology and 'Africalogy' as the Frameworks for Analysis TERMS & CONCEPTS, sources of Pan-African agency. the qualification of African agency and satellite disciplines. http://www.nkrumah.net/terms-africol-and-africal.html
Africology Department

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
P.O. Box 413
Milwaukee, WI 53201

Afro American Web Ring

http://www.soulsearch.net/aawr/

Academic Programs in Black Studies, BLACK STUDIES, AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES, AFRO AMERICAN STUDIES, PAN AFRICAN STUDIES, AFRICANA STUDIES, AFRICOLOGY, http://www.providence.edu/afro/programs.htm

Alexander, Marcus Published: June 29, 1999, Origin of Black Mankind Affirmed!, By Marcus Alexander, The Black man's heritage and history did not begin with slavery. It began in the Garden of Eden nearly 8,000 years ago. http://www.exodusnews.com/Books/Review015.htm


Amarger, Michel. "African Filmmakers exposed to the amnesia of the slave trade." Ecrans. 25 (First Semester, 1998):66 77.

Akbar, Na'im. Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery, Preeminent Psychologist Speaks On Achieving Justice At King Celebration, Florida State University in 1987, The Community of Self, Light from Ancient Africa, http://www.uky.edu/PR/News/kingspeaker.htm

Akbar, Dr. Na'im http://www.naimakbar.com/

African-centered approach in modern psychology

Associate Professor at Norfolk State University

Florida State University, http://www.naimakbar.com


All-African People's Union., Education to Govern. Detroit: Advocators, 1971.
Allen, James. As A Man Thinketh. Marina del Rey: DeVorss and Company
A Pan-Africanism Story SIMPLY... A history of Pan-Africanism http://www.newint.org/issue326/simply.htm
Aptheker, Herbert, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York: Citadel Press, 1951.
Armah, Ayi Kwei. The Healers. London: Heinemann Books, 1978. Asiento. Dir. Francois Woukoache.1995. 52 min.
Ashmore, H.S. The Negro and the schools, Chapel Hill; University of North Carolina Press, 1954.
Arnez, Nancy L. Afro-American and U.S. Constitution from Colonial times to the Present, Historical Affects, Education and the U.S. Constitution, Implications for Blacks, by Nancy L. Arnez, EDD, Henry E. Hankerson P.H.D., Doris J. Levi EDD, 1986.
Baldwin, James C-Span, National Press Club, James Baldwin, 1985. Cassette, C-Span National Press Club, 529 l4th Street. Washington, D.C. 20045.
Ballard, Allen B., The Educate of Black Folks, New York: Publishers, New York, 1973.
Banks, James A. Teaching Strategies far Ethnic Studies, Fourth Edition, Multi-ethnic Education; Theory and Practice, order number 237300 College Division Allyn and Bacon,, 7 Wells Avenue, Netwon, MA, 02159
ben-Jochannan, Yosef . Africa: Mother of Western Civilization. New York: Alkebu-lan Books Assoc., 1971.
ben-Jochannan, Yosef . Documentary: African Origin of Civilization. Cornell University Feb. 8, 1989 (See BRDI video Archive)

ben-Jochannan, Yosef. Cultural Genocide in the Black and African Studies Curriculum. New York: Alkebu-lan Books Assoc., 1972.


Bennett, Lerone, Jr. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. Chicago: Johnson, 1982.

Bennett, Lerone Jr. The Challenges of Blackness, Lerone Bennett Jr. The Institute of the Black World 671 Beckwith Street, S.W., Atlanta, Georgia 30314. Page 1-11, 1970.



Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955. Mary McLeod Bethune, her own words of inspiration / edited by Florence Johnson Hicks. Washington, D.C. : Nuclassics and Science Pub. Co., c1975 BETHUNE-COOKMAN:  NEGRO COLLECTION  / N 923.773 B34 1975 http://catalog.library.cookman.edu/TLCScripts/interpac.dll?CrossField
Bergman, Peter. The Chronological History of the Negro in America. New York: Mentor Books, 1969.
Billingsley, Andrew Black Families in White America. New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968.

Blyden, E. W., Africa for the Africans, <>, Washington, January, 1872.

Blyden, E. W., African Life and Customs, London, C.M. Phillips, 1908.

Botkin, P.A. ed. Lay my Burden Down, A Folk History of Slavery. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1945.


Bradley, Michael. The Iceman Inheritance. New York: Warner Books, 1978.
Bond, Julian. C-Span Julian Bond, Inside the Constitution, C-Span, 400 Capital Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 30001, copyr 1987 C-Span.

Broderick, Francis L. W. E. B. Du Bois: Negro Leader in a Time of Crisis. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1959.


Bullock, Henry Allen. A Historv of Negro Education in the South, From 1619 to the Present. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.
Bunche, Ralph, Black Nationalism in America Edited by John H. Bracey Jr., August Meier, and Elliott Rudwick, pg. 379, Article by Ralph Brunch. The New Negro Alliance, 1940.
Burmyn, Lynne and Christina Baldwin. Sun Sign for Kids, A Astrological Guide for Parents. New York: St. Martin Press, 1985.

Carson, Clayborne.  1981 In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press.

Carter, Hodding. The Angry Scar: The Story of Reconstruction. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974.
Cartey, Wilfred and Martin Kilson. The Africa Reader: Independent Africa. New York: Vintage Books, 1970.

Cartey, Wilfred. Whispers From A Continent: The Literature Of Contemporary Black Africa. New York, Vintage, 1969. [COCC Library: PL8010 .C3]

Carmichael, Stokely. Stokely Speaks, (Kwame Ture) Black Power to Pan-Africanism 1964, Random House, New York, ISN-0394-46879-1, Library Of Congress: 78-143824, Twayne Publishers, INC, 1953 Bookman Associates.
Center for Black Education. The Struggle for Black Educa­tion. Washington, D.C.: Drum and Spear Press, 1972.
Chambers, Fredrick, comp. Black Higher Education in the United States: A Selected Bibliography on Negro Higher Education and Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1978.
Cham, Mbye Instructor HOWARD UNIVERSITY, SPRING 2003 AFST-322: LANGUAGE, LITERTURE, AND THE ARTS Department of African Studies, Center for the Study of Culture and Development of Africa mcham@howard.edu
Clarke, John Henrik, Dr. John Henrik Clarke, A Great and Mighty Walk (Video), Produced by Wesley Snipes, Black Dot Media, Inc., Sound Castle Recording Studio, Centerville, CA 1996 http://www.BETMOVIES.COM
Clarke, John Henrik APCO Productions, Presents Dr. John Henrik Clarke PhD In a Special Ten Part Series Africa Profound copyright © 1987, Part # I, Human and Spiritual Values in Africa Before European Contact, African and African-American Culture and History, Department of Black and Political Studies. Professor Emeritus Charles Hunter College. (See BRDI for Video)
Cobbs, P. M., "Black Psychology", The State of Black America 1988. New York: National Urban League, Inc., 1988.

Conniff, Michael L., and Thomas J. Davis. Africans in the Americas : A History of the Black Diaspora. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1994. [COCC Library: E29.N3 C76 1994]

Cotton, Samuel Executive Director of CASMAS, LETTER TO WASHINGTON POST BY DAVID HECHT, A RESPONSE BY MESSAOUD OULD BOULKHEIR,

Messaoud Ould Boulkheir, President of El Hor "The Free", http://members.aol.com/casmasalc/boulkhei.htm


Cox, George 0. Education for the Black Race. New York: African Heritage Studies Publishers, 1974.
Charleston, Dewyane. Dewyane Charleston Campaign for Mayor, KPVU 91.2 Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, Texas 77 1988.
Chinua Achebe, "The African Writer and the English Language," in Chinua Achebe, Morning Yet On Creation Day, Anchor Books, 1976, pp. 74-84 (in Course Reader)
Conyers, James E. Black Elected Officials. A study of Black Americans Holding Governmental office. James E. Conyers, Walter Wallace, Russell , Sage Foundation, New York, 230 P Avenue, New York, 10017.
Copble, Ted. NightLine, Ted Copble, Video Tape, Move Incident, 1985 (A.B.C. New Channel).
Cobbs, P. M., "Black Psychology", The State of Black America 1988. New York: National Urban League, Inc., 1988.
Cross, Walter Blacology - A Black Cultural Science, Brief Introduction to Blacology: A Blacological Perspective, Professor Walter Cross, 1988 library of Congress TXU 392~985: Blacology Printing Company Suffolk Lane, Lancaster, 75241; Antion D. Downs.
Cross, Walter Blacology: A Cultural Science. A Brief Introduction, Washington, DC: Library of Congress. ©1990. http://www.libraryofcongress.com
Cross, W. Prof. Coined Blacological Words, Blacology Research And Development Institute Inc., CulturalScience@cs.com, BLACOLOGY.COM, Landover, Maryland 20785, 1997
Cross, W. Prof. Producer, Cultural Therapy video, INTERGRATION: The Struggle For Racial Equality and Democratic Rights in America “ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL” Video Archive Of Blacology Research And Development Institute (BRDI) Inc, Ft. Washington, Maryland 20744, 2002, BLACOLOGY.COM,CulturalScience@cs.com
Cross, Prof. W., Producer, Cultural Therapy Video Tape entitled, Newton, Huey P., To Die For the People, 11-13-02, Fall Semester 2002, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, (see BRDI video archive) CulturalScience@cs.com

Cross, Walter, Masters Thesis: Black Solidarity and the Awareness of Institutional Racism, Cultural Consciousness Scale, 1987,Gradute School of Sociology and Social Work, Dr. Clyde O. McDaniel Class Instructor, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX CulturalScience@cs.com


Cross, Walter, Master Thesis: Black Politics And the Extent of Black Voting Power1988, Gradute School of Sociology and Social Work, Dr. Clyde O. McDaniel Class Instructor, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX CulturalScience@cs.com
Cross, W. Prof. Video Archive Of Blacology Research And Development Institute (BRDI) Inc., CulturalScience@cs.com, Ft. Washington, Maryland 20744, 2002
Cosby, Bill John Churchstill/Bill Cosby, Black History Lost, Stolen and Stray, Documentary, (See BRDI video Archive)

Cruse, Harold.  1967 The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual. New York: William Morrow.   1968 Rebellion or Revolution? New York: William Morrow.   1987 Plural But Equal. A Critical Study of Blacks and Minorities and America's Plural Society. New York: William Morrow and Company.

Cummings, Robert J. Ph.D. Theory in African Studies, African Studies Ph.D. Program, Howard University, bobcumns@aol.com Washington, DC Fall 1999

David, Dr. Wilfred L. "The Conversation of Economic Development, Historical Voices, Interpretations, and Reality", , isnbn 0-7656-0116-8 copyright © 1997 by M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 80 Business Park Drive, Armonk, New York 10504 Wdavid@howard.edu

Davis, Arthur P., J. Saunders Redding, and Joyce Ann Joyce, eds. The New Cavalcade: African American Writing from 1760 to the Present. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1991.
Davis, Nathaniel, ed. Afro-American Reference: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Resources. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.
Delaney, M. R. and Robert Campbell. Search For a Place: Black Separatism and Africa" 1860. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1969.'
Delany, Martin Robison. The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, And Destiny Of The Colored People Of The United States. Salem, New Hampshire: Ayer Co., 1988. H. http://www.wilberforce.edu/library/information/collections/bookae.htm
Department of Pan-African Studies, dept.kent.edu/pas/htmfiles/deptpas.htm

Des Verney Sinnette, Elinor, W. Paul Coates, and Thomas C. Battle. Black Bibliophiles and Collectors: Preservers of Black History. Washington, DC; Howard University Press, 1990.


Deren, Maya. Divine Horsemen: The Voodoo Gods of Haiti. New York: Delta Publishing Co., 1970.
Dillard, J.L. Black English, Its History and Usage in the United States. New York: Random House, 1972.
Diop, Cheikh Anta. The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality. New York: Lawrence Hill and Co., 1974
Diop, Cheik Anta. The Cultural Unity of Black Africa. Chicago:

Third World Press, 1978.


Dlovu, Duma N. Shelia’s Day, Ford Theatre Society, Frankie Hewitt, Chronology of Major Events and Principal legislation Affecting Black Community in South Africa, Spinsters Ink, San Francisco, SF1985.
Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom: The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. New York: Collier Books, 1962.

Drachler, Jacob. ed. African Heritage, An Anthology of Black African Personality and Culture. New York: Collier Books, 1964.


Drake, St. Clair. Black Folk Here and There. Los Angeles: UCLA Center for Afro American Studies, l987.
Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. New York: New American Library, 1969.
DuBois, W.E. Burghardt. The World and Africa. New York: International Publishers, 1945, 1965.
Du Bois, W. E. B. The Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois. New York: International Publishers, 1968.

Du Sable High School District 299 Chicago, Illinois 60615, Spring Semester 1974, After School Black History Course, The word Blackology was read by Walter Cross as a student, http://www.dusable.cps.k12.il.us/ Contact: Janis Stringfellow tandlwww@contact.ncrel.org


Duster, Alfreda M., ed. Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
Ebony, Vol. XL, No.5, Incorporating Black World Magazine, March, 1985. (SSN 0012-9011), Education: Black at White Colleges; Learning to COPE, page 116, Johnson Publishing Co. 820 S. Michigan Avenue; Chicago, Illinois 60605.
Ebony Vol. XL, No.5, Incorporating Black World Magazine, March 1985 (ssn 0012-911). Page 78 Dorothy Height. What Must be Done about Children Having Children?
Ebony, March 1988 Vol. XL111, No. 5, Incorporating B7 World Magazine, Politics, Page 154, Can Jesse Jackson Win? (SSN0012-9011) Johnson Publishing Co., Inc, 820 So Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60605
Edelman, Marian Wright, Portrait of Inequality, copyright 1980, Children's Def Fund, Marian Wright Edelman, Paul V. Smith, 1520 Hampshire Ave; N.W. Washington D.C. 20036.

Edoho, Felix Moses. Globalization and the New World Order Promises, Problems, and Prospects for Africa in the Twenty-First Century Edited by Felix Moses Edoho Praeger Publishers. Westport, Conn. 1997. 240 pages LC 96-42464. ISBN 0-275-95517-6. C5517 $62.95


Ehrmin, Mary. "Instead of Spanking." Mothering, 1985, PP· 15 - 19.

Emeagwali , Dr. Gloria T., Gender: FEMALE, Race: Black, African Indigenous Science and Knowledge, Profession: Historian, Status: Tenured Professor of History/African Studies, Area of Specialization: History of Africa and the Diaspora/ History of Science and Technology, Institutional Work Address since 1991: History Department, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT06050, USA. email: emeagwali@mail.ccsu.edu, website: www.africahistory.net, Telephone: 860-832-2815


Erny, Pierre. Childhood and Cosmos in Black African Thought. Washington, D.C.: Black Orpheus Press, 1973

Essien-Udom, E. U.  1962 Black Nationalism: A Search for an Identity in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.



Eyes on the prizes Documentary MFDP 1965, Video Archives of the Blacology Research And Development Institute Inc., CulturalScience@cs.com, Ft.Washington, Maryland 20744, 1997
Fanon, Franz. A Dying Colonialism. New York: Evergreen, 1965.
Fanon, Franz Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press, 1967. .
Fanon, Franz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1968.
Farrakah, Louis. People Organize and Working for Economic Rebirth, (P.O.W.E.R.) by Minister Louis Farrakah, The Nation of Islam, Los Angeles, California, 1985, Cassette Tape.
Farrkhan, Louis Audio Tape Cassette, Polite Without Substance, September 8, 1987, Dallas, Texas, Dallas Convention Center. Section VI.
Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877. New York: Harper and Row, 1988.
Flygare, Thomas J., A Return to Neighborhood Schools As A Way Of Stemming White Flight; "Phi Delta Kappan (May 1986), p.679.
Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
Franklin, John Hope. Reconstruction: After the Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961
Frazier, E. Franklin. The Negro Church in America C. Eric Lincoln , The Black Church Since

Frazier, Schocken Books, New York, 1974 No.72-96201, ISBN0-8052-0387-7, University of Liverpool.


Frazier, E. F., The Negro Family in the United States. Chi University of Chicago Press, 1966.
Frazier, E. Franklin. The Negro in the United States. New York: Macmillian, 1957.
Frazier, E. Franklin. Black Bourgeoisie. New York: Collier Books, 1962.

Fredrickson, George M. Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1995.

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: The Seabury Press, 1973.

Fuller, Neely Jr., THE UNITED INDEPENDENT COMPENSATORY CODE / SYSTEM / CONCEPT:  A Textbook / Workbook for Thought, Speech and/or Action for Victims of Racism (White Supremacy) aka "The Code" by Neely Fuller Jr. : TheCODE@endarkenment.com or : Endarkenment.com WebArchitects@endarkenment.com.

Gaines, Ernest J. THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MISS JANE PITTMAN. NY: The Dial Press, 1971. H
Gaines, Lonnetta. Building a Pan-African Pre-School. Brooklyn, New York: The East Publishing Co., 1973.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Black Literature And Literary Theory. 1984. New York: Routledge, 1990. [COCC Library: PS153.N5 B555 1990]

Gayle, Addison. The Black Aesthetic. New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1970.


Geter, Reneal. Innocent or Guilty, Video Tape, Story of Reneal Geter Trial, 1987
Gilbert, Olive, ed. Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Bondswoman of Olden Time, with a History of Her Labors and Correspondence Drawn from Her "Book of Life". New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Giovanni, Nikki. Black Feeling, Black Talk, Black Judgement. Ny: Wm. Morrow & Co., 1968, 1970. H

Grier, William H. and Price M. Cobbs. Black Rage. New York: Bantam Books, 1968.
Gubert, Betty Kaplan, comp. Early Black Bibliographies, 1863-1918. New York: Garland Publishing, 1982.
Haley, Alex. ROOTS. NY: Dell, 1976.
Hall, Raymond L. Black Separatism And Social Reality: Rhetoric And Reason, Raymond L. Hall editor, Publisher New York : Pergamon Press, [c1977.] Black Nationalism --United States. Pan-Africanism. Article by Ronald Walters; Toward a Black Social Science pg 263-270 Leyburn Library FOLIO E185.6 .B63 1977 http://www.sfasu.edu/pubaffairs/Nov1998/10HallLecture.html
Hamilton, C. R. A New Black Manifesto by C. R. Hamilton

http://www.afromerica.com/knowledge/politics/constitution/manifesto.php

Hare, Nathan "The Challenge of a Black Scholar," The



Black Scholar, Vol. 1, No.2, December, 1969, p. 62.
Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Harper and Row, DuBois, W.E.B., The Negro Common School, Atlanta, Georgia: Atlanta University Press, 1901
Hays, Denys. Europe: The Emergence of an Idea. Edinburgh University Press, 1957.

Hilliard, Asa G. III (1995). The Maroon Within Us: Essays in African Community Socialization. Baltimore: Black Classic Press.

Hine, Darlene Clark, ed. The State of Afro-American History: Past, Present, and Future. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.
Hine, Darlene Clark, ed. Black Women in United States History. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson, 1990.

Hughes, Langston and Milton Meltzer. A Pictorial History of the Negro in America. New York: Crown, 1963.


Hinks, Peter P.: David Walker’s Appeal, Philadelphia 2000.

Hodge. J. L.. D. K. Struchmann and L. D. Trost. 1975 Cultural Basis of Racism and Group Oppression: An Examination of Traditional Western Concepts Values and Institutional Structures which Support Racism Sexism and Elitism. Berkeley, CA: Two Riders Press. hooks,b. 1992. Black Looks: Race and Representation, Boston, MA South End Press. Huntington , S. P. 1996, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order New York: Simon and Schuster.


Holt, John. How Children Fail. New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1964.
Holt, John. Teach Your Own. New York: Merloyd Lawrence, 1981.
Holt, John What Do I Do Monday New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1970.
Horsey, Mark. The Demise of Traditional Religion in African Culture Essay discusses how European colonization of Western Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries changed its people's religious practices forever. http://www.cwrl.utexas.edu/~bill/316/paper1/hor
Hughes, Cathy Morning Show, WOL Radio 1450 AM of Radio One Network, 1989

400 H Street, N.E. Washington, DC http://www.WOLNEWSTALK.COM


Hughes, L. and Arna Bontemps. The Poetry of the Negro. New York: Anchor Press, 1940, 1970.
Hughes, Langston. Famous Negro Heroes of America. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1958.
Hughes, Langston. Famous American Negroes. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1954.

Jackson, Blyden. A History of Afro-American Literature. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.


Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilization. Secaucus, New Jersey: The Citadel Press, 1970.

Jackson, Richard L. (1976). The Black Image in Latin American Literature. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Jackson, Rose Marie, Effects of Grade level and age on Realism of Occupational Choice Among Black High School Students, A Research Practicum Paper for the Master of Social Work Degree, Rose Marie Jackson , approved by Clyde O. McDaniel, Jr. , Ph. D. Instructor, Research Practicum, Daniel E. Jennings, DSW, Dean, Graduate of Social Work. May, 1983.
Jahn, Janheinz. Muntu: The New African Culture. New York: Grove Press, 1961.
James, George G.M. Stolen Legacy, Pages 39-40, UBCS, Greek Philosophy is Stolen Egyptian, Philosophical Library-NY 1954 The African Publication Society, 1980, United Brothers Communication System 1989, P.O. Box 5368, Newport News, VA 23605.
Jones, B. E. and B. Gray, "Problems in Diagnosing Schizophrenic and Affective Disorders Among Blacks", Hospital and Community Psychiatry. Vol. 37, No. 1

January, 1986, pp. 61-65


Jones, LeRoi. Blues People. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1963.
Jones, LeRoi. Home. New York: William and Morrow Co. , 1966
Jorge, Angela (1976) "The Black Puerto Rican Woman in Contemporary American Society." in The Puerto Rican Woman: Perspectives on Cultures, history and Society. New York: Preager Press, p. 185

Karenga, Maulana. Introduction to Black Studies. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: U of Sankore P, 1993

Kenyatta, Jomo. Facing Mount Kenya. London: Secker and Warburg Press, 1938.
King, Martin Luther PhD, I Will Study War No More, MBC NetWork. Video Archives of Blacology Research And Development Institute Inc., CulturalScience@cs.com, BLACOLOGY.COM, Landover, Maryland 20744, 1997
King, Martin L. Grenada, Mississippi, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. # II MBC Television Network, (See BRDI video Archive) CulturalScience@cs.com

King, Jr., Martin Luther. STRIDE TOWARD FREEDOM : THE MONTGOMERY STORY. NY: Harper & Row, 1958. P.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. WHY WE CAN'T WAIT. NY: Mentor, 1963, 1964. P.
Kondo, Zak. The Black Student’s Guide to Positive Education Washington, D.C.. Nubia Press, 1987.
Kunjufu, Jawanza. Countering the Conspiracy to Destroy Black Boys. Chicago: Afro-Am

Publishing Co., 1983.


Langley, Ayodele J. Ph.D. Non-Governmental Organization ("NGO's") and Africa, African

Studies Ph. D. Program, Spring Semester 2000 Howard University, Washington, DC 20059


Lardner, T. 1996. "From Afro-Pessimism to Afro-Pragmatism". West Africa (March 21-31):460
Laye, Camara. The Black Child. New York: Noonday Press. 1953:
Lincoln, Eric C., and Lawrence H. Mamiya. The Black Church in the African-American Experience. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990.
Litwack, Leon F. Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.
Logan, Rayford W., and Michael R. Winston. Dictionary of American Negro Biography. New York: Norton, 1982.
Logan, Rayford. The Negro in American Life and Thought: The Nadir, 1877-1901. New York: Collier Books, 1965
Low, W. Augustus, and Virgil A. Clift, eds. Encyclopedia of Black America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1981.

MaCane, Bernie Black Talk, WOL 1450 AM and 160XM of Radio One Network, Lanham, Md. http://www.WOLNEWSTALK.COM

Madhubuti, Haki R. Enemies: The Clash of Races. Chicago Third World Press, 1978.

Madhubuti, Haki R. From Plan to Planet. Chicago: Broadside Press, 1973.
Mac Neil and Lehrer News Hour, Video Tape, Racism in America, 1986 (P. B. S. Channel).
Madison, Joe. (Black Eagle) Black Talk Show, WOL 1450 AM and 160XM of Radio One Network, Lanham, Md. http://www.WOLNEWSTALK.COM or http://www.joemadison.com/homeindex.html
Madison, Joe. (Black Eagle) Talk Show, Cultural Conditioning, WOL 1450 AM and 160XM of Radio One Network, Lanham, Md. http://www.WOLNEWSTALK.COM or http://www.joemadison.com/homeindex.html
Mambety, Djibril Diop. Hyenes by Djibril Diop Mambety, California Newsreel 149 Ninth Street, San Francisco, CA 94103, 415-62106196

http://www.rottentomatoes.com/p/DjibrilDiopMambety-1045506/
Mandela, Nelson, Article Entitled, “Chronology of Mandela”, in Research Paper by Prof. W. Cross, “Blacological Cultural Nationalists” in African Studies12-17-99, Class instructor Dr. Sulayman Nyang PhD, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/

http://www.anc.org.za/people/mandela/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/etc/cron.html
Marable, Manning. W. E. B. DuBois: Black Radical Democrat. Boston: Twayne, 1986.

Masonen, Pekka.  The Negroland Revisited. Discovery and Invention of he Sudanese Middle Ages.  Helsinki, Finland:  The Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Humaniora 309, 2000.

Nasta, Susheila, ed. Motherlands : Black Women's Writing from Africa, the Caribbean, and South Asia.. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, 1992. [COCC Library: PR9340.5 .M67 1992]

Martineau, Rowena. The Entrance of Women into Higher Education in the New South Africa: Factors that effect the entrance of Women into traditionally male dominated fields of study, Thesis Proposal, Rowena Martineau (074702) African Studies Department, Spring, 1997. redgar@fac.howard.edu


Mazrui, Ali A. Africans: A Triple Heritage 8: A Clash of Cultures, LAC, DAF097v.8, WETA/BBC 1986 60:00, http://www.hpu.edu/iir_ims/2958.htm
MBC Television Network, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. # II, Video of Grenada, Mississippi, MBC Television Network, (See BRDI video Archive) CulturalScience@cs.com
Mbiti, John S. African Religions and Philosophy. New York Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1969.
McDaniel, Clyde 0. A three-Dimensional Analysis of Black leadership, Theoretical, Historical, Empirical, Clyde 0. McDaniel, Pallassana R. Balgopal, copyright 1978, Library of Congress Catalog Number: 78-055226. University of Houston, Graduate School of Social Work, Houston, Texas 77004.

McDaniel, Clyde O. Jr., Research Methodology, Some Issue, in Social Science Research, Clyde O. McDaniel, Jr., University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company Dubuque, Iowa 1974 by Clyde O. McDaniel, Jr. 73-88501, IBN0-8403-0847-7.


McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York: Norton, 1991.
McPherson, James M., ed. Blacks in America; Bibliographical Essays. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971.
Meier, August Black Nationalism in America Edited by John H. Bracey Jr., August Meier, and Elliott Rudwick, pg. 379, Article by Ralph Brunch. The New Negro Alliance, 1940.
Meier, August. Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1963.
Meier, August and Elliot Rudwick. From Plantation to Ghetto. New York: Hill and Wang, 1976.
Mfume, K. C-Span Americans Network, Video Tape, 400 N. Capital St., N.W., Washington, D,C., 2001 1987, Talk Show K. Mfume.
Middleton, John. ed. From Child to Adult. New York: The Natural History Press, 1970.
Miller, Elizabeth W., comp. The Negro in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.
Miller, Kelly Black Nationalism in America Edited by John H. Bracey Jr., August Meier, and Elliott Rudwick, pg. 359, Article by Kelly Miller, The Negro Sanhedrin, 1924.
Miller, Kelly. The Education of the Negro. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1902.
Miller, Kelly. Race Adjustment. The Everlasting Stain. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1968.
Miller, Kelly. Out of the House of Bondage. New York: Schocken Books, 1971.

Molefi Kete Asante, Ph.D., Professor Department of African American Studies, Temple University 025-26, 1115 W. Berks Mall, Philadelphia PA 19122,(215) 204-4322 Temple e-mail:masante@temple.edu,Alternate e-mail: nanaokru@cs.com, http://www.asante.net/index2.html

Moumouni, Abdou. Education in Africa. Stanford, California Stanford University Press, 1957.

Munford, Clarence J. Race and Reparations:

A Black Perspective for the Twenty-First Century by Clarence J. Munford, http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0865435111/theafrocentricex/102-9822135-3036145
Muhammad, Elijah Message to the Blackman in America, Elijah Muhammad, Hakim’s Publications, 210 S. 52nd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19139, 1965.

Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. New York: Pantheon Books, 1975.


Negritude, Aime Cesaire, Leopold Sedar Senghor and Leon Gontran-Damas. http://www.geocities.com/africanwriters/origins.html

Neill, A.S. Summerhill. A Radical Approach to Child Rearing New York: Hart Publishing Company, 1960.


Newman, Richard, comp. Black Access: A Bibliography of Afro-American Bibliographies. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984.
Newton, Huey P. “To Die For the People” Ramdon House, New, York 1972
Nichols, Edwin."The Philosophical Aspects of Cultural Differences", Washington, D.C., 1976.
Nkrumah, Kwame. Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization. New York: Modern Reader, 1970.
Nkrumah, Kwame. Ghana, The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah. New York: International Publishers, 1957.
Nkrumah, Kwame The Fight for Independence,10 December 1947 - 6 March 1957 (Part II)http://www.greatepicbooks.com/epics/november97.html
Nkrumah, Kwame. November 1997 - The Fight for Independence

10 December 1947 - 6 March 1957 (Part II)



http://www.greatepicbooks.com/epics/november97.html
Nkrumah, Dr. Kwame 's Speech at Ghanaian independence celebrations 1957, from BBC Sound Archives. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/on_air/default.htm
NKRUMAH, KWAME THE EARLY YEARS 1909 - 1947, Volume 1, October 97, Number 7, © Great Epics News BooksTM, GREAT EPICSTM Newsletter, E-mail Donal Brody at: africabooks@worldnet.att.net ©1999 Great Epic BooksTM. http://www.greatepicbooks.com.

Nyang, Sulayman S. Ph.D. Adviser to Dissertation: Blacology 1962-2005; A Case Study on the Evolution of BlacAfrican Ntalextuwl Cultural ZcyNzz in the Diaspora of the United States, African Studies Ph. D. Program, Howard University, Washington, DC Fall Semester 1999 sulayman_s_nyang@hotmail

Nyang, Sulayman S. Ph.D. African Thinkers, Kwame Nkrumah, African Studies Ph. D.

Program, Howard University, Washington, DC Fall Semester 1999 sulayman_s_nyang@hotmail


Nyang, Sulayman S. Ph.D. Islam Culture And Philosophy, African Studies Ph. D. Program, Howard University, Washington, DC Spring Semester 2000 sulayman_s_nyang@hotmail
Nyerere, Julius Kambarage

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Nyerere, Julius Kambarage (1922) Tanzanian socialist politician, president 1964-85. He devoted himself from 1954 to the formation of the Tanganyika African National Union and subsequent campaigning for independence. He became chief minister 1960.. http://ukdb.web.aol.com/hutchinson/encycloped
Nyerere, Julius K. Ujamaa, Essays on Socialism. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.
Obadele, Imari. America The Nation-State. Washington, DC The House of Songhay, 1988.
Obenga, Theophile (1992) Ancient Egypt and Black Africa: A Student's Handbook for the Study of Ancient Egypt in Philosophy, Linguistics, and Gender Relations. London: Karnak House; Hilliard, Asa G. (1989) "Waset, the Eye of Ra and the Abode of Maat: The Pinnacle of Black Leadership in the Ancient World." in Van Sertima, Ivan (Ed), Egypt Revisited. New Brunswick: Transaction Press.

Ogden, Robert C., ed. From Servitude to Service: Being the Old South Lectures on the History and Work of Southern Institutions for the Education of the Negro. Boston: American Unitarian Association, 1905.

Okafor, Victor O., 1997, ‘Toward an Africological Pedagogical Approach to African Civilization’, Journal of Black Stud ies 27, 3.

Origin of the Flag of Pan-Africanism and/or Black Nationalism, http://www.africawithin.com/studies/origin_of_the_flag.htm

Osei, G.K. The African Philosophy of Life. London: The African Publication Society, 1970.
Parrinder, Geoffrey. African Traditional Religion. New York: Harper and Row, 1962
Payne, Wardell J., ed. Directory of African American Religious Bodies: A Compendium by the Howard University School of Divinity. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1991.
Pieterse, Cosmo and Donald Munro. eds. Protest and Conflict in African Literature. New York: Africana Publishing Corp., 1969.
Perry, Nelson The Negro National Colonial Question by Nelson Peery, Worker Press, General Secretary, Communist Labor Party of the United States of North America, Chicago Library of Congress, Peery Nelson 1925 also First 1972 Worker Press P.O. Box 3774, Chicago, Illinois 60654

Pinkney, Alphonso, 1976, Red, Black, and Green: Black Nationalism in the United States, Cambridge

Porter, Dorothy B., ed. The Negro in the United States: A Selected Bibliography. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1970

Poussaint, A. F., "The Mental Health Status of Blacks-1983", The State of Black America 1983. New York: National League, Inc., 1983.

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Mosaic: Essays in Afro-American History and Historiography. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.
Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Making of America. New York: Collier Macmillan, 1987.
Rabinowitz, Howard N., ed. Southern Black Leaders of the Reconstruction Era. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.
Rampersad, Arnold, The Art and Imagination of W. E. B. DuBois, by Arnold Rampersad, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, London, England 1976 Library of Congress, P53507.U147785, ISBNO-674-04711-7. copyright Harvard College.
Raum, Otto F. Chaga Childhood. London: Oxford University Press, 1940.
Richards, Dona Ph.D. Let the Circle Be Unbroken, Anthropologist Hunter College, Black Studies, FOR THE PEOPLE BY LESTERVELT MIDDLETON, North Carolina A&T, 1994
Rodgers, F. A., Identification _of Problems and Concerns Regarding Educational Research and Development Activities Involving Black Citizens. Urbana, Illinois: University of Il Press, 1973.
Rogers, J.A. Africa's Gift to America. New York: Futuro Press, 1961.
Rodney, Walter. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa? Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1974.
Scobie, Edward. Black Britannia: A History of Blacks in Britain. Chicago : Johnson Publishing Company, Inc. 1972.
SCHOMBURG, Arthur. Center For Research In Black Culture, THE SCHOMBURG LEGACY, DOCUMENTING THE GLOBAL BLACK EXPERIENCE,FOR THE 21st CENTURY , 515 Malcolm X Boulevard, New York, NY 10037-1801, (212) 491-2200, http://www.nypl.org/research/sc/WEBEXHIB/legacy/legacy2.htm
Sims, Janet L., comp. The Progress of Afro-American Women: A Selected Bibliography and Resource Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.
Sirleaf, Amos D. Ph.D. African System of Thought, Blacology: A Cultural Science., Blacology Research and Development Institute Inc. AMDSirleaf@hotmail.com ,1997
Sirleaf, Amos D. PhD. HOWARD UNIVERSITY, THE ROLE OF THE ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS) IN THE LIBERIAN CIVIL CONFLICT 1980-1997: A CASE STUDY OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT, A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences of HOWARD UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Department of African Studies and Research by Amos Mohammed Sirleaf Washington, D.C. October 1998, AMDSirleaf@hotmail.com ,1997
Simple Justice Movie: The Story of Thurgood Marshall Cross, W. Prof. Video Archive Of Blacology Research And Development Institute (BRDI) Inc., CulturalScience@cs.com, Ft. Washington, Maryland 20744, 2002
Sithole, Ndabaningi. African Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970

Skidmore, Thomas E. (1993). Black into White: Race Nationality in Brazilian Thought. Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 75–6.

Smith, James P., Welch, Finish R., Closing the Gap, Forty years of Economic Progress for Blacks, February, 1986. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Labor, Rand 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, California, 90406-2138.
Snowden, Frank M., Jr. Blacks in Antiquity; Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience. Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1970. [COCC Library: DE71 .S6]

Stearn, Jess. Yoga, Youth and Reincarnation. New York: Bantam Books, 1965.


Sterling, Dorothy, and Benjamin Quarles. Lift Every Voice; The Lives of Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary Church Terrell, and James Weldon Johnson. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965
St. James, Eric WOL Radio 1450 AM of Radio One Network, Eric Show 1997

400 H Street, N.E. Washington, DC http://www.WOLNEWSTALK.COM

Stuckey, Sterling, (1987) Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America. New York: Oxford University Press, P. 1.

Sunkett, Mark. Mandiani Drum And Dance : Djimbe Performance And Black Aesthetics From Africa To The New World. Tempe, AZ : White Cliffs Media, 1995. [COCC Library: ML3760 .S84 1995]

Szwed, John F. Black America, 222-225, Edited by John F. Szwed, books, Inc. , Publisher, New York, London, 1970, library Congress Catalog 79-11077, sbn 465-00693-0.
Tempels, Placide. Bantu Philosophy. Paris: Presence Africaine, 1959

The Final Call News Paper, Special Edition, Vol #5, D7o. 13, Page #6, Round UP Section,

Thiong'O, Ngugi wa Decolonizing the Mind: The Politics of Language in A Literature, London: James Currey/Heinemann. 1986. Chapter 1, Language of African Literature," pp.4-33. (in Course Reader
Thornbrough, Emma Lou. T. Thomas Fortune: Militant Journalist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.
Trumpet of Conscience, The King Center, 449 Auburn Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia 30312. Presentation of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., Copyright 1985, TBS Production, Inc.
Ture, Kwame and Hamilton, Charles V., © 1967 Black Power The Politics of Liberation, New York Random House
Turner, Henry McNeal God is a Negro http://www.brightmoments.com/blackhistory/nhmt.html

Ullman, Victor.  1971 Martin R. Delany: The Beginnings of Black Nationalism. Boston: Beacon Press.

Valade, Roger M., III. The Essential Black Literature Guide. (Published in assn. With the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.) Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1996.

Vander Zanden, James W. American Minority Relations, James W. Vander Zanden, Prejudice, 19, copyright, 1983, Alfred A. Knopt, Inc.


Van Sertima, Ivan. ed. African Presence in Early Europe New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1985.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Great Black Leaders : Ancient And Modern. New Brunswick, NJ: Journal of African Civilizations, 1988. [COCC Library: E185.96 .G73 1988]

Van Sertima, Ivan ed. They Came Before Columbus. New York: Random House, 1976.
Walker, Abena. African-Centered Education The African Origin of American Educational Reform copyright © 1992 by The Pan-African University 1982, P.O. Box 75304, Washington, D.C. 20013-5304
Walker, David. David Walker's Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, but in Particular and Very Expressly, to Those of the United States of America, ed., Charles M. Wiltse (1829; reprint ed., New York: Hill and Wang, 1965), 35. http://northstar.vassar.edu/volume3/rael.html#b25
Walters, Ronald W. "The Discipline of Black Studies," The Negro Education Review, Vol. 21, No.4, October 1970, pp. 138-144.
Washington, Booker T. Up from Slavery: An Autobiography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963.
Wells, Ida B. Crusade For Justice, The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells, Edited by Alfreda M. Duster, Negro American Biographies and Autobiographies, John Hope Franklin / Series, University of Chicago Press, copyright ©1970, ISBN:022689344-8, Library of Congress: 73-108837
Welsing, Frances Cress. The Cress Color Theory of Color Confrontation and Racism White Supremacy. Washington D.C.: C-R Publishers, 1970.
White, J. L., The Psychology _of Blacks. Englewood Cliffs Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1984.
Williams, Chancellor. The Destruction of Black Civilization Chicago: Third World Press, 1974.
Williams, Ethel L., and Clifton F. Brown, comps. The Howard University Bibliography of African and Afro-American Religious Studies: With Locations in American Libraries. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1977.
Williams, D. H., "The Edipemiology of Mental Illness Blacks", Hospital and Community Psychiatry. Vol. 37, N January, i986, pp. 42-49.
Wilson, Amos. N. The Developmental Psychology of the Black Child. New York: Africana Research Publications, 1978.
Wobogo, Vulinedela. "Diop's Two Cradle Theory and the Origin of White Racism." Black Books Bulletin 4(4), PP· ?0 - 37.
Woodson, Carter G. The Mind of the Negro as Reflected in Letters Written during the Crisis, 1800-1860. New York: Russell & Russell, 1969.
Woodson, Carter G. The Education of the Negro Prior to 1861. New York: Arno Press, 1968.
Woodson, Carter G. The History of the Negro Church. Washington, DC: Associated Publishers, 1921.
Woodson, Carter G. The MisEducation of the Negro. Trenton: Africa

World Press, Inc. 1993


Woodward, C. Vann. The Strange Career of Jim Crow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.
Woukoache, Francois. 1995 Asientos (Francois Woukoache, Cameroon) Film, Dr. Mbye Cham, AFST 328: Film and History in Africa, Fall Semester 2000, African Studies Ph.D. Program, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059mcham@howard.edu
Wright, Bobby. The Psychopathic Racial Personality. Chicago Third World Press, 1975.
Wright, Louis E., PhD, Instructor Political Science Graduate School Class Room 143, Douglass Hall, 10-03-02, Fall Semester 2002, 11 85312-236.Black Leadership Organizations and Movements, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059
X (Clark), Cedric., D. Phillip McGee, Wade Nobles and Na’im Akbar. "Voodoo or IQ: An Introduction to African Psychology." Chicago: Institute of Positive Education 1976. First published in The Journal of Black Psychology Vol. I, No. 2, February 1975.
X, Malcolm. The Ballot or The Bullets, By J/G Jamie Gyden, Disturbing Cooperation, 919North Board Street, Philadelphia, PA 19123. Mrs. Bettye Shabbazz, Recorded in Detriot, Michigan by Milton Henry Esq. First Amendment Records 100.

X, Malcolm. The Autobiography of Malcolm X, New York: Grove Press, Inc. 1965; George Brietman ed. (Malcolm X Speaks (New York Grove Press, Inc. 1965).


Yette, Samuel F. The Choice: The Issue of Black Survival in America. New York: Berkley Medallion Books, 1971.
Yogananda, Paramahansa. Metaphvsical Meditations. Los Angeles: Self-Realization Fellowship, 1976.


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