Exploring the Essay There are three main parts to an essay



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Exploring the Essay

There are three main parts to an essay

  • 1- Introduction:
  • a. The hook
  • b. Connecting information
  • c. The thesis statement
  • 2- Body:
  • 2 to 4 paragraphs of support.
  • 3- Conclusion:
  • Main purpose of a conclusion is to make the reader feel that the essay is finished.

1. Introduction

The Hook

  • The hook is the opening statement or statements of an introduction.
  • Just like a fisherman, you use your hook to catch the reader’s attention.

Different Types of Hook

  • 1- Asking a question:
  • “How many people take medicine – even simple aspirin – everyday?”
  • 2- Using an interesting observation:
  • “Asian economists are not sleeping well these days.”
  • 3- Beginning with a unique scenario:
  • “Travelling at one hundred miles an hour, he feels as though he is not moving. He is engulfed in complete silence. For a moment, it is as if he has entered another dimension.”
  • 4- Using a famous quote:
  • “To be or not to be; that is the question.”
  • 5- Using a statistic:
  • “If world temperature continues to rise, Singapore and New York may be under water by the 2050.”

Connecting Information

  • After the hook, a writer usually writes 2 to 3 sentences that help connect the reader to the topic
  • They can be background information or examples about the topic.
  • Everybody knows how the story of Cinderella ends, but did you ever really think about how she spent her days before she met the prince? Her daily routine was not glamorous. She did everything from sweeping the floor to cooking the meals. If someone had asked Cinderella, “Are there any household chores that you particularly hate?” she probably would have answered, “Why, none of course. Housework is my duty!” In the real world, however, most people have definite dislikes for certain household chores. The top three of these tasks include ironing clothes, washing dishes, and cleaning the bathroom.

Thesis statement

  • Usually the last part of the introduction.
  • It can be one or two sentences long.
  • In the thesis statement, the writer tells the reader what to expect in the essay.

Types of Thesis Statement

  • 1- Stated Thesis statement:
  • Giving a specific outline of the paper in the thesis statement.
  • The main problems facing South American countries are a lack of job opportunities for citizens, increasing demand for better health care, and limited university programs for poor students.
  • 2- Implied Thesis statement:
  • Some writers are not so direct.
  • The important problems facing South American countries today require immediate attention.

2. Body

Body Paragraphs

3. conclusion

General guidelines for conclusions

  • Let the reader know it is the conclusion:
    • Use connectors:
    • OR restate the thesis statement:
      • this essays has presented three of the numerous problems that new parents face today.
  • Do NOT add new information:
    • You can answer any question that has not been addressed in the body, BUT it must not raise new questions.
  • The kind of essay you write may determine the way you end the essay:
    • There are several strategies for conclusion writing. Most conclusions are a combination of these strategies.

Strategies for Writing a conclusion

  • Summary
  • Suggestion
  • Prediction
    • An essay about a problem may conclude with a prediction or warning about the future.
  • Opinion
    • You can conclude by offering your own perspective.
    • ONLY if the main purpose of an essay was to explain, then you can withhold your opinion to and present it briefly in the conclusion.


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