Instructor: Paul Anderson
Date: April 28, 2016
EXPLORATORY RESEARCH PAPER
Animals rights, a controversial issue, that has caused many opposite ideas during the history. Every culture, every religion has a different way to treat animals. However, all in all, we- as human race- have lived and developed together with other beings that we call “animal” ever since we acknowledge that we are “human” and we are different. Now for modern definition “animal rights” which is defined by Wikipedia as an idea that some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings. (Wikipedia, “Animal rights”)
In my opinion, this is an interesting and worthy topic to research because I grew up in a farm in Vietnam where life depends on agriculture and people live close to the farm animals. During my childhood I’ve seen and aware that animals have the ability to feel some basic emotion like fear or pain just like us, and even this seem to not credible, I’ve seen them expressing some emotion like happiness and grateful. For that reason, “animal rights” is an inspirational subject for me to carry out a research.
. In fact, the idea of regulating animal rights is not a new idea however for the recent moment we have agreed any specific solution worldwide about this problem, thus, lead to the consequence is every year, people who support and against the animals right get in an argument without an end. In order to have a better vision about this issue I had chosen the topic for my project is animal rights.
KEY TERMS FOR ANIMALS’ RIGHTS.
The first article that I’ve found as an over view for the topic is “Animal rights” which is published on the website bbc.co.uk and was archived on 21 June 2014.This source of information is quite reliable because of the fame of bbc.co.uk, one of the British public channels of information. The article has provided some key term suggest: animal right, adult mammal, subject-of-a-life, fundamental rights, marginal people.
For the term animal right which has been defined above by Wikipedia is a large term that is still a conflict issue because of the definition of “animal” and “right” are very extensive. Thus, in my piece of paper I intend to focus my target as “adult mammal” which has been defined in the article “Animal right” by bbc.co as mentally normal mammals at least one-year-old (bbc.co.uk. “Animal right”. Bbc.co.uk. March 28, 2016. Web). To have a further look at this definition we will first define the word “mammal” which according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary as: “Any of a class (Mammalia) of warm-blooded higher vertebrates (as placentals, marsupials, or monotremes) that nourish their young with milk secreted by mammary glands, have the skin usually more or less covered with hair, and include humans.” (merriam-webster.com. The full definition of a mammal. merriam-webster.com. 11th April 11, 2016. Web).
Finally, the article that is shown below is an overview which provides many key terms about the topic of my exploratory research paper.
ANIMALS LEGAL RIGHTS
After doing a research over animal right and the first article “ Animal right” which is public on bbc.co.uk helped me to acknowledge some basic issues about the subject that I have an interest in is animals rights.
Although the first article provided the general information and key terms about the subject, I haven’t found the process of animal rights during the history and what kind of rights are animals actually privileged for. I conducted a Google Scholar News search for the keywords “animal legal rights” and the first result which is the article “Do animals have legal rights?” which is written by Rabbi Shmuly Yanklowitz and published on the web page huffingtonpost.com provided the information which in my humble opinion, is quite adequate to answer my question.
The fundamental idea of Rabbi Shmuly Yanklowitz in his article is to present the process of animals rights over the centuries until current day. In doing so, he wants the readers to acknowledge of all the afford that have been made to achieve all the legal rights for animal and raise the support of readers toward animal rights. Which has the audience are all the online potential reader. Over four pages of papers, the intention of the author through his article is to give a brief look at the history process of the fight for animal rights from not only who we call animals rights activist but also constituents. The process which started from the mediaeval with “Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation” of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) to “Animal Liberation” (1975) of Peter Singer. At the end of the article the author intent to raise the awareness of the readers toward supporting animal’s rights. The article is the report of all the significant events, efforts and personages that, together, they have created the development of animals rights in the present day. This article is a helpful source of information to readers who want to understand the history stream of animals rights.
From the professional standpoint of the author Rabbi Dr. Shmuly Yanklowitz who is a famous rabbi and writer the article is quite reliable. In my point of view, the article is not only the report about the legal process for animal right, it is also a voice from animal right advocates which raise up my enthusiasm about the subject. “If one feels pain, one has a right to be defended against that pain and we collectively have a duty to prevent that needless pain.” (Rabbi Shmuly Yanklowitz, Does animal have any legal rights?)
"Does animal have any legal rights” is an article that helps me to have a better look at the subject and implement the first article with more details information.
To take a deeper look at the subject which I am researching. I’m looking for further details of information that may release the fact of animal mistreatment along with the activities of the human. Who have a better experience about this than Peter Singer “ an Australian moral philosopher. He is the Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, and a Laureate Professor at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne.” ( Wikipedia, “Peter Singer”) – the famous author of “Animal Liberation ”. Because of that fact, I conducted Google search with the key phrase “Peter Singer Animal Liberation 2016”, over 422,000 results I found my third article “Open the cages!” written by Peter Singer and was published on nybooks.com on April 21, 2016.The target of the article is to review the book “The Humane Economy: How Innovators and Enlightened Consumers Are Transforming the Lives of Animals ” of Wayne Pacelle which will be published on May 12, 2016.
However, through this article Peter Singer also reemphasized his point of view about animal rights issues and provided many details examples about animal mistreatments and abusing.
The intended audiences of the article are all potential readers of nybooks.com and audience who have an interest in animal rights or Wayne Pacelle books.
Through his article Peter Singer’s intention was not only to introduce the new book. He once again reemphasizes his point of view over animal rights issues, analyzing the restrained methods and their negative effects toward the animals through many examples. Which from the viewpoint of Peter Singer are kinds of animal mistreatments and abusing. He also introduced the decisive actions of many animal activists to persuade the vast majority of consumers and food producers to improve the quality of animal welfare worldwide.
As one of the pioneer for animal’s right activist in this era, Peter Singer who has an extremely high credibility among the community who has the desire to better off the live for animal has a fame that reliable enough for the New York Times to publish his writing.
The author with his great ability of persuading the readers. He using many example from his experiences and Pacelle’s book about animals abusing to shed the light on this subject. He has successfully using ethos as his method to lead the audience attention to the issue he intend to discuss and make a great review but not amplify the book of Wayne Pacelle.
Within my established position during the research I recognized there are many perspectives about the animal’s rights and the author, Peter Singer, is one of the pioneer of the era to advocate the animals right. Thus, he might have been standing on the viewpoint of a person who will strongly fight for the issue despite the consequence it may cause for other parties. Hence the article is very informative and persuasive, however it might be not very objective for all parties.
All thing considered, the article gave me a better chance to understand the subject that I’m conducting the research for. In which combine many examples for animal abusing and it’s effect on the over all-beings.
Nonetheless, my intention is to have an objective research about this issue: animal’s rights. Which lead me to another searching for the perspective that hasn’t been mentioned in this article is the viewpoint of other parties such as farmers who have to install all the farming system which would be better off for animal rights and welfare.