|Explain how in choosing an example, we choose a part to represent the whole.
The text infers that a chosen example must be representative of the whole but unfortunately does not come out use that meaning directly. The text does state that female football would not be a good example as the sport is in its formative years while male football is a sport that has matured. Furthermore, the text’s use of squash is interesting in that very few people may be aware that of the sport at a professional level – I question if it is representative of sports particularly in light that the other sports listed, basketball, golf, and baseball are mainstream sports. In illustrating representative, the text should have shown a good example by what a good, that is representative, example is rather than showing what a bad example is.
Elaborate on the following statement: "An effective comparison establishes a clear purpose and a limited frame of reference."
As the text indicates, comparisons may be used to elucidate abstract, or remote, subjects particularly to make them “more concrete and readily accessible.” By clearly defining the purpose and working within a narrow reference frame, the writer may avoid losing the reader’s focus by addressing points that are germane and that the writer has a definite understanding of. If too many points are used to make a comparison, the reader may lose sight of what the point of the comparison is.
Why would you be better off avoiding ad hominem, ad populum, bandwagon, begging and red herring devices in an argumentative essay?
A proper logical argumentative essay consists of statements that build on the previous statement that leads the reader in a rational manner from the starting point to the conclusion. The suggested avoided devices do not have a place in a logical argument. Ad hominem statements by definition appeal to personal considerations rather than to logic and therefore have no place in a logical argument. Ad populum arguments, per se, have no place in a logical argument, as they may be an appeal to a group’s emotions or to its “commonly held knowledge” in similar manner that a bandwagon is improper. A red herring is an orthogonal argument that attempts to distract the reader from rational progression from supposition to conclusion.
How would you go about creating a sense of intimacy with your audience when writing a persuasive essay?
By “knowing your audience” – one must conduct the necessary due diligence to assess the audience’s beliefs, wants, and receptivity to the presentation to be made. In anticipating these three positions, one develops a sense of us, rather than a sense of you and me, and doing so brings the speaker closer to the audience. With proper due diligence, the speaker can then start one’s persuasion from common ground making it easier for the audience to “buy in” to the speaker’s argument.