Example essay characteristics



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EXAMPLE ESSAY

CHARACTERISTICS

  • Also known as:
  • Illustration essay OR Illustrative essay
    • not as in drawing or sketching
    • but as in demonstrating, proving, exhibiting, revealing, showing, exemplifying

CHARACTERISTICS

  • This is the CLASSIC 5-PARAGRAPH ESSAY
    • (1) INTRODUCTION
    • (2) BODY Paragraph #1 (REASON #1)
    • (3) BODY Paragraph #2 (REASON #2)
    • (4) BODY Paragraph #3 (REASON #3)
    • (5) CONCLUSION

CHARACTERISTICS

  • Persuasive
    • in that you clearly illustrate your points
    • not that you are trying to sell
    • not that you are speaking directly to the reader (no “you”)
  • * STRONG THESIS STATEMENT
    • emphatic, declarative
    • topic + main idea + support

CHARACTERISTICS

  • *IT’S CALLED the EXAMPLE ESSAY FOR a REASON
  • relevant, topical EXAMPLES
  • unambiguous, unequivocal EXAMPLES
  • concrete and specific details & EXAMPLES
  • specific EXAMPLES of general terms

CHARACTERISTICS

  • *IT’S CALLED the EXAMPLE ESSAY FOR a REASON
  • PROOF = EXAMPLES
    • stats
    • specific people, places, objects
    • specific instances
    • anecdotes (brief informative stories to help develop ideas; like instances or occurrences)

CHARACTERISTICS

  • *IT’S CALLED the EXAMPLE ESSAY FOR a REASON
  • *TRANSITIONS *
    • for example, for instance,
    • furthermore, the best/most important example of, another example involves…

CHARACTERISTICS

  • * “EMPHATIC ORDER”:
  • arrangement of these EXAMPLES
  • not chronologically arranged (Narration, Process)
  • not spatially arranged (Description essay)
  • but logically, effectively arranged
    • in terms of interest
    • in terms of audience identification
    • *move from least to most important/significant
  • *SAVE the BEST for LAST*

OUTLINE

  • REASON
  • #1
  • REASON
  • #3
  • THESIS
  • TOPIC
  • REASON
  • #2
  • EXAMPLES
  • EXAMPLES
  • EXAMPLES

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

  • FUNNEL EFFECT
  • Generalization, Quote, Quip, Question, Stats (“the GQ’s”)
    • Most people/Everybody
    • Most people have a favorite musician.
    • Everybody likes to listen to music.
    • William Congreve once wrote, "Music hath charms to soothe a savage breast; To soften rocks, or bend a knotted oak.”
    • Music is the food of love,” said Shakespeare.

INTRODUCTION

  • NARROW TOWARDS YOUR THESIS:
    • Some/Others
    • Some people listen to Disco; others listen to Swing.
    • Some people prefer the thumping bass of Hip-Hop; others like the twanging steel guitar of Country. I, however, like to listen to the searing guitar of Classic Rock.”

INTRODUCTION

  • STRONG THESIS STATEMENT:
    • ends Introductory paragraph
    • topic + main idea + support
    • The Rolling Stones are my favorite band because of their insightful lyrics, their driving rhythms, and their awesome live shows.
    • Topic: Rolling Stones
    • Main Idea: my favorite band
    • Support: lyrics, rhythms, concerts

INTRODUCTION

  • THESIS
  • *PARALLEL STRUCTURE:
    • One aspect of Parallel Structure applied to thesis statements suggests that items in a series must have the same form:
      • 3 nouns or adjectives or verbs
      • 3 prepositional phrases
      • 3 “because” clauses
      • 3 “who” clauses
    • In the sample thesis above, we have 3
    • “their + adj. + noun.”

INTRODUCTION

  • THESIS
  • *ORDER:
    • order in thesis = order in Body
    • The 1st, 2nd, 3rd reasons in your thesis will be the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd reasons in your Body paragraphs
    • In the sample thesis above, the 1st Body paragraph will discuss the Rolling Stones’ lyrics, the 2nd their rhythms, and the 3rd their concerts

BODY

BODY

  • *BODY PARAGRAPH #1*
  • REASON #1
    • in topic sentence of the paragraph
    • for coherence & transition
    • One reason the Rolling Stones are my favorite band is because of their insightful lyrics.
  • support this reason with plenty of specific and relevant EXAMPLES
    • Here, quote specific lyrics AND explain their “insightfulness.”

BODY

  • *BODY PARAGRAPH #2*
  • REASON #2 (in topic sentence)
    • In addition to their lyrics, another reason the Rolling Stones are my favorite band is because of their driving rhythms.
  • support this reason with plenty of specific and relevant EXAMPLES
    • Here, describe this sound as best you can, using sense details, metaphors, comparisons.
    • Use specific songs to illustrate.

BODY

  • *BODY PARAGRAPH #3*
  • this is the most important reason
  • “EMPHATIC ORDER”
  • REASON #3 (in topic sentence)
    • While I like them because of their lyrics and their sound, the most important reason the Rolling Stones are my favorite band is because of their awesome live shows.
  • support with plenty of specific and relevant EXAMPLES
    • Here, describe anecdotally a particular concert you witnessed.
    • Use narrative & descriptive details to illustrate “awesome.”

CONCLUSION

CONCLUSION

  • Refer to opening generalization/scenario
  • Repeat main idea
  • Repeat thesis
  • Repeat reasons
  • Conclusion = last chance to “sell” your point
  • End with an appropriate CLINCHER SENTENCE
  • Descriptive Essay VS Example Essay

Descriptive Essay VS Example Essay

  • SENSE DETAILS
  • Dominant Impression
  • BODY STRUCTURE:
  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 3 parts of the room/car
  • Each supported by:
  • sense details ONLY
  • metaphors to support DI
  • LISTS = prohibited
  • SHOW
  • SPATIAL ORDER
  • REASONS
  • Argument/Claim
  • BODY STRUCTURE:
  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 3 reasons
  • Each supported by:
  • examples
  • descriptive details
  • narratives
  • types/roles
  • LISTS = permissible
  • TELL
  • EMPHATIC ORDER
  • Classification Essay VS Example Essay

Classification Essay VS Example Essay

  • TYPES
  • Classification System
  • BODY STRUCTURE:
  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 3 types
  • Each supported by:
  • examples
  • description, narration
  • PURPOSE:
  • To notice the similarities between separate items & then group them based upon such criteria
  • To illustrate the shared traits of each type/group through description, narration, and/or example
  • EMPHATIC ORDER
  • REASONS
  • Argument/Claim
  • BODY STRUCTURE:
  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 3 reasons
  • Each supported by:
  • examples
  • description, narration
  • PURPOSE:
  • To use examples to reason/argue, explain, clarify, convince, persuade, prove a point, support a claim
  • To illustrate each reason/point with clear, relevant examples in the form of description, narration, and/or example
  • EMPHATIC ORDER

TOPICS

TOPICS

JOURNAL TOPICS

  • WHY or WHY NOT:
  • why buy a Saturn
  • why you want to visit/vacation in ----
  • why you want to transfer out to a particular school
  • why instant replay

JOURNAL TOPICS

  • WRITING SAMPLE: most important person (already written in your Writing Sample)
  • SPORTS: MVP, manager/coach of the year, AFC West is the toughest division in NFL
  • FAVORITE or WORST: musician, artist, food, teacher, person, season, course . . .
  • FAMILY: family values, problems faced & conquered

JOURNAL TOPICS

  • PET PEEVES: I hate/love Mondays, English Composition, your job
  • famous person you admire most (“the person whom I most admire”)
  • NHL rule changes (leave the game alone)
  • war with Iraq
  • Wilkes-Barre has the worst streets
  • Wilkes-Barre’s mayor is/not incompetent

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • *LET’S RAISE the BAR on THESE TOPICS*

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • CAREER ASPIRATIONS:
      • What are you interested in?
      • What major?
      • What degree/certification program?
      • What professional field?
      • Why are you here at this school?
      • Why are you transferring to that school?
      • What do you want to be “when you grow up” and why?

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • POLITICS:
      • For whom are you going to vote?
      • For whom are you not going to vote?
      • Historical Impeachments
      • Local issues & Referendums
      • School Boards: taxes, school closings
  • RELIGION:
      • Why do you believe what you believe?
      • Prove or disprove the existence of God
      • Creationism (I.D.) vs. Darwinism (Evol.)

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • CAMPUS ISSUES:
      • smoking
      • parking
      • counseling
      • tutoring
      • teachers
      • library
      • career services
      • security
      • diversity

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • CAPITALISM (or any philosophy, ideology):
      • in favor/benefits
      • against/detriments
      • its contamination of ideals
        • holidays
        • Woodstock ‘99
  • ROLE MODEL:
      • Hero, most important/influential person
      • Whom do you admire most?
      • Who has had the greatest influence on your life?
      • Why not athletes, musicians, celebrities?

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • HOT-BUTTON ISSUES:
      • abortion
      • steroids
      • war (in general)
      • war in Iraq (in particular)
      • corporal punishment
      • death penalty
      • assisted suicide
        • Euthanasia, Dr. Jack Kevorkian
      • suicide (for/against)

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • TECHNOLOGY:
  • (1) Cell Phones:
    • Reasons for ubiquity of cell phones
    • Reasons for everyday usage
    • Accessories
    • Availability of valuable information
    • Entertainment
    • and children of divorce
    • and cheating in school

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • TECHNOLOGY:
  • (2) Computers:
    • Uses
    • Availability of valuable information
    • Entertainment
    • Accessories
    • Importance in your life
    • Plagiarism
  • (3) Technology in General:
    • Advantages of technological advancements
    • Disadvantages of technological advancements
    • Has life truly been made easier, better?
    • Decline in critical thinking, social skills, morality?

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • WCE 2006: (education)
      • Why (not) attend a certain college?
      • Why transfer to another school?
      • Why major in a particular field?
      • Reasons for or against an “open-door” enrollment policy?
      • Reasons to delay college education?
      • Reasons to return to college?
      • Reasons to stay in school?
      • Reasons for taking off a semester/year?
      • Reasons for education’s decline?

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • WCE 2006: (global crises)
      • Why ____ is a global crisis?
        • AIDS, SARS, Ebola, Bird Flu, Mad Cow
        • terrorism
        • famine
        • global warming
        • indifference, apathy
        • immorality
        • sex, STDs, prostitution, teen pregnancy
        • pornography, death of Feminism
        • racism, sexism, age-ism
        • violence, video game/movie violence
        • gerontocracy
        • public education
        • mental health issues (depression, anxiety, pills)
        • land mines, slow of Gulf Stream

PT: PROVE or DISPROVE Use 3 reasons to support your claim; use clear, specific, relevant examples for each reason.

  • EDUCATION:
  • A college degree should be mandatory.
  • Public schools (or private schools) do not properly prepare students for college.
  • Colleges – especially Division I schools – place athletics above academics.
  • A college degree makes one a better person.
  • College students have no morals.
  • Junior colleges are for people not smart enough to attend four-year institutions. (amount to the 13th grade, do not offer a quality education)
  • Entrance into should be delayed immediately after high school.

PT: PROVE or DISPROVE Use 3 reasons to support your claim; use clear, specific, relevant examples for each reason.

  • POP CULTURE:
  • Pop Culture celebrates stupidity (or marginalizes intelligence).
  • Sitcoms do not reflect the typical American family.
  • Television offers no quality programs (there’s nothing good on TV).
  • Nothing socially relevant comes out of Hollywood anymore.
  • Hollywood panders to the least common denominator.
  • PC depicts women as dumb sex objects.
  • Rap music glorifies the subjection and objectification of women.
  • Heavy metal music promotes hatred.
  • Video games encourage violence.
  • Racism/Sexism/Ageism is prevalent in contemporary American society.

PT: PROVE or DISPROVE Use 3 reasons to support your claim; use clear, specific, relevant examples for each reason.

  • POLITICS:
  • Congress has no qualified (caring, honest, moral) politicians.
  • Politicians do not care about their constituents; they are only out for themselves.
  • _____________ should be our next president.
  • Politicians should pay more attention to ____________ (particular issue).
  • Voting is a waste of time.
  • The Patriot Act should be supported.
  • The US troops should never have got involved in Iraq.

PREMIUM TOPICS

  • WHY ASK WHY:
      • Why is a crooked letter
      • That nobody ever got straight.
  • Y

WAR

“Courtesy of the Red, White, & Blue (The Angry American)” TOBY KEITH

  • American Girls and American Guys We’ll always stand up and salute We’ll always recognize When we see Old Glory Flying There’s a lot of men dead So we can sleep in peace at night When we lay down our head My daddy served in the army Where he lost his right eye But he flew a flag out in our yard Until the day that he died He wanted my mother, my brother, my sister and me To grow up and live happy In the land of the free. Now this nation that I love Has fallen under attack A mighty sucker punch came flyin’ in From somewhere in the back Soon as we could see clearly Through our big black eye Man, we lit up your world Like the 4th of July
  • Hey Uncle Sam Put your name at the top of his list And the Statue of Liberty Started shakin’ her fist And the eagle will fly Man, it’s gonna be hell When you hear Mother Freedom Start ringin’ her bell And it feels like the whole wide world is raining down on you Brought to you Courtesy of the Red White and Blue Justice will be served And the battle will rage This big dog will fight When you rattle his cage And you’ll be sorry that you messed with The U.S. of A. `Cause we`ll put a boot in your ass It`s the American way (CHORUS)

“War!” EDWIN STARR

  •     War! huh-yeah What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Uh-huh     War! huh-yeah What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Say it again y'all     War! huh good God What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Listen to me?     Ohhh? War! I despise Because it means destruction? Of innocent lives     War means tears to thousands of mothers eyes When their sons go to fight and lose their lives     I said - War! Huh Good God y'all What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Say it again     War! Whoa, Lord ... What is it good for Absolutely nothing Listen to me?     War! It ain't nothing but a heartbreaker War! Friend only to the undertaker War! It's an enemy to all mankind The thought of war blows my mind
  •     War has caused unrest in the younger generation Induction then destruction- Who wants to die?     Ohhh? War Good God y'all What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Say it, Say it, Say it  
  • War! Uh-huh Yeah - Huh! What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Listen to me?     War! It ain't nothing but a heartbreaker War! It's got one friend, that's the undertaker War has shattered many a young mans dreams Made him disabled bitter and mean Life is much to precious to spend fighting wars these days War can't give life, it can only take it away     War! Huh Good God y'all What is it good for? Absolutely nothing Say it again     War! Whoa, Lord ... What is it good for Absolutely nothing Listen to me?     War! It ain't nothing but a heartbreaker War! Friend only to the undertaker Peace Love and Understanding; tell me, is there no place for them today? They say we must fight to keep our freedom But Lord knows there's got to be a better way     (CHORUS X2)

Why WOMEN Should QUIT SMOKING

BEAUTY AID?

GOT LUNGS?

BREAST CANCER!

DEBUNK THE MYTHS

I LOVE YOU!

“TUFF ENOUGH” FABULOUS THUNDERBIRDS

  • I would walk two miles on my, hands and knees ain't no doubt about it, baby, it's you I aim to please I'd wrestle with a lion and a, grizzly bear it's my life baby but, I don't care ain't that tuff enough? ain't that tuff enough? ain't that tuff enough? ain't that tuff enough? for you baby I would, swim the sea nothin' I'd do for you that's too, tough for me I'd put out a burnin' building with a, shovel and dirt and not even worry about, getting hurt
  • I would work 24 hours, 7 days a week just so I can come home and, kiss your cheek I love you in the mornin' and I, love a-you at noon I love you in the night, take you, to the moon lain to buy my burnin' money, that I've earned and not even worry about, gettin' burned I'd climb the empire state, fight Mohamad Ali just to have you baby, close to me

“YOU’RE MY HOME” BILLY JOEL

  • When you look into my eyes
  • And you see the crazy gypsy in my soul
  • It always comes as a surprise
  • When I feel my withered roots begin to grow
  • Well, I never had a place that I could call my very own
  • But that's alright my love,
  • 'Cause your my home
  • When you touch my weary head
  • And you tell me ev'rything will be alright
  • You say use my body for your bed
  • And my love will keep you warm throughout the night
  • Well, I'll never be a stranger
  • And I'll never be alone
  • Where ever we're together that's my home
  • Home can be the Pennsylvania Turnpike
  • Indiana early morning dew
  • High up in the hills of California
  • Home is just another word for you
  • If I traveled all my life
  • And I never get to stop and settle down
  • Long as I have you by my side
  • There's a roof above and good walls all around
  • You're my castle, you're my cabin and my instant pleasure dome
  • I need you in my house 'cause you're my home

“SHE’S RIGHT ON TIME” BILLY JOEL

  • Turn on all the Christmas lights
  • Cause baby's coming home tonight
  • I can hear her footsteps in the street
  • Turn the choral music higher
  • Pile more wood upon the fire
  • That should make the atmosphere complete
  • I've had to wait forever
  • But better late than never
  • She's just in time for me
  • She's right on time
  • She's right where she should be
  • She's right on time
  • I'm a man with so much tension
  • Far too many sins to mention
  • She don't have to take it anymore
  • But since she said she's coming home
  • I've torn out all my telephones
  • Soon she will be walking through that door
  • I may be going nowhere
  • But I don't mind if she's there
  • She's just in time for me
  • She's right on time
  • She's right where she should be
  • She's right on time
  • Left to my own device
  • I can always make believe
  • That there's nothing wrong
  • Still I will choose to live
  • In the complicated world
  • That we share for so long
  • Good or bad
  • Right or wrong
  • And it occurred to me
  • While I set up my Christmas tree
  • She never missed a cue
  • Or lost a beat
  • Every time I lost the meter
  • There sh1e was when I would need her
  • Greeting me with footsteps in the street
  • I guess I should have known it
  • She'd find the perfect moment
  • She's just in time for me
  • She's right on time
  • She's right where she should be
  • She's right on time
  • Turn the choral music higher
  • Pile more wood upon the fire
  • That will make the atmosphere complete
  • I've had to wait forever
  • But better late than never
  • (CHORUS)

PREWRITING

PREWRITING

  • CHOOSE a TOPIC.
    • One that is meaningful to you.
    • Write what you know.
    • No research.
    • No sex or drugs/alcohol.
  • (2) SELECT a POSITION on the ISSUE.
    • Are you for or against embryonic stem cell research?
    • Are you pro-technology or anti-technology?

PREWRITING

  • (3) BRAINSTORM REASONS.
    • To support this claim.
    • The more the better.
    • Regardless of quality.
  • (4) SELECT the 3 BEST REASONS.
    • Number them emphatically
    • Save the best for last.

PREWRITING

  • (5) BRAINSTORM EXAMPLES.
    • For each reason.
    • Specific, relevant, clear examples as support.
    • Specific persons.
    • Specific places.
    • Specific instances.
  • (6) SELECT the 2 BEST EXAMPLES.
    • 2 examples per reason.

PREWRITING

  • (7) OUTLINE YOUR ESSAY.
    • Now that you have chosen a topic, selected a position on this issue, brainstormed sufficient proof to support your claim and illustrate your reasons.
    • Complete in detail the OUTLINE TEMPLATE.

WHY NOT FLORIDA #1

WHY NOT FLORIDA #2

WHY NOT FLORIDA #3

THAT SMELL

DEBUNK THE MYTHS

  • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.lifebytes.gov.uk/smoking/images/excuses_r04_c2.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.lifebytes.gov.uk/smoking/smo_why.html&h=91&w=124&sz=3&hl=en&start=46&tbnid=fubeK-1VstT8TM:&tbnh=66&tbnw=90&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsmoking%2B%252B%2Bwrinkles%26start%3D40%26ndsp%3D20%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26sa%3DN


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