Europaische WirtschaftsGemeinschaft being in Translation: european Economic Community



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Europaische WirtschaftsGemeinschaft
BEING in Translation:

EUropean Economic Community
Von:

ReichsWirtschaftMinister u. President der Deutschen ReichsBank Funk;

Professor Dr. Jecht, Berlin; Professor Dr. Woermann, Halle;

Dr. Reithinger, Berlin; MinisterialDirektor Dr. Benning, Berlin;

Gesandter Dr. Clodius, Berlin, und GauWirtschaftsBerater Professor

Dr. Hunke, Berlin


Mit einer EinFuhrung von:

GauWirtschaftsBerater Professor Dr. Heinrich Hunke

President des Vereins Berliner Kaufleute und Industrieller
HerausGeGeben von dem

Verein Berliner Kaufleute und der Wirtschafts – HochSchule

Und Industrieller Berlin
Published

BERLIN 1942


Second edition 1943

Haude & Spenesche VerlagsBuchHandlung Max Paschke


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

To assist non Germans, reading the above, certain letters have been capitalised for convenience ONLY


Pamphlet #06



Europaische WirtschaftsGemeinschaft
BEING in Translation:

EUropean Economic Community
Von:

ReichsWirtschaftMinister u. President der Deutschen ReichsBank Funk;

Professor Dr. Jecht, Berlin; Professor Dr. Woermann, Halle;

Dr. Reithinger, Berlin; MinisterialDirektor Dr. Benning, Berlin;

Gesandter Dr. Clodius, Berlin, und GauWirtschaftsBerater Professor

Dr. Hunke, Berlin


Mit einer EinFuhrung von:

GauWirtschaftsBerater Professor Dr. Heinrich Hunke

President des Vereins Berliner Kaufleute und Industrieller
HerausGeGeben von dem

Verein Berliner Kaufleute und der Wirtschafts – HochSchule

Und Industrieller Berlin
Published

BERLIN 1942


Second edition

1943


Haude & Spenesche VerlagsBuchHandlung Max Paschke
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

To assist non Germans, reading the above, certain letters have been capitalised for convenience ONLY



Pamphlet #06


Being the SIXTH of a series of Pamphlets being published on the internet at: www.SilentMajority.co.UK/EUroRealist/Germany1942

Greg Lance-Watkins, who has overseen this project for SilentMajority over the last few years would like to thank ALL those who have helped in tracking down the original full text in German, and the short term acquisition thereof, for photocopying., Also for the lengthy process of accurate translation and independent checking of the translation work.

The original copy is available for inspection at Glance Back Books in Chepstow.
The final pamphlet in the series will contain ALL the maps and relevant charts, together with a brief summary of the document.

The European Economic Community




Mr. Funk, the Reich’s Economic Minister and President of the German Reichsbank
Professor Dr. Jecht, Berlin
Professor Dr. Woermann, Halle
Dr. Reithinger, Berlin, Ministerial Director
Dr. Beisiegel, Berlin
Secretary of State Königs, Berlin
Director Dr. Benning, Berlin
Ambassador Dr. Clodius, Berlin and Economics Committee Advisor
Professor Dr. Hunke, Berlin


With an introduction by


Economics Committee Advisor, Professor Dr. Heinrich Hunke, President of the Society of Berlin Industry and Commerce




Issued by


The Society of Berlin Industry and Commerce and the Berlin School of Economics

Second Revised Edition (Berlin 1943)
Haude and Spenersche Publishing House Max Paschke






Preface to the First and Second Edition



This text contains the lectures presented under the title “The European Economic Community” by the Society of Berlin Industry and Commerce at the start of 1942 in conjunction with the Economic Advisor to the Berlin Committee of the NSDAP and The Chamber of Trade and Industry. The order of lectures was as follows:


  • Walter Funk, Reichs Economic Minister and President of the Reichsbank:
The Economic Face of the New Europe”




  • Dr. Horst Jecht, Professor at The Berlin School of Economics:
Developments towards the European Economic Community”




  • Dr. Emil Woermann, Professor at Halle University:
European Agriculture”




  • Dr. Anton Reithinger, Director of the Economics Department of I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G., Berlin:

The European Industrial Economy”


  • Dr. Philipp Beisiegel, Ministerial Director of the Reich’s Labour Ministry:

The Deployment of Labour in Europe”


  • Gustav Koenigs, Secretary of State, Berlin:

Questions About European Transport”


  • Dr. Bernhard Benning, Director of the Reich’s Credit Company, Berlin:

Questions About Europe’s Currency”


  • Dr. Carl Clodius, Ambassador of the Foreign Office:

European Trade and Economic Agreements’’


  • Professor Dr. Heinrich Hunke, Economic Committee Advisor of the NSDAP, President of Germany’s Economic Publicity Agency and the Berlin Society of Industry and Commerce:

The Basic Question: Europe - Geographical Concept or Political Fact?”
The lectures met with considerable interest and very strong agreement. On account of this, we feel we should make them available to a wider circle of people.

Berlin, September 1942


The Society of Berlin’s Trade and Industry - The President: Professor Dr. Heinrich Hunke, Advisor to the Economics Committee
The Berlin School of Economics - The Rector: Dr. Edwin Fels, Professor of Geography






Index

Page


Preface




2

Hunke
Introduction

8




The Discussion So Far and its Results

8




Economic Practice

9




Problems Related to Economic Community of Continental Europe

10

PAMPHLET #01







Funk

The Economic Face of the New Europe

15



Real and False Economic Freedom


15




Co-operation in Continental Europe

18




Europe’s Resources and Completion

20




Directing of the Economy by the State and Work

between the States of the Community



22




The Movement of Payments between the States and European Currency Issues

24




Securing the Area and Economy of Europe

27




The Will for Co-operation in the Economic Community

28

PAMPHLET #02







Jecht

Developments towards the European Economic Community

30



The European Economic Community and its Enlargement


30




The Problem of the European Economic Area in Late Antiquity and
the Middle Ages

31




Recent Changes to the Problem of the Area of Europe

33




The Formation of the Nations and Independent Economies

33




Overseas Expansion and its Consequences for Europe

34




The Release of England from the Continent and the Formation of the

“Free Global Economy”



35




Europe’s Economic New Order: The Present Task

37




Collapse of the Previous World Economy

38




Means and Objectives of the European Economic Community

39




Outlook

41

PAMPHLET #03







Woermann

European Agriculture

42




The Development of Agricultural Enterprises and

the Structure of Europe’s Food Economy



42




The Formation of the Division of Labour in World Agriculture

47




Production Increase in Germany and Italy

49




The Supply Situation under the Influence of Economic Restrictions and Change

50




Political Consequences for Production

52




Possibilities of Increasing Europe’s Food Production

53

PAMPHLET #04







Reithinger

The European Industrial Economy

59




The Development of Industry in the 19th Century

59




Stages of Technical and Economic Development

60




Socio-Political Effects

60




The Loss of Europe’s Hegemony in the World War

61




The Transition to State Direction and Planning

62




New Europe and its Shared Features

64




Regional Differences in Europe

66




The Major Powers at War - A Comparison of their Capabilities

68

PAMPHLET #05







Beisiegel

The Deployment of Labour in Europe

71




Population Density, Number and Structure of the Employed

71




People - The Wealth of Europe

72




Worker Exchange on the Basis of Inter-State Agreements

75




Adaptation of the Organisation for Labour Deployment

78




Employer Action and Order Switching

79

PAMPHLET #06







Koenigs

Questions about European Transport

81




“Technical Unity” in the Railway System

82




The Magna Carta of Europe’s Internal Riverboat Traffic

84




Motorways’ Contribution to the European Transport Community

87




Community Work in Shipping

88




Joint Work in Air Traffic

89

PAMPHLET #07







Benning

Questions about Europe’s Currency

91




Currency’s Two Sides

91




The Internal Economic Situation of Europe’s Currencies

92




Managing Foreign Exchange and Bilateral Settlements

92




Development of Multi-Lateral Settlements

94




The Problem of the Clearing Balances

95




Adjustment of Europe’s Exchange Rates

96




Future Formation of the European Currency System

97




Europe’s Future Currency Relationship to the Currencies of Other Major Nations

99




What about Gold?

100




The European Currency Bloc

101

PAMPHLET #08







Clodius

European Trade and Economic Treaties

102




The Period of the Old Trade Policy

102




German Economic and Trade Policy since 1933

103




Changes to Trade Policy Caused by the War

105




The Reversal of the Law of Supply and Demand

106




The Question of Labour Deployment in Europe

106




The Problem of Traffic

106




Effects of the English Blockade on Europe

106




Principles of European Co-operation

107




The European Regional Principle

107




Europe’s Economic Independence

107




Europe and the Global Economy

108




Internal Preconditions of a European Economic Community

109




Ways to Achieve European Co-operation

111

PAMPHLET #09







Hunke

The Basic Question: Europe – Geographical Concept or Political Fact?

113




New Learning and Thought

113




Starting Point for European Task

114




Three Eras

114




The Character of the Global Economy

114




Political Weakness of Continental Europe due to the Idea of

English World Superiority



116




Britain’s Dominant Theory about the Modern National Economy

117




The Foundation of the European Economic Community

118




Categories within the European Economic Community

119




Three Principles

119




A New Era

121




Taking a Look Back to the Past and to the Future

123

PAMPHLET #10
The Illustrations – Maps, Charts etc. Summary of the series and Comments

Request for help locating further FACTS

Including Reinhard Heydrich’s 1942 Reichs Plan for The Domination

of EUrope – published in Berlin in 1942 believed to have been November.

ALSO – details of the Berlin Conference of 1944 Titled ‘How Will Germany Dominate The

Peace, When It Loses The War.’ & details of the massive amounts of cash moved



out of Germany during the war to safeguard the future of German domination against the economic collapse of losing the Second World War against EUropean Union. AND connections with organisations like The Bilderbergers, Council for Foreign relations, Tri Lateral Commission and other arms of the New World Order.
Introduction - by Professor Dr. Heinrich Hunke, Economic Committee Adviser to the NSDAP, President of Germany’s Economic Publicity Agency
Around the end of 1939, most of Europe was either consciously or unconsciously under the influence of the economic concept of England. Over recent years, however, it has been swept out of European countries, politically, militarily and economically. Politically the three-power pact has given honour once again to the ancient figures of life, people and room. It has also established a natural order and a neighbourly way of co-existing as the ideal of the new order. The foundation of English economics, which is the basis of the balance of powers, has been militarily destroyed. And economically, a change has come about following the political and military development, the shape of which is easy to describe, but whose final significance is very difficult to evaluate. I can only repeat, that the changing order that is happening now has to be ranked as one of the greatest economic revolutions in history. It signifies a reversion of the economy of Europe to a time before the English concept of building an overseas Europe, i.e. an awareness of one’s own country.
The Discussion so far and its Results
Discussions about questions relating to Europe started as the power of the NSADP grew. At the Congress of Europe in Rome from 14th to 20th November 1932, Alfred Rosenberg developed, for the first time in front of an international forum, thoughts and ideas that have moved us since. No one, who fights for a new economic order in Europe, can ignore these perceptions and conclusions. The economic and political wheel was set in motion, when the NSDAP declared the militarisation of the German economy. It is to the credit of the journal ‘Germany’s Economy’ that it first seized these questions in 1932, kept on bringing them up and stuck doggedly to those original perceptions. The idea of German economic self- sufficiency in the new political sense and the German economic militarisation are synonymous with this journal. Besides this, Daitz, the ambassador, has earned the special credit of being the first to have related German economic history to the present time. Part II of his selected speeches and essays, which appeared in 1938 under the title ‘Germany and the European Economy’, summarizes his concepts formed between 1932 and 1938. The Italian, Carlo Scarfoglio, delivered with his book ‘England and the Continental Mainland’, a decisive historical contribution to the consciousness of the European continent. Meanwhile German and Italian economic policy drew the political consequences from the historical lessons that were learnt during the blockade and learnt again during the sanctions. The speech made in Munich in 1939 by the leader of the Reich’s farmers, R. Walther Darre, at the 6th Great Lecture at the Commission of Economic Policy of the NSDAP, takes a special place in the discussion at that time. Its theme was “The market order of the National-Socialist agricultural policy - setting the pace for a new foreign trade order.”
While our leader maintained the hope of reaching a peaceful agreement with England, the route for European economic unity remained problematic. The end of 1939 was a decisive point and it was natural that the years 1940-1941 heralded the new economic and political order. The writer, in particular, developed and extended in speech and writing the intellectual fund of the new economic policy, which has been translated into most languages, so that today everywhere the great constructive texts are known. These contexts revolve around the following issues:


  1. Theory about the Reich and the European economy.




  1. The historic, cultural, and economic significance of the German economic order.




  1. The foundations of the future economic relationships between the states.




  1. The nature of the European economic community.

On 25th June 1940 the Reich’s Economic Minister, Funk, publicised in his official capacity his thoughts, which underlined the development so far and thus gave them state sanction. In October, the journal ‘German Economy’ summarised for the first time the principles of European co-operation, the fundamental principles of German foreign trade, Germany’s export economy and ways and means of promoting export. It did so in a popular review “About A New Europe”, providing an overview of the important problem of European economic fusion. Around the end of 1940 the Berlin historian Fritz Rorig finally outlined in his book “Hanseatic Essence” the historical foundations of the greatest economic and political achievement by the Germans.


I am clear in my mind that total clarity is to be found in the principle questions: The necessity is recognised for a political order for the economic co-operation of the people. The nature of the new order which is: awareness of tradition, using up one’s own economic resources, long term economic agreements and fair relations, is affirmed. The economic inter-dependence is underlined by fate. The economic unity of Europe is thus evident.

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