Essay Writing Terminology Title: The name of an essay; should be original and connected to the topic Introduction



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Essay Writing Terminology
Title: The name of an essay; should be original and connected to the topic
Introduction: The opening of an essay; Includes an attention getter, background information, and a clear thesis (position) statement
Attention Getter: The first sentence of an essay (avoid using questions) that engages the reader and connects an idea to the main topic of an essay
Thesis Statement: The position statement that clearly states the main idea of an essay. This statement answers the question: What is the essay about?
Topic Sentence: A main idea that supports the thesis of an essay. This statement introduces the focus of a body paragraph.
Body Paragraph: A paragraph of support for the thesis; includes a topic sentence, support, evidence, details, and analysis
Details: Facts, statistics, sensory details, anecdotes, and examples that support the topic sentence of a body paragraph.
Conclusion: The last paragraph of an essay; includes a modified (restated thesis), a summary of main ideas, and closure for the reader
Bridge: A transition word, phrase, or sentence connecting paragraphs; designed to help the flow of an essay
Audience: The reader(s) of an essay
Tone: The “attitude” of an essay; is determined by word choice and word arrangement
Purpose: The reason for writing an essay; can be to inform, entertain, describe, persuade, opine, etc.
Organization: The specific structure of an essay; e.g. compare/contrast, parallel structure, five-paragraph, etc.
Flow: The efficiency of the readability of an essay; good flow means that the structure of the essay moves the reader through in a cohesive and coherent manner


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