Christianity began in 1st century AD Jerusalem as a minor jewish sect. It spread initially in the Near East, ultimately becoming the
state religion of Armenia in either 301 or 314, of Ethiopia in 325, of Georgia in 337, and then the state religion of the Roman Empire in 380. During the Age of Exploration (15th to 17th cent.), Christianity expanded throughout the world, becoming the world's largest religion.
Pagan Philosophers were replaced by Patrists (Fathers of the Church)
3rd Century – Constantine adopts Christianity
Battle of Milvian Bridge 2 3 4 5 6
(Parts 1 and 2)
“The Romans invented no art forms, constructed no original system of philosophy. And made no scientific discoveries. They made good roads. Systematic legal codes, and efficient armies: for the rest they looked to Greece.” Bertram Russell, History of Western Philosophy.
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After Constantine restart at 53.00
Autocracy - political power is held by a single self-appointed ruler.
Edict of Milan
In February 313, Constantine I, emperor controlling the western part of the Roman Empire and Licinius, controlling the Balkans, met in Milan and, among other things, agreed to treat the Christians benevolently.
How can the perfect produce the imperfect, the infinite produce the finite, the spiritual produce the material?
Gnostic’s solution was to say that there were thirty beings called AEons, and that God had made the first AEon, which made the second AEon, which made the third, and so on to the thirtieth AEon, which made the world.
They said that Jesus had had two doctrines: one a doctrine fit for the common man, and preached to everyone, and the other an advanced teaching, kept secret from the multitudes, fit only for the chosen few, the spiritually elite. They, the Gnostics, were the spiritually elite, and although the doctrines taught in the churches were not exactly wrong, and were in fact as close to the truth as the common man could hope to come, it was to the Gnostics that one must turn for the real truth.