English sol institute
Date conversion 14.11.2016 Size 16,43 Kb.
English SOL Institute Elementary Writing Strand Teaching Writers in Grades K-5 Susan Swift, M.Ed. Middlesex County Public Schools Elementary Writing Writing to convey a concise message begins in Kindergarten and moves through grade 3 when students will write a short report Student use of graphic organizers begins at grade 1 Beginning in grade 4, students write multi-paragraph essays Elementary Writing Persuasive writing begins in 5th grade Students in grades 3-5 should have practice writing on demand, for shorter time frames, and over extended periods of time “Every study of young writers “Every study of young writers I’ve done for the last twenty years has underestimated what they can do. In fact, we know very little about the human potential for writing.” —Donald Graves, A Fresh Look at Writing (p.99) What memories do you have about writing during your elementary years? Did you have any positive experiences or memories that gave you confidence? Did you have any negative experiences that may have hindered your motivation/development? Take the next few minutes to reflect on this. Write down what comes to mind. – students are given a specific amount of time to quickly gather their thoughts about something. They record their thoughts and ideas on paper. Quickwrite People learn to write by writing. Writing is a process. Writing is a tool for thinking. Writing, reading, and speaking are related. Writing grows out of many different purposes. Conventions of finished and edited texted are important to reader. Composing occurs in modalities and technologies. Assessment of writing involves complex, informed human judgment. What do writers need? Students need: to learn to write by writing. a consistent approach – the writing process. a direct and explicit instruction in writing. models of good writing, from teachers and literature. daily practice – time and opportunity. formative feedback. the opportunity to share their writing with others. A Brief History: Writing Instruction during last 5 decades 1960s: Traditional approach 1970s: Shift to process 1980s/1990s: Inclusive of writer’s craft 2000s/2010s: Problem solving approach Model of Gradual Release (R.Routman) Gradual Release of Responsibility (Pearson and Gallagher, 1993): Graphic What does this model look like in Writing? The Writing Process Generating Ideas Prewriting Drafting Revising and Editing Sharing “Writers don’t improve their craft unless they have a real purpose, a real audience, and a real investment in their writing.” – Mem Fox Kindergarten Writing K.12 – Students will write for a variety of purposes, including narrative writing, informational writing, and functional writing : Write, dictate, and draw to narrate an event Narrative : Write, dictate, and draw Informational to state factual information : Write, dictate, and draw to label things, make lists, and respond to literature Functional Kindergarten, continued Students should have assigned and self-selected topics Students share writing with others 1. Why draw? 2. Interactive Writing 3. Concepts about print 4. Continuum of writing development What does Kindergarten Writing look like? 1.13 Students will: generate ideas, use prewriting strategies write, revise, and edit written work write using a variety of formats, including narrative, informational, and functional writing The writing process is directly and explicitly taught: Generating ideas, prewriting using graphic organizers, drafting, revising, editing, final copies. Technology is utilized for writing and publishing. 1st Grade Writing, continued Narrative writing includes an introduction, 2 events in sequence, and a conclusion Informational writing includes an introduction, some factual information, and a conclusion Functional writing includes lists, letters, reports, and messages Poetry is included Revision: Adding descriptive words, focusing on one topic, addressing comments of teachers and peers Editing: Complete sentences, begin sentences with a capital letter, capitalize I and proper nouns, spell sight words correctly What does 1st Grade writing look like? 2nd Grade Writing 2.12 The student will write stories, letters, and simple explanations. a) Generate ideas before writing. b) Organize writing to include a beginning, middle, and end for narrative and expository writing. c) Expand writing to include descriptive detail. d) Revise writing for clarity. Narrative writing includes a clear beginning, middle, and end. Students write simple and compound sentences. Students write declarative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences. Revision also includes adding and deleting words. What does 2nd Grade Writing look like? Two Domains of Writing Beginning in 3rd grade, students need to be taught the elements of: – how a writer relates a message, Composing/Written Expression using organization, focusing on one topic, and how a writer uses language to reach audience: descriptive words, mood, voice, vocabulary – Grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, sentence structure Usage/Mechanics 3rd Grade Writing 3.9 The student will generate ideas, use prewriting strategies using graphic organizers, talk to peers about writing, write narrative and informational pieces, revise, and edit writing. Students will identify their audience and purpose Teachers will incorporate mentor texts as a model for writing Organize writing according to form: Narrative, Informational (including reports), Letters, Poetry Students will write a short informational report, using the proper resources, and following the correct steps Students need to write for short periods of time on demand What does 3rd Grade writing look like? 4th Grade Writing 4.7 The student will write cohesively for a variety of purposes. a) Identify intended audience. b) Focus on one aspect of a topic. c) Use a variety of pre-writing strategies. d) Organize writing to convey a central idea. e) Recognize different modes of writing have different patterns of organization. f) Write a clear topic sentence focusing on the main idea. g) Write two or more related paragraphs on the same topic. h) Use transition words for sentence variety. i) Utilize elements of style, including word choice and sentence variation. j) Revise writing for clarity of content using specific vocabulary and information. k) Include supporting details that elaborate the main idea. Teachers will incorporate mentor texts as a model for writing. Students will write 2 or more paragraphs about one topic. Organize writing according to form: Narrative, Informational (including reports), Letters, Poetry Students will write a short informational report, using the proper resources, and following the correct steps. Students need opportunities to write on demand for short periods of time. Use technology to gather information, write, revise, edit, and publish writing. What does 4th Grade Writing look like? 5th Grade Writing 5.7 The student will write for a variety of purposes: to describe, to inform, to entertain, to explain, and to persuade. a) Identify intended audience. b) Use a variety of prewriting strategies. c) Organize information to convey a central idea. d) Write a clear topic sentence focusing on the main idea. e) Write multiparagraph compositions. f) Use precise and descriptive vocabulary to create tone and voice. g) Vary sentence structure by using transition words. h) Revise for clarity of content using specific vocabulary and information. i) Include supporting details that elaborate the main idea. 5th Grade Writing Students will write multiple paragraphs about one topic. Organize writing according to form: Narrative, Informational (including reports), Persuasive, Letters, Poetry Students need opportunities to write on demand for short periods of time. Use technology to gather information, write, revise, edit, and publish writing. What does 5th Grade Writing look like? Six Word Memoir Said to have originated with Hemingway Book: Not Quite What I Was Planning, Six Word Memoirs by Writers Famous and Obscure by Larry Smith and Rachel F AARP runs columns on specific topics, such as cheating death, best advice, love Ex: Cheating Death – “House on fire, pool below, jumped.” (Helen G, 80) “Kidney from son. A life returned.” (John G, 64) “Heart hurts! Hunky paramedics help. Hurray!” (Susan A, 61) Six Word Memoir Not Quite What We Were Planning Six Word Memoirs by Mrs. Nixon’s 3rd Grade Class (S. New Jersey) Two sisters. Two dogs. Life hard!!! Two sisters, one brother, equals fun. Love life most of the time. Nine years stacked within my soul. Eat, sleep, like to play sports. One class. Six words. What’s yours? Let’s Write! Take a few minutes to think about writing and The Writing Process in grades K-5. How could you “sum it up” in a Six Word Memoir? Write for 3 minutes. Contact Information Susan Swift, M.Ed. email@example.com Disclaimer Reference within this presentation to any specific commercial or non-commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply an endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the Virginia Department of Education.
The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016