ENGL 101H, Fall, 2016 TuTh
Week 8 (Thursday) Notes
Thursday, October 20, 2016.
Announcements: Please note: I corrected and re-posted the Research Paper assignment this morning (10-20-2016).
Essay 4 is due! On-time essays are eligible for further revision.
Discuss things that went well with it, including improvements from previous essays.
Discuss things you learned or advice you would give to someone about to start the assignment.
I will complete grading Essay 3 and then Essay 2 ASAP. Essay 4 will be graded by the end of next week. See me for feedback and advice.
5 SI this semester.
3 Library Workshops ASAP, before next week.
In-class participation. Be considerate of others as well as providing for your own attentive and active engagement in each class.
Midsemester conferences: not required but valuable.
Art Party Fundraiser this evening, 10-20-2016, 7:30-11:00 PM in SC 212.
Midsemester evaluations are proceeding.
Spring, 2017 Honors courses will be announced as soon as I hear back from all academic divisions.
I will be at UCLA on Friday for the TAP Council meeting. I will return brimful with information from that meeting.
Research Paper: Prepare the first stages of the RP process this week and next.
Select your Topic: Think about issues and problems that are mentioned or addressed in A Walk in the Woods and Why We Do What We Do, ranging from weight gain; depletion of natural areas or species; midlife crisis; smart urban planning; park management; to optimizing the mind-body connection; developing talent through motivation; using humor for health or happiness; or pursuing an activity for happiness; to name a few. Refer to the RP Assignment. You will need to focus on a problem, and mainly form a thesis and support that propose (a) solution(s). Note that this paper will devote the vast majority of development to the solutions, not to the nature of the problem.
Proposal: paragraph or bulleted list showing topic and focus (the problem and key concept(s) involved), thesis (solution or new way of thinking about the problem and its solution), and expected support categories.
Annotated Works Cited: Deep, conceptual philosophical or theoretical source; 3+ scholarly or professional sources; other published, research sources.
Basic Outline/Planning: Show how you plan to develop each of the required sections of the RP. Later, you will need to show quotes and ideas from sources that you will be using, and where in the paper they will go.
Research Paper overview: See the assignment (separate document). Note that you are not using Why We Do What We Do or A Walk in the Woods themselves for your research support (though you may use them for supplemental support).
Topics you have selected:
Problem involving something brought up in one of the two books
Why it’s a problem
Basic logic of your argument—emphasis on solutions
Sections of the paper—Basic Outline
Introduction and thesis
Summary of Research
Analysis (an essay within the Research Paper)
Critique of research you covered
AND/OR a new approach that you argue to help solve the problem
Observation—a way of helping to demonstrate your thesis
Direct observation/deep description
video made by you
For all Observations: include these 3 elements, which you need to explain very precisely:
Discussion and implications
Proposal: a one-paragraph statement of your paper’s topic and main approach as you see it now:
Topic and why it’s a problem
Focus within that topic (if needed—for example, the specific sport you will focus on within the topic about sports, hobbies, etc. as intrinsically motivated, and motivating, activities)
Thesis—your claim to argue, emphasizing problem-solving (rather than just explaining a problem). What new way of thinking about the topic, or what action, do you propose?
Support: What subjects, and subject terms or keywords, will you look up to find sources for your paper? What do you see as the major categories of research sources, such as experimental studies in psychology, articles and books in philosophy, news articles on the topic, etc.? Be as specific as you can here, naming fields of study, disciplines, and major authors and works that you find through preliminary searching, rather than just indicating that you will look for sources.
This research paper investigates the problem of pursuing happiness through the superficial quality of beauty. The paper starts with a brief review of research showing how overemphasis on beauty, including use of makeup and other means to change one’s appearance, such as plastic surgery, extreme diets, and the like, do little to bring about lasting contentment and happiness, and likely cause people to feel worse than ever.
As its main argument, the paper argues that reducing reliance on conformity to others’ values, and instead focusing on the building of one’s own intrinsic motivation to enjoy engaging and interesting activities, puts a person in a much better position to be happy, even though no guarantee of happiness exists.
Sources for the paper’s argument come from Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, a study such as Solomon Asch’s conformity experiment, and works showing how attraction is based on factors beyond beauty, and how happiness is derived from interesting activities, among other possibilities.
Sample Proposal #2:
This paper addresses the issue of whether state and national parks should be developed or left natural. Focusing on Yosemite National Park (or another one), the history of the park’s founding and subsequent problems with overcrowding, pollution, and management by the National Park Service, with influence from the Sierra Club, among others, will be summarized.
Then, the paper will argue that some development is needed, but that large portions of a park should be left natural for several key reasons.
Sources for this argument include works by Arne Næss and Aldo Leopold on “deep ecology,” as well as other sources on the use of land as it affects humans and the planet.
Exercise #1: Write a simplified Proposal on one of the topics on the RP assignment.
Preliminary Annotated Works Cited:
Compile a list, in MLA format, of sources that you think you can use for your paper. You need at least 6 of these, of these kinds (copied from the research paper assignment):
At least one work that is conceptual, philosophical, psychological, literary, scientific, or otherwise relevant at a basic level to your topic. For example, a topic involving happiness could use Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (from a collection of his works).
At least 3 scholarly works explaining experiments, making observations, developing arguments, or other practical applications of the concept, theory, and/or ideas related to the topic. For example, a topic involving moral decisions and obedience of authority could use Stanley Milgram’s article “The Perils of Obedience,” which explains his famous experiment.
The other outside source(s) may include scholarly articles and books, newspapers and magazines, government documents, and reputable Internet sources. Start your searching on the GCC databases, which are subscriptions that select the best sources. Pamphlets, advertisements, interviews, media viewings and transcripts, and other less formal or reliable kinds of sources do not satisfy the requirements for this paper, but of course they may be included as supplemental material. Note also that readings for this course or other classes may be used, but that these also count as supplemental sources. Use all available resources to locate and take information from research sources. If you are in doubt about a source, consult me and the GCC Library. Encyclopedias are out for this paper, at least as primary sources that will count. This is true of all of the internet sites that include secondhand information, blogs, and other similar sources. If you are in doubt about a source, ask me about it.
Note: Why We Do What We Do and A Walk in the Woods don’t count here but you may use them as supplemental sources in the paper if you want.
Note that your annotations here will be based on a relatively quick look at the sources, going from things such as the title, table of contents, index, headings in articles or books, etc. I’m not expecting that you have read these yet. The annotations are meant to be helpful for you so that you can remember what a source is about. You may very well need to add or delete sources as you go along.
Sample Annotated Works Cited entry for an article from an online journal:
What is the impact of the use of humor as a coping strategy by nurses working in geropsychiatric settings?
Buckwalter, Kathleen C, PhD, RN, FAAN; Wooten, Patty, RN, BSN, CCRN. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services29.7 (Jul 1991): 41-43.
Exercise #2: Write a Works Cited entry for the article listed above, as it appears after a search on ProQuest in MLA 8th edition format. Refer to the Purdue OWL MLA Electronic Sources information for An Article in an Online Scholarly Journal. For the access date, use today’s date.
Then, in this space after the bullet below the citation of the article, write a brief annotation here: very concisely indicate the topic and thesis of the article, and what it covers that is useful for an RP arguing that humor brings health benefits.
Exercise #3: Write a thesis and basic plan for a Research Paper. Make headings for the sections of the paper and fill in the template here:
Sources for Literature Review (at least one)
New Approach/Alternative Approach consistent with the thesis
List one or more points in support of it, and provide sources that would be included in the Literature Review. Briefly label ideas for the Analysis (a critique of the research provided and/or a new approach that you derive on your own that is consistent with the thesis you set up). Briefly name an Observation you could do on this topic.
You will be able to change your topic up to the time you hand in your first part of your Draft (Week 9: Thursday, 10/27/2016). After that, of course you will be able to make changes to the approach, sources, development of support, expression, but not the whole topic.
Developing the Research Paper
Background information on the Problem
Summary of Research
Division of the Summary into Sections
Sources & How To Find Them:
Deep, theoretical or conceptual source (often from an author’s complete works). Find out names of authors on a given topic and then locate sources online or in print, most likely in full-length works. Look for them on the open internet and in the Library Online Catalog. Determine Subject Terms. Be sure to use the primary sources rather than works about an author’s ideas; e.g., use Laurent Joubert’s Treatise on Laughter itself rather than a source’s summary of it.
Scholarly sources (often an article on ProQuest, JSTOR, or another database). Determine Keywords and Subject Terms for searching.
Other source(s) (start by looking for other conceptual and/or scholarly sources; less robust sources, such as news articles, are fine)
Critique of Research Covered
New Proposed Solutions or Perspectives
Methods, including selection of a particular way of observation
Results, including descriptions
Discussion of whether and how the observation supports your thesis; limitations of the observation; other considerations about the observation to take into account
Summation of the Paper’s Train of Thought
Implications of your Thesis Development
Call for further research on your topic and topics like it
Final Insights to Finish the Paper
Exercise #4: An Annotated Works Cited for an RP from several years ago.
Identify each element of 2 of the entries below, starting with authors’ names.
How would the first entry below be revised to conform to the MLA 8th edition format? Consult the Purdue OWL MLA Works Cited guide.
Bishaw, Badege. "Deforestation and Land Degradation in the Ethiopian Highlands: A Strategy for Physical Recovery." Northeast African Studies 8.1 (2001): 7-25. ProQuest. Web. 2 Dec. 2012.
This document from a journal outlines the problems Ethiopia has had with deforestation and ways to assist in recovery. In this article, the author suggests using afforestation to fight deforestation. He also suggests using conservation programs. Other solutions mentioned in this article include: agroforestry, social foresting practices, plantation forestry, increasing public awareness and conservation of remaining forests.
Bowyer, Jim L. "Strategies for Ensuring the Survival of Tropical Forests: Can Logging be One of them?" Forest Products Journal 47.2 (1997): 15-24. ProQuest. Web. 2 Dec. 2012.
This is an excellent source for solutions to deforestation as it provides numerous solutions as well as explanations on each. This source was very informative and I used this source the most for my paper. Additionally, it defined the problems that deforestation was causing. The solutions include: the establishment of parks and services, bans and boycotts of tropical woods, certification of forest management and harvesting activities, promotion of non-wood forest products, and more.
Butler, Rhett A. "Deforestation Causes Species Extinction in Madagascar." Deforestation Causes Species Extinction in Madagascar. N.p., 07 Mar. 2007. Web. 03 Dec. 2012.
This article was used as statistical information on the effects of deforestation. I used an example from this to show that deforestation destroys the homes of animals and by doing so, may cause some animals to go extinct. This article has a focus on the extinction of species in the islands of Madagascar.
"Deforestation." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Feb. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012.
This is the wikipedia page I simply utilized to find a definition for deforestation.
Emerson, Ralph W. Nature. Boston: James Munroe and Company, 1836. Web. 09 Dec. 2012.
This source is an essay written by a philosopher from the 1800s about Nature. He writes about several aspects of the relationship between nature and mankind.
Kage, Ben. "Report: Global Deforestation Finally Being Reversed in Some Countries." Natural News (16 Nov. 2006): n.p. Web. 03 Dec. 2012.
This news website article indicates that deforestation is being reversed in many countries. The solutions for deforestation given in the source are the switching from deforestation to reforestation, public policies such as tree planting, promotion of efficient agriculture, and clear-cutting regulations.
Saucedo, Jarod. "Effects of Deforestation: Consequences and Solutions." Bright Hub. N.p., 08 Apr. 2011. Web. 02 Dec. 2012.
This article's main topic is ways to combat deforestation. It provides definitions for what deforestation actually is. It states some of the reasons that deforestation is caused. This article also reminds us of why forests are important and provides some solutions, one being a world-wide organization.
Zaimeche, S. E. “Change, the State and Deforestation: The Algerian Example” The Geographical Journal 160.1 (Mar., 1994): 50-56. Print.
This article overviews statistics of deforestation. It uses the country Algeria as an example for what deforestation has done. It also explains what deforestation in dept. It gives the solutions to this problem such as inappropriate government policies, fast rising pressure on forest lands, and administrative efficiency.
For Next Time:
Write your RP Proposal. Follow the format.
Prepare and write your Preliminary Annotated Works Cited—at least 6 sources, including 1 conceptual source and 3+ scholarly sources.
Write your Basic Plan for the RP, including all sections of the paper:
Introduction and thesis.