Eng 312: Midsemester Exam Language Awareness by Eschholz, Rosa and Clark 9th Edition (2005), pages 1-420
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ENG 312: Midsemester Exam Language Awareness by Eschholz, Rosa and Clark 9th Edition (2005), pages 1-420 by Don L. F. Nilsen And Stella Hadjistassou CONTRAST THE FOLLOWING Helen Keller’s epiphany vs. Malcolm X’s epiphany vs. David Raymond’s epiphany Denotation vs. Connotation Sign vs. Symbol Strong vs. Weak form of the Whorf Hypothesis Cognates vs. False Cognates Status vs. Support Independence vs. Intimacy Advice vs. Understanding Information vs. Feelings Orders vs. Proposals Conflict vs. Compromise CONTRAST MALE VS. FEMALE LANGUAGE STRATEGIES Tag Questions Rising Intonations Hedges Indirect Language Diminutives Euphemism Politeness Phenomena DEFINITIONS classical definition dead metaphor Ebonics epiphany euphemism grammatical gender morphophonemic spelling system semantic inversion EXAMPLES 1 Doublespeak Euphemism Gobbledygook Inflated Language Jargon Weasel Words EXAMPLES 2 Name Calling Glittering Generality Plain-Folks Appeal Stroking (Argument ad Populum) Argument ad Hominem Guilt or Glory by Association Bandwagon Faulty Cause and Effect False Analogy Begging the Question The two-Extremes Fallacy (False Dilemma) Card Stacking (Cherry Picking) Testimonial EXPLANATIONS Audience, Knowledge, Attitude, Needs “Traduttore, traditore!” (The translator is a traitor) Explain the Great English Vowel Shift HISTORY OF ENGLISH Contrast Old English and Modern English in terms of the following: Phonology Orthography Morphology Syntax Semantics IDENTIFICATIONS S. I. Hayakawa William Labov William Lutz Robert MacNeil George Orwell LISTINGS (5-POINTS EACH) NAMES Tell what names each of the following people had after they changed their names: Frederic Austerlitz, Benjamin Kubelsky, Bernard Schwartz, Doris Von Keppelhoff, Robert Zimmerman, James Bumgardner, and Marian Michael Morrison. ANSWERS: Fred Astaire, Jack Benny, Tony Curtis, Doris Day, Bob Dylan, James Garner, and John Wayne SHORT-ANSWER ESSAY (5 POINTS) Explain the nature of slanting. Contrast levels of adequacy (prescriptive, descriptive, explanatory, evaluative) Contrast power and solidarity Contrast lecturing and listening Discuss the notion that “English is a superior language” LONG-ANSWER ESSAY (10 PTS) Explain the differences between male and female language. Explain in detail how non-standard dialects tend to be more logical than standard dialects. In detail, compare and contrast human language with the communication systems of other animals. Contrast the following kinds of truth: Empirical truth (true vs. false) Linguistic truth (tautology vs. contradiction) Metaphorical truth (apt vs. inept) !PowerPoints: HISTORY OF ENGLISH: One feature each to Contrast Old English and Modern English Phonology, Morphology, Graphology, Syntax, and Semantics HUMOR: Give 3 Features, 3 Functions, and 3 Subjects of Humor LITERARY GENRES: Give four literary genres and an example of each: PROSE STYLES--LISTING: List ten qualities of Tough, Sweet, or Stuffy Language (I choose the prose style) !!PowerPoints Continued: REGIONAL AND SOCIAL DIALECTS: Give five phonological tests that will help to determine where a person spent the first six or so years of his or her life. SEMANTIC GAPS: Be able to give an example of each of the following: Acronym, Blend, Borrowing, Clipping, Coinage, Compound, Meaning Shift, Metathesis, Part-of-Speech Change Prefixation, and Suffixation !!!PowerPoints (Continued) URBAN LEGENDS (10 PTS): Tell an urban legend (5pts), and explain the dramatic devices used (5 pts) USAGE: Given sentences from the Usage handout, be able to correct those sentences. VARIES: Give an example of word marked for each of the following: V-Vocation (Jargon), A-Age, R-Region, I-Informality, E-Ethnicity, S-Sex
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