Eng 1020 Project 2: Argument and Rhetorical Analysis Essay Due Dates Monday, February 4-Discovery Draft (4 pages, 3 pts.) Friday, February 15-Gradable Draft (5-6 pages, 100 pts.) Description



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ENG 1020
Project 2: Argument and Rhetorical Analysis Essay


Due Dates
Monday, February 4-Discovery Draft (4 pages, 3 pts.)
Friday, February 15-Gradable Draft (5-6 pages, 100 pts.)


Description
In Project One, you used the terms scene, situation, and genre to describe a familiar discourse community. These concepts are important because they help us describe the great variety of writing that we come into contact with everyday. These terms help us understand the connection between what a text says and where it appears, what it's written for, and what kind of thing it is.

In Project Two, we'll think more about how writing works by looking at the different kinds of arguments that writers make in order to accomplish their goals and the different strategies that writers use to make their texts persuasive to readers. To do this work, we will use the terms rhetoric, rhetorical appeals, argument, claims, and good reasons.

Argument analysis and rhetorical analysis are two related resarch methods that scholars who study writing use to analyze how writers try to persuade readers. As such, the genre of this assignment is what we call the analysis essay. In this 5-6 page essay, you will use argument analysis and rhetorical analyis to describe and analyze the essay "Apocalypse Now" by Edward O. Wilson (see attached). To prepare you for writing the essay, we will practice analyzing the persuasive strategies used in a variety of texts.

Audience
The audience for this paper is myself and the other students in class. You can assume that readers have a general knowledge of the topic being written about but you’ll have to define and explain particular concepts or ideas as they come up.

Writing the Essay
Most academic analysis essays have a thesis or argument. However, for this particular assignment, I am only expecting you to provide an accurate and detailed description of the argumentative and rhetorical strategies used by the author.

Listed below are the recommended steps for researching and preparing to write this kind of analysis essay. These steps are adapted from the process described in chapter 2 of the book A Little Argument, which we will be reading from in class. Remember that this process is not an outline for your paper but rather a description of the things you'll have to do before you start drafting. You can think of these steps as the core of the prewriting stage of the writing process for this assignment.



  1. Select an argument to analyze (for this assignment, I am providing the text).

  2. Describe the situation. What is happening that brought this piece of writing into existence?

  • What is the topic or problem being written about?

  • Why is the topic relevant?

  • What is the genre?

  • What is the purpose of the text?

  • What is the scene of writing?

  • Who is the audience?

  • Who is the author?

  • What challenges does the author face when writing about this topic for this particular audience?

     3. Describe the argument.

  • What kind of argument is being used?

  • What is the central claim?

  • What are the main good reasons?

  • Is the argumentative approach classical or Rogerian?

  • Are there any logical fallacies in the writer's argument?

     4. Describe the rhetorical strategies.

  • What appeals are used?

  • If logos is used, what specific facts, statistics, or syllogism are critical to the argument?

  • If ethos is used, how does the writer create ethos for his or her argument?

  • If pathos is used, what specific beliefs or emotions is the writer trying to arouse?

  • What special vocabulary or imagery is used?

  • How would you describe the style of the text?

      5. Develop a research question.

  • Based on your research so far, what is interesting about either the argumentative strategies or rhetorical strategies of the author?

  • What do you want to know about the either the argumentative strategy or rhetorical strategy?

     6. Re-read the text and look for clues to answer your research question.

     7. Write a discovery draft that helps you explore your research question.

     8. Seek feedback.

     9. Make an outline for your gradable draft.

    10. Draft the gradable draft.

Suggested Outline

I. Intro


II. Summary

III. Describe rhetorical situation

IV. Argument Analysis


  • identify and describe the writer's argument

  • identify and describe the type of argument used by the writer

  • identfy and describe the writer's claim and good reasons

  • identify and describe the types of evidence used by the writer

  • describe the writer's argumentative style as classical or Rogerian

  • identify and describe any logical fallacies in the writer's argument

V. Rhetorical Analysis

  • identify and describe the rhetorical appeals used by the writer

VI. Discussion/conclusion

Letter to the Reader and Process Portfolio
In addition to your essay, you will also submit, with your paper, a letter to the reader. This short, one-page, letter will describe three things:

  1. Your reading process for studying the text being studied; that is, what did studying the text look like? How many times did you read the essay? Did you make notes in the margins of the text or in a separate place. What kinds of things did you try and pay special attention to? 

  2. Your writing process; this should be the longest part of the letter and should list and describe the different steps you used and the documents you created while writing the paper. Project 2 does not have a process portfolio, so you'll have to offer more detailed descriptions of the different documents you created along the way while preparing to write the paper.

Tips and Reminders

  • In this essay, you will describe how the writer you are studying attempts to persuade his or her audience. Your paper should not be about the topic of the text or whether you personally agree or disagree with the argument. Essays written about the topic of the text being studied rather than the argumentative and rhetorical aspects of the essay will be given a failing grade. Remember that my particular version of this assignment does not require a thesis (that will come later in the semester).

  • Be sure to back up your observations about the text you're studying with excerpts from the text that support your descriptions. When introducting examples, use the templates from They Say I Say. When citing examples, either verbatim quotes or paraphrases, place the page number of the excerpt in parentheses between the quote and the sentence’s final punctuation. Here’s an example:

In a “A Carnivore’s Credo,” Scruton argues that the treatment of animals, “like much else that was once the prerogative of religion, has become a matter of ordinary morality” (259).

Submission Requirements

The essay must be submitted to Blackboard via the Project Two Assignment Description item in the Project Two content area. 

Please name your file LastName P2 Draft.

Use the following checklist when getting ready to submit your draft:



  • does your draft have one-inch margins on all four sides?

  • is your draft written using a 12-point font (nothing goofy)?

  • did you edit, spell-check, and proofread your draft?

  • does your draft contain a title that captures both the topic and main idea of the work you’re summarizing?

  • does your draft include your first and last name, the instructor’s last name, the name of the assignment, and date in the upper left corner of the first page (no cover page)?

  • does your draft include your last name and page number in the top right corner of every page? (Example: Smith 2)

  • have you named your file LastName P2 Draft?

For help formatting your document using MS-Word, consult the how-to guides on the UGL course guide for ENG 1020, located at http://guides.lib.wayne.edu/content.php?pid=85127&sid=633638 or take a look at one of the many how-to videos on YouTube.

Grading
This essay is worth 100 points or 10% of your final grade.

The grading rubric for this assignment is located below.



Name:

Grade:

Level

Subject Matter Knowledge

A

  • The A paper demonstrates exceptional control of course concepts (rhetorical situation, genre, argument, claim, good reasons, logos, ethos, pathos).

  • The A paper contains accurate descriptions of the argumentative and rhetorical strategies of the text being studied.

  • Descriptions are supported with appropriate examples from the source text.

B

  • The B paper demonstrates control of course concepts (rhetorical situation, genre, argument, claim, good reasons, logos, ethos, pathos).

  • The B paper accurately describes the argumentative and rhetorical strategies of the text being studied.

  • Descriptions are supported with mostly appropriate examples from the source text.

C

  • The C paper demonstrates understanding of most course concepts (rhetorical situation, genre, argument, claim, good reasons, logos, ethos, pathos), however, some concepts may be left out of the description.

  • The C paper contains general and mostly accurate descriptions of the argumentative and rhetorical strategies of the text being studied.

  • Descriptions are sometimes supported with appropriate examples from the source text but evidence needs to be developed.

C-/D

  • The C-/D paper demonstrates a limited or flawed understanding of course concepts.

  • The paper contains inaccurate or incomplete descriptions of the argumentative and rhetorical strategies of the text being studied.

  • The paper lacks appropriate examples.

 F

The F paper lacks any evidence of understanding of course concepts or the topic.

Comments

 

 

Genre Knowledge

A

The A paper demonstrates exceptional understanding of what’s expected by readers of the genre (the analysis essay).  

  • The essay contains an effective introduction and conclusion.

  • The essay utilizes the They Say I Say approach throughout the paper.

  • The essay contains a summary that captures the meaning of the original work but also spins the summary to fit the writer’s (your) purpose.

B

The B paper demonstrates a working understanding of what’s expected by readers of the genre.

  • The essay contains a mostly effective introduction and conclusion.

  • The essay frequently utilizes the They Say I Say approach.

  • The essay contains a summary that captures the meaning of the original work but also spins the summary to fit the writer’s (your) purpose.

C

The C paper demonstrates a satisfactory, but developing understanding of what’s expected by readers of the genre.

  • The essay contains a functional, if not entirely effective, introduction and conclusion.

  • The essay sometimes utilizes the They Say I Say approach.

  • The essay contains a summary that captures the meaning of the original work but does not spin the summary to the writer’s purpose.

C-/D

The C-/D paper demonstrates a flawed understanding of what’s expected by readers of the genre.

  • The introduction and conclusion are not appropriate for the genre.

  • The essay does not utilize the They Say I Say approach.

  • The essay contains an inaccurate or ineffective summary of the work being studied.

 F

The F paper demonstrates a deeply flawed understanding of what’s expected by readers of the genre.

Comments

 

 

Rhetorical Knowledge

A

The A paper demonstrates exceptional understanding of how to use language effectively for its audience. For this assignment, this includes the following features:

  • The paper is logically organized to support the purpose of the essay.

  • The writer constructs effective transitions between sections, paragraphs, and sentences.

  • The essay contains almost no spelling, punctuation, and/or grammatical errors.

B

The B paper demonstrates a working understanding of how to use language effectively for its audience.

  • The paper is logically organized to support the purpose of the essay.

  • The writer almost always constructs effective transitions between sections, paragraphs, and sentences.

  • The essay contains one or two spelling, punctuation, and/or grammatical errors.

C

The C paper demonstrates a satisfactory, but developing understanding of how to use language effectively for its audience.

  • The paper is organized to support the purpose of the essay but may contain gaps that make it hard for readers to follow the writer’s thinking.

  • The writer often constructs effective transitions between sections, paragraphs, and sentences.

  • The essay contains several spelling, punctuation, and/or grammatical errors.

C-/D

The C-/D paper demonstrates a flawed understanding of how to use language effectively for its audience.

  • The paper is not organized to support the purpose of the essay.

  • The essay does not contain effective transitions between sections, paragraphs, and sentences.

  • The writer exclusively uses weak verbs when summarizing.

  • The essay contains numerous spelling, punctuation, and/or grammatical errors.

 F

The F paper demonstrates a deeply flawed understanding of how to use language effectively for the paper’s audience.

Comments

 

 

Writing Process Knowledge (Letter to the Reader)

A

For A level work, there is ample and specific evidence of the writer’s control and adaptation of the writing process for the assignment. Evidence includes activities around invention, research (data gathering), drafting, revision and editing, and publication.

B

For B level work, there is specific evidence of the writer’s control and adaptation of the writing process for the assignment.

C

For C level work, there is specific, but limited evidence of the writer’s control and adaptation of the writing process for the assignment.

C-/D

For C-/D level work, there is very limited evidence of the writer’s control and adaptation of the writing process for the assignment.

F

For F level work, there is no evidence of the writer’s writing process.  

Deductions

Title (5 pts.)

 

Header info (5 pts.)

 

Pagination (5 pts.)

 

Indentation (5 pts.)

 

Spacing (5 pts.)

 

Justification (5 pts.)

 

Font (5 pts.)

 

Margins (10 pts.)

 

In-text citation (5 pts.)

 

Works Cited page (5 pts.)

 

TOTAL

 

Comments

 










 


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