Electronics and communication engineering



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UNIT -V:


The MEMORY SYSTEMS: Basic memory circuits, Memory System Consideration, Read-Only Memory: ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, Flash Memory,

Cache Memories: Mapping Functions, INTERLEAVING



Secondary Storage: Magnetic Hard Disks, Optical Disks,

UNIT -VI:


Processing Unit: Fundamental Concepts: Register Transfers, Performing An Arithmetic Or Logic Operation, Fetching A Word From Memory,

Execution of Complete Instruction, Hardwired Control,



Micro programmed Control: Microinstructions, Micro program Sequencing, Wide Branch Addressing Microinstructions with next –Address Field



OUTCOMES:


  • Students can understand the architecture of modern computer.

  • They can analyze the Performance of a computer using performance equation

  • Understanding of different instruction types.

  • 4. Students can calculate the effective address of an operand by addressing modes

  • 5. They can understand how computer stores positive and negative numbers.

  • 6. Understanding of how a computer performs arithmetic operation of positive and negative numbers.



TEXT BOOKS:


  1. Computer Organization, Carl Hamacher, Zvonks Vranesic, Safea Zaky, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill.

  2. Computer Architecture and Organization , John P. Hayes ,3rd Edition, McGraw Hill.



REFERENCE BOOKS:


  1. Computer Organization and Architecture – William Stallings Sixth Edition, Pearson/PHI

  2. Structured Computer Organization – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, 4th Edition PHI/Pearson

  3. Fundamentals or Computer Organization and Design, - Sivaraama Dandamudi Springer Int. Edition.

  4. “Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface” by David A. Patterson and John L. Hennessy.

  5. J .P. Hayes, "Computer Architecture and Organization", McGraw-Hill, 1998.



III Year - I Semester



LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS

L T P C

4 0 0 3



OBJECTIVES


    • To understand the basic operation &performance parameters of differential amplifiers.

    • To understand & learn the measuring techniques of performance parameters of OP-AMP

    • To learn the linear and non-linear applications of operational amplifiers.

    • To understand the analysis & design of different types of active filters using opamps

    • To learn the internal structure, operation and applications of different analog ICs

    • To Acquire skills required for designing and testing integrated circuits



UNIT I


INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Differential Amplifier- DC and AC analysis of Dual input Balanced output Configuration, Properties of other differential amplifier configuration (Dual Input Unbalanced Output, Single Ended Input – Balanced/ Unbalanced Output), DC Coupling and Cascade Differential Amplifier Stages, Level translator.

UNIT II


Characteristics of OP-Amps, Integrated circuits-Types, Classification, Package Types and Temperature ranges, Power supplies, Op-amp Block Diagram, ideal and practical Op-amp Specifications, DC and AC characteristics, 741 op-amp & its features, Op-Amp parameters & Measurement, Input & Out put Off set voltages & currents, slew rate, CMRR, PSRR, drift, Frequency Compensation techniques.

UNIT III


LINEAR and NON-LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OP-AMPS: Inverting and Non-inverting amplifier, Integrator and differentiator, Difference amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier, AC amplifier, V to I, I to V converters, Buffers. Non- Linear function generation, Comparators, Multivibrators, Triangular and Square wave generators, Log and Anti log Amplifiers, Precision rectifiers.

UNIT IV


ACTIVE FILTERS, ANALOG MULTIPLIERS AND MODULATORS: Design & Analysis of Butterworth active filters – 1st order, 2nd order LPF, HPF filters. Band pass, Band reject and all pass filters.

Four Quadrant Multiplier, IC 1496, Sample & Hold circuits.



UNIT V


TIMERS & PHASE LOCKED LOOPS: Introduction to 555 timer, functional diagram, Monostable and Astable operations and applications, Schmitt Trigger; PLL - introduction, block schematic, principles and description of individual blocks, 565 PLL, Applications of PLL – frequency multiplication, frequency translation, AM, FM & FSK demodulators. Applications of VCO (566).

UNIT VI


DIGITAL TO ANALOG AND ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS: Introduction, basic DAC techniques, weighted resistor DAC, R-2R ladder DAC, inverted R-2R DAC, and IC 1408 DAC, Different types of ADCs – parallel Comparator type ADC, counter type ADC, successive approximation ADC and dual slope ADC.DAC and ADC Specifications, Specifications AD 574 (12 bit ADC).

TEXT BOOKS:


  1. Linear Integrated Circuits – D. Roy Choudhury, New Age International (p) Ltd, 2nd Edition,2003.

  2. Op-Amps & Linear ICs - Ramakanth A. Gayakwad, PHI,1987.

  3. Operational Amplifiers–C.G. Clayton, Butterworth & Company Publ. Ltd./Elsevier, 1971



REFERENCES :





  1. Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits –Sanjay Sharma ;SK Kataria &Sons;2nd Edition,2010

  2. Design with Operational Amplifiers & Analog Integrated Circuits – Sergio Franco, McGraw Hill, 1988.

  3. OP AMPS and Linear Integrated Circuits concepts and Applications, James M Fiore, Cenage Learning India Ltd.

  4. Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits–R.F.Coughlin & Fredrick Driscoll, PHI, 6th Edition.

  5. Operational Amplifiers & Linear ICs – David A Bell, Oxford Uni. Press, 3rd Edition



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