Edna Pontellier’s Awakening and her Final Decision in Kate Chopin’s Novel



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Appendix 3: Character map of a novel The Awakening





1 “Local color or regional literature is fiction and poetry that focuses on the characters, dialect, customs, topography, and other features particular to a specific region. Influenced by South-western and Down East humor, between the Civil War and the end of the nineteenth century this mode of writing became dominant in American literature. According to the Oxford Companion to American Literature, ‘In local-color literature one finds the dual influence of romanticism and realism, since the author frequently looks away from ordinary life to distant lands, strange customs, or exotic scenes, but retains through minute detail a sense of fidelity and accuracy of description’ (439). Its weaknesses may include nostalgia or sentimentality. Its customary form is the sketch or short story”(Campbell).

2 A Creole is a “white person descended from the French or Spanish settlers of Louisiana and the Gulf states and preserving their characteristic speech and culture” (Bauman).

3 Quoted in Per Seyersted , Kate Chopin: A Critical Biography (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1969), pp. 58-59.

4 In American history, the Gilded Age refers to the era of rapid economic and population growth in the United States and extravagant displays of wealth and excess of America's upper class during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction era of the late 19th century (1865-1901). The term “Gilded Age” was coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in their 1873 book, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. The name refers to the process of gilding and is meant to signify ostentatious display (“Gilded Age,” Wikipedia).


5 “Go away! Go away! For heaven’s sake! ”

6 Birth order is defined as a person's rank by age among his or her siblings. Birth order is often believed to have a profound and lasting effect on psychological development. This assertion has been repeatedly challenged by researchers. (www.Wikipedia)

7 Dr. phil. Jirina PREKOP was born in 1929 and grew up in Moravia. She studied philosophy, psychology and pedagogy and in her practice she focuses on family constellations and effect of birth order

8 Cited in Sandra Gilbert’s The Awakening and Selected Stories by Kate Chopin, p. 9.

9 Interpretive strategies are intellectual resources varying across environments that create new readings of texts and therefore new audience-and even new canons. Sociological Perpectives; Volume 45, Issue 2, paga 141.

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