Ed person names and personified entities abraham



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ED PERSON NAMES and PERSONIFIED ENTITIES
Abraham, proper n. [Heb. ‘father of a multitude’.] Abram's new name; father of Isaac in the Old Testament; covenant name of the first Hebrew patriarch in the Bible [see Genesis 22 and ED’s letters].

1317/1332 Isaac was an Urchin -- / Abraham was old



Adam, proper n. [Heb. ‘man’ < adama, earth.] (webplay: earth, first, humans, like, unite). First man; husband of the first woman, Eve; name given to the father of the human family in the Bible. Adam and Eve transgressed and left the Garden of Eden so that their posterity would experience life, death, and a resurrection through the atonement of Jesus Christ [see Romans 5:12-14; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22 and ED’s letters].

428/386 Doubtless -- "Adam" scowled at Eden -- / For his perjury!



Alden, John, proper n. [OE, eald, old + denn, shelter, retreat, town’; see also John, proper n.] John Alden (c1598-1687); one of the founding fathers of the Plymouth colony; pilgrim who served in numerous public offices; last surviving signer of the Mayflower Compact; main character of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s short story, The Courtship of Miles Standish; proxy for Standish in his marriage proposal to Priscilla; [fig.] God the Son; Jesus Christ; [see ED’s letters].

357/615 God . . . Woos . . . by His Son . . . "Miles", and "John Alden" were Synonyme



Amphitrite, proper n. [poss. < Gk amphr, ‘wearing away all around,’ ‘corrode’]. Greek goddess of the sea; wife of Poseidon; mythical mother of Triton; [fig.] the supernatural power of an ocean.

284/255 The Drop, that wrestles in the Sea . . . forgetting Amphitrite -- / Pleads -- "Me"?



Ananias, proper n. [Gk < Heb ‘Jehovah has shown favor’, ‘the grace of God’]. Man who died because he lied to God and to Peter in the New Testament [see Acts 5:1-6]; early Christian who had consecrated his earnings for the support of the poor but kept part of the profit for himself [see Acts 2:44-45].

1201/1271 Moses was'nt fairly used -- / Ananias was'nt



Andre ('s), Major, proper n. [Fr. form of Eng. ‘Andrew’ < Gk ‘manly, strong, courageous, warrior’.] John Andre (1750-1780); English officer who conspired with Benedict Arnold for the surrender of West Point; soldier captured and executed when he unwittingly revealed his identity to Revolutionary Army soldiers; Johnson ed. of ED's poems says: “Major John Andre's request that he be allowed a soldier's death by shooting was denied by Washington, and he was hanged as a spy”; [see ED’s letters].

468/602 The Manner of it's Death . . . 'Tis deemed a privilege to choose -- / 'Twas Major Andre's Way



Anglo-Florentine, proper n. [OE Angl-us, hook, + L. Colonia Florentia, city of flowers]. Elizabeth Barrett Browning; nineteenth-century English poet who lived in Italy; woman from England who resided in Florence, chief city of Tuscany.

312/600 Not unto it's Summer -- Morning / Robin -- uttered Half the Tune / Gushed . . . From the Anglo-Florentine



Arcturus, proper n. [L. < Gk ‘guardian of the bear’.] (webplay: star). Star located at the tail of the Bear in Ursa Major; brightest star in the Big Dipper constellation; [fig.] a star personified.

70/117 "Arcturus" is his other name -- / I'd rather call him "Star."



Atropos, proper n. [Gk ‘inflexible’]. One of the three Fates; third daughter of Zeus and Themis in Greek mythology; demi-goddess who cuts the thread that determines a human life span; [fig.] fate; fortune; chance; destiny; luck; [see ED’s letters].

11/38 Should a shrewd betray me — / Atropos decide!



Austin, proper n. [clipping of Augustine, see august, adj.] Austin Dickinson (1829-1895); first name of ED’s older brother; husband of Susan Gilbert Dickinson; [see ED’s letters].

2/App.13 Never mind faded forests, Austin


Barabbas (Barabbas’), proper n. [Heb. ‘son of the father’ < bar, son + abbá, father]. Prisoner; convict for whom Christ suffered death by crucifixion; criminal released instead of Jesus in the New Testament [see Matthew 27:16]; [fig.] redeemed one; ransomed soul; [see ED letters].

527/404 his faint Confederates / Justify . . . Strong Clusters, from Barabbas' Tomb



Bartsia, proper n. [Named by Linnæus after Bartsch of Königsberg.] Bartsia latifolia scrophulariaceæ; abundant wayside weed; flowering cornfield plant; herb with narrow, tapering, purplish green leaves and dull red flowers; [fig.] a flower personified.

142/85 'Tis . . . Bartsia, in the blanket red, / And chubby Daffodil.



Beatrice, proper n. [L. beatrix, woman who blesses, one who makes happy]. Beatrice Portinari (c. 1266-1290); red-gowned daughter of a rich Florentine; deceased heroine of Dante’s Divine Comedy; beloved woman that Dante portrays in the Paradiso.

371/569 Beatrice wore / The Gown that Dante -- deified



Bell, Currer, proper n. [see bell, n.; see also Currer, proper n.] (webplay: ear, birds, meeting, nightly, sounds). Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855); ambiguous, masculine, non-Christian pseudonym; acrostic pen name of the early 19th century British author who wrote Jane Eyre; [see ED letters].

148/146 "Currer Bell" . . . This Bird . . . not in all the nests I meet -- / Can Nightingale be seen



Belshazzar (-‘s), proper n. [Heb. ‘Lord of treasure.’] Biblical king of Babylon; wicked ruler who saw the Lord’s handwriting on his palace wall; ancient monarch who received a written warning from God [see Daniel 5].

1459/1487 Belshazzar had a letter



Bernardine, proper adj. [Germanic ber(n), bear (animal) + hard, hardy, brave, strong; Heb. ‘resolute son.’] Silent; reverent; quiet; saintly; holy; nun-like; according to the order of St. Bernard, an order of monks who wore white robes.

183/211 I've heard an Organ talk . . . and gone away / A more Bernardine Girl



Blue Beard, proper n. [see blue, adj. and beard, n.] (webplay: ears, heaven, old). Bluebeard; Guilles de Rais (1404-1440); Marquis de Laval; military companion of Joan of Arc; main character in a Charles Perrault fairy story who killed several wives and kept their bodies in a closet; man executed for killing six of his seven wives after having their portraits painted.

302/408 Like some Old fashioned Miracle . . . Seems Summer's Recollection . . . Blue Beard’s Galleries . . . Ear -- and Heaven -- numb



Boanerges, proper n. [Chaldee, ‘sons of commotion’; Aramaic, ‘sons of thunder’]. James and John [see Mark 3:17]; nickname that Christ gave to the two sons of Zebedee; [fig.] disciple; apostolic messenger; loud orator; vociferous preacher; subject of an 1858 biographical sketch by James Challen.

585 I like to see it . . . neigh like Boanerges



Bobadilo, proper n. [Arab. name Abouabdilla, name; or Fr. Bobo + Dyula.]. Francisco de Bobadilla (d.1502); Spanish governor of Hispaniola who ordered the arrest of Christopher Columbus and sent him back to Spain in chains; [fig.] autocrat; wealthy man; powerful leader.

697/726 Dower itself – for Bobadilo – // Better – Could I bring?



Bobadilo, proper n. [Arab. name Abouabdilla, name; or Fr. Bobo + Dyula.]. 1.) Francisco de Bobadilla (d.1502); Spanish governor of Hispaniola who ordered the arrest of Christopher Columbus and sent him back to Spain in chains; or 2.) Nicolas Bobadilla; Basque priest among Loyola’s Jesuits in Spain; [fig.] autocrat; wealthy man; powerful leader.

697/726 Dower itself – for Bobadilo – // Better – Could I bring?



Boon, Daniel, proper n. [see Boone, Daniel, proper n. and ED letters].

Boone, Daniel, proper n. [see boon, n. and Daniel, proper n.] Daniel Boone (1735-1820); American folk hero; frontiersman known for his pioneering of the Ohio valley; [fig.] explorer; adventurer.

3/2 Hurrah for Daniel Boone!

[check Bourbon?]

Bridget, proper n.[Fr. < L. < Celtic Brighid, high goddess.] Pagan grain goddess; holy woman in Ireland; female saint in Irish Christianity; [fig.] housewife; strong woman.

1275/1373 The Spider . . . Is . . . certified / By every Broom and Bridget / Throughout a Christian Land



Bronte, proper n. [Gk ‘thunder’; see Bell, Currer]. Charlotte Brontë; author of Jane Eyre; 19th century female British novelist; [see ED letters].

148/146 Oh what an afternoon for Heaven, / When "Bronte" entered there!



Bryant’s, proper n. [Celtic, possibly ‘strong, in a position of dignity’]. William Cullen Bryant (1794-1878); 19th-century New England poet; writer who often used natural images in his poetry; [see ED letters].

131/123 Gone – Mr Bryant’s “Golden Rod”



Burgoyne, proper n. [Fr. < Gothic baurgs, burgh, borough, barriers]. John Burgoyne (1722-1792); British general in the American Revolution; leader who surrendered to American forces at Saratoga in 1777; [fig.] bloodshed; laborious struggle; difficult fight that ends in defeat; [fig.] sundown; red sky at dusk.

1174/1316 There's the Battle of Burgoyne – / Over, every Day, / By the Time that Man and Beast / Put their work away



Caesar (-s), proper n. [L. < a caeso matric utere, from the incised womb (caesarian section) < caesaries, head of hair; see czar].

A. Roman surname; [fig.] ruler; powerful leader; grand person.

1325/1333 Knock with tremor – / These are Caesars

B. Roman emporer; cognomen of Caius Julius Cæsar (100-44 B.C.); title character of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar [see ED letters].

102/149 Great Caesar! Condescend / The Daisy, to receive, / Gathered by Cato’s Daughter

Carlo, proper n. [L. < Germanic Karl, free man]. ED’s dog (ca.1850-1866); Newfoundland who roamed with ED in nature; large, brown dog that ED received as a gift from her father; [allusions] main canine character in Ik Marvel’s Reveries of a Bachelor; St. John River’s dog in Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre; [fig.] ally; mentor; instructor; “the noblest work of Art” [see ED letters].

186/237 Tell Carlo – / He’ll tell Me!



Cato (-’s), proper n. [L. catus, sharp, shrewd, cunning].

A. Marcus Porcius Cato (95-46 B.C.); Cato the younger; vocal opponent to Caesar; Roman politician, orator, and military hero; uncle of Brutus; father of Brutus’ wife Portia; [fig.] a persuasive speech maker; a stoic orator; a lecturing moralist.

97/76 My flowers . . . eloquent declare / What Cato couldn’t prove me

B. Phrase. “Cato’s daughter”: Portia; wife of Brutus; direct quote from Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar 2.1.295.

102/149 Great Caesar! Condescend / The Daisy, to receive, / Gathered by Cato’s Daughter, / With your majestic leave!

Christ (-’s), proper n. [OE < L. < Gk, trans. of Heb. < m’shiach yahweh, the Lord’s Anointed] (webplay: Savior). Redeemer; title of Jesus of Nazareth; loving Being of the universe; divine teacher; merciful leader; deity who saves people by atonement for their sins; sinless Son of God who was crucified and conquered death through resurrection; [see Luke 2:11].

833/273 Christ – stooped until He touched the Grave



Christian, proper adj. [L.; see Christ]. Religious; pious; humble; decent; respectable; civilized; believing in the divinity of Jesus Christ; belonging to the religion of Jesus Christ; [see Acts 11:26].

1275/1373 his surpassing merit / Is freely certified . . . Throughout a Christian Land



Cinderella (-’s), proper n. [Fr. Cendrillon < cendres, ashes; see cinder]. Fairy tale princess; heroine of a story in “Mother Goose Tales” (1697) by French writer Perrault; children’s book character who sat near the fire in the ashes when her work was done; maiden whose fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a coach and mice into horses.

302/408 Like some Old fashioned Miracle . . . Seems Summer’s Recollection . . . As infinite Tradition / As Cinderella’s Bays



Cleopatra (’s), proper n. [Gk kleos, glory + patr, father, ‘fame of the fatherland’]. Cleopatra VII (c. 69-30 B.C.); beautiful queen of Egypt; ill-fated woman known for her love affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony; tragic heroine of Shakespeare’s play Antony and Cleopatra [see ED’s letters]; [fig.] a powerful leader; elegant person who enjoys excess.

627/696 The . . . Array – / That swaggers on the eye / Like Cleopatra’s Company



Columbus, proper n. [L. columba ‘dove’]. Christopher Columbus (1451-1506); man who encountered the Americas in October 1492 while searching for the east Indies [see ED letters]; Spanish explorer originally from Genoa in Italy; [fig.] treasure seeker; pilgrim to the promised land.

3/2 It was the brave Columbus / A sailing o’er the tide



Currer, proper n. [OFr. currier, a leather dresser; see Bell, Currer]. First name in Charlotte Brontë’s acrostic pseudonym; married surname of Bronte’s neighbor Frances Mary Richardson Currer of Easton Hall, known for her library.

148/146 "Currer Bell" . . . This Bird . . . not in all the nests I meet -- / Can Nightingale be seen



Daniel, proper n. [Heb., ‘God is my judge’; see Boone, Daniel, proper n.]

Dante, proper n. [It. Durante, steadfast, enduring, lasting]. Dante Alighieri (1265-1321); Italian poet best known for his Divine Comedy; [see ED letters].

371/569 Beatrice wore / The Gown that Dante – deified



David, proper n. [Heb., ‘darling, beloved, dear one’]. Old Testament giant-killer; youngest son of Jesse; man who killed Goliath with a slingshot; Israelite who calmed Saul by playing the harp; anointed king of Israel; [see 1 Samuel 17 and ED’s letters].

540/660 I took my Power in my Hand . . . ’Twas not so much as David – had



Demosthenes, proper n. [Gk ‘strong with the people’ < dmos, people + sthenos, ‘strength, power’]. Greek orator (384-322 B.C.); 4th century B.C. Athenian statesman; great speaker who overcame a stuttering problem; [fig.] frog.

1379/1355 Demosthenes has vanished / In the Waters Green



Dollie (’s), proper n. [clipping of Dorothy, ‘gift of God’ < Gk dron, ‘gift’ + theos, ‘god’; see doll, n. and ED’s letters]. Nickname for Susan H. Gilbert; wife of Austin Dickinson; ED’s dear friend, poetic mentor, next door neighbor, and sister-in-law; [fig.] comfort; company of another.

156/218 I shall not cheater wake . . . to find the Sunrise left . . . And Dollie – gone!



Domenichino, proper n. [It.< Fr. Dominique < L. dominus, ‘lord’, ‘master’]. Domenico Zampieri (1581-1641); famous artist; Italian painter of frescoes.

291/327 Domenichino dropped his pencil – / Paralyzed, with Gold



Druid, proper n. [Fr. < L. < Celtic, ‘tree-seer, oak-knower’]. Forest; grove; oak-tree; leafy plant whereon mistletoe grows; [fig.] magic; mystery; transcendent; natural world; ancient order of priests in Celtic lands; [fig.] poet; bard; cantor; diviner; oracle; philosopher; prophet; singer; song-writer.

44/60 Since I am of the Druid . . . I’ll deck Tradition’s buttonhole



Druidic, proper adj. [see Druid, proper n.] (webplay: nation, natural). Celtic; fundamental; limbic; primal; primeval; [fig.] poetic; healing; magical; mystical; mythical; numinous; supernatural; transcendental; spiritual; [see E. B. Browning’s Aurora Leigh and ED’s letters].

1068/895 a Druidic Difference / Enhances Nature now



Elijah (’s), proper n. [Heb. ‘God of Jehovah’]. Old Testament prophet; holy man who ascended to heaven in a fiery chariot; [see 2 Kings 2:11 and ED’s letters].

1254/1288 Elijah’s Wagon knew no thill



Eliza, proper n. [Short form of Elizabeth, proper n.] Eliza M. Coleman; ED’s friend and cousin; wife of the Rev. John Dudley; thoughtful young woman; [see ED’s letters].

1/1 There’s Sarah, and Eliza, and Emeline so fair



Elizabeth, proper n. [Gk > Heb. ‘God is my oath’]. Queen Elizabeth I of England (1533-1603); female monarch who sentenced the Duke of Essex to death for treason.

1321/1336 Elizabeth told Essex / That she could not forgive



Emeline, proper n. [see Emily, proper n.] Emeline Kellogg; ED’s childhood friend; wife of Henry Nash; young maiden; [see ED’s letters].

1/1 There's Sarah, and Eliza, and Emeline so fair



Emily, proper n. [fem. Emil < Fr. < L. ‘admirable, beloved’ < Germanic ‘industrious’]. Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (1830-1886); alias “Socrates” in ED’s circle of fellow students; aunt of Ned Dickinson born in 1861; [see ED’s letters].

227/198 Baby – / Teach Him . . . Some like “Emily.”



Epigea, proper n. [Gk epi, upon + gaia, earth]. Epigea repens; evergreen plant with white berry-like fruit and heart-shaped leaves; fragrant rose-colored flower that bloom in April; low-growing New England shrub that prefers poor soil and northern hill-sides; [fig.] Spring; Mother Nature; flower personified as Earth goddess

142/85 Hush! Epigea wakens!



Essex, proper n. [OE ‘country of the East Saxons’; east, adj. and Saxon, proper n.] English Duke; courtier of Elizabeth I during the Renaissance; nobleman who held land in the eastern area of England; friend of Queen Elizabeth, who sentenced him to death for treason.

1321/1336 Elizabeth told Essex / That she could not forgive



Eve, proper n. [Heb. Chavvah, ‘life-giver’]. First woman; wife of Adam; mother of all humankind; first person to eat fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil; first one to experience the Fall from the Garden of Eden to mortality [see Genesis 3 and ED’s letters].

503/378 Melody – / Quaintly infer – Eve’s great surrender



Gabriel, proper n. [Heb. ‘valiant man of God’].

A. Angel; archangel; divine messenger; holy personage who announced the name and mission of John the Baptist to Zacharias; spiritual being who announced the name and birth of Jesus Christ to Mary; [see Daniel 8 & 9; Luke 1; see also ED’s letters].

195/230 Get Gabriel – to tell – the royal syllable

B. Songbird; [fig.] oracle; prophet; bearer of glad tidings.

1483/1520 The Robin is a Gabriel / In humble circumstances

Gentian (-s), proper n. [L. < Gentius, king of Illyria]. Gentiana lutea; purple wildflower that blooms in the fall; medicinal plant; remedy for discouragement; [fig.] flower personified; [see ED’s letters].

442/520 God made a little Gentian . . . The Frosts were her condition



Gessler, proper n. [possibly Ger. ‘fellow, companion, journeyman’ or ‘falconer’]. Hermann Gessler; early 14th century Swiss bailiff; Austrian governor of Tyrol; legendary official who tried to punish William Tell by commanding him to shoot an apple off his son’s head; tyrant shot by Tell in 1307.

1152/1148 Tell would not bare his Head . . . Threatened for that with Death – by Gessler



Ghost, proper n. [see ghost, n. and Holy Ghost, proper n.]

God (-s, ’s), proper n. [OE < Indo-European gheu, ‘to invoke’ or ‘to pour, to offer sacrifice’.] (webplay: angel, chief, deity, honor, infinite, Jehovah, sovereign, supreme, universe); see ED’s letters.

A. Deity; Supreme Being; Creator; maker of the universe; immortal Father of humanity.

906/830 The Finite – furnished / With the Infinite . . . Back – toward Time – / And forward – / Toward the God of Him

B. Loving ruler of heaven; steward of the afterlife; receiver of the righteous dead into paradise.

78/125 The angels . . . carried it to God

C. Omnipotent being; divine judge of humanity; all-knowing deity with the power to correctly judge the acts of those who have died; just Father with the authority to justly judge His children.

625/691 the time / For Interview – had Come – / Before the Judgment Seat of God

D. Supreme being that hears and answers prayers.

49/39 Twice have I stood a beggar / Before the door of God! / Angels – twice descending / Reimbursed my store

E. Phrase [interjection]. “Oh God”: no; it can’t be; expression of desperation.

201/227 Oh God! the Other One!

Goliah, proper n. [Heb. poss. < glh, ‘denude, strip, exile’]. Philistine giant; champion slain by the young David with a sling and stones; [fig.] problem; hardship; enemy; personal challenge; [see 1 Samuel 17 and ED’s letters].

540/660 Was it Goliah – was too large – / Or was myself – too small?



Guido, proper n. [It. form of Guy < Fr./Germanic ‘leader, guide’]. Fra Angelico; Italian Renaissance painter; perhaps Guido Reni (1575-1642), Guido di Pietra (1387-1455), or Guido de Siena (ca 1220 - ca 1280).

291/327 These are the Visions flitted Guido



Hamlet, proper n. [Germanic ham, home, + let]. Main character in a tragedy by Shakespeare; prince of Denmark who avenges his father’s murder; [see ED’s letters].

741/776 “Hamlet” to Himself were Hamlet



Harriet, proper n. [Fr. < Germanic, ‘home-rule,’ ‘mistress of the house’]. Harriet Orinda Merrill; childhood friend of ED; dear young woman; [see ED’s letters].

1/1 There’s . . . Harriet, and Susan . . . comely maidens sitting upon the tree



Herschel, proper n. [German/Yiddish Hirsch, deer]. Sir William Herschel (1738-1822); astronomer who discovered a planet in 1781; [fig.] the distant planet now called Uranus; name that Herschel proposed for the planet that he discovered.

835/803 My Secret as secure / As Herschel’s private interest



Holland, proper n. [Dutch < holt, wood + lant, land]. Dr. Josiah Gilbert Holland (1819-1881); friend of the Dickinson family; Massachusetts doctor who became a writer; associate editor of the Springfield Republican; [see ED’s letters].

163/131 You and I, and Dr Holland, / Bloom Eternally!



Holy Ghost, proper n. [see holy, adj. + ghost, n.] Divine being; Holy Spirit; third member of the Godhead; discorporate member of the Christian Trinity; spiritual messenger for God and Jesus Christ; [see Matthew 1:18 and ED’s letters].

413/437 If God could make a visit . . . Myself would run away / From Him – and Holy Ghost – and all



Isaac, proper n. [Heb. yitschak, laughter]. Son of Abraham and Sarah; Old Tes tament patriarch; promised child that God commanded Abraham to sacrifice as a test of faith [see Genesis 22 and ED’s letters].

1317/1332 Isaac was an Urchin – / Abraham was old



Iscariot, proper n. [Heb. inhabitant of Kerioth, ‘mortal city’]. Judas Iscariot; apostle of Jesus Christ; disciple who betrayed Christ by kissing him on the cheek; [fig.] traitor; betrayer; deceiver; dissenter; evil member of a group; [see Matthew 10:4].

1298/1350 Had Nature [one “Iscariot” / That Mushroom it is him.]



Ishmael, proper n. [Heb. ‘God will hear’]. Son of Abraham by Hagar; [fig.] man of the wilderness; main character in Herman Melville’s 1851 novel Moby Dick; [see Genesis 16-17 and ED’s letters].

504/676 Ishamel – since we met – ’tis long



Israel, proper n. [Heb. ‘he perseveres with God’, ‘let God prevail’]. Jacob the patriarch; son of Isaac and Rebekah; twin brother of Esau; second-born male who received the first-born male’s birthright; grandson of Abraham; father of twelve sons and one daughter [see Genesis 25, 32, 49]; the twelve tribes of the Old Testament; descendants of Jacob and his wives; stubborn people led by Moses from Egypt to Canaan [see Exodus 13 and ED’s letters].

597/521 The fault – was doubtless Israel’s


Israel (-’s), proper n. [< Heb. , lit. ‘he that striveth with God’, symbolic proper name conferred upon Jacob (Gen. 32:28); or ‘God’s warrior’ < Heb. sara, to fight, and El, God.]. Jacob the patriarch; son of Isaac and Rebekah; twin brother of Esau; second-born male who received the first-born male’s birthright; grandson of Abraham; father of twelve sons and one daughter;(see Genesis 25, 32, 49); the Israelites; the twelve tribes of the Old Testament; descendants of Jacob and his wives; stubborn people led by Moses from Egypt to Canaan (see Exodus 13 and ED’s letters).

597/521 The fault – was doubtless Israel’s



Jacob, proper n. [L. < Gk < Heb. ‘heel-catcher, supplanter’; see Israel, proper n.] Israel; birthright son of Isaac and Rebekah; man who wrestled all night with a messenger of God; father of the Israelite nation [see Genesis 27, 32 and ED’s letters].

59/145 Jacob, waxing strong, / The Angel begged permission / to Breakfast — to return!



James, St., [see St. James].

Jason, proper n. [Gk iasthai, to heal; see also Heb. Joshua, the Lord heals]. Hero in Greek mythology; husband of Medea; man who led the Argonauts through various adventures in order to obtain the golden fleece from King Aeetes.

1466/1488 I never thought that Jason sought / For any Golden Fleece



Jehovah (-s, -’s), proper n. [Heb. Yahweh, to be, exist.] (webplay: God, spirit). The Lord; name of the Creator of the world; the God of the Bible; just and merciful Deity; loving almighty ruler of the universe; [see Exodus 6:3 and ED letters].

476/711 I prayed – / Great Spirit – Give to me / A Heaven . . . A Smile suffused Jehovah’s face



Jesuit, proper n. [L. Jsta, little Jesus; see Jesus, proper n.] Member of the “Society of Jesus”; monk of the order that Ignatius Loyola founded in 1533; Roman Catholic priest that espouses strict obedience to the Pope; one who has received elite intellectual and spiritual training; [fig.] bird personified; zealot; pretender; deceiver; cunning one; shrewd creature.

1466/1488 The Jesuit of Orchards / He cheats as he enchants



Jesus, proper n. [L. < Gk < Heb. yehôshûa, God is salvation, and < Aramaic Jeshua, savior, healing; see also Christ, proper n.] Savior; sinless eternal being; given name of the Son of God; King of the Jews; baby born of Mary at Bethlehem; New Testament divine personage; Jewish leader of twelve disciples and many other followers; prophet and rabbi from Nazareth of Galilee; Redeemer who rescues mortals from death and sin; [see John 18:7 and ED’s letters].

502/377 Say, Jesus Christ of Nazareth — / Hast thou no Arm for Me?



Jew, proper n. [ME < OFr < L. < Gk < Heb. yehûdhh, Judah, praise, celebrate].

A. Israelite; one of Hebrew ancestry; one whose religion is Judaism; person of the tribe of Judah in the House of Israel [see ED’s letters]; [fig.] businessman; moneylender; usurer; individual obsessed with money [see Shylock in SH’s Merchant of Venice].

223/258 ’Twould be a bargain for a Jew!

B. Wealthy person; well-dressed man; individual wearing fine clothing and precious ornaments; [word play] jewel; multi-faceted stone.

304/572 The Orchard sparkled like a Jew

John, proper n. [L. < Gk < Heb. yôchnn, God is gracious].

A. John the Baptist; son of Zacharias and Elisabeth; cousin of Jesus; man who prepared the way for Christ; visionary who suffered imprisonment, persecution, and execution by beheading under Herodias’ orders [see Luke 2; Matthew 14; see also next definition].

497/366 Jesus — it’s your little “John”! / Don’t you know – me?

B. John the Beloved; son of Zebedee; brother of James; one of the Twelve disciples of Jesus; apostle who rested his head on Christ’s breast at the Last Supper; author of the book of Revelation; holy man who has not known death; witness of Christ who did not die so that he can testify of the death and resurrection of Christ [see John 21 and ED’s letters].

497/366 Jesus — it’s your little “John”! / Don’t you know – me?

John, Little, proper n. [see John, proper n. above.] Little John; John Little of Derbyshire; giant bowman; loyal companion of Robin Hood; member of a green-clad forest band who robbed from the rich to feed the poor.

302/408 Like Some Old fashinoned Miracle . . . Seems Summer’s Recollection . . . As infinite Tradition / As . . . Little John – of Lincoln Green



John, proper n. [See Alden, John, proper n.]

Jove, proper n. [L. Jovis-pater, shining father; see Jupiter, proper n.] (webplay: god). Roman supreme deity; God the Father; deity of the Bible; euphemism for Jehovah in Shakespeare’s time; [fig.] judge; ruler; lawmaker; [see ED’s letters].

116/101 I’ll vindicate the law — / Jove! Choose your counsel



Judas, proper n. [L. < Gk < Heb. ‘celebrated’]. Judas Iscariot; disciple who betrayed Jesus Christ; man who revealed the location and identity of Christ to enemies; [fig.] traitor; betrayer; apostate; evil informer; [see Matthew 26 and ED’s letters].

1545/1577 The Bible is an antique Volume . . . Judas – the Great Defaulter



Juliet, proper n. [Fr. < L. ‘downy-face’ < Julius, hairy; Roman family name]. Lover; darling; sweetheart; young wife in Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet.

741/776 “Romeo” left no Record / Of his Juliet



Jupiter, proper n.[L. Jovis-pater, shining father; see Jove, proper n.] Zeus; divine being; supreme deity of the Roman pantheon; planet named after the Roman god; [see ED’s letters].

1730/54 Jupiter! my father! / I perceive the rose!



Katie, proper n. [dim. of Katherine < Gk ‘pure’ or ‘dear’]. Catherine Scott Turner Anthon; ED's childhood friend; woman who remarried after the death of her first husband; friend to whom ED sent a pair of garters in a letter [see ED’s letters].

222/49 Ah! Katie! Smile at Fortune, with two so knit to thee!



Kidd (William Kidd), proper n. [ME < ON]. William Kidd (1645-1701); 17th century English explorer; man on a quest for gold in the Americas; pirate who was hung for his crimes.

555/561 By this – was William Kidd / Persuaded of the Buried Gold



Leontodon, proper n. [Gk ‘lion’ + ‘tooth’; see dandelion]. Dandelion; plant of the genus Leontodon; flower growing in a valley; [fig.] baby; young one; child in a bed; flower personified; [see ED’s letters].

142/85 Nearest the door – to wake the 1st – / Little Leontodon.



Le Verriere, proper n. [Norman Fr. Verrier, glass blower < L. vitrum, glass.] Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier (1811-1877); renowned French astronomer; scientist who accurately predicted the existence and position of the planet Neptune; [fig.] one highly skilled in observation.

149/159 She dropt as softly as a star / From out my summer’s eve – / Less skillful than Le Verriere



Little John, proper n. [see John, Little, proper n.]

Lord (-s, ’s), proper n. [OE hláford, bread-keeper.] (webplay: Christ, gave, lady, person, realm, Spirit, title).

A. Jehovah; God; divine sovereign; [see ED’s letters].

1401/1436 Whatever Realm I forfeit, Lord, / Continue me in this!

B. Master; superior; sovereign; one who has power over another; [see ED’s letters].

438/625 Deny! . . . For . . . Opportunity – Her Lord away? / The lady with the Amulet – will fade

C. Phrase. “the Lord of Lords”: Jesus Christ; [see Revelation 17:14, 19:16].

171/169 such a modest Clay . . . My Lord – “the Lord of Lords” / Receives unblushingly!

Lot, proper n. [Heb. ‘covering, veil’]. Nephew of Abraham; son of Abraham’s brother Haran; Old Testament man who welcomed two angels into his home [see Genesis 19]; righteous man who lived in Sodom and then escaped its destruction with his wife and daughters.

702/732 A first Mute Coming – / In the Stranger’s House . . . Lot – exhibited to / Faith



Luna, proper n. [L. lna, moon]. Moon goddess; radiant one; Greek lunar deity; daughter of Hyperion and Theia; sister of Helius, the sun god; Roman name for the Greek goddess Selene, who wears a lunar crescent on her head as she rides a silver chariot across the night sky; [fig.] the Moon; Earth’s natural satellite personified.

3/2 Tell Luna, tea is waiting / And call your brother Mars



Mars, proper n. [L. ‘God of war’]. Fourth planet from the sun; Roman god of agriculture, livestock, and battle; son of Jupiter and Juno; [fig.] celestial body personified.

3/2 Tell Luna, tea is waiting / And call your brother Mars



Mercury (-’s)

Memnon, proper n. [Gk, ‘skilled builder’; possibly related to Egyptian Ammenemes or Amenhotep]. Ethiopian king; conqueror in Greek mythology; son of Eos, the dawn goddess; hero killed by Achilles but granted immortality by Zeus; [fig.] warrior; strong one.

261/324 Would but the “Memnon” of the Desert – / Teach me the strain / That vanquished Him



Midas, proper n. [L. < Gk < Assyrian mita]. Anatolian ruler (c. 736-636 B.C.); legendary king of Phrygia; man who received granted the wish that all he touched would turn to gold; [fig.] miser; greedy person; [see ED’s letters].

1548/1578 Destiny is . . . economical of Bliss / As Midas is of Gold



Miles, proper n. [poss. L. soldier nickname for Michael.] Miles Standish (1584-1656); suitor in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem The Courtship of Miles Standish; man who sent John Alden as a proxy to do his courting; [fig.] God the Father; [see ED’s letters].

357/615 Verily, a Vicarious Courtship – / “Miles”, and Priscilla”, were such an One



Montcalm, proper n. [Fr. < mont, to go upwards + Fr. calme, stillness]. General Louis Joseph Montcalm (1712-1759); French general who died in battle defending Quebec against British general James Wolfe.

678/482 Montcalm . . . Rendered with a smile / “Sweet” said he



Moses, proper n. [L.< Gk < Heb. msheh, ‘rescued’].

A. Old Testament leader; Israel’s greatest prophet; man who went up mount Sinai to receive the ten commandments [see Exodus 14]; one who guided the Israelites to the promised land but did not enter [see Exodus 34]; [fig.] visionary leader; one who has a broad view of the world; [see Isaac Watts’ hymn “There is a land of pure delight”].

112/114 “Oh could we climb where Moses stood, / And view the Landscape o’er”

B. Friend of God; prophet who spoke to Jehovah face to face [see Exodus 3:2, 33:11].

1733/1342 “Am not consumed” old Moses wrote, / “Yet saw him face to face”

Mozart, proper n. [Ger. md, spirit, mind, courage + hard, hardy, brave, strong]. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791); Austrian musical genius; [fig.] master musician.

503/378 the Composer – perfect Mozart – / Perish with him – that Keyless Rhyme!



Myrmidon (-s), proper n. [ME < L. < Gk ‘ant’]. Mythological race that Zeus created from ants; warlike people from Thessalia; group who followed Achilles on the expedition against Troy; [fig.] soldier; warrior; loyal follower; trusted person; faithful subordinate who carries out orders without questions.

311/291 It Ruffles Wrists of Posts . . . Then stills it’s [Myrmidons]





Napoleon, proper n. [L. nea, new + polis, city + leone, lion = ‘Naple’s lion’]. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821); French military commander; European emperor; man who hungered for world power; [see ED’s letters].

159/135 keep the soul . . . . Conscious – as old Napoleon, / The night before the Crown!



Nicodemus, proper n. [Gk nikos, conquest + dmos, people = ‘victorious among his people’]. New Testament pharisee; follower who asked Christ how a man may be born again; man who came to prepare the body of Christ for burial before the resurrection; [see John 3 and ED’s letters].

140/90 Nicodemus’ Mystery / Receives it’s annual reply!



Noah, proper n. [Heb. ‘rest, repose, quiet, home’]. Old Testament patriarch; Biblical leader who warned wicked people of the great flood; man who built an ark to save his family and landed on Mount Ararat after the flood subsided; [fig.] a prophet; one who foretells the future accurately; [see Genesis 5-10 and ED’s letters].

403/532 Ararat’s a Legend – now – / And no one credits Noah



Orion, proper n. [Gk, perhaps < ouron, urine]. Giant hunter; ancient demi-god; wandering bard; legendary storyteller of Greek mythology; distinct winter constellation; [fig.] group of stars personified; [see ED’s letters].

1538/1569 Follow wise Orion / Till you waste your Eye



Orleans, proper n. [Fr. famous city in France < L. Aurelianum, in honor of Emperor Aurelius]. Dukedom; nobility; noblesse; valor; bravery; conviction; honorable bearing; [sense play] rich purple color; type of plum; [fig.] peasant woman; warrior-heroine; delivering angel; “Maid of Orleans”; Joan of Arc (1412-1431).

283/254 Half Child – Half Heroine – / An Orleans in the Eye



Orpheus, proper n. [trad. < Gk orphn, darkness, night]. Mythical musician; legendary Greek poet who was able to charm gods, humans, beasts, and inanimate objects with his song; husband who searched for his wife Eurydice in Elysium after her death; [see ED’s letters].

1545/1577 Orpheus’ Sermon captivated – / It did not condemn



Parley, Peter, proper n. [Fr. parler, to speak]. Pen name of Samuel Griswold Goodrich (1793-1860); New England author of Geography for Children; man who wrote a series of travel books for children; [fig.] educator; adventurer.

3/2 Hurrah for Peter Parley! / Hurrah for Daniel Boon!



Pattie, proper n. [Nickname of Patricia < L. patricius, nobleman]. Female child; storybook girl; nursery verse character.

3/2 Peter, put up the sunshine! / Pattie arrange the stars



Paul, proper n. [OFr < L. Paúlos, ‘small,’ ‘humble’]. Saul of Tarsus (A.D. 10?-67?); son of a Jewish mother and a Roman father; early first-century Pharisee; persecutor of Christians; man who was converted after seeing a vision of the resurrected Christ [see Acts 9:3-9]; Christian apostle who was released from prison by an angel and also by an earthquake [see Acts 5:17-20 and 16:23-26]; preaching companion of Silas; Christian martyr put to death in Rome; [see ED’s letters].

1166/1206 Of Paul and Silas it is said / They were in Prison laid



Peter, proper n. [L. < Gk petros, ‘small stone’]. Disciple of Christ (died about A.D. 67); New Testament apostle; one who denied acquaintance with Jesus three times [see Matthew 26:69-75]; chief apostle after Christ’s death and ascension; New Testament author who testified of the resurrection of Jesus Christ [see 1 Peter 1:3; see also ED’s letters].

203/232 “Thou wert with him” . . . “No” – said Peter – ’twasn’t me



Peter, proper n. [see above]. Male child; storybook boy; nursery verse character.

3/2 Peter, put up the sunshine; / Pattie, arrange the stars



Peter, proper n. [See Parley, Peter, proper n.]

Phebe (-s), proper n. [L. Phœbe < Gk , bright, radiant].

A. Flycatcher; pewit; pewee; small eastern North American songbird named after its call; [fig.] springtime; sign of approaching spring; [see ED’s letters].

1690/1697 The ones that disappeared are back / The Phebe and the Crow

B. Commonplace bird; insignificant being; humble creature; [fig.] girl; poet; bird personified.

1009/1009 A Phebe makes a little print / Upon the Floors of Fame

Philip, proper n. [Gk ‘fond of horses’]. Disciple of Jesus; one of the twelve original apostles of Christ; New Testament follower known for his inquisitive mind [see John 14].

1202/1190 To analyze perhaps / A Philip would prefer



Philip, proper n. [see above]. Philip van Artevelde; hero of Sir Henry Taylor’s 1834 verse play; man who led the men of Ghent against the forces of the Count of Flanders in the 12th Century; tragic character who died an inglorious death by being trampled.

29/20 If those I loved were found / The bells of Ghent w’d ring . . . Philip — when bewildered / Bore his riddle in!



Pilate, Pontius, proper n. [L. Piltus, proper name; see Pontius, proper n.] Pontius Pilate (died A.D. 36); first century governor of the Roman province of Judea; procurator who yielded to the will of the Jewish people by sentencing Jesus Christ to crucifixion.

1735/1759 While Pontius Pilate lives / In whatsoever hell / That coronation pierces him / He recollects it well



Pizarro (-’s), proper n. [Sp. < pizarra, slate]. Francisco Pizarro (A.D. 1471-1541), Spanish explorer and conqueror of Peru.

498/368 The Ear Rings of Pizarro / Could not obtain for me



Plato, proper n. [Gk platus, broad-shouldered.] (webplay: mind, opinion, time). Ancient Greek philosopher (c. 429-347 B.C.); disciple of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle; nickname for ED’s schoolmate Abiah Root [see ED’s letters].

371/569 His quaint opinions to inspect . . . On Themes concern our mutual mind . . . When Plato – was a Certainty



Pleiad (-s, -’s), proper n. [L. Plïas < Gk] (webplay: astronomy, sail, stars, time).

A. Star; constellation; heavenly body; celestial object; star personified; [fig.] goal; prize; that for which one is striving.

851/957 When the Astronomer stops seeking / For his Pleiad’s Face . . . It will be ample early / To ask what treason means.

B. Star in the Pleiades constellation that is not visible to the naked eye; lost seventh daughter of Atlas and Pleione in Greek mythology; [fig.] deceased loved one; beloved person who is missing.

23/12 I had a star in heaven . . . I have a missing friend – “Pleiad” it’s name

Pontius, proper n. [L. pontos, sea or L. pons, bridge; see Pilate, Pontius].

Priscilla, proper n. [dim. of L. Prisca, ‘ancient’]. Priscilla Mullins Alden (1602?-?); female character in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish; woman that married John Alden after he courted her by proxy for Miles Standish; [fig.] humankind; mortals; the Church as a Bride for the Bridegroom Redeemer.

357/615 the Soul – like fair "Priscilla" / Choose the Envoy – and spurn the Groom



Prometheus, proper n. [L. < Gk promethes, foresightful.] (webplay: fire). Greek demigod; ancient being who created humans out of clay; giant who gave the gift of fire to humankind; Titan being whom Zeus punished on a peak in the Causcasus for teaching mortals how to use fire.

1132/1143 One requisite has Fire that lasts / Prometheus never knew



Puck (-'s), proper n. [OE púca, mischievous demon]. Daemon; Satan; devil; Hobgoblin; Robin Goodfellow; mischievous sprite; malicious spirit; Shakespeare character (see A Midsummer Night’s Dream).

1279/1348 Sentiments seditious / Amenable to Law -- / As Heresies of Transport / Or Puck's Apostasy



Rebecca, proper n. [Heb. ribhqh, clog, fetter, tie up the fetlock]. Rebekah; Old Testament wife of Isaac; mother of Jacob and Esau; Jewish maiden who gave water to a servant who was seeking a bride for Isaac [see Genesis 24-25].

506/349 Rebecca, to Jerusalem, / Would not so ravished turn



Rhodora (-’s), proper n. [ L. ‘Filipendula ulmaria’ < Gk ‘rose’]. Rhododendron canadense; deciduous northeastern shrub; plant that blooms in early spring with purple or white flowers; [fig.] flower personified.

142/85 Rhodora's cheek is crimson



Richard, proper n. [Germanic ric, rule + hard, brave]. Male friend; miller; laborer; possibly Richard Mather [see ED’s letters].

445/344 I thought how yellow it would look – / When Richard went to mill



Romeo, proper n. [It. < L. Romaeus, pilgrim to Rome]. Juliet’s lover; main male character in Shakespeare’s tragedy Romeo and Juliet.

741/776 Though “Romeo” left no Record / Of his Juliet, / It were infinite enacted



Santa Claus, proper n. [Dutch Sante Klaas, Saint Nicholas]. Father Christmas; jolly man who fills children’s stockings with gifts; [see ED’s letters].

445/344 My Stocking hang too high / For any Santa Claus to reach



Sappho, proper n. [Poss. < Gk sappheiros, sapphire]. Greek lyric poet (born c. 625 B.C.); female author of love poetry; ancient writer from the island of Lesbos.

371/569 What interested Scholars – most . . . When Sappho was a living Girl



Sarah, proper n. [Heb. ‘princess’]. Sarah Tracy; friend of ED’s; alias “Virgil” in ED’s circle of fellow students; dear noble obedient young woman; [see ED’s letters].

1/1 There’s Sarah, and Eliza, and Emeline so fair



Satan, proper n. [L. < Gk < Heb. ‘opponent’ < ‘to attack, to accuse’.] (webplay: man). Lucifer; the devil; the adversary; the tempter; the supreme evil spirit; enemy of God and all good; [see ED’s letters].

1545/1577 The Bible is an antique Volume – / Written by faded Men . . . Subjects . . . Bethlehem . . . Eden . . . Satan



Savior (-’s), proper n. [OFr. < L. < salvre, to save]. (webplay: called, death, opened, saves). Jesus Christ; Lord; Redeemer; Messiah; son of God; Christian deity who died for the sins of all people; [see ED’s letters].

313/283 I should have been too saved . . . The Palm – without the Calvary – / So Savior – Crucify



Shakespeare, proper n. [poss. < Gk , that brandishes a spear]. William Shakespeare (1564-1616); English author of plays and sonnets; greatest playwright of all time; composer of Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet; [see ED’s letters].

741/776 “Hamlet” to Himself were Hamlet – / Had not Shakespeare wrote



Shaw, proper n. [OE sceaga, thicket]. Henry Shaw; day laborer in Amherst who would dig for ED; [fig.] common man.

116/101 Jove! Choose your counsel – / I retain “Shaw”!



Shylock, proper n. [poss. < Shiloh, place in Palestine; or < OT character Salah [see Gen. 11:12-15]; or < Shacklock, occupational surname for a jailor]. Loan shark; moneylender in Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice; merciless usurer who charges extortionate interest.

247/266 "Shylock"? Say! / Sign me the Bond! / I "vow to pay



Silas, proper n. [Short form of L. Silvnus, god of forests < silva, wood]. Missionary companion; preaching comrade of the apostle Paul; early Christian evangelist released from prison by an earthquake [see Acts 16:23-26].

1166/1206 Of Paul and Silas it is said / They were in Prison laid



Sophocles, proper n. [Gk, ‘skilled’]. Ancient Greek dramatist (495-406 B.C.); great playwright of the golden age of Athens; author of Oedipus the King, Antigone, and Electra.

371/569 What interested Scholars – most . . . When Plato – was a Certainty – / And Sophocles – a Man



Soto, proper n. [Sp. ‘grove’]. Hernando de Soto (A.D. ca. 1496-1542); Spanish explorer; traveler in Panama, Nicaragua, Peru, and later Florida; early governor of Cuba; adventurer in the Americas; husband of Inés de Bobadilla.

832/814 Soto! Explore thyself!



Stephen, proper n. [Gk stephanos, garland on a staff, crown, prize in the public games]. Early Christian saint; disciple stoned to death for preaching Christianity [see Acts 7-8].

597/521 Surpasses sharper stated – / Of Stephen – or of Paul – / For these – were only put to death



Sue, proper n. [shortened form of Susan]. Susan Huntington Gilbert Dickinson (1830-1913); friend, sister-in-law, and neighbor of ED; wife of Austin Dickinson; dear young woman; [see ED’s letters].

14/5 I chose this single star / From out the wide night’s numbers – / Sue – forevermore!



Susan, proper n. [Short form of Susanna > Gk > Heb. shushan, lily; see Sue, proper n.]

1/1 There’s . . . Susan, and she with curling hair!



Tell, proper n. [OE tllan, relate, say, count, speak]. William Tell (14th century); main character in Friedrich Schiller’s poem; Swiss hero forced to shoot an apple off his son’s head; legendary rebel who refused to bow to bailiff Gessler’s hat in the town square.

1152/1148 Tell would not bare his Head / In Presence / Of the Ducal Hat



Thomas, proper n. [Gk < Aramaic te’ma, twin]. Early Christian saint (A.D. ? - ca. 72); twin brother of Matthew; disciple willing to follow Jesus even unto death; follower who wanted direct evidence of Christ’s resurrection [see John 20:24-29]; apostle who took the gospel to Persia and India; [fig.] empiricist; man of science; one who believes by fact not faith; [see ED’s letters].

861/905 Sceptic Thomas! / Now, do you doubt that your Bird was true?



Thomson (-’s), proper n. [ED spelling of “Thompson”; see Thomas]. John O. Thompson (1782-1818); author of the hymn “The Call for Reapers” including the lines “Send them now the sheaves to gather” and “Gather now the sheaves of gold.”

131/123 Gone . . . Mr Thomson’s “sheaves.”

Tim, proper n. [Clipping of Gk Timothy, dear to God]. Young boy; possibly Tiny Tim Cratchit; lame child who goes to church with his father on Christmas Day; beloved character in Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol.

196/231 Please, Sir, I and Tim – / Always lost the way!



Titian, proper n. [It. > L. surname Titianus]. Tiziano Vecellio (1490-1576); Venetian painter; 16th century portrait artist; [fig.] one who realizes limitations in being able to express the beauty of the world.

291/327 These are the visions . . . Titian – never told



Toby (-’s), proper n. [Gk Tobias > Heb. Tobiyah, God is good]. Kitty; pussy; gray and white cat of the Dickinson family [see ED’s letters and Sir Toby Belch in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night].

218/189 If I could . . . make him fast / To “Toby’s” fist – / Hist! Whist! I’d come



Trotwood, proper n. [poss. < Trotter, messenger < Fr. trot; see also wood, n.] David Copperfield; surname David receives when Aunt Betsey Trotwood adopts him in Dicken’s novel David Copperfield.

1020/1031 I met Somebody’s little Boy / Asked him his name – He lisped me “Trotwood”



Vandyke, proper n. [Dutch, van, from + dyke, the dike]. Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641); Flemish painter; Baroque portrait and landscape artist.

606/523 How mean – to those that see – / Vandykes Delineation / Of Nature’s – Summer Day!



William, proper n. [Germanic Wilhelm, ‘will’ + helm, ‘helmet’]. See Kidd, proper n.

Wolfe, proper n. [OE wulf, wolf]. General James Wolfe (1727-1759); victor of the battle of Quebec; commander who served under Major General Jeffrey Amherst; British general who died in the battle against general Montcalm and the French.

678/482 Wolfe demanded during dying / “Which obtain the Day”?




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