Ece 1 slo review Modified True/False



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ECE 1 SLO Review
Modified True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
Read each statement carefully. If the statement is true, place a T in the space provided. If it is false, place an F in the space provided, cross out the italicized words in the sentence, and write the correct word(s).
____ 1. The ovum is the organ in a woman’s body in which a baby develops during pregnancy. _________________________
____ 2. The zygote is formed during the fetal stage of prenatal development. _________________________
____ 3. The major systems of the body begin to develop during the embryonic stage of prenatal development. _________________________
____ 4. The developing baby is connected to the placenta by the umbilical cord. _________________________
____ 5. Cerebral palsy is a birth defect caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21. _________________________
____ 6. An example of an environmental cause of a birth defect is a mother consuming drugs during pregnancy. _________________________
____ 7. In recessive inheritance, it is only necessary for one parent to pass on a defective gene for the child to have the birth defect. _________________________
____ 8. If a developing baby dies before the 20th week of pregnancy, the event is called a stillbirth. _________________________
____ 9. An ultrasound is often used to confirm the due date of a baby, as well as to detect certain birth defects. _________________________
____ 10. To reduce the risk of SIDS, a baby should be placed face down when put to bed. _________________________
____ 11. Each child develops socially at the same rate. _________________________
____ 12. Babies develop better social behaviors if they receive more negative responses than positive ones. ________________________________________
____ 13. The part of the brain that controls balance is the thalamus. _________________________
____ 14. The brain stem controls complex learning, such as problem solving. _________________________
____ 15. Axons and dendrites connect the brain’s neurons. _________________________
____ 16. Neurotransmitters are the tiny gaps between dendrites where messages are transmitted. _________________________
____ 17. The best way to keep learning safe for older babies who can crawl is to put them in a playpen. _________________________
____ 18. Babies are able to communicate with others as soon as they learn to talk. ______________________________
____ 19. Growth in height and weight is slower from ages one to three than during a child’s first year. _________________________
____ 20. Children ages one, two, and three are called toddlers. _________________________
____ 21. Putting a child to bed with a bottle filled with juice can lead to baby bottle decay. _________________________
____ 22. Children who have sensory integration are not able to understand and use all the information their senses take in. _________________________
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 23. Which of the following statements about child development is true?

a.

Children go through stages, but the order varies.

b.

Children go through the same stages in the same order.

c.

Children go through stages at the same rate.

d.

Development occurs in one area at a time.

____ 24. Which of the following researchers believed that caregivers can affect children’s behavior by using positive and negative feedback?



a.

B.F. Skinner

c.

Sigmund Freud

b.

Jean Piaget

d.

Albert Bandura

____ 25. Which of the following is an example of the influence of environment on a child’s development?



a.

A child’s eye color

c.

A child’s hair color

b.

A child’s blood type

d.

A child’s interest in sports

____ 26. The terms “nature” and “nurture” refer to...



a.

the struggle faced by many teens.

c.

birds and insects.

b.

heredity and environment.

d.

children tempted by peer pressure.

____ 27. An expectant mother who is lactose intolerant needs to make a special effort to get which nutrient?



a.

Calcium

c.

Folic acid

b.

Iron

d.

Vitamin C

____ 28. The Apgar scale rates a baby’s physical condition based on...



a.

weight.

c.

immunity to disease.

b.

blood tests.

d.

five different factors.

____ 29. An incubator...



a.

provides nourishment for a premature baby.

b.

controls oxygen supply and temperature for a premature baby.

c.

protects a premature baby from infections.

d.

prevents a premature baby from developing additional health problems.

____ 30. When a baby has jaundice, it means that the baby’s body has...



a.

too much bilirubin.

c.

too little calcium.

b.

too little iron.

d.

too much glucose.

____ 31. If a baby weighed 8 pounds at birth, about how much would you expect the baby to weigh when he or she is one year old?



a.

12 pounds

c.

24 pounds

b.

16 pounds

d.

30 pounds

____ 32. Turning toward the side of the face that was stroked is an example of ...



a.

the rooting reflex.

c.

a grasping reflex.

b.

the sucking reflex.

d.

a fine motor skill.

____ 33. Which of the following can safely be left in a baby’s crib when the baby is sleeping?



a.

A small pillow.

c.

A fitted sheet.

b.

A stuffed animal.

d.

A fluffy blanket.

____ 34. When should babies first be started on solid foods?



a.

Shortly after birth.

c.

At about six months.

b.

At about two months.

d.

After age one.

____ 35. The most common way that babies are immunized against a disease is by ...



a.

receiving antibodies through breast milk.

b.

getting enough sleep.

c.

eating nutritious foods.

d.

getting a vaccine.

____ 36. A stimulating environment is one in which the baby ...



a.

is exposed to little, if any, language or speech.

b.

is one in which babies are exposed to second-hand smoke.

c.

is exposed to a wide variety of things to taste, see, hear, and smell.

d.

is allowed to rest and eat to promote growth.

____ 37. A three-month-old infant generally shows a developmental milestone of ...



a.

pulling self up to standing.

b.

lifting head and chest when on stomach.

c.

recognizing basic sounds of native language.

d.

holding and drinking from a cup.

____ 38. An eleven-month-old infant generally shows a developmental milestone of ...



a.

picking up objects using thumb and forefinger.

b.

putting objects in mouth with hand.

c.

walking while holding onto furniture for support.

d.

looking at objects with sustained attention.

____ 39. Failure to thrive can result because a baby...



a.

is very sensitive.

c.

has colic.

b.

is rarely touched or held.

d.

is afraid of strangers.

____ 40. With both colic and reflux, a baby...



a.

has food rising in the throat.

b.

has gas collecting in the stomach.

c.

cries and can’t be comforted.

d.

has the worst symptoms at six weeks old.

____ 41. Social development in an infant...



a.

occurs at the same rate as in other infants.

b.

follows a pattern.

c.

ends after eight months.

d.

should match set milestones.

____ 42. To ease stranger anxiety in a baby, caregivers should...



a.

pretend that the baby already knows the new person.

b.

allow new people to hold the baby.

c.

leave the room when the baby is with a new person.

d.

give the baby time to adjust to the new person.

____ 43. Which of the following is a common social development milestone in a one-month-old baby?



a.

Experiencing stranger anxiety.

c.

Quieting down when lifted or touched.

b.

Smiling and showing excitement.

d.

Reaching out with hands to play.

____ 44. By what age are babies generally able to tell the difference between family members?



a.

1 month

c.

9-10 months

b.

4-6 months

d.

12 months

____ 45. If a baby keeps dropping a toy, what does this normally indicate?



a.

That the baby is misbehaving.

b.

That the baby is tired of playing with the toy.

c.

That the baby has a motor skill problem.

d.

That the baby is exploring cause and effect.

____ 46. The part of the brain that regulates growth and metabolism is the...



a.

pituitary gland.

c.

cerebellum.

b.

cortex.

d.

thalamus.

____ 47. By the end of the sensorimotor period, most children are able to do all of the following EXCEPT...



a.

imagine things that have not happened.

b.

think using symbols.

c.

recognize that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight.

d.

think abstractly.

____ 48. Intellectual development in babies depends most on...



a.

new experiences every day.

c.

educational toys.

b.

attention and time from caregivers.

d.

activities outside the home.



Completion

Complete each statement.
In the space provided, write the word or words that BEST complete each statement.
49. The ____________________ is the least developed organ at birth.
50. ____________________ was the researcher who believed that children go through four stages of learning.
51. ____________________ believed that each stage of development includes a personal crisis.
52. A child’s development follows a(n) ____________________, or a specific order of steps.
53. Although all children go through the same stages of development, they do so at their own ____________________.
54. ____________________ are the challenges to be met or skills to be acquired at each stage of life.
55. Researcher ____________________ identified six stages of parenthood, based on interviews with parents.
56. Each human being receives 46 ____________________, which contain hundreds to thousands of genes.
57. The complete genetic blueprint for a person is called a(n) ____________________.
58. A person will have the inherited characteristic that is controlled by the ____________________, or stronger, gene.
59. ____________________ twins are formed from two different fertilized eggs.
60. The treatment in which a doctor injects sperm into a woman’s uterus to produce a pregnancy is called _________________________.
61. In the process called _________________________, a doctor fertilizes an ovum from a woman with her husband’s sperm and then implants the zygote in the woman’s uterus.
62. A woman who engages in binge drinking during the early stages of pregnancy may have a baby with _________________________,which is an incurable condition.
63. If a mother ____________________ during pregnancy, this may cause low birth weights and respiratory infections in her children after they are born.
64. Babies whose mothers use cocaine have an increased risk of seizures, birth defects, and ______________________________—the unexpected death of a baby under one year of age.
65. ______________________________, are key skills that a baby achieves, such as learning to crawl, to walk, and to say words.
66. To judge whether a baby’s height and weight are increasing at a healthy pace, a doctor uses a(n) ____________________.
67. Babies are able to grasp and bring objects to their mouths as they develop ____________________ coordination—the ability to move the hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen.
68. In the first year, ____________________ motor skills develop more rapidly than ____________________ motor skills.
69. _________________________ is a condition that occurs when someone vigorously jiggles a baby, usually to make him or her stop crying.
70. Breast milk has an advantage over formula because it contains ____________________, which help a baby fight infection.
71. Caregivers can treat mild cases of ____________________ by changing the diaper more often and thoroughly cleaning the baby at each changing.
72. Babies typically get their first teeth when they are ____________________ old.
73. ____________________ is the process of learning self-expression and how to interact with others.
74. Children who do not receive love and attention may fail to grow and develop normally, a condition called ____________________.
75. ____________________ —the ability to learn from information provided by the senses—improves when experiences are repeated.
76. Piaget’s first period of learning is the ____________________ period.
77. Learning that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen is the concept of ____________________.
78. Toys that have small pieces present a(n) ____________________ and should be kept away from infants.
79. Because young children have small ____________________, they need to eat every three to four hours.
80. Clothes made of ____________________ fibers hold in the heat so they are a good choice for cool weather.
81. To help protect children in the event of fire, children’s sleepwear must be ____________________.
82. Caregivers should check older paint where children live and play because the ____________________ found in some paint can cause great harm.
83. When riding in a vehicle, children ages one to three should always be in a car seat that faces forward and is in the ____________________ seat.
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