Division or classification essay



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DIVISION or CLASSIFICATION ESSAY

PREWRITING

PREWRITING

  • Decide upon which side of the coin you will focus.
  • That is, decide whether you will
  • divide OR classify your subjects.

DIVISION *(ONE into MANY)*

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3

CLASSIFICATION *(MANY into GROUPS)*

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • DO NOT DO BOTH!
      • *This is only a 3-4-page paper;
      • thus, we do not have the room to
      • perform both tasks.
      • *Focus your energy on one.
  • *Divide one subject into 3 parts/subgroups
  • OR
  • Classify many subjects into 3 groups/types.

PREWRITING

  • Choose between division OR classification.
  • (2) Select a topic about which you know a good deal.
  • (3) Brainstorm many subgroups OR types.
  • (4) Chose the 3 most significant/prevalent subgroups OR types that will be the focus of your essay.
  • (5) Draft a detailed outline of this essay following the outline template.

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION (1)

  • PURPOSE
  • SO WHAT?!
  • What importance does this D/C system have for the reader?
  • Create a relevant scenario (see Process Essay).
    • assistance/help for the reader
    • insight into human nature
    • revelation regarding US society
    • personal favorite
    • effects of the roles/types
    • messages sent by roles/types
    • lessons learned from roles/types

INTRODUCTION (2)

  • AUDIENCE
  • To whom are you writing?
  • For whom are you writing this D/C system?
  • Audience  Purpose
    • Determination of whom your are addressing will assist you in your selection of why you are writing
    • classmates
    • college students
    • co-workers
    • friends
    • general reader

INTRODUCTION (3)

  • NUMBERS
  • NUMBER of ROLES or TYPES =
    • 3 Body paragraphs
    • the 3 most …
      • relevant,
      • prevalent,
      • numerous,
      • favorite,
      • least preferred,
      • annoying,
      • pleasant, …

INTRODUCTION (4)

  • NUMBERS
  • HOWEVER, life, especially the life of a college freshman, is much too complex to be reduced to 3.
  • Therefore, because of the infinite possibilities of roles or types regarding any given topic, AND
  • because the variables will be too numerous for a 3-4-page essay, ….

INTRODUCTION (5)

  • *TIP YOUR HAT:
  • You can mention additional types/roles that
  • exist concerning your topic:
    • the minor ones
    • that you will not write on
    • that did not “make the cut”

INTRODUCTION (5)

  • *TIP YOUR HAT:
  • Mention that other roles/types exist beyond those you have chosen, and mention them as items in a series:
    • “Some I remember were the nerd, the freak, and the geek. However, the three most common types of students I saw at George W. Bush High School were the slacker, the hacker, and the attacker.”

INTRODUCTION (6)

  • *TIP YOUR HAT:
  • By “tipping your hat” to the others,
    • By mentioning that other possibilities exist,
    • By transitioning to your chosen 3,
  • You prove you’ve carefully considered this
  • You answer the vital question of purpose:
  • Why these three?

INTRODUCTION (6)

  • *TIP YOUR HAT:
  • Why these three?
  • * This forces you to specify why you chose the 3 on which you will write.
  • (the most common, annoying, pleasant, …)
  • * Readers now clearly understand your rationale for writing on these 3 roles/types.
  • * She/he understands your purpose.

INTRODUCTION (7)

  • NAMES
  • NAME the ROLES or TYPES in your THESIS
    • “The Johnny-come-lately customer”
    • “The Hitlerian boss”
    • “The I-wanna-be-your-friend professor”
    • Please do not insult anyone.
  • BE ORIGINAL

INTRODUCTION (8)

  • Generalize:
    • Everybody has a hobby with which to occupy his/her spare time. Some people enjoy playing sports, like running, basketball, and hockey, and others prefer non-physical recreation, such as chess and painting.

INTRODUCTION (8)

  • Then narrow towards you:
    • While I , personally, enjoy all of these, my favorite hobby is playing video games. As a matter of fact, my bedroom is littered with all types of games, from sports to superhero games.

INTRODUCTION (8)

  • Lastly comes your thesis:
    • However, my favorite types of video games include the blow “stuff” up games, kill through the eyes of the assassin games, and live somebody else’s life games.

BODY

BODY (1)

  • DIVISION: split 1 into many
    • (roles, sub-groups, subdivisions)
  • CLASSIFICATION: group many into 1
    • (types, classes, groups, cliques)
  • DIVIDE or CLASSIFY **
    • (do NOT do both)

BODY (2)

  • *** IN EACH BODY PARAGRAPH***
  • 1) NAME
  • 2) EXPLAIN
  • 3) ILLUSTRATE
  • 4) REITERATE

BODY (3)

  • NAME
  • in a Topic Sentence (or transitional sentence), name the type/subgroup
  • repeat part of your thesis sentence (“types of customers that annoy me”)
  • One type of customer that annoys me is the Johnny-come-lately.
  • While the “What’s that Pat” and the “Gimme more Thor” are two types of infuriating customers, the most annoying type is the “Time to Leave Steve.”

BODY (4)

  • 2) EXPLAIN
  • Then, briefly describe the traits of the type or subgroup .
  • In a word, define the type/subgroup.
  • This type of customer is typified by stupid questions and a bad smell.
  • As the name implies, this type of customer decides to shop for a complete order five minutes before the store closes.

BODY (5)

  • 3) ILLUSTRATE
  • Lastly, and most importantly, give specific EXAMPLES of the type/subgroup
  • Use transitions such “For example” and “For instance” to set up your illustration.
  • For example, last Friday night, this obnoxious adolescent strolled in near closing time.
  • Then go into detail describing the incident.
  • * Don’t end paragraph with generalizations that introduce new traits/ideas—keep deductive order (GS)
  • * Generalize only to transition to next trait/paragraph

BODY: OVERVIEW

  • TOPIC
  • ROLE/TYPE #2
  • ROLE/TYPE #1
  • ROLE/TYPE #3
  • NAME
  • NAME
  • NAME
  • EXPLAIN
  • ILLUSTRATE
  • EXPLAIN
  • EXPLAIN
  • ILLUSTRATE
  • ILLUSTRATE

BODY: OVERVIEW

  • FAVORITE TYPES of MOVIES
  • TYPE #1
  • Intelligent Thriller
  • Kung Fu Action
  • Fictionalized Reality
  • Specific Traits
  • Scene(s) from Identity
  • TYPE #2
  • TYPE #3
  • Scene(s) from Kill Bill
  • Scene(s) from BeautifulMind
  • Specific Traits
  • Specific Traits

BODY: SPECIFICITY

  • * To illustrate the characteristics of each type/part, use
  • clear, relevant, effective, telling, and specific EXAMPLES:
  • * After you have named and briefly explained the type or subgroup, you must then fully and clearly illustrate it with specific examples.
  • * Because of this concrete level of specificity, this will be the longest part of the paragraph: onion-shaped
  • SPECIFIC EXAMPLES
  • DESCRIPTIVE DETAILS
  • RELEVANT ANECDOTES

BODY: SPECIFICITY

  • * LEVEL of SPECIFICITY:
  • Take us to a concrete level of specificity:
  • As best you can, be:
    • specific, particular,
    • explicit, illustrative,
    • descriptive, detailed,
    • expressive, meticulous, thorough
  • Show the reader a person (i.e.) acting in the manner you have described—
  • Show a specific person in a specific instance clearly illustrating the traits you have given.

BODY: SPECIFICITY

  • * LEVEL of SPECIFICITY:
  • Do NOT just mention that Psycho, The Exorcist, and Jaws are examples of the intelligent horror movie
    • one of your 3 favorite movie genres.
  • NO LISTS!!!

BODY: SPECIFICITY

  • * LEVEL of SPECIFICITY:
  • That is to say, after naming and explaining your type or subgroup, do NOT simply write:
  • Lists are NOT illustrative.
  • Plus, what if we’ve never seen them?!
  • Psycho, The Exorcist, and Jaws are prime examples of the intelligent horror movie.”

BODY: SPECIFICITY

  • * LEVEL of SPECIFICITY:
  • Rather, explain in detail how one of them fits the characteristics you have supplied;
  • Instead of ending with a list, continue your paragraph by concisely explaining how Psycho is the prototypical intelligent thriller due to its content.
  • Use a SPECIFIC SCENE that clearly illustrates the previously mentioned traits.

PSYCHO’s “Shower Scene”

BODY: Grammatical Points

  • POV=1st PERSON
    • (“I”) because it’s your D/C system
  • WHO vs. THAT:
    • “who” refers to people (“this is the type of customer who….”)
    • “that” refers to inanimate objects & animals (“this is the type of car that….”)
  • ORDER/COHERENCE:
    • save best for last
    • the most numerous/prevalent=last
    • (“emphatic order”)

BODY: Grammatical Points

  • PRONOUN REFERENCE:
    • when applicable, make your term (role, type) plural
  • TRANSITIONS: to build coherence (links in a chain),
    • the topic sentence of each Body paragraph should look back AND look ahead:
      • BACK to the previous paragraph/s and AHEAD to the one it starts
    • “After that type of X, there is the Y type.”
    • “Although I often see the fool and dolt types of students on campus, the most prevalent type of student at Whatsamatter U. is the stooge.”

BODY (13)

  • Hopefully, you have noticed by now that each essay, in addition to its own unique characteristics, includes elements from the other rhetorical strategies;
  • The D/C essay is no exception, for it possesses subtle elements of CONTRAST insofar that you must make each subdivision/type distinct from the others (through direct verbalization & illustrative examples) …
  • Plus, DESCRIPTION, NARRATION, & EXAMPLE

CONCLUSION

CONCLUSION

  • Bring the essay full-circle:
    • consult your Introduction, but do not repeat it word for word.
    • refer to your opening generalization or scenario

CONCLUSION

  • Restate purpose and thesis
  • Mention that other types/subdivisions exist, but you chose only the 3 most common (i.e.)
  • Reiterate your 3 types/subgroups and the main points concerning each
  • Wrap it up with a Clincher Sentence (perhaps related to your purpose)
  • Division VS Classification

Division VS Classification

  • SUB:
    • Subgroups
    • Subdivisions
    • Roles
    • Parts
    • Fraction
    • Component
    • Section
  • PURPOSE:
    • To divide, separate, segregate, split, partition one item into its significant parts.
  • TYPES:
    • Groups
    • Categories
    • Kinds
    • Collections
    • Clusters
    • Styles
    • Varieties
    • Classes
  • PURPOSE:
    • To collect, organize, categorize, catalog diverse items into recognizable groups or types.

Classification Essay VS Example Essay

  • TYPES
  • Classification System
  • BODY STRUCTURE:
  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 3 types
  • Each supported by:
  • examples
  • description, narration
  • PURPOSE:
  • To notice the similarities between separate items & then group them based upon such criteria
  • To illustrate the shared traits of each type/group through description, narration, and/or example
  • EMPHATIC ORDER
  • REASONS
  • Argument/Claim
  • BODY STRUCTURE:
  • 3 Body paragraphs
  • 3 reasons
  • Each supported by:
  • examples
  • description, narration
  • PURPOSE:
  • To use examples to reason/argue, explain, clarify, convince, persuade, prove a point, support a claim
  • To illustrate each reason/point with clear, relevant examples in the form of description, narration, and/or example
  • EMPHATIC ORDER

TOPICS

TOPICS: Division

  • (subgroups, roles, parts, subdivisions)
  • Robert De Niro/Meryl Streep Acting Styles
  • Degrees of Murder
  • Divide Wife/Husband into 3 Roles, Roles of Motherhood, boy/girlfriend, sister/brother
  • Holy Trinity (how each is different), 3-fold goddess of Wicca
  • Roles You Play during a Given Day
  • Roles Your Pet Plays in Your Family
  • *Roles your technology plays (phone, computer, car)

TOPICS: Classification

  • (kinds, types, groups, categories)
  • ENTERTAINMENT:
    • movies genres, movie-goers, television shows, music styles/genres, concert-goers, computers, educational technology or software
    • most common today, least preferred, favorites
  • SPORTS:
    • NBA rookies, mountain bikers, runners, bowlers, professional athletes, weekend warriors, drivers, fans
  • PERSONAL:
    • friends, boy/girlfriends, relationships, couples
    • classification of video games (ex: fighting games)

TOPICS: Classification

  • (continued)
  • SCHOOL:
    • teachers, students, exams, activities
  • WORK:
    • bosses, co-workers, customers,
    • jobs you have had, jobs in a particular field
  • VEHICLES:
    • SUV’s, minivans, sports cars, European, owners, drivers, passengers
    • in LCCC parking lot, in your driveway, in PA, in USA
  • ANIMALS/PETS:
    • cats, dogs, birds
    • politicians, dieters

TOPICS: Classification

  • (continued)
  • *TECHNOLOGY:
    • Cell Phones
    • Cell Phone plans, companies
    • Cell Phone users
    • Cell Phone accessories, ring tones
    • Computers
    • Computer users, Internet providers, Web sites
    • Computer accessories, games, software, hardware
    • Televisions
    • Television watchers, channels
    • Television cable providers, accessories

DIVISION and CLASSIFICATION in the SCIENCES

DIVISION: STARFISH

  • crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci
  • cushion sea star Oreaster reticulatus
  • blue starfish Linckia laevigata
  • KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: Echinodermata SUBCLASS: Asteroidea

CLASSIFICATION: ORDERS of MAMMALS

  • minke whale
  • pallid bat
  • white-faced capuchin
  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family

CLASSIFICATION THROUGH SONG

TYPES of COUPLES: BILLY JOEL "A Matter Of Trust"

  • Some love is just a lie of the heart
  • The cold remains of what began with a passionate start
  • And they may not want it to end
  • But it will it's just a question of when
  • I've lived long enough to have learned
  • The closer you get to the fire the more you get burned
  • But that won't happen to us
  • Because it's always been a matter of trust
  • I know you're an emotional girl
  • It took a lot for you to not lose your faith in this world
  • I can't offer you proof
  • But you're going to face a moment of truth
  • It's hard when you're always afraid
  • You just recover when another belief is betrayed
  • So break my heart of you must
  • It's a matter of trust
  • You can't go the distance
  • With too much resistance
  • I know you have doubts
  • But for God's sake don't shut me out
  • This time you've got nothing to lose
  • You can take it, you can leave it
  • Whatever you choose
  • I won't hold back anything
  • And I'll walk a way a fool or a king
  • Some love is just a lie of the mind
  • It's make believe until its only a matter of time
  • And some might have learned to adjust
  • But then it never was a matter of trust
  • I'm sure you're aware love
  • We've both had our share of
  • Believing too long
  • When the whole situation was wrong
  • Some love is just a lie of the soul
  • A constant battle for the ultimate state of control
  • After you've heard lie upon lie
  • There can hardly be a question of why
  • Some love is just a lie of the heart
  • The cold remains of what began with a passionate start
  • But that can't happen to us
  • Because it's always been a matter of trust

Billy Joel’s “An Innocent Man”

  • Billy Joel’s “An Innocent Man”
  • Some people stay far away from the door If there's a chance of it opening up They hear a voice in the hall outside And hope that it just passes by Some people live with the fear of a touch And the anger of having been a fool They will not listen to anyone So nobody tells them a lie I know you're only protecting yourself I know you're thinking of somebody else Someone who hurt you But I'm not above Making up for the love You've been denying you could ever feel I'm not above doing anything To restore your faith if I can
  • Some people see through the eyes of the old Before they ever get a look at the young I'm only willing to hear you cry Because I am an innocent man I am an innocent man Oh yes I am Some people say they will never believe Another promise they hear in the dark Because they only remember too well They heard somebody tell them before Some people sleep all alone every night Instead of taking a lover to bed Some people find that it's easier to hate Than to wait anymore
  • I know you don't want to hear what I say I know you're gonna keep turning away But I've been there and if I can survive I can keep you alive I'm not above going through it again I've not above being cool for a while If you're cruel to me I'll understand Some people run from a possible fight Some people figure they can never win And although this is a fight I can lose The accused is an innocent man I am an innocent man Oh yes I am An innocent man You know you only hurt yourself out of spite I guess you'd rather be a martyr tonight That's your decision But I'm not below Anybody I know If there's a chance of resurrecting a love I'm not above going back to the start To find out where the heartache began Some people hope for a miracle cure Some people just accept the world as it is But I'm not willing to lay down and die Because I am an innocent man I am an innocent man Oh yes I am An innocent man

Brooks & Dunn’s “Good Girls Go To Heaven”

  • Brooks & Dunn’s “Good Girls Go To Heaven”
  • Some girls go to church on Sunday
  • Live life by the golden rule
  • You got girls gonna graduate one day
  • Summa cum laude from party school
  • Some they walk the straight and narrow
  • Some girls they just don't care
  • Good girls go to heaven
  • Bad girls go everywhere
  • Some girls are into heavy metal
  • Dance with the devil everywhere they go
  • Others of 'em cut a rug to the fiddle
  • Dance to the rhythm of the cotton eyed Joe
  • (chorus)
  • Miss high-faluting likes to sip fine champagne
  • Prim and proper drippin' in diamond rings
  • Little sister wears high heals and blue jeans
  • A long neck drinkin' certified wild thang
  • (chorus)
  • Good girls go to heaven
  • Bad girls go everywhere

HALLOWEEN or any Holiday

  • TYPES OF
  • Candy
  • Costumes
  • Masks
  • Mischief
  • Houses
  • Props, Decorations, Accessories
  • Parties
  • Folklore, Superstitions, Traditions
  • (apply to any holiday)

END



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