Destruction of u. S. War ship in cuba was the work of an enemy
- Do Now: Locate Cuba on the map.
- CAUSE: The thing that happened FIRST. The REASON something happened. EFFECT: What happened after. The result of something.
Causes of the Spanish-American War
- Cuba under Spain’s control.
- Spain put Cubans in concentration camps and over 200,000 prisoners
- Cuba fought Spain many times in the 1800s for freedom.
- Spanish sent thousands of soldiers to Cuba.
U.S. desire to expand
- Americans proud of US
- Wanted country to grow
- If they defeated Spanish Empire, the US would get territory outside of north America.
- Wanted Cuba and Puerto Rico as part of the United States.
- Newspapers tried to get the U.S. into war
- Print stories how cruel Spain was (sometimes told lies)
- Yellow Journalism was used to attract readers
- Report sensational stories and headlines
- Biased or untrue
- William Randolph Hearst (NY Journal)
- Joseph Pulitzer (NY World)
- Headlines from newspapers:
- “Truths from Cuba that will shock the Civilized World”
- -November 8, 1897
- “Vultures pick out sailors’ bones—people want war”
- -February 24, 1898
- “200,000 people are starving—Spanish try to kill off Cubans”
- -April 15, 1897
Sinking of the USS Maine
Spanish-American War (1898)
- Lasted only four months
- U.S. won—turned America into an imperial power
- Treaty of Paris
- Cuba gained its independence
- Cuba signed the Platt Amendment
- If Cuba wanted to have any treaties with other countries, it would have to ask America first.
- allowed America to intervene into Cuban affairs even during times of peace
- allowed America to keep navy ships in its bay (Guantanamo Bay).
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