1. Urban land development- (urbanization ; suburban sprawl; planned development)
50% World 75% U.S. and increasing.
Severe air pollution
High crime rate
Long transport distances to work – fossil fuel consumption- accidents- obesity- hypertension
High car dependence
Inadequate facilities eg: health, cultural. etc.
Higher per-person infrastructure costs.
Loss of socialization: solar capital
-Boulder ,Colorado- green inovator
-Portland, Oregon- # 1 Green City U.S.
-Chattanooga , Tennesse- from brown to green
-Curitiba, Brazil- mass transit, no cars in the city.
-Prevention of pollution & waste
-Efficient energy use
-Recycling & reducing
-Transportation alternatives to cars.
-Green areas- green belts
Cluster Development - grouped housing – lots of open areas
- mixed use. Everything you need (walking distance)
What kind of neighborhood do you live in? What kind, would you design?
2. Transportation infrastructure-