Date conversion 23.11.2017 Size 9,45 Kb.
CompSci 1: Principles of Computer Science Lecture 1 Course Overview Course Information “A survey of the great ideas of computer science along with experience with programming, the theoretical foundations of computer science, how computer systems are organized and work, and the applications of computers including their effect on society.”
Attendance and Participation Important Dates Project Proposal: Wednesday, June 8 Midterm Exam: MONDAY, June 13, 2:00 PM to 3:15 PM Project Outline: Friday, June 17 Lab Final: TUESDAY, June 21, 3:20 PM to 4:20 PM Final Project due: Friday, June 24 Final Exam: THURSDAY, June 30, 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM No make-ups, no late submissions Let me know ASAP if you have any concerns Resources Course website http://www.cs.duke.edu/courses/summer05/cps001 syllabus lecture notes prelab and lab assignments links to supplementary material Blackboard grade lookup discussion board Quizzes Questions? What is a computer? In general, a device designed to input and process data, produce output and store results based on a sequence of instructions. Typically refers to digital computers process data as numbers mainframes, minicomputers, microcomputers (PCs) Can also refer to embedded computers special-purpose devices that can compute only one or a limited range of functions and also to analog computers represent data by measurable quantities such as voltage, resistance, or position Computers in everyday life At the store … At the ATM … transfer funds electronically In your car … On your person … cell phones, PDAs, calculator In your home … A/C, security systems, microwaves, VCRs, game consoles checking email and browsing the web on your PC Life without computers? What is computer science? One may also say computer science is the study of … algorithms computation computing systems information processing computer software and hardware resources Computer science is the study of algorithms with a goal towards their efficient execution. This includes the design, analysis, hardware realizations, and software realizations of algorithms. Computer science is not defined by… Programming what is important is discovering the steps needed to solve a particular problem, not the act of translating them to a programming language Designing cool web pages Using software for spreadsheets, word processing, etc. “Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes’’ - E. W. Dijkstra What do computer scientists do? Study what computers can and cannot do Design and analyze algorithms to efficiently perform specific tasks Design data structures and databases to store and retrieve specific kinds of information Discover applications of computer technology Apply theory to real world problems “Although it is true that programmers do (mostly) programming, computer - John Impagliazzo & Paul Nagin scientists deal with computing, using programming as a tool with which to explore and develop ideas.” Algorithms as Cornerstone of CS Step-by-step process that solves a problem more precise than a recipe eventually stops with an answer general process rather than specific to a computer or to a programming language Searching: for phone number of G. Samsa, whose number is 929-9338, or for the person whose number is 489-6569 Are these searches different? If the phone book has 8 million numbers in it: How many queries to find phone number of G. Samsa? How many queries to find person with number 929-9338 Layers of abstraction
Survey the field Artificial intelligence Graphics/Multimedia Parallel Computation Programming Languages Systems Scientific Computing Theory User Interfaces Theory properties of algorithms, how fast, how much memory average case, worst case: sorting cards, words provable properties, in a mathematical sense Language programming languages: C++, Java, C, Perl, Fortran, Lisp, Scheme, Visual BASIC, ML, ... Assembly language, machine language, Natural language such as English Architecture Main memory, cache memory, disk, USB, ... pipeline, multi-processor Questions you will be able to answer Vendor tries to sell you a system that will check all of your systems and procedures to see if they are correct. Programmer tells you that to optimize the routing of your sales personnel is beyond the power of today's computers. Computer consultant demonstrates complicated management system with test data including a handful of employees. Is the performance with this small set of data a good indicator of how the system will perform with all of your company data entered? Tomorrow’s topic HTML Webpages Lab starts Tuesday (05/24) Prelab 1 online (due before lab!) QUIZZES!!!
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