Core earth’s environment



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CORE EARTH’S ENVIRONMENT

The following information may be taught in any order; there is no ODE-recommended sequence.




Content Strand

Quarter Taught

Content Topic

Core Concepts

Content Statement

ODE / TC

Key Vocabulary

Instructional Strategies and Resources

(Formative)

I/R/M

Evidence of Understanding (Summative)

Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-1

Understanding our Environment



a. Environmental science is an interdisciplinary study of the environment. A goal of many environmental scientists is to understand and solve environmental problems. One important foundation of environmental science is the science of ecology.


TC

IE.1-1a


Environmental Science

Ecology


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation





I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-1

Understanding our Environment



b. Environmental change has occurred throughout Earth’s history.

TC

IE.1-1b


Agriculture

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

R

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-1

Understanding our Environment



c. Hunter-gatherer societies cleared grassland by setting fires and contributed to the extinction of some large mammals.

TC

IE.1-1c


Agriculture

Natural Resources




In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

R

M





Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-1

Understanding our Environment



d. The agricultural revolution caused human population growth, habitat loss, soil erosion, and the domestication of plants and animals.

TC

IE.1-1d


Natural Resources

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-1

Understanding our Environment



e. The Industrial Revolution caused rapid human population growth and the increased use of fossil fuels. Most modern environmental problems began during the Industrial Revolution.

TC

IE.1-1e


Pollution

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

RM


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-1

Understanding our Environment



f. The major environmental problems we face today include resource depletion, pollution, and loss of biodiversity.

TC

IE.1-1f


Pollution

Biodiversity




In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-2

The Environment and Society



a. “The Tragedy of the Commons” was an influential essay that described the relationship between the short-term interests of the individual and the long-term interests of society.


TC

IE.1-2a





In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation



R

Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-2

The Environment and Society



b. The law of supply and demand states that when the demand for a product increases, while the supply remains fixed, the cost of the product will increase.

TC

IE.1-2b


Law of Supply and Demand

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-2

The Environment and Society



c. Environmental problems in developed countries tend to be related to consumption. In developing nations, the major environmental problems are related to population growth.


TC

IE.1-2c


Ecological Footprint

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.1

Science and the Environment



IE.1-2

The Environment and Society



d. Sustainability is the condition in which human needs are met in such a way that a human population can survive indefinitely at a standard of living similar to the current one.

TC

IE.1-2d


Sustainability

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-1

Scientific Methods



a. Science is a process by which we learn about the world around us. Science progresses mainly by the experimental method.

TC

IE.2-1a


Experimental Method

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation




I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-1

Scientific Methods



b. The experimental method involves making observations, forming a hypothesis, performing an experiment, interpreting data, and communicating results

TC

IE.2-1b


Hypothesis

Prediction

Experiment

Variable


Control Group

Experimental Group

Data


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Investigative Lab




I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Lab Assessment

Homework Analysis



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-1

Scientific Methods



c. In cases in which experiments are impossible, scientists look for correlations between different phenomena.

TC

IE.2-1c


Correlation

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


R

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-1

Scientific Methods



d. Good scientists are curious, honest, skeptical, and open to new ideas.

TC

IE.2-1d





In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


RM

Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-2

Statistics and Models



a. Scientists use statistics to classify, organize, and interpret data.

TC

IE.2-2a


Statistics


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation



I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-2

Statistics and Models



b. Measures such as means and probabilities are used to describe populations and events.

TC

IE.2-2b


Mean

Distribution

Probability

Sample



In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions



I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-2

Statistics and Models



c. Statistics is a powerful tool for evaluating information about the environment.

TC

IE.2-2c


Risk

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-2

Statistics and Models



d. Scientists use models, including physical, graphical, conceptual, and mathematical models, to understand the systems they study.

TC

IE.2-2d


Model

Conceptual Model

Mathematical Model


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-3

Making Informed Decisions



a. Making environmental decisions involves gathering information, considering values, and exploring consequences.

TC

IE.2-3a


Value

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation




I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.2

Tools of Environmental Science



IE.2-3

Making Informed Decisions



b. Decisions about the environment should be made thoughtfully. Using a decision-making model will provide you with a systematic process for making knowledgeable decisions.

TC

IE.2-3b


Decision-Making Model

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


R

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-1

The Geosphere



a. The solid part of the Earth that consists of all rock, and the soils and sediments on Earth’s surface, is the geosphere.

TC

IE.3-1a


Geosphere


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation




I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-1

The Geosphere



b. Earth’s interior is divided into layers based on composition and structure.

TC

IE.3-1b


Hydrosphere


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-1

The Geosphere



c. Earth’s surface is broken into pieces called tectonic plates, which collide, separate, or slip past one another.

TC

IE.3-1c


Crust

Mantle


Core

Lithosphere

Asthenosphere


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-1

The Geosphere



d. Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building are all events that occur at the boundaries of tectonic plates

TC

IE.3-1d


Tectonic Plate

In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-1

The Geosphere



e. Earth’s surface features are continually altered by the action of water and wind.

TC

IE.3-1e


Chemical Weathering

Erosion


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-2

The Atmosphere



a. The mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth is called the atmosphere.

TC

IE.3-2a


Atmosphere


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

Lab Investigation




I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

Lab Assessment



Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-2

The Atmosphere



b. The atmosphere is composed almost entirely of nitrogen and oxygen.

TC

IE.3-2b


Atmosphere


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

M


Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-2

The Atmosphere



c. Earth’s atmosphere is divided into four layers based on changes in temperature that take place at different altitudes.

TC

IE.3-2c


Troposphere

Stratosphere

Ozone


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions

I

Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis


Introduction to Environmental Science

1

IE.3

The Dynamic Earth



IE.3-2

The Atmosphere



d. Heat is transferred in the atmosphere by radiation, conduction, and convection. Some of the gases in the atmosphere slow the escape of heat from the Earth’s surface in what is known as the Greenhouse Effect.

TC

IE.3-2d


Conduction

Convection

Greenhouse Effect


In Class Questions

Lecture


Class Discussions


I

Section quizzes

Unit Test

Homework Analysis

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