Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (A) Nyāyabindu Tika by Dharmottara



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M. A. Philosophy

I SEMESTER




Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (A)

Nyāyabindu Tika by Dharmottara



Suggested Readings:


  1. Nyāyabindu translated into Hindi by Pt. C. S. Shastri.

  2. Nyāyabindu translated into Hindi by Dr. S. N. Shastri.

3. Buddhist Logic Vol. II, by Stcherbatsky.
(2) Contemporary Indian Philosophy (A)
K. C. Bhattacharya : Studies in Philosophy : Edited by Gopinath Bhattacharya

(Only chapters I Concept of Philosophy.

II The Concept of Absolute and its Alternative forms.

Suggested Readings:


  1. Bhattacharya, K. C. : Studies in Philosophy (2 volume in one)

  2. Bhattacharya, K. D. : Studies in K C Bhattacharya.


Major Elective:

  1. Modern Western Philosophy

1. Hume : Treatise on Human Nature

Book I

2. Kant : Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics.



Suggested Readings :


  1. Korner, S. : Kant.

  2. Misra, S. : Kant Ka Darshana

  3. Flew, A. F. N.: Hume’s Philosophy of Belief.

  4. Smith, N K : Philosophy of David Hume.

OR





  1. Francis Bacon : Novum Organum (Book I)

  2. Rene Descartes : Meditations on First Philosophy


Suggested Readings :

1. D. J. O’ Connor (ed.) : A critical History of Western Philosophy ( New York 1964).

2. Willis Doney (ed.) Descartes : A collection of Critical Essays (Doubleday New York 1967).

3. F. E. Baird and W. Kaufmann (ed.) : Modern Philosophy (Prentice-Hall inc. 1997)

4. Makku Peltonen (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Bacon (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press 1996)

5. Steven Nadler (ed.) A companion to Early Modern Philosophy (Black well Publisher – Ltd. 2002).


4. Minor Elective

(A) Problems of Philosophy ( Common with IPR )

  1. Nature of Philosophy in the West and its Distinction from Science and Religion.

  2. Methods of Philosophy : Speculative versus Critical Method, the Method of Doubt, the Method of Phenomenological Description, the Method of Analysis, Dialectical Method.

  3. Epistemological Problems:

    1. Necessary and Empirical Knowledge.

    2. Sources of knowledge.

    3. Validity of Knowledge (Theories of Truths) (a) Correspondence, (b) Coherence, (c) Pragmatic Theory.

    4. Limits of knowledge : Scepticism, Agnosticism.

  4. Ontological problems :

    1. Mind, Matter, God.

    2. Mind-body Problems.

(iii) Idealism, Realism, Materialism.

Suggested Readings :

  1. Korner, S. : Fundamental questions in Philosophy.

  2. John Hospers : An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis.

  3. Titus ; H.H. : Living issues in Philosophy.

  4. Eving, A.C. ; Fundamental questions of Philosophy.

  5. Russell, B. : Problems of Philosophy.

  6. Rajendra Prasad : Darsanasastra ki Ruprekha.

  7. Misra, H. N. : Paschatya Darsana ki Samasyayen (Hindi).


OR

(B)Mundakopanisad
Suggested Readings :
1. Swami Sharvananda : Mundakopanisad.

2. Mundakopanisad : Gita Press, Gorakhpur.

3. Mundaka Upanisad with the commentary of Sankaracarya, Translated by Swami Gambhirananda.

4. Chinmayananda : Mundakopanisad.




OR



(C) VĀKYAPADĪYA, BHARTŖHARI, BRAHMAKĀNDAM WITH HARIVŖTTI (Bhartŗhari’s Philosophy of Language) Common with I.P.R.
Prescribed Text:

1.Vākyapadīya, Brahmakāņdam of Bhartŗhari with Harivŗtti Edited By K.A.Subramania Iyer,Decon College, Poona,1966.
Suggested Readings:

1.Vākyapadīya, Brahmakāņdam of Bhartŗhari with Harivŗtti Edited By Bhagirath Prasad Tripathi ‘ Vagisa Sastri, Sampurnananda Sanskrit Visvavidyalaya, Varanasi, 1976

2.Vākyapadīya, Brahmakāņda of Bhartŗhari with Harivŗtti Tr. in Hindi by Suresh Chandra Awasthi, Chowkhambha Vidya Bhawan, 1990

3.Vākyapadīya, Part I&II of Bhartŗhari , Tr. by K.Raghvan Pillai, MLBD, 1971.

5. Tiwari, D.N.The Central Problems of Bhartŗhari’s Philosophy, ICPR, New Delhi. 2008

6. K.A.Subramania Ayer, Bhartŗhari, Deccan College, Poona,1969.

7.Matilal, B.K. The Word and the World, pp. 122-3. Oxford University Press, 1990.

8.Pandey, R.C..The Problem of Meaning in Indian Philosophy, BLBD, 1963.

9. Kunjhuni Raja Indian Theories of Meaning, Adyar library & Research center,1963.

10. Jha, H.M.,Trends of Linguistic Analysis in Indian Philosophy, Choukhambha Vidya Bhawan, Varanasi, 1981

11.. Sastri, Gauri Nath A Study in the Dialectics of Sphoţa, MLBD, New Delhi,1980

12.. Vyakarana Darshan, Ram Suresh Tripathi,

13. B.K.Matilal, Epistemology, Logic and Grammar In Indian Philosophical Analysis. The Hague, Mouton, 1971.

14. Coward, H.G. The Sphota Theory of LanguageMLBD, Delhi,1997.




II Semester



Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy : (B)

Vedānta Sāra



Suggested Readings :

1. Vedānta-sāra of Sadānanda edited with commentaries and notes by Col.

G. A. Jacob.

2. Vedānta-sāra with Hindi translation and commentary by Pt. Badari Nath Shukla.


(2) Contemporary Indian Philosophy (B)

Sri Aurobindo : The Life Divine, Book One : Chapters 1,2,3,4,9,10,11, 12,14,15,16 &23, Book Two : Chapters : 1,2,5,6,& 7 of Part I, Chapters 18,19,20,25 & 27 of Part II.


Suggested Readings:

  1. Misra, R. S. : The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo.

  2. Maitra, S. K. : The meeting of the East and the West in Sri Aurobindo Philosophy.

  3. Dubey, U.C. : Sri Aurobindo aur Bradley ka Paramatattvavada.

  4. Dubey, U.C. : Sri Aurobindo Ka Sanskrti darsana.

  5. Maitra, S.K.: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo.

  6. Chaudhari, H.: The Philosophy of Integralism.


Major Elective :


  1. Recent Western Philosophy


Wittgenstein, L. : Tractatus Logico Philosophicus.

OR

Sartre, J. P. : Existentialism and Humanism,

Being and Nothingness.

Suggested Readings :

(1) Black, Max : Companion to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.



  1. Pitcher, George : The Philosophy of Wittgenstein.

  2. Pandey, R. P. : Tractatus ( Hindi Translation).

  3. Warnock, M.: Philosophy of Sartre.

  4. Dwivedi, D. N. : Study of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy.

  5. Wittgenstein : Philosophical Investigations.

4. Minor Elective :
(A)Problems of Ethics and Religion.

  1. Axiological Problems :

    1. Values of Life : End-values and Means-values, Individual Values and Social Values : Moral, Material and Spiritual Values.

    2. Conflict between the Good and the Pleasant.

    3. The Summum Bonum of Life, Liberation and Self-realisation.

(2) Problems of the Philosophy of Religion.

(i) Religion, Morality and Spirituality.

(ii) Conflict between science and Religion.

(iii) God and the Problem of Evil.

(iv) Validity of Religious Experience.
Suggested Readings :



  1. Korner, S. : Fundamental questions in Philosophy.

  2. John Hospers : An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis.

  3. Titus, H. H. : Living issues in Philosophy.

  4. Eving, A. C. ; Fundamental questions of Philosophy.

  5. Russell, B. : Problems of Philosophy.

  6. Rajendra Prasad : Darsanasastra ki Ruprekha.

  7. Misra, H. N. : Pascatya Darsana ki Samasyayen (Hindi).


OR

(B) The Bhagavadgita

(Chapters 2, 4, 12 & 16)
Suggested Readings

1. The Bhagavadgita (English Translation by S. Radhakrishnan)

2. The Bhagavadgita (English Translation by Swami Cidbhavananda)

3. Tilak, B. G. : Gita Rahasya.

4. Bhave, Vinoba : Gita Pravacana.
OR

(C) VĀKYAPADĪYA BY BHARTŖHARI ,VĀKYAKĀNDA, WITH COMMENTARY BY PUŅYARĀJA (Verses 1 to 118)( Common with Indian Philosophy and Religion)
Prescribed Text:

1.Vākyapadīya, Vākyakāņda of Bhartŗhari with Puņyarāja’s Commentary Edited By K.A. Subramania Iyer,Decon College, Poona,1966.
Suggested Readings:

1.Vākyapadīya, Part I&II of Bhartŗhari , Tr. by K.Raghvan Pillai, MLBD, 1971.

2. Vākyapadīya, Vākyakāņdam of Bhartŗhari with Puņyarāja’s Commentary Edited By Bhagirath Prasad Tripathi ‘ Vagisa Sastri, Sampurnananda Sanskrit Visvavidyalaya, Varanasi, 1980.

3. Tiwari, D.N.The Central Problems of Bhartŗhari’s Philosophy, ICPR, New Delhi. 2008

4. K.A.Subramania Ayer, Bhartŗhari, Deccan College, Poona,1969.

5.Matilal, B.K. The Word and the World, pp. 122-3. Oxford University Press, 1990.

6.Pandey, R.C..The Problem of Meaning in Indian Philosophy:,BLBD, 1963.

7. Kunjhuni Raja Indian Theories of Meaning, Adyar library & Research center,1963.

8.. Sastri, Gauri Nath A Study in the Dialectics of Sphoţa, MLBD, New Delhi,1980

9.. B.K.Matilal, Epistemology, Logic and Grammar In Indian Philosophical Analysis.

The Hague, Mouton, 1971.

10.Vyākaraņa Darśana, Ram Suresh Tripathi,

11. Coward, H.G. The Sphota Theory of LanguageMLBD, Delhi,1997.

OR


( D ) . CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY by Will Kymilika,


Oxford University Press- 2003.The following five chapters

    1. Liberal Equality

    2. Libertarianism

    3. Marxism

    4. Communitarians

    5. Feminism
Suggested Readings

  1. Rawls John: A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, 1971

  2. Amartya Sen (Ed.): Utilitarianism and Beyond, Oxford University Press, 1984.

  3. Meera Chandok (Ed.) Multiculwalism, Oxford University Press, India 2001

  4. Judith Butlar, : A Cambridge Companion to Feminism.

III Semester
Core – (1) Logic (A)

1. Introduction



    1. Symbolic Logic and Classical Logic

    2. The use of Symbols.

    3. Inference and Implication.

2. The Propositional Calculus

    1. Propositional Logic

    2. Propositional Variables and the Basic Connectives

    3. Relation between Truth Functions

    4. The Stroke and Dagger Functions

3. The Method of Deduction

    1. The Truth Table Method of Testing the Validity of Arguments.

    2. The Indirect Method of Truth-Table Decision.

    3. The Classification of Propositions as Tautology, Contradictory and Contingent.

    4. Elementary Transformation in the Propositional Calculus.

    5. Decision Procedures and Normal Forms.

    6. Derivation by Substitution.

4. The Syllogism and The Algebra of Classes

    1. Classes and The Relation between them.

    2. The Boolean Algebra of Classes.

    3. The Boolean Algebra of Classes and Syllogism.


Suggested Readings :
1. Basson, A. H. and O’Connor, D. J. : Introduction to Symbolic Logic.

2. Copi, I. M. : Symbolic Logic (Fifth Edition).



  1. Suppes, P. : Introduction to Logic.

  2. Quine, W. V. : Methods of Logic.

  3. Ambrose, A. and Lazerowitz, M. : Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic.

  4. Rescher, N. : Topics in Philosophical Logic.

  5. Barlingay, S. S. : Tarka-rekha (Hindi).



OR


Philosophy of Science (A)

Book Prescribed :

Earnest Nagel : The Structure of Science ( Chapter 2, 3 & 4 )
Suggested Readings :
1. Arthur Pap : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.

2. Popper, Karl : The Logic of Scientific Discovery.

3. Sidney, Morgenbesser, Patrich Suppes and Morton White, (ed): Philosophy, Science and Method.

OR
Ethics (A)

History of Ethics
1. Cynics and Cyrenaics.

2. Stoics and Epicurus

3. Plato : The Idea of Justice-Individual and Social Cardinal Virtues, Absolute Good.

4. Aristotle : General conception of well being, Characteristics of Moral Virtue, The Doctrine of the Mean, Cardinal Virtues, Knowledge and Virtue.

5. Naturalism

(a) Egoistic Naturalism of Hobbes.

(b) Sympathetic Naturalism of Hume.

(c) Evolutional Naturalism (Evolutionary Hedonism) of Herbert Spencer.

6. English Intuitionism – Sympathetic Intuitionism of Adam Smith, Autonomic Intuitionism of Butler.

7. Rationalism of Kant – Categorical Imperative : Autonomy of Moral Will. Postulates of Morality. Rationalistic and idealistic Ethics of Hegel.



  1. English Hedonism and Utilitarianism of Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick.



Suggested Readings





  1. Rogers, R.A.P.: A short History of Ethics.

  2. Verma, V. P. : Nitisastra ke mula siddhanta (Hindi)

  3. Rai, Chhaya : Kant Ka Nitidarsana (Hindi).

  4. Paton, H. J.: The Categorical Imperative.

OR

Philosophy of Religion (A)


Book Prescribed :

Hick, John : Philosophy of Religion . Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987 (Excluding Chapters 3, 6, 7, 8 and 10)



Suggested Readings

1. Flew, Antony : New Essays in Philosophical Theology.

2. MacGregor, Geddes : Philosophical Issues in Religious Thought.

3. Dasgupta, S. N. : Religion and Rational Outlook.

4. Herman, A. L. : The Problem of Evil and Indian Thought.

5. O’Flaherty, W. D. : Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions.

6. Gangadhar, D. A. : Essays in Philosophy of Religion.

7. Masih, Y. : Samanya Dharma Darsan (Hindi).



Major Elective
(3). (1) Advaita Vedānta (A)
Book Prescribed

1. Māndukyakārikā of Gaudapada (Advaita-Prakaranam only)

2. Brahmasutra SānkaraBhasya ( I.1.1 to I.1.4 and II.2.1 to II.2.45 only)
Suggested Readings :


  1. Bhattacharya, V. S. : The Agama Sastra of Gaudpada.

  2. Pandey, S. L. : Pre-Sankara Advaita Philosophy.

  3. Nakamura, Hajime : A History of Early Vedanta Philosophy.

  4. Deusson, Paul : The system of the Vedanta.

  5. Naulakha, R. S. : Sankara’s Brahmavada.

  6. Rao, K. B. R. : Ontology of Advaita.

  7. Dasgupta, S. N. : A History of Indian Philosophy Vol II.

  8. Coward, H. G. (ed) : Studies in Indian Thought.

  9. Thibaut, George : The Vedanta Sutra with Sankaracarya’s Commentary

(S B E Vols. 34 & 38).

(10) Tripathi, R. K.: Brahmasutra Sānkara – Bhasya Catussutri (Hindi).


(11) Saraswati, Satyananda : Brahma – Sutra Sānkara – Bhasya (Hindi).

(12) Sharma, C. D. : Bauddha Darsana aur Vedanta (Hindi).

(13) Das, R. : Introduction to Sankara.


OR

Mahayana Buddhism (A)

Madhyamika


Book Prescribed :
Madhyamaka Sastra of Nagarjuna (together with Candrakirti’s Prasnnapada) chapters 1, 24 & 25 only. The following problems : Madhyamika System its role and significance, M. dialectic, M. as a critique of causality, conception of Sunyata as Absolute, Nirvana, Theory of four conditions, two truths and degrees of reality, M. interpretation of the doctrine Pratityasamutpada, four noble truths, Prajnaparamita, Absolute and Phenomena.
Suggested Readings :
1. Stcherbatsky, Theodore : The conception of Buddhist Nirvana.

2. Murti, T. R. V. : The Central Philosophy of Buddhism.

3. Misra, R. K. : Levels of Madhyamika Thought.

4. Streng, F. I. : Emptiness : A study in Religious Meaning.

5. Misra, H. N. : Madhyamika Darsana (Hindi).

OR

Kashmir Saivism (A)


Book Prescribed :
Isvarapratyabhijnavimarsini (Jnanadhikara Only) of Abhinavagupta, Paramarthasara, and Pratyabhijnahrdayam of Kshemaraja with special reference to the following problems :

General characteristics of Agamic tradition, History and literature of Kashmir Saivism, Epistemology of Kashmir Saivism : nature and validity of knowledge, Citi as the sole pramana, theory of error, nature and Validity of Agama, Concept of Absolute (Siva-Sakti), Concept of Spanda, Vimarsa.


Suggested Readings :
1. Pandey, K C : Bhaskari Vol III

2. Singh, Jaidev : Pratyabhijnahrdayam.

3. Chatterjee, J C : Pratyabhijnahrdayam.

4. Mishra, K P : Sattrmsattattvasamdoh. (Ek Darsanika Addhyayana)

5. Pandey, K C : Abhinavgupta and His Times.

6. Pandit, B N : Kashmir Saiva Darsana.

7. Sharma, L N : Kashmir Saivism.

8. Mishra, Kamalakar : Significance of Tantric Tradition.

9. Mishra, Kamalakar : Kashmir Saivism : The Central Philosophy of Tantrism.

10. Mishra, K. P. : Kashmir Saiva Darsana : Mula Siddhanta.

11. Sastri, Suryanarayan : Sivavaita of Srikantha.

12. Murphy, Paul R : Triadic Mysticism.


OR

Visistadvaita Vedanta – (A)

Book Prescribed :

Sribhasyam (Jijnasadhikarana only)


Suggested Readings :

1. Thibaut, G. : The Vedanta Sutras with Ramanuja’s Sri-bhasya ( S B E

Vol 48)

2. Dasgupta, S. N. : A History of Indian Philosophy, Vol II.



3. Srinivasacarya, P. N. : Philosophy of Visistadvaita.

4. Varadacari, K. C. : Ramanuja’s Theory of Knowledge.

5. Sengupta, A. : A Critical study of the Philosophy of Ramanuja.

6. Bharadvaja, K. D. : The Philosophy of Ramanuja.

7. Sinha, J. N. : Philosophy of Ramanuja.

8. Cahari, S. M. S. : Advaita and Visistadvaita.

9. Vidyarthi, B. P. : Divine Personality and Human Life in Ramanuja.

10. Vidyarthi, B. P. : Knowledge, Self and God in Ramanuja.


Minor Elective

Samkhya Philosophy

(1) Concept of Suffering.

(2) Pramana.

(3) Theory of Causation

(4) Trigunavada

(5) Purusa

(6) Prakrti

(7) Evolution

(8) Kaivalya

Suggested Readings

1. Chakravorti, P. B. : Origin and development of the Samkhya System of thought.

2. Pandey, D. N. : Samkhya tatvamonorama.

3. Kripa Shanker : Yuktidipika Ka eka Samiksatamaka Adhyayana.

4. Urmila Chaturvedi : Vijnanabhiksu Aur Samkhya Darsana.

5. Larson, G. J. : The Classical Samkhya.


OR


Saiva-Siddhanta
Agamic tradition, Proofs for existence of God, Nature of Siva and Sakti, Nature of Soul, Creation, Bondage, Liberation.

Suggested Readings

1. Dr. K. P. Mishra : Saiva-Siddhanta Darsana.

2. Dr. K. P. Mishra : Sivajnanabodham (Darsnika Adhyayana)

3. Dr. K. Sivaraman : Saivism in Philosophical perspective.

OR


Jainism :
Metaphysics & Epistemology, Karma and Punarjanma, Syadvada, Anekantavada, Anuvrata and Mahavrata, Bondage and Liberation.

Suggested Readings :

1. Mahendra Kumar : Jain Darsana.

2. Mohan Lal Mehta : Jain Darsana.

3. Nathmal Tatiya : Studies in Jain Philosophy



OR



Neo Vedantism:
Vivekananda : Reality, Maya, Means of Liberation.

Sri Aurobindo : Absolute, Supermind, Human Destiny, Theory of Evolution.

Radhakrishnan : Absolute, Intellect and Intuition, Spirit and Human Destiny.
Suggested Readings :
1. Radhakrishnan, S. : An Idealist view of Life.

2. D. A. Gangadhar : Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ka dharma evam Darsana.

3. B. K. Lal : Contemporary Indian Philosophy (Hindi & English).

4. Misra, R. S. : The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo.



OR


The Nyāya-Sūtras first chapter with Vatsyayana-Bhāñya

(Common with I.P.R.)
Suggested readings—

1. The Nyāya-Sūtras of Gautama: With The Bhāñya of Vātsyāyana And The Vārtika of Uddyotakara (4 Volumes) Translated By: Mahamahopadhyaya Ganganatha Jha : 1999

Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

2. The Nyāya-Sūtras of Gotama Trans by: Satish Chandra Vidyabhushana : 2003

Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

3. Nyāyadarśanam with Nyāya - bhāñya and Sunanda Hindi commenatry by Sachchidanand Mishra: 1999 Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan, New Delhi

4. Nyāya darśanam with Nyāya - bhāñya and Hindi commenatry by Dhundhiraj Shastri: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi
OR


PHILOSOPHICAL INVESTIGATIONS, L. Wittgenstein, Pt. I (up to Para 309)

Book Prescribed:


  1. Wittgenstein Ludwig: Philosophical Investigations, (Section IInd para 309) Second Edition, Translated by G.E.M. Anscombe, Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

  2. Wittgenstein Ludwig: Philosophical Investigations, Translated in Hindi by Ashok Vohra, I.C.P.R. New Delhi, 1996

Suggested Reading:

  1. Sluga H and Stern David G. (editors): The Cambridge companion to Wittgenstein, Cambridge University Press, U.K., 1996

  2. Hacker P.M.S.: Insight and Illusion, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986

  3. Pitcher George: The Philosophy of Wittgenstein, Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 1985.

  4. Kenny Anthony: Wittgenstein, Penguin Books, England, 1983.

  5. Pears David: Wittgenstein, Fontana Press, London, 1997.

  6. Grayling A.C.: Wittgenstein, OUP, 1988

  7. Dwivedi D.N.: A Study of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy, Darshana Peeth, Allahabad, 1977.

  8. Pandeya, R.P.: Wittgenstein (in Hindi), Rajasthan Hindi Granth Akadamy, Jaipur, 1982.

Semester IV

Core (1) Logic (B)

1. Deductive System :



    1. Definition and Deduction.

    2. Formal Deductive System.

    3. Properties of Formal Deductive Systems.

2. Quantification Theory:

    1. Singular Propositions and General Propositions.

    2. Predicates.

    3. Quantifiers.

    4. Bound and Free Variables.

    5. Inference Involving only Universal Quantifiers.

    6. Restricted Inferences with Existential Quantifiers.

    7. General Inferences.

3. The Logic of Relations:



    1. Arguments including Relations.

    2. Some Attributes of Relations.

    3. Identity and Definite Description.


Suggested Readings :
1. Basson, A. H. and O’Connor, D. J. : Introduction to Symbolic Logic.

2. Copi, I. M. : Symbolic Logic (Fifth Edition).

3. Suppes, P. : Introduction to Logic.

4. Quine, W. V. : Methods of Logic.

5. Ambrose, A. and Lazerowitz, M. : Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic.

6. Rescher, N. : Topics in Philosophical Logic.

7. Barlingay, S. S. : Tarka-rekha (Hindi).

OR


Philosophy of Science (B)

Book Prescribed :

Earnest Nagel : The Structure of Science ( Chapter 6, 10 & 14 )
Suggested Readings :
1. Arthur Pap : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.

2. Popper, Karl : The Logic of Scientific Discovery.

3. Sidney, Morgenbesser, Patrich Suppes and Morton White, (ed) Philosophy, Science and Method.

(2) Ethics (B)

Contemporary Ethical Theories
1. Moore : Intuitionism, Naturalistic Fallacy, Ideal Utilitarianism.

2. Ross : The Right and the Good, Prima-facie Duties.

3. Ewing : Conception of ‘Ought’, Definition of the Good.

4. Ayer : Emotive Theory of Ethics Based on Logical positivism.

5. Stevenson : Ethics & Language (Emotive Theory), Criticism of Intuitionism by Emotive Theories.

6. Toulmin : Good Reasons in Ethics. Limiting problems of Ethics.

7. Urmson : Grading in the Moral Sphere.

8. Hare : Prescriptive Ethics.


Suggested Readings :
1. Binkley : Contemporary Ethical Theories.

2. Hudson : Contemporary Ethical Theories.

3. Ross, W. D. : Foundations of Ethics.

4. Novellsmith, P. N. : Ethics.

5. Toulmin, S. : The Place of Reason in Ethics.

6. Hare, R. M. : Ethics and Language.

7. Edwards, P. : The Logic of Moral Discourse.

8. Verma, V. P. : Niti-sastra ke mula siddhanta (Hindi).

9. Rai, Chhaya : Kant Ka Niti-Darsana (Hindi).

OR




Philosophy of Religion (B)

Book Prescribed
1. Hick John : Philosophy of Religion. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987. (Only chapters 6 and 7)

2. Hick, John (ed.) : Classical and Contemporary Readings in Philosophy of Religion, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987: Second Print - 1964 Only following chapters :

(i) Mysticism – William James.

(ii) Two types of Philosophy of Religion – Paul Tillich.

(iii) The Numinous – Rudolf Otto.

(iv) An empiricist view of The nature of Religious Belief : R. B. Braith Waite.



Suggested Readings

1. Flew, Antony : New Essays in Philosophical Theology.

2. MacGregor, Geddes : Philosophical Issues in Religious Thought.

3. Dasgupta, S. N. : Religion and Rational Outlook.

4. Herman, A. L. : The Problem of Evil and Indian Thought.

5. O’Flaherty, W. D. : Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions.

6. Gangadhar, D. A. : Essays in Philosophy of Religion.

7. Masih, Y. : Samanya Dharma Darsan (Hindi).


Major Elective

Advaita Vedanta (B)

Book Prescribed :


1. Vedanta Paribhasa (Paricchedas 1 to 6 only)
Suggested Readings :

1. Shastri, S. S. : Vedanta Paribhasa (English Translation).

2. Musalgaonkar (ed) : Vedantaparibhasa (Hindi).

3. Datta, D. M. : Six ways of knowing.

4. Satprakasananda : Methods of Knowledge.




OR

Mahayana Buddhism (B)

(Yogacara)


Book Prescribed :
Vijnaptimatratasiddhi of Vasubandhu together with Commentary of Sthiramati. The following problems : Statement of Idealism, Refutation of Realism, Diversification of Consciousness – the three Vijnanas, Consciousness as Absolute, Theory of three foldtruth, Concept of Ignorance, Conception of Tathagata.
Suggested Readings :
1. Chatterjee, A. K. : Yogacara Idealism.

2. Mookerji, S. (ed.) : The Nava – Nalanda Mahavihara Research Publication

Vol 1.

3. Pandey, G. C. : Bauddha Dharma ke Vikasa ka Itihasa.



4. Coward, H. G. (ed) : Studies in Philosophy.

OR



Kashmir Saivism (B)

Book Prescribed :


Paramarthasara, Sattrmsattattvasamdoh and Pratyabhijnahrdayam of Ksemaraja with special reference to the following problems :
Process of creation, Abhāsavāda, Lilavada, Svatantryavada, Concept of Pratyabhijna, Bondage, Anava mala, Mayiya mala, Karmamala, Bauddha ajnana, Paurusa ajnān Saktipata, Diksa, Liberation, Means of Liberation, Upaya : Anupaya, Sambhavopaya, Saktopaya, Anavopaya.
Suggested Readings :
1. Pandey, K C : Bhaskari Vol III

2. Singh, Jaidev : Pratyabhijnahrdayam.

3. Chatterjee, J C : Pratyabhijnahrdayam.

4. Mishra, K P : Sattrmsattattvasamdoh,. (Ek Darsanika Addhyayana)

5. Pandey, K C : Abhinavagupta and His Times.

6. Pandit, B N : Kashmir Saiva Darsana.

7. Sharma, L N : Kashmir Saivism.

8. Misra, Kamalakar : Significance of Tantric Tradition.

9. Misra, Kamalakar : Kashmir Saivism : The Central Philosophy of Tantrism.

10. Mishra, K P : Kashmir Saiva Darsana : Mula Siddhanta.

11. Sastri, Suryanarayan : Sivadvaita of Srikantha.

12. Murphy, Paul R : Triadic Mysticism.



OR

Visistadvaita Vedanta (B)


Book Prescribed
1. Yatindra-mata-dipika (Avataras 1 to 3 only)
Suggested Readings :
1. Dasgupta, S N : A History of Indian Philosophy. Vol II

2. Srinivasacarya, P N : Philosophy of Visistadvaita.

3. Varadcari, K C : Ramanuja’s Theory of Knowledge.

4. Sengupta, A : A Critical study of the Philosophy of Ramanuja.

5. Bharadvaja, K D : The Philosophy of Ramanuja.

6. Sinha, J N : Philosophy of Ramanuja.

7. Cahari, S M S : Advaita and Visistadvaita.

8. Vidyarthi, B P : Divine Personality and Human Life in Ramanuja.

9. Vidyarthi, B P : Knowledge, Self and God in Ramanuja.

10. Kaviraj, Gopinath : Bharatiya Sadhana ki Dhara.
Minor Elective L

(4)
Yoga Philosophy :
1. Meaning of Yoga.

2. Citta and Cittavrtti.

3. Samadhi-samprajnata and Asamprajnata.

4. Abhyāsa-Vairagya.

5. Kriyayoga.

6. Astānga Yoga .

7. Klesa.

8. God.


9. Kaivalya.
Suggested Readings :
1. Woods J. H. – The aphorism of Patanjali.

2. Aranya, Swami Hariharanand – Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali.

3. Aranya, Swami Hariharanand – Patanjala Yoga darsana.

4. Dasgupta, S. N. – Yoga Philosophy in relation to other systems of Indian Thought.

5. Brahmalina Muni : Patanjala Yoga Darsanam.

6. Elide, M. : Yoga, Immortality and Freedom.



OR


Vaisnavism

The concept of God, Love, Bhakti, Prapatti, Saranagati, Signs of Bhaktas, Nyasa.


Suggested Readings

1. Narada Bhakti Sutra

English Translation by Swami Tyagi Sadananda

1. Vedantadesika : Nyasa-Vimsati.

2. Vitthalanatha : Bhaktihamsah.

3. Goswami Rupa : Haribhakti – rasamrta sindhu.

OR



The Philosophy of M. K. Gandhi
Truth, Non-violence, Satyagraha, Means and End, Eleven Mahavratas, Sarvodaya.

Suggested Readings

1. M. K. Gandhi : An Autobiography : My Experiments with Truth.

2. D. M. Datta : The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi.

OR



The Philosophy of Pt. M. M. Malaviya

Reality, Dharma, Social system, Acara, Education.
Suggested Readings

1. Pt. M. M. Malaviya – Sanatana Dharma. Pradeepaka. Tara Publication, Varanasi. 1921.

2. V. S. Agrawal – Mahamana Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya ke Lekh Aur Bhashana.

3. Prof. Mukut Bihari Lal : Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya Jivana aur Netritva.

4. Krishna Dutta Dwivedi : Bharatiya Punarjagaran Aur Malaviya ji, Vishwavidyalaya Prakashan, Varanasi. 1981.

5. Pt. M. M. Malaviya : Hindu Dharmopadesh, Gyan Mandal Prakashan, Varanasi-1933.


OR
Navya Nyāya Bhāsa Pradīpa & Nyāya Siddhanta Muktavali (Only Anumāna-Khaëòa)

(Common with I.P.R.)


  1. The Navya- Nyāya–Bhāñya- Pradeepa by Mahesh Chandra Nyāya Ratna

  2. The Nyāya-Siddhāntamuktāvalī by Vishvanath Panchanan Bhattacharya (Only Anumāna-Khaëòa)

Suggested readings—



  1. A PRIMER OF NAVYA NYĀYA LANGUAGE AND METHODOLOGY: (Navya-

Nayaya-Bhasa-Pradipa of MM Mahesha Chandra Nyāyaratna) UJJWALA JHA :

2004 THE ASIATIC SOCIETY, Calcutta


2. Navya Nyāya System of logic: theories and techniques -Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass,

1979
3. Bhasa Pariccheda with Siddhanta-Muktavali (Text, Translation and Detailed

Explanation) Swami Madhavananda : 2004 Advaita Ashrama
4. The Nyāya-Siddhāntamuktāvalī by Vishvanath Panchanan Bhattacharya with Mayukha

Commentary by Surya Narayana Shukla and Hindi Commentary by Ram Govind

shukla Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi
5. Visvanatha Nyāyapañcanana Bhattacarya. Karikavali with Muktavali, Prabha,

Manjusha, Dinakariya, Ramarudriya & Gangarama Jatiya. Edited by C. Sankara Rama

Sastry, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi- 1988
6. The Nyāya-Siddhāntamuktāvalī by Vishvanath Panchanan Bhattacharya with Vilasini

Hindi Commentary by Jvala Prasad Gaur, Varanasi-1958





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