The French scholar Romain Rolland wrote, “If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.”
But the basic history of scientific discovery can be summarized like that: Lord Buddha denied the Vedas, yet He also established the Vedas by His own example. Science did the reverse action. The scientists exploited the truths of the Vedas but also denied the Vedas by labeling themselves the founders of the pre-existing factual expositions found in the Vedas. Thus atheistic speculators who dubbed themselves as scientists installed in the minds of the population a new god of their own making called Science. They want us to believe that everything in the world of science seems to be congenial and progressive. By the grace of scientific advancement, life is delightful while the world is filled with promise. The son of science is technological advancement that brings in its wake the illusory promise of carefree sense gratification. Thus the reason to be behind all scientific explorations—as seen from the first voyages of European adventurers—is simple. The stimulus for the Great Geographic Discoveries were the exotic spices. And so it is that the promise of sense gratification lies at the basis for the natural enfoldment of the history of modern scientific discoveries.
But Shri Krishna has another plan, one that is not so obvious and is filled with mystery (to the gross materialist). Despite of the obvious damage that science had done to the Vedic literature by it mis-appropriation of Vedic knowledge for sense gratification, the world has become open. The royal pathways from the East to the West—rather then from West to the East—became the highways for spreading Krishna Consciousness. England took over India (and the United Stated grew into the main extension and muscle of the British Empire). His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Shrila Prabhupada used the English language and wealth of the West to popularize worldwide the ripened fruits of all Vedic literature, Shrimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavad-gita. Once he popularized the sankirtan movement in the United States of America, the the chanting of Hare Krishna mahamantra spread throughout the entire world.
Today with clear vision it is easy to recognize that the true light of the Absolute Truth has indirectly shone upon many walks of modern life. From ecology to filmmaking, culinery habits to so called New Age philosophical views, from yoga-inspired healthy habits to the very language we speak, the influence of India today is omnipresent. But this is just the beginning and we devotees in the line from Shrila Prabhupda should not rest upon those credits. Much work remains to be done before the essential truths found in the Vedas, culminating in Lord Chaitanya’s sankirtan movement as the yuga dharma, receive worldwide implementation. And that is something that depends on every single devotee of Shri Krishna living today on the surface of mother Earth.
MECHANICS OF REAL SCIENCE
Give a swan to water that is mixed with milk to drink and he will extract the milk from it. Give a crow to drink the same water and he will drink it without noticing the milk content. Both birds drink but the quality of their liquid intake is different.
The modus operandi of the modern scientists is like that of the crow. They have assembled some conveniences to presumably serve mankind. The majority of the world has automatically accepted that this is proof of greatness. However, even a child can play around with the different material elements provided by Shri Krishna and arrive at some decent result. How many kids have played with water and found out that if they quickly rotate a bucket around a stick the water inside the vessel does spill out? It is obvious that if one starts mixing up the elements of Nature that surround us, eventually he will arrive at some interesting results.
The most common encounter with the power of combining material elements is cooking. Propelled by hunger or curiosity, everyone has attempted to cook at some point of his life. Still, we know that there is a difference between the amateur and the experienced chef. The master has accumulated practice based on the knowledge of cooking handed down by tradition. His mastery is not a mere result of trial or experimentation. Modern science is like a hobbyist cook who burns the dish because he does not rely on tradition. Contemporary people eat the dish of modern technology only because they are disconnected from traditional tastes and values.
Even in the material spheres of life tradition is an important principle. Tradition is the result of the combined experience of many minds. It is the ripened fruit of combined human trial over millennia. Tradition means that it is difficult to trace the starting point or author of a discovery. Unlike today when each of us would like to be an author of some novel discovery—no matter how trivial and insignificant—tradition values the principles of perfection. Ultimately, traditional knowledge was initiated by Shri Krishna. The best example of original tradition is the disciplic succession (sampradaya) which hands down the original knowledge of the Absolute Truth unchanged since time immemorial. Thus, the original objective of tradition is to keep the perfect and absolute knowledge unchanged. But when parampara gets contaminated by time, place and circumstance it gives birth to cultural traditions. Nevertheless, cultural tradition is better than no tradition at all. Modern science is the example of the later. It is an example of a branch which has been cut from the original tradition of acquiring knowledge.
Modern science relies neither on cultural tradition nor on parampara tradition. In fact, science wants to play God. Even scientists do not realize the consequences of their research, experimentation or the so-called good innovation are put to work in our lives. Immediately after they discover something, their inventions are put into practice without prior reference to tradition. They are trusted without having passed the test of time. Everything done by scientists is accepted as perfect as though it was created by God. But if we look with a vision that is untarnished we will see that all they have done is merely play with the elements; something that even a child can do.
Shri Krishna tells Arjuna in Bhagavad Gita (10.8):
aham sarvasya prabhavo
mattah sarvam pravartate
iti matva bhajante mam
“I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who know this perfectly engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.”
All elements emanate from Shri Krishna. Whatever is necessary has already been provided for life. Yet all that the confused souls of Kali Yuga can see is that the crow is drinking, and therefore he must be relieving his thirst. But the crow will never be able to do what the swan can – extract milk from water.
However, even in Vedic culture there is room for controlled manipulation of material elements under the supervision of knowledgeable brahmanas. It is understood that one who lives in the material world will interact with those forces that surrounded him. In old times there used to be a science based upon tradition; not merely a cultural tradition but rather one that was based upon parampara reflecting the eternal knowledge of the soul. Therefore the most elevated souls in spiritual matters were also very versatile in the knowledge of the interactivity of material elements. We read in Shrimad Bhagavatam (SB 1.13.3-4 Purport) that Shrila Vyasadev knew how to grow babies in vases. He took the pieces expelled from the womb of Gandhari and divided them into one hundred and one pieces. He put them in different vases and in due course of time they produced the hundred sons and one daughter of king Dhritarashtra. Shrila Vyasadev is the author of Shrimad Bhagavatam. He is a great devotee and vibhuti incarnation of the Supreme Lord. He is the teacher of the whole world regarding spirituality in Kali Yuga and we can see that he knew how to manipulate the material elements properly and instantaneously. Conversely, for how many years longer will modern science take to grow a baby in a test tube? What are the scientists missing in their efforts based around trial and error? It is obvious that they have forgotten the most important ingredient in their compilations – spiritual knowledge – the awareness which can separate milk from water. It is not by chance that the most elevated spiritual living entities are called paramahamsas or transcendental swans. Such paramhamsas can see Shri Krishna everywhere. Their keen perception which lies beyond the gross senses of this material body is the key ingredient which can make modern science successful. But significantly “spirituality” is a word thoroughly missing from the scientific dictionary.
Where is Parashara Muni amongst modern scientists? The father of Shrila Vyasadev knew not only the stars but many other sciences like sankhya, vastu and ayurveda. Where can we find Shukracharya who has laid down the basic principles of successful government, planting of trees, social divisions and prosperity and who knows the art of reviving the dead? Where is Kapila Muni who can build a ship which can fly through time and space without obstruction? Where is Lord Shiva who can join a body to an estranged head and keep the life force intact as seen in the story about his own son Ganesha Deva. Modern scientist has attempted to arrive at the same result so many times but instead has ended such experiments merely with the corpses of dead animals.
The main confusion of modern scientists is that the mind is located in the head and by saving the head they think they can add a body to it. This can be seen in the experiment performed in 1963 at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, Ohio led by Robert J. White when he attempted to perform a head transplant. At that time, of course, the lab monkeys did not know how to talk and tell the scientists that they have killed the monkey which they thought they are keeping alive. The mind, as well the soul, is located in the heart but scientist think the head is the center of life. Science will always be a failure without knowledge of the soul.
Modern science has existed for few centuries now. The backbone of science is composed of inquisitive scientists who are curious about Nature. They often uncover some interesting facts about that which surrounds us. These scientists are drawn to nature just like children who want to know everything about the world around them. There is innocence in the inquisitive scientists’ mind but their fault is that they do not follow parampara and they truly deserve to be compared to immature and undeveloped humans. But we should not mistake naive scientists with modern science. Modern science is the exploitation force which draws the water pumped by the thirsty throats of scientist and uses it for its own egoistical goals. These goals are aimed at controlling the population disguised in the flashy wrap of conveniences like the cell phone which presumably give the ease of communication with distant places. At its core modern science has no goal of explaining the truth about the universe. It has no interest of presenting the true map of the cosmos because it aims at mind control. It aims at misinterpreting the personality of the Supreme Lord. The scientific understanding of lording it over material nature is unlike the free will concept that has been laid down as the foundation by Shri Krishna in the genuine universal control. The power of the Supreme Lord is based on love not slavery.
If we examine the modern scientific propaganda machine, it easily makes a person sell his freedom for material conveniences which at their core are false. For example, distant communications are not only possible via cell phones. They are possible through yoga practices. Cell pones have given the benefit of all to communicate over long distances but the thoughts of all materialistic people have contaminated the environment. This sound pollution can only be counteracted by chanting of the pure sound vibration of the Hare Krishna mahamantra.
The basis of creation is sound. Even the operation of computers is based upon the primeval sound OM as all of its systems are based on the numbers 1, 0 and 8. John Atanasoff may have had the idealistic goal of easing computation while inventing the computer, but he had no idea that the computer will one day be able carry and store the thoughts of the humanity in its entirety. Today computers are used for everything from releasing bombs over the heads of innocent people to controlling satellites which direct the global economy towards an inevitable crash. Modern scientific invention should justifiably be used only in Krishna Consciousness.
Ultimately, the technology which is used in modern science has always been out there in a covered or an uncovered condition since time immemorial since it belongs to the Supreme Lord. The most important factor is how the energies of Shri Krishna are used. If internet and other devises are not used in Krishna Consciousness they are just like any other material object which is wasted and will inevitably perish in time.
Modern science forces an artificial lifestyle based upon artificial values which depletes the resources of mother Earth. In the aftermath, we can see that science has created more disasters than benefits. For example, after the refrigerator was invented it facilitated the slaughter of unlimited number of cattle. Without this deadly invention it is very difficult to store meat for long periods of time without decay. Before the refrigerator people used to eat large animals only once or twice a year, if at all. Now cow slaughter is predominant and wars occur every day.
Where is the intelligence of modern science? It seems to be missing because it prefers to kill the most useful animal just for the sake of eating meat. This activity not only creates bad karma but destroys the best of civilization. Any cow can be turned into a kamadhenu because the cow can give unlimited products which can solve the problems of today’s economy. Cows produce milk which can be turned into yogurt and thereafter be used for delicious preparations. From milk, butter can be produced and clarified. This clarified butter (gee) is better than any oil. It can be used for cooking or for producing light, for moving mechanisms, for soap making, for medical preparations and for whatever else comes to mind. Cow dung can be used in heating, for cleaning, house building and in so many other activities and products. The power of the bull can be used as machine power to plow and nourish the fields. This natural way of working the land is friendly to the ecology and never depletes the nutrients of the soil.
The mind of man becomes calm when he produces things with his own hands. All this is lost in a single cut of an innocent animal’s throat. But the cruelty does not end there. The story of modern civilization is as intelligent as the owner of the hen who laid the golden egg. He kept the rear part of the bird because it was the part that produced eggs, and he cut the beak which seemed to take too much investment simply because it was the eating part of the bird body. Modern science is too short-sighted to see that goodness cannot be forced. Out of greediness, science does not know that if the calf is kept with his mother she gives more milk. This natural process cannot be forced by giving steroids to the cows. Modern science is cutting the branch on which everyone in this world is sitting. But the members of this demonic propaganda also live on Earth and they are also doomed to perish in the heinous act of cow slaughter.
Some idealistic scientists want to ease the pain of the cows when being slaughtered. This shows how sentimental and stupid scientists are and how they are exploited by the brainless machine of science. This example can be well illustrated by the contribution of Dr. Temple Grandin who is autistic and spend a lot of time amongst animals. She thought that easing pain at the time of slaughter is humane for the animals while this sentimentalism only serves a contribution to the meat eating world. What bigger hypocrisy? No cow wants to be slaughtered even in a so-called painless of way. Devotees should not identify with modern science and its members whose hands are stained with the blood of innocent creatures. Rather genuine devotees should endeavor to follow and preach the tradition of parampara. They should pursue the example of great devotees who know how to combine material elements for the benefit of all society and—most importantly—for spiritual development. The drinking of the crow and the drinking of the swan is not the same. It is the milk that we want because it is the substance which nourishes life from the very birth. Birth is precious because it gives a chance to all who are born to go back to Godhead. Modern science on the contrary inflicts only death. All its achievements have proven deadly to the environment, the children in school, the women at work and the society at large.
Devotees must strive to implement the philosophy of “high thinking and simple living.” Simple living means to harmonize with nature. Mother Nature is already willing to gives us everything; we only need to acknowledge her by keeping close to the soil and to the cow. Taking shelter under the beloved animals of Shri Krishna is the only solution against the marching onslaught of modern science and its disastrous consequences. It is proven that in natural environment the mind can fully engaged in the chanting of Hare Krishna mahamantra.
Following the four regulative principles in the devotional service to Shri Krishna such as “no meat eating” can successfully combat the modern demonic science. The four regulative principles are not only simple but lay the fundamentals for destroying the demons of modern world.
Stop Drilling the Earth
Today the Earth planet we inhabit, Mother Bhumi, is facing a monumental catastrophe in the form of exploiting her for oil. Though this modern artificial so-called civilization is based around wholesale destruction and
pillaging of the environment, there are a few who have arisen to defend Mother Earth though soon it could be too late. The exploiters of the earth who have created a complete and world-wide dependency upon an oil-based economy have no second thoughts about the suffering they cause to the people of the world and to the world itself. Therefore these living entities are said to be of a demonic nature.
In this regard, Shri Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead and Source of all incarnations, tells Arjuna: “They say that this world is unreal, that there is no foundation and that there is no God in control. It is produced of sex desire, and has no cause other than lust. Following such conclusions, the demoniac, who are lost to themselves and who have no intelligence, engage in unbeneficial, horrible works meant to destroy the world.” (BG 16.8-9)
Such demons do not recognize how all living entities are connected to the Supreme Personality of Godhead as His parts and parcels, and neither do they mind causing repeated havoc wherever they are in the material Universe. Shrimad Bhagavatam records how long ago in the Satya Yuga the demons drilled the Earth to extract her vital elements, causing her to fall to the bottom of the Garbhodaka Ocean. His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada notes:
“The floating of the planets in the weightless air is due to the inner constitution of the globes, and the modernized drilling of the earth to exploit oil from within is a sort of disturbance by the modern demons and can result in a greatly harmful reaction to the floating condition of the earth. A similar disturbance was created formerly by the demons headed by Hiranyaksha (the great exploiter of the gold rush), and the earth was detached from its weightless condition and fell down into the Garbhodaka Ocean.” (SB 2.7.1 Bhaktivedanta Purport)
At the time when the Earth planet Mother Bhumi seemed to be lost, she pitifully prayed to Lord Brahma. Being the first living entity in this universe, Brahma has the special ability to communicate directly with the Personality of Godhead Shri Vishnu. He meditated on the Lord in his heart and, as a result, out of his nostril appeared a magnificent living entity that increased in size like a white cloud:
“Brahma thought: ‘While I have been engaged in the process of creation, the earth has been inundated by a deluge and has gone down into the depths of the ocean. What can we do who are engaged in this matter of creation? It is best to let the Almighty Lord direct us.’
“O sinless Vidura, all of a sudden, while Brahma was engaged in thinking, a small form of a boar came out of his nostril. The measurement of the creature was not more than the upper portion of a thumb.
“O descendant of Bharata, while Brahma was observing Him, that boar became situated in the sky in a wonderful manifestation as gigantic as a great elephant”. (SB 3.13.17-19)
Lord Varahadeva wasted no time in raising Mother Earth from her dilemma:
“He was personally the Supreme Lord Vishnu and was therefore transcendental, yet because He had the body of a hog, He searched after the earth by smell. His tusks were fearful, and He glanced over the devotee-brahmanas engaged in offering prayers. Thus He entered the water.
“Diving into the water like a giant mountain, Lord Boar divided the middle of the ocean, and two high waves appeared as the arms of the ocean, which cried loudly as if praying to the Lord, ‘O Lord of all sacrifices, please do not cut me in two! Kindly give me protection!’
“Lord Boar penetrated the water with His hooves, which were like sharp arrows, and found the limits of the ocean, although it was unlimited. He saw the earth, the resting place for all living beings, lying as it was in the beginning of creation, and He personally lifted it.” (SB 3.13.28-30)
The great demon Hiranyaksha, the main cause for the suffering of Mother Earth, felt disturbed at the presence of the Lord. Lord Varahadeva engaged Hiranyaksha in battle, dispatching him with His Sudarshan Chakra. The Lord easily restored Mother Earth to her original position in the middle of the universe.
Today those people who are not in Krishna consciousness will take this story as a figment of mythology. Through mental speculations they may concoct different symbolic meanings to the Bhagavata Purana’s factual description of historical events. But to the devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, every word of the authorized shastras is pure nectar.
The Bhagavata’s transcendental description reveals that mother Earth is not just a lump of matter. Rather as the living Earth she is an actual entity who feels pain whenever she is plundered. Living in harmony with her is the best for her and therefore best for us who are sustained by her. Since Mother Earth is a devotee of the Supreme Lord, and her deity form is like that of a sacred cow, that person who wishes to live in harmony with the laws of the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna should respect all forms of mother, including women, cows and mother Earth. As Shrila Prabhupada states, the formula for living in harmony with the laws of God and Nature is “simple living and high thinking.”
As observed by Shrila Bhaktsiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur, “There is nothing missing on Earth but Krishna consciousness.” In past ages when people were more God conscious, they produced items and utensils that were made to last for a lifetime. Today consumer products come with a warrantee of one or two years. Such products are not manufactured to last but to stimulate a world of constant consumerism. The consumer is forced to spend his hard earned money over and over again on the same item just to increase the wealth of demonic factory owners. But even a wealthy man cannot eat more than the poor one; the stomachs of the rich and the poor are the same size. And the so-called enjoyment of eating or for that matter mating is also the same. In this way, overproduction of unneeded goods is a waste of valuable energy that is not ours to exploit because it is the property of the Supreme Lord. Instead of focusing on God consciousness, people are made into slaves who are intimidated into continuously slaving just to buy the same products over and over again.
Today more than ever before there is a dire need for devotees to finally embrace the Vedic concepts of simple living and high thinking. It is possible for us to live in harmony with Nature and Mother Earth even as we employ the energies of the modern civilization to facilitate the preaching mission of Krishna consciousness. But the time is rapidly approaching when we may be forced to make a sharp return to the natural ways of simple living. Those who are hopelessly addicted to the modern artificially oil-based lifestyle will be destroyed by it like moths rushing into a flame. Foolish modern concepts of so-called “green living” offer the most puerile stop-gap solutions because such ideas of, say, electric cars (which are oil-based) also do not place Shri Krishna in the center. The concepts of simple living as directly taught by Shrila Prabhupada and the parampara are the only cure for the madness of a civilization based upon exploitation of Mother Earth.
In the past people used to have memories that were deeper and more far-reaching. Now with the advent of an oil-based society, the atmosphere has changed in short order with the rapid advancement of Kali Yuga. Today with the ubiquitous waves of the internet, radio, television and cell phones swirling all around us, the atmospheric interferences are far too great. We are bombarded by subtle messages even as we sleep. We are forced by this demonic civilization to literally swim in a sea of useless information that is impossible to retain anyway. No human brain can deal with this cross current of incessant assault of babble of the age of information.
The new generation of children, fed on the electronic media including violent video games, appears to have little interest in learning whether mundane or transcendent. They are fed through the media an artificial lifestyle whereby they are induced to remain useless and brainless basket cases their entire lives, and in this way they are made to fall into line and are easier to exploit by the demonic powers that be.
After all is said and done our appreciation for the simple cure formula of Krishna consciousness and the Hare Krishna mahamantra becomes even more pronounced. The Holy Names of the Lord are available even to a person who cannot remember what happened just a few minutes before. This in fact is the reality that is now coming into focus. Soon people will not be able to remember what happened to them only yesterday. It is scary but that is the reality of Kali Yuga.
In this age there is no true knowledge other than that which is found in the chanting of the holy Names of Shri Krishna. We bring with us the lingering influences of Kali Yuga—our misconceptions and bad habits—into the society of the devotees of the Lord. The ashram becomes our hospital and we are like medical patients who do not understand the depths of our own material disease. Many aspiring devotees become confused when they read the versions of the Bhagavata, that the Moon is further than the Sun and that the Earth is not a spinning globe that circles the Sun. In this regard, the episode of the appearance of Lord Varahadeva hints at the shape of Mother Earth:
“O Lifter of the Earth, the Earth with her mountains, which You have lifted with Your tusks, is situated as beautifully as a lotus flower with leaves sustained by an infuriated elephant just coming out of the water. (SB 3.13.40)
The Earth’s lotus-like shape is also described in detail in the 5th Canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam. As discussed above, the liquid that keeps the lotus-like Mother Earth afloat is her crude oil. The ignorant living entities that control the corporations that drill for her oil will tell you that their “black gold” can be extracted here and there only at certain locations. But over and again they find new places to drill. That is because oil can be found everywhere under the crust of mother Earth. Just like a fish has an apparatus filled with air under its vertebrae that keeps it afloat, so mother Earth also has a giant organ that keep her afloat. Drilling and destroying her vital organ will only result in sinking her again in the bottom of the ocean.
The symptoms of a doomed future have appeared on the horizon “like a bad Moon on the rise” and only the sankirtan movement can save the earth. The ocean levels are rising and some islands have already been lost to the sea. So there should be a moratorium to this drilling, and material Nature will do this to save the Earth if man refuses to. We are cutting the very branch we sit on. And in these times of trouble for the entire Earth planet we should pray to the most merciful Lord Varahadeva. Let us ask Him to protect us always from the illusions of false enjoyment and the artificial, impermanent lifestyle based upon destroying the very place that sustains us.
DECIPHERING THR CODES OF KALI
O learned one, in this iron age of Kali men have but short lives. They are quarrelsome, lazy, misguided, unlucky and, above all, always disturbed. (SB 1.1.10)
Rule of Kali
Many have tried to pinpoint the origin of the world’s evils. In the game of finger-pointing, one group always blames another. Frequently named culprits include the Vatican, Washington DC, London bankers, and Hollywood. Others point to secret societies, Jews, Muslims, and Christians. Then there are the world corporations and the financial institutions that run them. Many simply accuse unqualified world leaders who opportunely act like bumbling idiots whenever it becomes convenient.
Yet few can pinpoint the original cause of their suffering and the problems of the world. Shrila Prabhupada sums it up, “When there are too many materialistic activities by the people in general all over the world, there is no wonder that a person or a nation attacks another person or nation on slight provocation. That is the rule of this age of Kali or quarrel.”
The first canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam gives the full picture and names the supreme ruler of this Age of Quarrel and Discord as the demon Kali. As Shrila Prabhupada points out in his Purport to SB 1.1.16, “The age of Kali is the most condemned age due to its quarrelsome features. Kali-yuga is so saturated with vicious habits that there is a great fight at the slightest misunderstanding.”
According to Mahabharata, Kali was born from the back of Brahma. He is the grandfather of Svarochita Manu, the second Manu in the present day of Brahma. Kali has the mystic power of transferring himself from one body to the next making his hidden intentions and clandestine influences difficult to spot. Therefore blaming a particular community or even a conspiratorial group as the sole cause for the problems in Kali Yuga is an oversight. Kali’s mystic power is to thrive under the guise of different religions or creeds, countries or genders, races or nationalities. He even infiltrates the sacred order of the brahmanas for the sake of misleading society and sending the entire world to hell. In this age his draconian influences are found everywhere.
Kali and the Tamil Tradition
There is an interesting account from Tamil lore about the birth of Kali. When Kali was born he appeared so terrifying that the demigods asked Lord Vishnu to destroy him. Then and there the Supreme Lord cut him into six pieces. Those six pieces consequently appear in six successive yugas of which the present yuga is the last. Each of the six forms was destroyed by different incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The fifth of these forms was the Kaurava King Duryodhana who appeared at the end of the previous Dwapara Yuga. Although he was not actually slain by Lord Vishnu, he was killed by Pandava Bhimsena under the personal direction of Shri Krishna. The last and sixth portion of Kali is described as the most vicious form of the demon.
All of the six forms of Kali are meant to facilitate the pastimes of Shri Krishna in the material universe. In Bhagavad-gita (4.7) the Lord explains to Arjuna:
yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata
abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham
Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion—at that time I descend Myself.
According to the Tamil tradition, the 6th portion of Kali who resides in this Kali Yuga was created by Lord Shiva. Before his birth in this yuga, Kali requested a form in which he would not be killed as he was in earlier times. Otherwise he would refuse to appear. Rather he would create havoc for the demigods throughout the universe who will also have difficulty spotting his presence. Thus Lord Shiva tricked him into being born in a body that in some ways appears to resemble the all-attractive attributes of Lord Vishnu. In other words, just as the Lord is all-attractive to His devotees, so the sinful Kali is attractive to almost all people in Kali Yuga.
In this incarnation, Kali was not born by a normal birth. He appeared out of the ground, inauspiciously emerging feet first from the earth. For this reason his head became stuck for a long time in the soil. And due to this incident Kali himself becomes confused about his own identity. In this way he affects the people of this age in similar fashion. Due to his influence they can not actually fathom their real identity. With their minds boggled, they have lost their historic roots and are unaware of their actual duties. They do not know to which caste, nationality, race or sometimes even gender that they belong to. Thus Kali easily provokes enmity between confused factions and confounded individuals, since their own identifications are locked in illusion. The people of Kali Yuga are unaware that they are servants of Shri Krishna since the presence of the Supreme Lord appears lost to them in this age. In this way the atheistic population takes shelter of atheistic science and philosophies controlled by Kali and conclude that there is no God.
In previous yugas the almighty Lord Vishnu personally came to annihilate Kali. But in this yuga the yuga avatara Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is not inclined to physically kill the demons. This is seen in the incident of Jagai and Madai as described in Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita (Adi-lila 17.17), and summarized by Shrila Prabhupada in the ninth chapter of Nectar of Devotion.
When the present or sixth portion of Kali was born, Shiva decided to bless him as happens with every newborn. Kali requested boons that guaranteed he will appear well educated, intelligent, artistic and cultured. At that time Lord Vishnu also appeared in front of him and Kali asked the Supreme Lord for His crown and chakra. Since the intelligent Vishnu appeared in front of Kali in the form of a beggar, He could also able beg from Kali. Shri Vishnu begged back His chakra and His crown. He then placed curses upon them and returned these items to Kali in form of money. Today we see that money is the main force of Kali Yuga. However since money has been cursed, it ultimately leads one to realizing the nature of Kali Yuga. Shrila Prabhupada often admonished his leaders not to hoard money, but to make a million dollars every day and to immediately invest it in Krishna’s service. That means spending towards expanding temples and sankirtana, for prasadam distribution and printing and distributing of books. In this way the money would be invested in a making the world a more suitable place for everyone.
Lord Vishnu also told Kali that if he harms any beggars in Kali Yuga he will lose his power. Thus we see that the Kali’s powerful and chosen elite are very careful not to loose their power. To maintain their status, they involve themselves in all kinds of charitable activities for the needy such as feeding the poor, opening hospitals or providing emergency relief. Despite the outward show, such altruism may also reflect the influence of Kali Yuga if they are not presented in a Krishna conscious way. Charitable activities performed without the advantage of genuine Vedic knowledge do not actually help the eternal soul to realize his position as servant of the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna. In fact, they usually merely add to the power of Kali under the false guise of mundane altruism. As proof of their collusion with Kali we can simply look at the fantastic salaries that leaders of many so-called charities take home, or examine their fabulous life styles.
Indeed, the real beggars in Kali Yuga are the devotees of the Lord who go out on sankirtana to chant the Holy Names of Shri Krishna for His pleasure, and to distribute Vaishnava literature such as Bhagavad-gita As It Is. These rare mahatmas have realized that they do not actually own anything since they know that everything belongs to Shri Krishna. The begging of a devotee amounts to beseeching the world to become Krishna conscious through chanting Hare Krishna. Each pure devotee’s only wish is to engage everyone and everything in the service of the Supreme Lord.
As Kali is confused, he may forget his own interests and try to harm the real beggars of this world, Shrila Prabhupada’s holy army of devotees—although he know that his powers will become diminished if he interferes with the devotees. Therefore there is no need for devotees to be fearful. They must preach boldly and without unnecessary compromise, fully certain that their yagna will please the Supreme Lord and his demigod representatives while chasing away the darkness of Kali. Even if Kali attempts to harm them, his powers will be lost and the sankirtana army will prosper and grow stronger.
Lord Shiva’s Boons upon Kali
The following is a list of a few of the boons that Kali received at birth from Lord Shiva and which empower him to control the people of this Yuga:
Powers and features of Lord Shiva: Kali will appear in the feature of destruction. In this age many things are built up only to be torn down.
Powers and features of Shakti: Women will become powerful in Kali Yuga. Immoral members of the fair gender control the world through films, fashion, television, entertainment, politics, etc.
Power of Austerity: Austerities in Kali Yuga are mostly performed in tama guna for not only blind material advancement but for gaining control over the masses.
Power and features of Lakshmi: People will boast of false prosperity, including primitive cars, electronic gadgetry, dining out, paper currency, plastic items, home loans, credit cards, etc.
Power and features of the devas: People worship false icons, including Hollywood, Bollywood, sports, music, fashion, Nobel laureates, politics, etc.
Power and features of Yama: People are always fearful of death and in this way they are controlled by life insurance, false promises of created religions, police, science and medicine.
Power and features of Saraswati: People will appear learned but in fact they will be greatly confused about their origins and will invent scientific theories (like evolution or the big bang). Education becomes a study of impractical subjects and useless scientific-sounding mental speculation.
Power and features of Ganesha: For whoever submits to Kali difficulties will appear to be easily removed and for this reason many big demons prosper and appear to live easily (before departing for the hellish regions).
Power and features of Kartikeya: Armies will appear very capable of war. In fact war is waged only be for the purpose of destruction since the governments are bereft of genuine kshatriya principles of warfare. Senseless killing will be waged in the name of protecting the citizens by shudras posing as military leaders. Countries are destroyed in the name of freedom.
Power to screen the activities of Paramatma: People will attempt the surveillance activities of others while remaining blind to the soul.
Qualities and features of prophets: Many false religions are created in Kali Yuga, and each of them poses as the only way to understand the Absolute Truth. Someone calculated that there are 30,000 Christian sects.
Power and features of the whole universe: Each person will consider himself as the center of the universe while assuming that he understands everything about its origins and reaching its limits.
The technique of transferring from one body to another: Kali can easily live and influence the masses by living in their bodies.
The technique of destroying the world by serious diseases and robbery: In this age epidemics in the form of diseases and plunder run rampant.
The technique of making the whole world fall asleep by which he might fulfill his needs: The technique of hypnotizing is being used by the mass media. Media mass hypnosis involves presenting different points of view for the sake of keeping the populace ignorant of the central truth of any given situation. A further technique of Kali’s media is repetition of the same message stated in different ways to make it sound reasonable. People are also bamboozled by the entertainment industry, and cannot even recognize their own miserably compromised situations on the road to hell.
The capability of sensing danger: Kali can abruptly change his tactics in such a way that he is never caught.
The technique of controlling one's power of speech: Kali is a master of persuasion who controls the politically-correct mind police.
The technique of separating husband and wife: Women have been made to appear falsely equal to men (and vice versa) and thus the family union is being rapidly destroyed by forcing women to work as slaves for ungrateful bosses. Further, Kali also confuses the roles of men and women by creating androgynous creatures who are baffled even about their own gender.
The technique of creating frustration among common folk by which to destroy them: People only see the differences of one another rather than understanding their equality as spirit souls. By dividing them through using their bodily differences through a form of supposed liberal egalitarianism, Kali easily controls them and incites them to vote as he likes.
The technique of killing by practicing magic: Kali can use soft power to kill others by giving people perks like cell phones, internet, luxury cars, etc. all of which appear to be magical. In fact in these devices are embedded with harmful sounds and rays that can kill, as well as eavesdropping technology.
The technique of arresting the actions of Nature: Kali is controlling the weather through wicked devices like HAARP, chemtrails, burning huge amounts of oil (the lifeblood of the earth), and giant dams—each of which cause havoc in the world.
The manipulation of the embryo: This is created through demonic science in the form of microbiology, abortions, planned parenthood, etc.
The rules and regulations for practicing witchcraft, black magic etc: Some are fooled into thinking that practicing the left-handed paths of tantra, vama marga, wicca, voodoo, etc. can save them, but instead they become voluntary victims of Kali’s worst punishments.
The capability of controlling and creating desires: People are controlled and directed into a never-ending stream of consumer goods, each one “better and more advanced” than the last.
The rules and regulations of puja: People are induced into false systems of religion that are composed of invented, speculative and concocted forms of worship.
The technique of floating on water and fire: Mystic powers are achieved through technology. The oceans are filled with huge party boats and war ships, while in the sky giant aircraft filled with sense gratifiers or bomb-dropping airships are flying about here and there.
The capability to land on and control the Moon: America’s Moon landing hoax was a merely another shadowy scam of a Kali-controlled government for robbing the people through raising taxes upon them.
The techniques of commanding and controlling animals: Millions and millions of animals are being tortured daily in the name of so-called medical research and supposed consumer safety.
The techniques to control the planets and astrological phenomena which might disturb him: Kali is expert in creating planetary wars and other phenomenon like comets that are described as being inauspicious and signal the birth of demons. The Sun is the chief amongst astrology’s nava-grahas. In Kali Yuga the rays of the Sun become scorching or even poisonous due to the influence of Kali. Kali pollutes the water which serves as fuel for the Sun and pollutes the air which filters his rays. In this way the Sun becomes angry and he contributes to the miseries inflicted on human beings. By confusing the different solar calendars, Kali has also created many useless forms of astrology and ignorant astrologers posing as cheap gurus.
The formula of curing disease (medicine): In Kali Yuga people are kept in poor health on the pretext of needing to consume large doses of medicines daily that promise magic cures. In fact, such “remedies” only control the disease but cannot cure anything. Even if the unsuspecting patients are not sick, doctors create some syndrome to accommodate their consumer mentality, and to hook them on psychotropic pills forever. For this the psychiatric doctors even target small children with mind-altering drugs and turn them into killing machines.
The forms of Trimurti—the technique of knowing origins of Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma and commanding them: By the powers of Maya, the shadowy Kali will appear capable of creation, maintenance and destruction according to his own will.
The birth of devatas: Some agents of Kali will be artificially made to appear to possess superhuman influence, beauty, riches, knowledge and fame.
The formula and technique of flying: People will fly in the sky but with very crude oil-burning machines that have a high frequency rate of crashing onto the ground.
The formula of commanding various demigods: Kali will easily control the false gods of consumerism, media, science, education, religion and medicine that he has created.
The formula of screening: Kali will seem to know what is best in any given situation: best candidate for president, best solution for any given problem and so on. Those who have fallen under his power will enjoy a false sense of assuredness that they have made the “right” decision by his influence.
The formula for commanding Shri Vishnu: To the faithless atheists the sinister Kali will appear even greater than the all-pervasive Supreme Lord Vishnu. At the same time, the Vaishnavas or devotees of Shri Krishna will appear in the world as insignificant beggars even though they are engaged in the highest welfare activities of saving fortunate souls who are meant for deliverance from the evil clutches of Kali Yuga.
The formula for commanding Shakti: Women will be confused about their duties in this ways the universal femininity of motherhood and nourishment will fall under the control of Kali. Rather than for maintaining the sanctity of the home, the feminine principle will also be employed for seduction and mass control through a sex-oriented media which seeks to “liberate” women by turning them into slaves of depraved men.
The formula for knowing future destinies: Kali will predict what will happen and will plant clues in movies, TV and in books and then execute what has been foretold there. All this has been already planned by him well in advance. But since his plans are known only to his few elects, his predictions will appear as miracles.
The technique of stopping various exploding weapons and escaping from them: Kali influence creates terrible machines of war that bomb innocent people while keeping cowardly soldiers who launched the missiles or dropped bombs at a safe distance in airplanes or battleships.
The formula for controlling various venomous beings: Kali uses different poisons to control the world through biological warfare which is also called disease control. “Disease control” does not refer to controlling diseases, but rather to controlling how it is surreptitiously spread. Kali gives the atheistic scientists the intelligence to create virus-caused epidemics and then forces the world to accept a litany of vaccinations as a supposed defense against created epidemics. Kali uses guinea pigs in the form of infants, the elderly and persons from third world countries for such ploys.
Kali in Mahabharata
“The activities (of King Parikshit) are … wonderful because he chastised Kali, who was attempting to kill a cow. To kill cows means to end human civilization. He wanted to protect the cow from being killed by the great representative of sin.” (Bhaktivedanta Purport SB 1.4.9
According to tales from the Mahabharata and the Markandeya Purana, Kali first appeared as a gandarva. In the Mahabharata it is related how he attended the swayamvara marriage ceremony of Princess Damayanti to which all other demigods had been welcomed. However, Kali arrived late.
Jealousy is certainly prominent in the demigods from the gandarvas or heavenly musicians right up to the king of heaven Indra. When Kali discovered that Damayanti had chosen Nala, a mere human, for her husband he was raging with envy and decided to break Nala in every possible way. He adopted different methods by which to load the dice at the royal gambling matches. Nala lost the game of dice in which he had bet his entire kingdom including his new bride. Later Damayanti retrieved her husband through her chastity and she cursed anyone who was involved in her husband’s downfall to become a demon. In this way a gandarva was turned into the demonic Kali, and was reborn with evil intentions from the back of Lord Brahma the creator. Since being cursed by Damayanti, he has kept his enmity with humans and enjoys punishing them in every possible way due to his disgrace.
[Read the full narration of Nala and Damayanti as it was told to the Pandavas during vanavasam by Sage Brihadasva here: Condensed version http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/iml/iml25.htm; Or read the full Nalopakhyana Parva of Mahabharata here: http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03052.htm.]
Lord Shiva has blessed Kali with immunity from death for the length of Kali Yuga, although at the end of the yuga he will get his comeuppance via the steel sword of Lord Kalki.
Although the dark influence of Kali will be felt throughout this yuga, for the coming 10,000 years his cursed presence will be greatly diminished. This loss of his influence is entirely due to the advent of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu—and the Krishna Consciousness movement inaugurated by Shrila Prabhupada. The chanting of the Holy Names of Shri Krishna is the direct mercy of the Supreme Lord that not only diminishes the influence of Kali, but it places the Lord’s sincere devotees in direct contact with Shri Krishna. The chanting of the holy name is the only way for gaining positive results and for overcoming the ill effects of Kali Yuga.
The mighty King Parikshit chastised and banished Kali for harming a cow and a bull. The Kali Purana describes Kali as “huge, the color of soot , and with a large tongue, and a terrible stench.”
Devotees are well acquainted with the episode of King Parikshit’s encounter with Kali beating a bull as related in the first canto of the Bhagavata. King Parikshit drew his sword, but Kali begged from the king to spare his life. Since Maharaja Parikshit could not kill one who had taken shelter of him, he exiled Kali to several designated places:
suta uvacha: abhyarthitas tada tasmai sthanani kalaye dadau
dyutaṁ panaṁ striyah suna yatradharmash chatur-vidhah
Suta Goswami said: Maharaja Parikshit, thus being petitioned by the personality of Kali, gave him permission to reside in places where gambling, drinking, prostitution and animal slaughter were performed. (SB 1.17.38)
From the above verse we can see that today Kali has gained an enormous influence. The only way to counteract these vices is through taking shelter of the Holy Names of the Lord and following the four regulative principles of no meat eating, no gambling, no intoxication and no illicit sex.
The bull is the personification of dharma, the representative of true religiosity. Protecting the cow and the bull, the beloved animals of Shri Krishna, is also a very important for overcoming the influence of Kali Yuga. The cow is like a mother and the bull is like the father to the humankind. Through their services the needs of human beings are fulfilled. But in Kali Yuga the milk of the cow has become tainted due to the shameful treatment of cows as cattle meant for slaughter. Human beings suffer numerous diseases as result of the terrible ways cows are fed and raised. As another trap of maya, many are attempting to totally renounce milk products instead of promoting the protection of cows and bulls as per Vedic instructions.
When the influence of Kali finally becomes somewhat diminished, the following by-products of dharma will become visible. These are mentioned in the 7th chapter of Vishnu Purana as the personifications of the grand daughters of Daksha, each of whom married Dharma. As the control of Kali lifts, their gracious influence will gradually begin to pervade the atmosphere.
The Progeny of Dharma by the Daughters of Daksha
By Sraddha Dharma fathered Kama (desire);
By Lakshmi, Darpa (pride);
By Dhriti, Niyama (precept);
By Tushti, Santosha (contentment);
By Pushti, Lobha (cupidity);
By Medha, Shruta (sacred tradition);
By Kriya, Danda, Naya, and Vinaya (correction, polity, and prudence);
By Buddhi, Bodha (understanding);
By Lajja, Vinaya (good behavior);
By Vapu, Vyavasaya (perseverance).
By Santi, Kshema (prosperity);
By Siddhi, Sukha (enjoyment); and
By Kirti, Yashas (reputation).
The son of Dharma, Káma had Hersha (joy) by his wife Nandi (delight).
We think that we have met Your Goodness by the will of providence, just so that we may accept you as captain of the ship for those who desire to cross the difficult ocean of Kali, which deteriorates all the good qualities of a human being. (SB 1.1.22)
In the current yuga Kali appears to be omnipresent. He has been vested with tremendous influence by the demigods. His greatest weapon is illusion by which he engages the world in the game of pointing their fingers at different groups or individuals in order to keep discord and quarrel alive. To overcome his influence a person must attain to real knowledge. As explained in Shrimad Bhagavatam (6.1.11) the power of knowledge is the weapon that can destroy ignorance:
karmana karma-nirharo na hyatyantika ishyate
avidvad-adhikaritvat prayashcittam vimarshanam
“Shukadeva Goswami, the son of Vedavyasa, replied: My dear King (Parikshit), since acts meant to neutralize impious actions are also fruitive, they will not release one from the tendency to act fruitively. Persons who subject themselves to the rules and regulations of atonement are not at all intelligent. Indeed, they are in the mode of darkness. Unless one is freed from the mode of ignorance, trying to counteract one action through another is useless because this will not uproot one’s desires. Thus even though one may superficially seem pious, he will undoubtedly be prone to act impiously. Therefore real atonement can only be enlightenment in perfect knowledge, Vedanta, by which one understands the Supreme Absolute Truth.”
Supreme Controller is none other than Lord Krishna Himself and Kali is actually powerless before Him and His devotees. As Prajapati Daksha prays in his Hamsa Guhya Prayers (SB 6.4.31) “Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto the all-pervading Supreme Personality of Godhead, who possesses unlimited transcendental qualities. Acting from within the cores of the hearts of all philosophers, who propagate various views, He causes them to forget their own souls while sometimes agreeing and sometimes disagreeing among themselves. Thus He creates within this material world a situation in which they are unable to come to a conclusion. I offer my obeisance unto Him.”
LORD SURYA NARAYANA:
Controller of Time and Destiny
Lord Surya Narayana is a representation of the Personality of Godhead Shri Vishnu in the material world. The Sun is the father of this material universe because he controls time and provides sustenance. Wherever there is either not enough Sun or too much of his energy—either way the Universe can be destroyed. For this reason Surya is constantly moving. If he were to stop even for a second he could burn to a crisp that place over which he hovers. On the other hand, if he were to move too fast then the world would freeze. In this way the Sun stands as the ultimate epitome of discipline, never deviating from his course. Vivasvan, the deity of the Sun, is the ultimate king and an inspiration to all other righteous kings. For this reason the kings have been called Raja.
Shrila Prabhupada: Formerly the kings (rajas) were great saintly persons. They were not ordinary people engaged in drinking and dancing. They were all rishis (sages), up to the time of Maharaja Parikshit. They were trained in such a way that they were not ordinary men but were called naradeva. Naradeva refers to Bhagavan in the form of a human being. The king was worshiped because he was a rajarishi, both a king and a sage. Shri Krishna says that if the king knows the purpose of life, he can rule well. (Purport to Teachings of Lord Kapila, the Son of Devahuti: TLK Vs 3)
A person who never deviates from his discipline needs raja guna to keep him active. A true king is influenced by raja guna. Pure or uncontaminated rajastic quality is rarely seen in the material world, especially in Kali Yuga which is predominated by ignorance. Rajoguna is the mode of material Nature involved in creation. New projects require the destruction of obstacles. The Sun god is the epitome of a king who embodies the qualities of pure raja guna. It is not easy to find the exalted qualities of raja guna. In Kali Yuga the qualities represented by the Sun are totally absent. This is seen in the natural environment as well. The weather is either predominantly cold or extremely hot. In every activity discipline and regulation are absent, qualities which come under the jurisdiction of the swiftly-moving Sun.
Shrila Prabhupada: The universe is by nature dense darkness, and therefore the total creation is called tamas, or darkness. The night is the real feature of the universe, for then one cannot see anything, including oneself. The Lord, out of His causeless mercy, first desired to see Himself and all the creation as well, and thus the Sun became manifested, the power of vision for all living entities became possible, and the objects of vision were also manifested. This means that the whole phenomenal world became visible after the creation of the Sun. (Purport to SB 2.10.21)
Surya regulates time by moving at different speeds and directions. His movement to the south or the north of Manasottara Mountain creates the seasons on Earth and the days and nights for the demigods. The night and the day for the earthly plane are created by his horizontal movement in a fixed circle.
From the Bhagavat: In the midst of that region of outer space [antariksha] is the most opulent Sun, the king of all the planets that emanate heat, such as the moon. By the influence of its radiation, the Sun heats the universe and maintains its proper order. He also gives light to help all living entities see. While passing toward the north, toward the south or through the equator, in accordance with the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he is said to move slowly, swiftly or moderately. According to his movements in rising above, going beneath or passing through the equator—and correspondingly coming in touch with various signs of the zodiac, headed by Makara [Capricorn]—days and nights are short, long or equal to one another.( SB 5.21.3)
The Sun god rides in golden chariot which is 28,800,000 miles long and 7,200,000 miles wide. His charioteer is Arunadeva who yokes seven horses of rainbow colors. Sixty thousand thumb-sized saintly entities called Valikhilyas precede the chariot of the Sun and are constantly glorify his activities. Just as a king needs encouragement in his activities and for this reason is glorified, so all residents of the universe should also offer their prayers to Surya. Especially on the island of Plakshadvipa the inhabitants are dedicated to worshiping the Sun-god. They are privileged to always see the Sun directly overhead.
From the Bhagavat: The inhabitants of Plakshadvipa live for one thousand years. They are beautiful like the demigods, and they also beget children like the demigods. By completely performing the ritualistic ceremonies mentioned in the Vedas and by worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead as represented by the Sun-god, they attain the Sun, which is a heavenly planet. (SB 5.20.3-4)
In relatively modern times, the Egyptians fought many wars until the emperors of the New Kingdom finally established Ra (from Ravi) or Syrya (from Surya) as the main deity of the Egyptians. Syrya has been worshiped throughout the world and some of his more popular names are Apolon, Svarog, Helios, Mihr and Sol. In the Mayan culture he has been worshiped under the name of Kinich Ahau.
These civilizations mostly lacked the profound knowledge to directly worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead Shri Krishna. However, they did possess enough wisdom based upon their observation to understand the importance of the Sun. In this way they recognized his unique quality of reflecting the will of the Supreme Lord and lived by the pulse of Nature. Such qualities of simple living and high thinking are lacking in the modern world. Contemporary society is influenced by a demonic mentality which is blind to the Supreme Lord and His representatives, the demigods. Therefore, demons live in the underworld where the Sun does not shine. For this reason they are also called daityas, or ‘contrary to Aditya,’ a name signifying the lineage of the Sun god. The demons use artificial light emanating from the hoods of the gigantic serpents living in Pataloka.
From the Bhagavata: Beneath Rasatala is another planetary system, known as Patala or Nagaloka, where there are many demoniac serpents, the masters of Nagaloka, such as Shankha, Kulika, Mahashankha, Shveta, Dhananjaya, Dhritarashtra, Shankhacuda, Kambala, Ashvatara and Devadatta. The chief among them is Vasuki. They are all extremely angry, and they have many, many hoods—some snakes five hoods, some seven, some ten, others a hundred and others a thousand. These hoods are bedecked with valuable gems, and the light emanating from the gems illuminates the entire planetary system of bila-svarga. (SB 5.24.31)
The passage of time seems to have stopped in the subterranean heavenly planets and the demons enjoy a false sense of longevity. Even so, they fear the Sudarshan chakra of the Supreme Lord.
Shrila Prabhupada: Time is compared here to a big wheel which has 360 joints, six rims in the shape of seasons, and numberless leaves in the shape of moments. It rotates on the eternal existence, Brahman. (Purport to SB 3.21.18)
Thus Sudarshan Chakra is also represented by the Sun in the material world. The movement of the Sun reflects the movement of Sudarshan. Sudarshan means ‘beautiful to behold’ and all living entities similarly feel joy seeing the beauty of the Sun. Rahu cannot stay for more than 48 minutes in front of the Sun because he fears the scorching power of the Sudarshan chakra. Rahu lacks the capacity to move at the speed of the Sun and, like a coward, he waits for the Sun to reach his position. At that time Rahu tries to swallow the Sun. He us ultimately unsuccessful because the movements of the Sun are directly controlled by none other than Lord Shri Krishna.
Shrila Prabhupada: The phenomenon that occurs when Rahu blocks the light of the Sun or Moon is called an eclipse. The attempt of the scientists of this earth to go to the Moon is as demoniac as Rahu’s attack. Of course, their attempts will be failures because no one can enter the Moon or Sun so easily. Like the attack of Rahu, such attempts will certainly be failures. (Purport to SB 5.24.3)
Sun is the center of the Universe just like the heart is center of the human body. Just like the heart the Sun is the center of life and a residence of the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna in the form of Paramatma. Both the Sun and the heart are constantly working. When they stop life is also gone. At the end of the universe the Sun is destroyed along all other demigods and living entities.
Shrila Prabhupada: Not this Kali-yuga, but at the end of the universal life there will be a great fire all over the universe. That is called samvartaka. And everything will be ablaze. This fire will take place on account of the heat increase of the Sun. It is said that the present temperature of the Sun will be increased twelve times, so naturally there will be fire. As we know, sometimes there is forest fire. Similarly, the fire will take place, and everything will be burned into ashes. (Lecture on SB 1.7.30-31 given in Vrindavana on September 26, 1976)
Until the final destruction the living entities can see the Supreme Lord in the form of time just by looking at the disc of the Sun. Someone who desires to meditate on the Sun should chant the Gayatri Mantra. By chanting one develops the capacity to see Shri Narayana directly in the globe of the Sun.
Shrila Prabhupada: There are twelve Adityas, of which Krishna is the principal. And among all the luminaries twinkling in the sky, the Sun is the chief, and in the Brahma-samhita the Sun is accepted as the glowing effulgence of the Supreme Lord and is considered to be one of His eyes. Marichi is the controlling deity of the heavenly spaces. (Purport to Bg 10.21)
From the pages of Bhagavad Gita (4.1) we learn that knowledge of the self was first instructed to Vivasvan. In astrology the Sun is the default atmakaraka or “significator or the soul and of self-realization.” When he is well positioned in a horoscope, the Sun stimulates knowledge of the self. These are the 12 deities of the Sun in relation to the 12 zodiacal signs.
Shrila Prabhupada: The Sun-god has expanded himself in twelve divisions, and thus he controls the six seasonal changes and causes winter, summer, rain and so on. Yogis and karmis following the varnashrama institution, who practice hatha or ashtanga-yoga or who perform agnihotra sacrifices, worship Surya Narayana for their own benefit. The demigod Surya is always in touch with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana. Residing in outer space, which is in the middle of the universe, between Bhuloka and Bhuvarloka, the Sun rotates through the time circle of the zodiac, represented by twelve rashis, or signs, and assumes different names according to the sign he is in. (SB 5.22 Summary)
In each of the 12 signs the Sun appears differently and assumes different names according to his activities and mood:
(1) In Aries the Sun is called Mitra or friend. In this sign the Sun is bright, majestic and exalted, but easy to look at. He does not harm the eyes. (2) In the sign of Taurus the Sun god is called Ravi or the one who gives abundance and joy. Then the Sun has a crystal spark to his shine. (3) In Gemini the Sun is called Surya because he looks his best. It appears as though the Sun globe shines and the light emits a melody compared to the sound coming from countless chandeliers. (4) In the sign of Cancer the Sun’s name is Bhanu or divine. During this month we most often see the rays of the Sun through the clouds coming down to earth and most beautiful sunsets are generated.
(5) In the sign of Leo the Sun is called Khaga. He appears as though countless rays are coming from his head. During the rule of this sign the Sun cannot be ignored. His presence is felt everywhere. (6) In Virgo the Sun is called Pushna or golden because he exhibits shine similar to a precious metal or a ripened fruit. (7) During the rule of Libra the Sun is shining like the egg from which the whole universe originated. Thus he is named is Hiranyagarbha. We cannot see the features of the Sun during this time. He can be seen like a blotched light spot in the sky without an exact definition. It is very harmful to look at the Sun during this time (when he is debilitated). It can cause blindness.
(8) In the sign of Scorpio the Sun is called Maricha or overwhelming. During this time the Sun appears to be red. He is happy to be in his friendly sign ruled by Mars. (9) In the sign of Sagittarius the Sun is called Aditya or boundless. The Sunshine is very valuable during these days, the shortest of the year. During this time the Sun is called with the name of his mother because he stays close to his maternal home. (10) In Capricorn the Sun god is called Savitra or stimulator. During this time the cycle of life starts anew. This is the name of the Sun god that is invoked in the Gayatri Mantra. The Sun gains his full power at Makara Sankranti (when the Sun enters Uttarayana on or around 14 Jan.), and can even be seen shining as two Suns in the sky. (11) While traveling in the sign of Aquarius the Sun is called Arka or lightning. Here the Sun behaves like an older brother. A tinge of dark orange can be seen on the disk of the Sun in addition to his distinctive arch movement during this time. (12) In Pisces the Sun is called Bhashkara or glittering. Dew is seen mostly formed at early morning and after ‘sun rain’ during this time of the year. The shine of the Sun is transferred to the earth through the shine of water. This is the time of mystical metamorphosis.
The Sun (along with the Moon) never goes retrograde. This demonstrates how time cannot be returned and how valuable each moment is. By observing the disk of the Sun during the 12 months of the year we can understand the qualities of the people born under each of the respective twelve signs. Moreover, we can understand the qualities of the Personality of Godhead Lord Narayana as reflected in the qualities of the Sun. By observing the cycles created by the Sun through his circular motions, it becomes clear that time is cyclic and not linear. Cyclic time calls for repetition, for discipline and ultimately for following a sadhana that can lead us to liberation from this material world. By chanting the Surya Gayatri Mantras at three specific times of the day at sunrise, at noon (or Abhijit Muhurta when the Sun is exactly between sunset and sunrise) and at sunset, we can perfect our sadhana. The consecutive Gayatri Mantras that we Gaudiya Vaishnavas repeat for Shri Guru, Shri Gauranga and Shri Krishna, cannot be chanted without the invocation of Surya Gayatri. Gayatri means “passed through the body of a cow.” Gayatri is the wife of Brahma, the creator of the universe. Thus Gayatri is the mantra of purification for the entire universe. The appropriate times for chanting this mantra—the tri-sandhyas—are set by the movements of the Sun, the ultimate force for purification within the material word.
yach-cakshur esha savita sakala-grahanam
raja samasta-sura-murtir ashesha-tejah
yasyajnaya bhramati sambhrita-kala-chakro
govindam adi-purusham tam aham bhajami
The Sun who is the king of all the planets, full of infinite effulgence, the image of the good soul, is as the eye of this world. I adore the primeval Lord Govinda in pursuance of Whose order the Sun performs his journey mounting the wheel of time. (Shri Brahma-samhita 5.52)
SECRETS OF THE BIBLE
Once my friends used to tell me that there is a key which can unlock the Bible, and they hinted that some priests here or there might have that secret key. But actions speak louder than words. How could I believe either my friends or their teachers when their behavior told me that they do not pursue the teachings of the Holy Book they claim to follow? Nobody can understand the Bible unless his life is absorbed in sattvic qualities. The activities of my friends were closer to tama guna. I would pray in my heart that if there is a key to the Bible I must find it. And lo and behold, soon afterwards Shrila Prabhupada’s Bhagavad-Gita As It Is came into my hands.
Simple religious truths that are quite obvious to any devotee of Shri Krishna quickly turn into topics of innumerable speculations and widely-branched interpretations for the Christians, at least the ones I have known. That is because devotees are blessed with the unbreakable system of disciplic succession to support their realizations. Usually the followers of the Bible tend to focus on a particular paragraph or section of their scripture. Seldom do they have an overview of the verses they quote and the richness of their meanings. Because the Christian tradition has no disciplic succession, the connotation of the book seems to be lost in an archaic language that withholds the undisclosed meanings from the human race. For most, the Bible is a book with many great secrets locked within, while the key has been misplaced.
This misunderstood book called the Bible begins with the same letter “B” as Bhagavad-Gita, Bhagavan, bhajan and bhakti. Thus this book has the sole idea of convening devotion to God. The Old Testament is a compilation of local versions of older Puranic stories intertwined with historical accounts. The Old Testament serves as the foundational book for all three of the most wide-spread religions of today: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The New Testament is the story of Lord Jesus Christ. Judaism accepts the Old Testament but does not accept Jesus Christ as a messiah. The followers of Mohammed also accept Abraham from the Old Testament as their forefather but the book of Islam is the Koran. Christianity places more weight upon the New Testament and the teachings of Jesus Christ; hence the name of the religion, Christianity. It is the religion of today’s major economic powers like the USA and the European Union. Many of today’s more humane economic principles are derived the Bible. The Bible is most widely accepted as the book which presents the law of God but few really understand how it came about and why it exists. Moreover, who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus is accepted by many as the son of God, but for others he is God Himself. From the Bible itself we see that Jesus was not accepted amongst the religionists of his day, nor was his advent celebrated by the temple priests. The name of Jesus is derived from the Sanskrit word “isha,” and he is still referred to by this name in some of the Eastern Orthodox Churches. Isha, meaning ruler, can also be translated as prabhu (one who deserves respect.) Further, the surname of Jesus is Christ. In ancient traditions the first name of the father is usually taken and given to the son as his surname. We can see that the Father of Jesus was Christ, and this name is non-different from Krishna. Christ is just a local or colloquial pronunciation of Krishna. In parts of the world the name Christ is variously pronounced as Hristos, Krist or even Krisn which is very close to the Bengali pronunciation of Krishna. In an indirect way Jesus, the son of God, has introduced the name of Krishna in the Bible. Unfortunately, the barbaric populace at the time of his advent urgently needed to be taught the simple and basic moral principles of the Ten Commandments.
Jesus can be viewed as a spiritual genius who could not fit into his contemporary time frame and locality. He was a bigger personality than the culture of the day would allow, and he continues to be misunderstood even today. Many have used his name for many selfish ends. Some pose as religionists to hide their bad reputation. There are politicians who will wave a Bible in the air to extract votes from an innocent public, while others hide behind the Bible as an excuse for declaring war on innocent civilians.
The Bible does not directly mention the facts surrounding the missing years of Jesus Christ. Where did he spend the years between his twelfth and thirtieth birthdays? Nonetheless, there are some hints in the scripture that he went East. The eastern direction leads towards India but it is also symbolized as heaven. Only by studying in India could Jesus have become so enlightened and self-realized when he reappeared in Jerusalem at the age of thrity to preach sanatana dharma. It was only after his return from India that Jesus began actively preaching. At that time he revealed the name of Krishna by calling himself Isus Hristos. We can clearly see that the suffix of the original Biblical texts bears the Roman pronunciation, but when we remove the Romanization of the names they come out simply as Isha Krishna. After only three years of preaching the message of self-realization and God consciousness, Jesus the Romans crucified him. Evidentially, his ideas stood in the way of the local culture and politics.
Although Jesus suffered crucifixion, he did not die on the cross. He was helped by few of his followers and was taken down before he expired. He underwent a tremendous amount of pain in return for his preaching the doctrine of pure love of God to low-born mlecchas. Shortly after his recovery he returned to the East (India.) We can read the passage from Acts (Jesus taken up to Heaven):
“So when they met together, they asked him, ‘Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?’” [His students seem to have been more interested in materialistic goals.]
“He said to them: ‘It is not for you to know the time or dates the Father has set by His own authority...you will be my witness in Jerusalem...’” [We see that the religion called Christianity was initially limited to local representation due to the nature of Jesus’ students but it spread widely due to the influence of the Roman Empire.]
“After he said this, he was taken up before their eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky (the horizon) as he was doing, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them.” (Those people were very likely brahmanas judging by their cloth and their knowledge. They revealed to the students of Jesus that he was going to heaven. As stated, heaven in ancient times was indicated by the eastern direction).
Today in Kashmir, in the town of Shrinagar one can visit a tomb called Rozabol upon Shankaracharya Hill. This is the place where Jesus, who lived to the age of 120, lies buried. It was the preference of Lord Jesus Christ to live in India rather than preach in the West. From this example in the life of Jesus, we can understand how great was the sacrifice of Srila Prabhupada who invested 12 years of preaching in the west, paschatya-desh. Jesus was forced to give up after only three years. But his lot was not an easy one. We can see how he was met by the priests of the Judaic church. The following passage is from John 8:59 (The Claims of Jesus about Himself):
“The Jews answered him, ‘Aren’t we right in saying that you are Samarian (barbarian) and demon-possessed?’”
“‘I am not possessed by a demon,’ said Jesus, ‘but I honor my Father and you dishonor me. I am not seeking glory for myself...I tell you the truth, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death.’”
After these words the priests challenged Jesus saying that all the prophets are dead. Yet Jesus responded that if someone keeps his word he will never die. Yet the priests found that this was one more reason to call him demon-possessed. Jesus replied that he knows the Father and the Father glorifies him. He was proud to be a servant of God and he challenged the priests telling them that he was born before the first prophet Abraham. With these words, Jesus explained that he was unborn and therefore should be understood as eternal spirit soul. Upon hearing his reasoning, the priests threw stones upon him and Jesus swiftly slipped away from the temple grounds.
Although the Bible is a compilation of many authors, the story of Jesus Christ remains the inspiration behind every sincere Christian seeking Godliness. Yet it seems that very few can see the grand purpose behind the Bible. For example, in Genesis, the first book of the Bible, it is stated that all creatures were created together at the beginning of the universe. There is no hint of evolution even in the Bible, yet Darwin thought of himself as having been a born a Christian. There is another interesting fact in Genesis. When God created man he said:
“I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seeds in it. They will be yours for food.”
We can see that according to the Bible and from the very beginning of creation that man is meant to be vegetarian. God does not change his mind. In Dwapara Yuga the principle means of worship was through sacrifice. Over time this method of worshipping God naturally deteriorated. Priests could no longer elevate the sacrificed animal although they still pretended to do so. The priests started offering the meat of the sacrificial animals as a sacrament. In this way, many became addicted to eating the flesh of animals. The cancellation of unwanted old habits is one of the main debates and prohibitions in the Bible:
“Now about food sacrifices to idols: We know that we all possess knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up. The man who thinks he knows something does not yet know as he ought to know. But the man who loves God is known by God.”
“So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that idols [demigods] are nothing at all in this world and that there is no God but one. For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”) from whom all things come and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ [Isha Krishna], through whom all things come and through whom we live.” (Corinthians 7:35)
This message is strikingly similar to the instruction in Bhagavad Gita wherein Shri Krishna personally declares that those who worship demigods are of short intelligence. (BG 7.23).
We find many key points in the Bible which are aimed at elevating the soul to devotional realization. There are many places in the Bible which stress the repetition of the name of God. Examples can be found in the injunction continuously mentioned in the Psalms:
“Praise the Lord, O my soul; all my inmost being, praise his holy name.” (Psalm 103)
The link to the Vedic literature and lifestyle does not end there. We can find a place where the ancient Sanskrit is mentioned although it was not understood by the Israelites. In the Writing on the Wall King Belshazzar (azzar comes from ishwara and means “king”) there is mention that the king was indulging in forbidden activities. Someone wrote the following words on the wall which caught the attention of King Belshazzar: mene mene tekel parsin. The king became curious to know their interpretation.
We can recognize the Sanskrit meter and grammar in the words. The word “mene” in Sanskrit means “that what is understood” or “intelligence.” The word is repeated for emphasis. Tekel is the designated name for the local coins used at that era. They simply mean that time has come for the riches of the kingdom to go in the hands of Persians because the king has become inattentive and degraded.
The Bible connects to a more ancient tradition in many other ways. Yet it is also responsible for creating many of the customs of the modern day. The people who run the treasuries of numerous economically advanced countries were so Bible conscious that at one point they all applied the Debt Cancellation Act where if the debt was not repaid in seven years time it was cancelled. This rule is found in Deuteronomy 15:9:
“At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts. This is how it is to be done. Every creditor shall cancel the loan he has made to his fellow Israelite.”
We can see how whimsically following a select injunction of the Bible without keeping the others (ex. the commandment against stealing) has lead many countries into a situation where it is impossible to get out of debt through fair means.
The Bible is a rich material of historical and cultural study and many hidden pieces of gold can be found by experienced treasure hunters. Innumerable facts point to the Vedic literature as the source of the Bible. We easily find statements which remind us of Chankya Pandit:
Do not be misled: “Bad company corrupts good character.” Corinthians 16:3
Another trace is the story of Noah (Genesis 6-9) which is very similar to the narration of Satyavrata Muni in Shrimad Bhagavatam (2.7.12) who is our present Manu. The history of the Bible points to different yugas. Abraham lived for 900 years which coincides with the longevity of the previous age. It is also interesting to note that Abraham was married to Sarah and those names bear similarity to the names of Brahma and Saraswati. The Bible traces Abraham as the forefather of many nations. In much the same way, but in a much broader sense, Lord Brahma is the first born living entity within our universe. We even find a prediction about Lord Kalki, who will bring about the end of the present Kali Yuga, in the Bible. He is depicted in the section called Revelations which deals with the unfolding of future events. In the Rider of the White Horse it is said:
“I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war. His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but himself. He is dressed in a rope dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in white linen, white and clean. Out of his mouth came a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. ‘He will rule them with an iron scepter.’ He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. On his rope and on his thigh has this name written: King of Kings and Lord of Lords.”
The name Kalki has been interpreted to mean mud, dirt, filth, or foulness and hence denotes the "destroyer of foulness," "destroyer of confusion," "destroyer of darkness," or "annihilator of ignorance." Despite the many meanings there is no exact explanation of the meaning of Kalki. The name is very difficult to define and for this reason, as the Bible says, it will be known only to the One who will bear it.
These brief examples and studies from the Bible point to one thing. Christianity is basically a cult for Shri Krishna, or at least the intention of its founder was such. There is no need for separatism or for misunderstanding that Christianity has any other intention but the worship of Shri Krishna. From the beginning, the teachings of the Bible are essentially intended to be non-different from the bhakti cult. Nonetheless, there is one very fundamental difference between Bhagavad-Gita and the Bible. The Bible has been twisted through the imperfect perceptions of its followers because there is no disciplic succession from Jesus. Christianity as it is presented nowadays is a limb that has broken from the original and is no longer a direct link to the Supreme Lord. The Christian disciplic succession stops with the 12 original disciples of Jesus Christ.
One estimate says that due to the severing of its roots there are over 30,000 different Christian sects, each one in disagreement with the other. As a result the original Biblical teachings are no longer intact. They are therefore unable to take anyone back to home back to Godhead. Over time Christianity and its present-day interpretations of the Bible have been transformed into a religion which emphasizes one of the four main goals of material life, dharma, artha, kama and moksha. But bhakti is even higher, and for this the words of Shri Krishna in Bhagavad Gita (18.66) are final:
sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam sharanam vraja
aham tvam sarva-papebhyo mokshayishyami ma shucah
“Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. Do not fear.”
The direct words of Shri Krishna provide the key which unlocks the Bible and at the same time make the book obsolete.
Amen or OM TAT SAT
ANCIENT INFLUENCES OF SUN WORSHIP ON MODERN RELIGIONS
“Now please hear me as I describe the descendants of Aditi in chronological order. In this dynasty the Supreme Personality of Godhead Narayana descended by His plenary expansion. The names of the sons of Aditi are as follows: Vivasvan, Aryama, Pusha, Tvashta, Savita, Bhaga, Dhata, Vidhata, Varuna, Mitra, Shatru and Urukrama.” (Shrimad Bhagavatam 6.6.38-9)
This is the story of Vashishta Muni and of his half brother Jarutha as I have originally learned it from my spiritual master, His Holiness Suhotra Swami. As an authoritative source for his information, Shripad Suhotra Maharaja quotes the Rig Veda, which is one of the very few ancient texts that mention Jarutha. He points out, “Rig Veda (7. 9. 6) indicates that Jarutha’s theology was opposed by the sage Vashishta.” As confirmed by Shrila Prabhupada, Vashishta Muni was born from Varuna, the presiding deity of water. His Divine Grace writes (in his Introduction to SB 6.18), “Agastya and Vashishta were two sons of Mitra and Varuna. Upon seeing the beauty of Urvashi, Mitra and Varuṇa discharged semen, which they kept in an earthen pot. From that pot, Agastya and Vashishta appeared.”
Of the two sons of Varuna, Jarutha was born out of wedlock. Because of his unfortunate birth and activities he was cursed to go astray from Vedic culture and he later promoted an imaginary alternative to the dharma of the Vedas. Both Jarutha and Vashishta naturally had an affinity for worshiping their important father Varuna.
In an article entitled “The Vedic Background of the Western Religious Tradition” Suhotra Maharaja points out, “The Vedic scriptures list twelve Adityas who are the twelve spokes of the kala-chakra, the wheel of time. Chandogya Upanishad (3.8. 1) proclaims Varuna the chief Aditya.” Varuna is the lord of the oceans, but he was also given charge of the twelve Adityas who oversee the Sun planet. It is the duty of the twelve Adityas to take charge of the Sun planet for one month each in a year. In this way they radiate the different qualities of the Sun which emanate through his rays as he passes through each of the twelve rashis or signs of the zodiac. In his capacity as chief of the Adityas, Varuna presides over the first month of the year while Surya transits the sign of Aries from mid-April to mid-May each year. During his thirty days in Aries or Mesha rashi, Surya is known as Mitra. Throughout the shastras Varuna is frequently associated with Mitra, sometimes even being known as Mitra-Varuna.
Vashishta and Jarutha worshiped their father Varuna not only because of his demigodly status, but as their father he was their superior and ancestor. Therefore, their filial respect was proper, even if it appeared to be a preference for worshiping a particular demigod. Yet soon the difference in the boys’ modes of worship became obvious. Vashishta respected his father in a personal mood while Jarutha worshiped his father along with all of his entourage in a mood of awe and reverence. Unfortunately, Varuna was served by demons because as the demigod of the oceans he lives in the lower regions of the universe. Thus slowly Jarutha began worshiping his father’s uncouth entourage of demons who are generally not very refined in their manners. Vashishta did not approve of the mode of worship of his half brother, and therefore petitioned the fire demigod Agni to attack him. Even though Agni complied and fired his astra or weapon upon him, somehow Jarutha was not vanquished.
According to the Vedic traditions, when one is humiliated, he does not show his face again in his own country. For this reason Jarutha proceed towards the west and there amongst the uncivilized population he spread his doctrine of Mitra worship. As stated earlier, Mitra worship constitutes the adoration of the Sun while he is in the mood of exaltation, while he passes through the movable fire sign of Aries. For this reason, Jarutha emphasized the worship of fire which became the basis of the Parsi religion. As a result Parsi fire temples are still active today.
In the regions of the world around modern Iran (where the letter “j” was pronounced as “z”) he became known as Jarutha-astra, Zarutha-astra or Zarathustra and later, in the West, as Zoroaster. Zarathustra, who was a brahmana-born teacher or magi, could not align with the Vedic tradition in which all the demigods received equal worship. He stressed the worship of his father who became promoted to the post of the main god in his doctrine. Later, the teachings of Jarutha or Zarathustra were condensed into the scripture known as the Zend Avesta, which was written in the Avestan language, a dialect that is closely related to Vedic Sanskrit. In that book the fight between Jarutha and Vashishta, who is called Vahishta is confirmed. It describes the great Vashishta as a “person of harmful intellect.”
Jarutha considered his father as supreme and taught that the other demigods were devils, or powers that are in constant conflict with the demons. He taught his followers that the demons were the actual angels of God. Since the demigods were known as devas they became known as “devils,” or the powers that fight with the asuras. According to one lecture given by Suhotra Swami on the subject, many Western religious scholars trace certain philosophical doctrines that remain extant in the three major Western religions back to some of the original teachings of Zarathustra. Zoroastrianism emphasizes certain concepts of dharma, artha and kama. Moksha is not included because Jarutha preached a bodily concept of life that the good souls will win out over the evil ones and will eventually be reborn on earth where they will enjoy forever. This point was discussed by Suhotra Maharaja in a lecture at Radhadesha given 21 February 1999:
“There's a history to this. This whole Western conception originally comes from a Vedic sage who deviated. He is mentioned in the Rig Veda as Jarutha, and is known in Western history by the name Zarasthustra. Jarutha was the first one to conceive of an earthly paradise and that there will be a messiah who will come. He came up with the notion that all the bodies will be raised out of the ground and judged and the bad ones will go to Hell and the good ones will inherit the Earth. The Earth will become like heaven and that will be the reward for our pious activities; we'll live forever on the Earth in an eternal material body.”
Zarathustra taught that God should be known as Asura Maya (today: Ahura Mazda). This name is actually given in the Zend Avesta. Asura Maya means “the one who has power over the asuras,” and specifically indicates Varuna. What Jarutha’s half-brother Vashishta feared had now been realized. Through his teachings Jarutha had turned the Vedic concept upside down and he was actively promoting a non-Vedic doctrine of demon worship and material enjoyment that reviled the devatas.
The magi were attached to fire sacrifices, as pointed out by Suhotra Maharaja in the article referenced above, “Bhavisya Purana describes the magis as attached to the performance of fire sacrifices. Even today the small remnant of the magi—the Parsi community in India—is known as ‘fire-venerating.’ It appears from the Bhavisya Purana that Jarasabdha (another name of Jarutha given in the Vedas) was dear to the Sun-god. In return he placed himself fully under the protection of this deity. The Zoroastrian scriptures (Korshed Yasht 4) do indeed prescribe worship of the Sun: ‘He who offers up a sacrifice unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed Sun—to withstand darkness, to withstand the Devas born of darkness, to withstand the robbers and bandits, to withstand the Yatus and Pairikas, to withstand death that creeps in unseen—offers it up to Ahura Mazda, offers it up to the Amesha-spentas, offers it up to his own soul. He rejoices all the heavenly and worldly Yazatas, who offers up a sacrifice unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed Sun.’”
Eventually, Jarutha’s teachings received royal patronage and were elevated to the state religion in ancient Persia. Since the teachings of Jarutha were spread throughout Persia, his followers came to be known as Parsis. Around a thousand years ago when Moghul hordes began spreading across Persia and waving their sharp swords of conversion, Parsis escaped overland to Sindh or by sea to Gujarat. Having been granted shelter by the king of Gujarat, the Parisis clung to their own traditions while merging with the social traditions of their new home in India. Over time, practically the entire Zoroasterian community migrated to India, and today there are some 30,000 Parsis in India, mostly in Mumbai.
But the influence of Jarutha spread West, as seen by a discovery of the world’s oldest Bible, one that is engraved in stone, in Persia. Although many modern historians attribute only 4,000 years to the Judaism, the religion of the Old Testament, it is actually much older. The proof can be found in Vedic accounts. In these millennia Vashishta is one of the Sapta-rishis who lives at the point of Mizar and Alcor in constellation known as the Big Dipper or Ursa Major.
Since the account involving his brother Jarutha occurred when Vashishta was still present on the Earth, therefore the doctrines of Judaism must have originated from a previous millennia. Proof of this is found in the Old Testament itself where a big flood had been recorded. In that Biblical account only Noah could save himself because he built his ark (boat) which was like a time capsule for all different species of living entities. After the flood, these species multiplied on Earth and life was renewed. In the Matsya Purana it is mentioned that our current Manu, or propagator of humanity, was also saved in a similar way by Matsya Avatara during the great flood of partial destruction that occurs at the cusp of two Manus. Thus, Judaism has very deep roots that go back in history for millions of years.
Christianity has been born out of Judaism. Jesus Christ—or Isha-putra Krishna-rishi—spent the missing years of his life—those that are not described in the Bible—in India where he became familiar with the Vedas and Vaishnava dharma. When he returned to his birth place to share the Vedic teachings of Krishna consciousness, he was crucified by rigid worshipers who were attached to their established traditions. Slowly recovering from his grievous injuries, Jesus Christ escaped back to Northern India never to return. Evidence from many sources proves that he lived in Kashmir where his samadhi is still worshiped on Shankaracharya Hill.
Yet the teachings of Jesus Christ had spread far and wide, becoming a thorn in the side of the Roman Empire where the worship of the solar deity Varuna Aditya as Mitra had grown in force. Similarly the cult of Mitra or Mithras had also spread throughout the areas known today as Egypt and Greece. Thus a form of Christianity emerged from out of the worship of the Sun god. What Jesus had taught about the worship of Vishnu or Krishna now had to be assimilated as seamlessly as possible into the doctrine of Mitra worship. Thus was invented a form of “Christianity” which observed its main celebrations in accordance to the Sun worship. As further evidence, we see that even though the Bible advises to “keep the 7th day” (meaning leave each Saturday aside for worship), the Christians (except for the modern 7th Day Adventist sect) worship on Sunday, the ancient “day of the Sun” which is traditionally when yagnas to the Sun god are offered.