The mission of the College of Pharmacy is to educate students to meet the pharmaceutical needs of society, to advance pharmaceutical knowledge through research and to serve the profession and the community. Guiding principles are personal integrity, respect for humanity and human diversity, and professionalism.
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
The College of Pharmacy holds membership in the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, is recognized as an institution in good standing by the Ohio State Board of Pharmacy, and is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE).
Programs in Pharmacy and the Pharmaceutical Sciences
The College of Pharmacy prepares students for careers in the pharmaceutical sciences and the profession of pharmacy. Those who do not seek professional licensure may work in the medical, legal and biomedical professions. Those who enter the profession of pharmacy provide direct patient care services.
Doctor of Pharmacy – Pharmacy Licensure Program
The program of study leading to pharmacy licensure for entering freshmen is the entry-level doctor of pharmacy (Pharm.D.). All students seeking a degree that will lead to pharmacy licensure will need to complete two years of course work in the preprofessional division of the College of Pharmacy. Following the completion of a core set of required courses, students will apply to the professional division during their second year. Admission to the professional division of the college (third year or P1 year) is competitive.
Individuals who have already completed a bachelor of science in pharmacy degree and are licensed to practice pharmacy in the U.S. may enroll in the post-baccalaureate Pharm.D. degree program in order to gain additional skills and knowledge in various therapeutic areas.
The College of Pharmacy offers a four-year bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences degree to prepare students for a variety of careers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries. Students seeking the degree will need to complete two years of course work in the preprofessional division of the College of Pharmacy. Following the completion of a core set of required courses, students will apply to the professional division during their second year. Admission to the professional division of the college (third year or P1 year) is competitive.
Pharmacy Graduate Degree Programs
The College of Pharmacy offers several graduate degrees in the pharmaceutical sciences – the master of science in pharmaceutical sciences degree with program options in pharmacology/toxicology, industrial pharmacy and pharmacy and healthcare administration; the master of science in medicinal chemistry degree; and the doctor of philosophy in medicinal chemistry degree. Students should contact the College of Pharmacy for admission and curricular requirements.
A graduate certificate program is available to any qualifying student holding a B.S. degree in natural science who wishes to take graduate-level courses in pharmacology and toxicology. Students completing this 15-semester-hour program will be awarded a certificate in pharmacology/toxicology.
Admission to the College
New students admitted to the College of Pharmacy will begin their studies in the preprofessional division. All undergraduate students in the College of Pharmacy will be considered preprofessional division students until admitted to the professional divisions of the Pharm.D. or bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences program. For the entry-level Pharm.D. and the four-year bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences programs, the College of Pharmacy limits student enrollment into the professional division (third year or P1 year) in accordance with its facilities.
A small group of academically exceptional high school graduates may be offered contingent admission to the professional division of the Pharm.D. or the bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences programs. Automatic admission to the P1 year of the curriculum will be contingent on successful completion of the first and second preprofessional years, while maintaining specific scholastic standards.
Transfer and Change-of-College Students
In order for a student to transfer from other Ohio universities into the preprofessional division of any of the baccalaureate programs of the College of Pharmacy or change from another college within The University of Toledo to the College of Pharmacy, the student must have a higher education cumulative grade point average (GPA) of at least 2.7 (this is based on all letter grades attained at all institutions of higher learning and uses the point average scale of A equaling 4 points), be in good standing at the university, and be eligible to return. Evaluation of transcripts from other institutions is not done until a student is admitted to the College of Pharmacy. The student may be required to take placement tests in English, chemistry and/or algebra. A student who has attended another Ohio college of pharmacy must have a cumulative higher education GPA of 2.7, be in good standing at the university, and be eligible to return to the college of pharmacy previously attended. Transfer students who wish to apply to the professional division must have been enrolled in The University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and registered for 16 semester hours (a letter grade must be received in each course) prior to application to the professional division.
Students with course work from non-Ohio institutions will be evaluated on an individual basis. After a student is admitted, the student may be asked to supply nonreturnable college catalogs so that course equivalencies can be determined. The student also may be required to take placement tests in English, chemistry and/or algebra. All international transcripts submitted by transfer students must be evaluated by a College of Pharmacy-designated independent agency, at the applicant’s expense, for letter grade equivalency. Transfer students are only admitted to the preprofessional division of the B.S. in pharmaceutical sciences or the Pharm. D. program. For a transfer student to be accepted into the second year of the program, all criteria and prerequisites for second-year class standing must be met. Second-year class standing begins only in the fall semester. Highly qualified students who will have earned bachelor degrees and will have met all prerequisites may be reviewed for admission directly to the professional division of the Pharm.D. program. Admission may be granted only on a space-available basis after all qualified internal candidates have been admitted.
General Criteria for Admission to the Professional Divisions of the Doctor of Pharmacy and the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Students are admitted to the professional divisions for the fall semester. The number of students who receive final acceptance into the professional divisions will be limited to the space available. Because the number of applicants usually exceeds the number of spaces available, students are admitted on the basis of the following general criteria.
Eligibility for Application
To be eligible to apply for admission into the professional divisions, all applicants must complete the following or their equivalents:
Matriculated in The University Of Toledo College Of Pharmacy and enrolled in any University of Toledo course(s) during either the fall or spring semester of the academic year in which they apply
Applicants to the Pharm.D. program will provide the admissions committee with a personal essay to be written at a designated time, date and location as indicated on the College of Pharmacy internal admissions web site. At the time of the writing of the personal essay, all application materials must be submitted. These include the following:
Signed confirmation form
Two signed and sealed letters of recommendation on the forms provided
Note: The letters may be from professors, employers, clergy, close family friends and family health professionals (pharmacist, dentist and physician), or others. Letters from relatives or The University of Toledo College of Pharmacy faculty or staff are not acceptable.
Applicants to the bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences programs will submit the following by the deadline published on the College of Pharmacy internal admissions web site:
Signed confirmation form
There are no exceptions to the deadlines.
In order to be finally admitted into the professional division, an applicant must have completed the following or their equivalents:
BIOL 2150, 2160, 2170 and 2180
CHEM 1230, 1240, 1280, 1290, 2410, 2420, 2460 and 2470
MATH 1750 and 1760
PHCL 2600 and 2620
PHYS 1750 or 2070/2080
A minimum of 63 earned semester hours
Maintain a minimum 2.0 GPA (cumulative and semester) for the spring and, if applicable, summer semesters
If an applicant is accepted into the professional division, the acceptance will be provisional, pending the completion of the above requirements. All course prerequisites for the professional divisions must be completed two weeks before the first day of professional division classes in the fall semester for which the application is made. If the applicant fails to meet the deadline for the completion of prerequisite courses, he/she will lose provisional admission status and must apply again for admission to the professional divisions in a subsequent year. It is the student’s responsibility to contact the coordinator of internal admissions in the Office of Student Affairs if he/she plans to complete requirements over the summer prior to the start of the P1 year. A preprofessional division student will not be allowed to fulfill requirements for the professional divisions by enrollment in organic chemistry and physics during the summer prior to the first professional division year.
Each application will be evaluated on the basis of the applicant’s:
Personal essay (for Pharm.D. applicants only)
Personal interview at the discretion of the committee (for Pharm.D. applicants only)
Science GPA in the following specified courses:
CHEM 1230, 1240 and 2410
BIOL 2150 and 2170
PHYS 1750 or 2070
The admissions committee will use the better grade for the first two of all attempts for any science course used in the calculation of the science GPA. This rule applies to all applicants, including transfer students. All transfer or quarter courses equivalent to these specified courses will be evaluated for their respective equivalent semester hours. All applicants must have a cumulative GPA based on a minimum of 16 semester hours at The University of Toledo (a letter grade must be received in each course). If a student has taken fewer than 30 quality hours at The University of Toledo, the higher education GPA will be used in the evaluation in place of the UT cumulative GPA, if the higher education GPA value is less than the UT cumulative GPA. If the higher education GPA is greater than the UT cumulative GPA, the latter will be used.
Specific criteria have been approved by the faculty of the College of Pharmacy for the application of transfer students or of change-of-college students to the professional divisions. These are outlined as follows:
a) Transfer students who wish to apply to the professional division must have been enrolled in The University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and registered for 16 hours (a letter grade must be received in each course) prior to application.
b) The general criteria for admission to the professional divisions will be applied to the transfer student in the same manner as for the continuing College of Pharmacy student; i.e., cumulative GPA, science GPA, essential courses or their equivalents through the fall semester of the second year, personal essay, personal interview (for Pharm.D. applicants), and an accumulation of at least 44 earned semester hours. The applicant’s cumulative GPA from The University of Toledo or higher education GPA (as described previously), science GPA based on equivalent specified courses (UT or otherwise) as stated above, personal essay and personal interview (for Pharm.D. applicants) will be used in determining admission.
c) The essential courses for final admission to the professional divisions consist of those listed previously. Equivalencies must be determined and appear on the student’s transcript and/or in the student’s degree audit prior to application. In general, a three-quarter course sequence is necessary to fulfill a two-semester course sequence. See an adviser for further information.
d) In surveying the essential courses, the admissions committee has observed that equivalency is almost automatic for courses in general chemistry, general biology, organic chemistry and physics. Difficulty in determining equivalency has occurred with the mathematics sequence and the functional anatomy and pathophysiology sequence.
e) The only pharmacy courses a preprofessional student is permitted to take through the College of Pharmacy are PHPR 1000 and PHCL 2220, 2600 and 2620, until final admission to the professional divisions is achieved.
College of Pharmacy HonorsProgram
The College of Pharmacy offers an Honors Program for eligible students in all of its undergraduate programs as part of the University-wide Honors Program. Highly qualified students entering the University in the College of Pharmacy will be considered for entry into honors courses and honors sections of major courses offered in the first two years. Decisions regarding entry of students into the University Honors Program will be made after evaluation of the honors application by the University Honors Program director and the College of Pharmacy honors advisers. Normally, entering students with an ACT composite score of 28 and above, coupled with a 3.75/4.00 high school GPA, will be considered for entry into honors courses. During the first two years of study, the College of Pharmacy offers courses that orient the student toward the profession of pharmacy and the pharmaceutical sciences. Many honors students take most of their honors course work (required and elective courses) during the first two years of the curriculum.
A variety of required and elective courses also are offered with honors sections in the professional divisions. A specific honors seminar course and an honors thesis option are offered to fulfill the requirements for graduation with honors. These courses also can fulfill requirements for electives.
The bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences with college honors is attainable by all students who complete at least 33 semester hours of honors course work with a grade of B or better and who have a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.3. In addition, at least five hours of the 33 must be taken within the honors thesis project and honors seminar. These courses are to be taken within the departments of medicinal and biological chemistry, pharmacology, or pharmacy practice. Graduation with departmental honors also is available to students who are not members of the University Honors Program, but who meet departmental honors requirements. These departmental honors requirements are a GPA of 3.2 or higher and completion of eight hours of honors course work in one department, including the honors thesis and seminar.
The College of Pharmacy adheres to all of The University of Toledo policies and procedures. In any case in which University, college and/or departmental policies conflict, the most stringent policy applies, unless waived by the college. Students should consult with the college for a complete listing of all policies and procedures specifically related to the College of Pharmacy. Please refer to the UT Policy web site for further information.
Students in a professional school, as responsible individuals, are expected to attend all class meetings. The maximum number of permissible absences in a course is at the discretion of the individual faculty member. The penalty for excessive absences will be determined by the faculty member in accordance with the University’s Missed Class Policy.
Withdrawal, GPA Recalculation and Audit Policies
Refer to the University General Academic Policies in the General Information section of this catalog for Withdrawal, GPA Recalculation and Audit policies that apply to all students.
Pass/No Credit (P/NC) Grade Option
P/NC grading is not available for courses taught in the College of Pharmacy. In addition to courses for which P/NC grading is used exclusively, a student may elect P/NC grading for an additional seven credit hours, excluding course work in the natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics with the exception of developmental math). These seven P/NC hours are applicable only to courses in english composition, humanities/fine arts, diversity studies and social sciences. Once the petition is filed, the request is irrevocable. Please refer to the UT Policy web site for additional information on Pass/No Credit.
The emotional and psychological stability of those practicing or preparing to practice pharmacy is considered to be very important for the proper performance of professional responsibility as a member of the health team. The faculty of the College of Pharmacy recognizes that, if a student exhibits behavior suggesting an emotional or psychological abnormality bearing a reasonable relation to that student’s ability to function competently in health-care delivery systems, such behavior may present a hazard not only to the student, but also to patients. If any behavior pattern provides reason to believe that a student’s psychological or emotional state may have rendered that student incompetent or unsafe, the dean of the college shall meet with that student and attempt to resolve the situation by referral to the University Health Service, University Counseling Center and/or withdrawal from the pharmacy program.
The most serious offense with which pharmacy students may become involved is the misuse of and/or dependence upon dangerous drugs. The College of Pharmacy views the admitted or proven personal abuse of such drugs, their transmittal or sale to other individuals, or the use of drug documents to illegally obtain controlled or legend drugs as unprofessional conduct, which may result in dismissal from the College of Pharmacy. In addition, boards of pharmacy may revoke the internship license and/or deny licensure for various drug offenses. Since an internship license is necessary for entrance into the experiential rotations in the required component of the College of Pharmacy curriculum, students without an internship license will be denied admission into these classes. Drug abuse in any form and/or misuse of drug documents must be avoided.
Academic Performance Standards
Please refer to the UT Policy web site for additional information on academic policies.
The Academic Performance Standards as outlined in the current catalog are subject to modifications with immediate implementation to keep pace with changing trends in pharmaceutical education and in accordance with accreditation standards.
For students entering into the professional division of the B.S.P.S. Pharm.D. major program:
a) Students must maintain a cumulative pharmacy core-curriculum GPA of 3.0. Beginning in the first year of the professional division, students whose semester or cumulative pharmacy core-curriculum (see below) GPA falls below 3.0 will be given an academic warning, and allowed one semester to restore their GPAs to a semester or cumulative pharmacy core-curriculum level of 3.0. A student with two or more consecutive semesters with a semester or cumulative pharmacy core-curriculum GPA of less than 3.0 will undergo a record review by the College of Pharmacy Academic Performance Committee that may result in dismissal from the Pharm.D. program.
b) A grade below a C (2.0) in any pharmacy core-curriculum course is unsatisfactory and will not be considered a passing grade for the course in the Pharm.D. curriculum (i.e., courses for which grades of less than a C are earned must be repeated).
c) GPA recalculation for undergraduate courses will be allowed, in accordance with the policies of The University of Toledo.
For all undergraduate students in the preprofessional division and in the professional division of the bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences, pharmacology/toxicology, medicinal and biological chemistry, pharmaceutics, and pharmacy administration majors in the College of Pharmacy:
a) Any student who fails to achieve a semester or cumulative GPA of 2.0 or greater at the end of any semester will automatically be placed on probation.
b) Any student who fails to achieve a semester or cumulative GPA of 1.0 or greater at the end of any semester will automatically be placed on probation, will undergo a record review by the College of Pharmacy Academic Performance Committee, and may be suspended (see section on suspension below) from the University without a preliminary probationary semester.
c) Any student who fails to achieve a semester or cumulative GPA of 2.0 or greater for any two of three consecutive semesters in attendance will undergo a record review by the College of Pharmacy Academic Performance Committee, and may be suspended (see section on suspension below) from the University.
For students entering the post B.S.P.S. portion of the Pharm.D. curriculum:
a) Students must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.0. This GPA will be computed beginning from the first semester of the post-bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences course work and will include all post-baccalaureate-level courses (see below). Students whose semester pharmacy curriculum GPA falls below 3.0 will be given an academic warning. Students whose cumulative pharmacy curriculum GPA falls below 3.0 will be placed on probation and allowed one semester to restore their GPA to a cumulative pharmacy curriculum level of 3.0 or better. A student with two or more consecutive semesters with a cumulative pharmacy curriculum GPA of less than 3.0 will undergo a record review by the College of Pharmacy Academic Performance Committee that may result in dismissal from the Pharm.D. program.
b) A grade below a C (2.0) in any pharmacy core-curriculum course is unsatisfactory and will not be considered a passing grade for the course in the Pharm.D. curriculum (i.e., courses for which grades of less than a C are earned must be repeated).
c) Refer to "Experiential Performance Standards" for policies concerning students who fail to pass an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE). A grade of "Unsatisfactory" in any APPE will not have a negative impact on a student's post baccalaureate GPA, however.
d) GPA RECALCULATION POLICY FOR REPEATED COURSES IN THE POST-BACCALAUREATE COMPONENT OF THE PHARM.D. PROGRAM Students within the post-baccalaureate portion of the Pharm.D. program who have retaken a course and earned a higher grade may petition to have the first grade excluded from grade point average computation. However, no grade is removed or erased from a transcript by retaking a course and having the GPA recalculated. If the petition is approved, the Office of the Registrar will amend the student’s transcript with the notation “Grade Deletion (Excluded from GPA)” next to the original course and the notation “R” next to the retaken course.
Credit will only be awarded once for repeated courses. All course grades for all attempts will appear on the student’s official transcript regardless of whether the grade has been deleted. If a grade has been deleted, that grade will not be used in determining the UT grade point average. However, all grades, including those for repeated courses, will be included in the determination of eligibility for graduation honors, fellowships, or other distinctions awarded on the basis of GPA. A copy of the approved petition will become part of the student’s permanent record file.
A student may petition to have a grade of less than B (<3.00) for required post-baccalaureate level non-Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) courses* excluded from UT GPA computation under the following conditions: 1. Before petitioning, a student must have retaken the same course (or the renumbered substitute for that course) in the same department at The University of Toledo and earned a grade of B (3.00) or higher in the course retaken. If a grade of B (3.00) or higher is not earned when the course is retaken, grades from both attempts will be included in the GPA calculation.
2. No more than two courses, regardless of credit hours, may be deleted from the student’s transcript.
3. This policy applies only to the first recorded grade in a course that a student has repeated.
4. If a student retakes three or more courses, he/she may elect which courses to petition for GPA recalculation. Once the petition is approved, the choice of courses is final and may not be changed.
5. A course may only be petitioned once for GPA recalculation.
6. The GPA recalculation allowances provided by this policy are in addition to any GPA recalculation allowances that students may have used during the baccalaureate portion of their Pharm.D. program.
Suspension is made by the dean on advice from the College of Pharmacy Academic Performance Committee, which reviews the performance of all students periodically. Suspension is from the University. The period of suspension is at least one semester, exclusive of the summer terms. A student who is suspended must petition the dean for readmission, in writing (with a copy to the associate dean for student affairs), at least five weeks prior to the beginning of the semester to which the petition is directed. If the petition is accepted, the college will determine the conditions under which the student will be permitted to re-enroll. If a student is readmitted and does not perform satisfactorily, permanent dismissal from the College of Pharmacy may result. A student who is on academic or disciplinary probation or suspension will be required to relinquish the duties of any office in the College of Pharmacy organizations until the student is in “good academic standing,” as defined below.
If a student is suspended, and therefore is ineligible to attend classes in a subsequent semester, that student must drop all of the courses for that semester.
The College of Pharmacy defines “good academic standing” in the following manner:
a) For all preprofessional students, and professional division students in the bachelor of science in pharmaceutical sciences program (pharmacology/toxicology, medicinal and biological chemistry, pharmaceutics and pharmacy administration majors): a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0 and a minimum GPA of 2.0 for the semester.
b) For all P1 and P2 professional division students in the Pharm.D. program: a minimum cumulative pharmacy core-curriculum GPA of 3.0 and a minimum GPA of 3.0 for the semester.
c) For students in the post-baccalaureate portion of the Pharm.D. program: a minimum cumulative pharmacy curriculum GPA of 3.0 and a minimum GPA of 3.0 per the semester.
Undergraduate core-curriculum courses taught in the College of Pharmacy beginning in the P1 year of the Pharm.D. professional division:
MBC 3310, 3320, 3550, 3560, 3800, 3850 and 4300
PHCL 3700, 3720, 4150, 4700 and 4720
PHPR 3010, 3070, 3080, 3510, 3920, 4400, 4410, 4420, 4430, 4440, 4450, 4520 and 4920 Post-B.S.P.S. core-curriculum courses taught in the College of Pharmacy beginning in the P3 year:
To enter the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs) a cumulative pharmacy post baccalaureate GPA of 3.0 or greater is required. Any student who fails to pass a single APPE rotation or is dismissed from a single APPE rotation (for reasons other than an action detrimental to patient care and/or to the clinical service) will be placed on academic probation immediately upon completion or dismissal from the rotation. The student will continue on academic probation for the duration of his/her APPE rotation experience.
Any student on probation who fails to pass an APPE rotation or is dismissed from an APPE rotation will be immediately removed from the APPE program, receive a record review by the academic performance committee, and be subject to dismissal from the doctor of pharmacy program. All previously scheduled APPE sites will become available for other students.
If the situation leading to the dismissal of a student from an APPE rotation is related to an action that is detrimental to patient care and/or the clinical service, the student will be immediately removed from the APPE program. The academic performance committee will review the situation, and the student may be subject to dismissal from the doctor of pharmacy program. All previously scheduled APPE sites will become available for other students.
Actions that are subject to dismissal are outlined in the Experiential Dismissal Policy.
Experiential Dismissal Policy
Pharmacy students may be dismissed from an experiential (Introductory or Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience) site at any time during the rotation by the experiential site and/or preceptor through the initiation of the dismissal procedure described below.
Actions Subject to Dismissal
Following are circumstances or actions under which experiential students may be dismissed using the dismissal procedure described below:
* Failure to adhere to experiential site policy and/or procedure.
* Failure to adhere to UT experiential program policy and/or procedure.
* Failure to meet a UT experiential program requirement.
* Blatantly unacceptable or continuously unacceptable experiential program performance.
* Mistreatment of UT and/or experiential site employees.
* The performance of an action that is detrimental to the care of a patient.
* The performance of an action that is detrimental to the clinical service provided by the site and/or preceptor.
When a circumstance or action that is determined to be grounds for dismissal occurs, the experiential preceptor will inform the student and director of experiential programs of the situation. The situation will then be handled as follows:
a) If the situation is related to failure to meet a requirement, failure to follow policy or procedure, improper behavior or inadequate experiential performance, the student will be given a specific outline by the experiential preceptor as to how his/her performance must improve and/or meet expectations within five class days. A copy of this outline will be sent to the director of experiential programs. If after five class days such performance has not been achieved, the student will be removed from the experiential site and will receive either a grade of U, IN or F as determined by the director of experiential programs.
b) If the situation is related to an action that is detrimental to patient care and/or to the clinical service, upon discussion of the situation between the experiential preceptor and the director of experiential programs, the student shall be subject to immediate removal from the experiential site and shall receive a grade of U or F.
If a student has any question over the handling of his/her dismissal procedure by the director of experiential programs and/or preceptor, he/she should contact the chair of the department of pharmacy practice.
Student complaints specifically related to Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) standards should be submitted on the appropriate form to the College of Pharmacy Office of Student Affairs (Wolfe Hall Room 1227) in care of the associate dean for student affairs. Forms and a copy of the ACPE standards are available in the Office of Student Affairs. Students can also find the ACPE standards at the following web site.
Student issues or complaints regarding specific courses should be resolved via discussion with the course instructor. If further resolution is required, the departmental chair should be consulted. Please refer to the UT Policy web site for additional information on academic policies.
College Level Examination ProgramCredit (CLEP)
The College of Pharmacy grants up to a maximum of 30 semester CLEP credits. Credits earned in the natural sciences and mathematics section of the CLEP examination will count toward the degree as free electives, but do not replace the requirement for any specific course in biology, chemistry, physics or mathematics. Credits earned in the humanities and social sciences examination will count only toward meeting the additional humanities and social science requirements.
Credit by Exam