Cln4u canada and international law mr. Bergman 222 2013- 2014 mr. R. Bergman



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CLN4U CANADA AND INTERNATIONAL LAW MR. BERGMAN 222 2013- 2014

MR. R. BERGMAN

  • richard.bergman@tldsb.on.ca
  • http://rbergman.weebly.com
  • Office: 223
  • Prep: Period 1
  • CHC2D and CLU3M

WHAT WILL WE LEARN?

  • Law is not static (or should it be?)- dynamic process that renews itself in response to society’s evolving needs
  • Where does our law come from?
  • The rules and regulations on how our country is run (or in the case of our current Prime Minister how to get around those rules)
  • Rights and Freedoms (too many? too little?)

WHAT WILL WE LEARN?

  • What is Criminal Justice? Should we shoot first and ask questions later? Punish offenders? Can we stop crime in society?
  • Environmental Law- Who cares…really…
  • Labour Law- should workers have rights?
  • International Law- real or a myth
  • Testicles on Trucks…Gold/Silver/Flesh?

A UNIVERSITY LEVEL LAW COURSE HMMM…

  • Lectures/Power Points
  • Readings
  • Seminars
  • Videos (youtube)/ A Movie or Two
  • Independence….and Respect
  • Learning Goals

EVALUATION

  • Termwork 70%
  • Daily activities
  • Minor Essays
  • Unit Tests
  • Seminar
  • Major Essay (10-15%)
  • Group projects
  • Final Exam 30%

THE TYPICAL GRADE 12 UNIVERSITY STUDENT

LET US BEGIN-THE ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

  • How are law and morality and law and justice connected?
  • How does Canadian law reflect the influences of other legal systems? (Via Rail case)
  • How are the rights and freedoms enjoyed by Canadians protected here and on the international stage?
  • How are the most vulnerable in our society protected by law
  • How do changes in science and technology impact our law?

LET US BEGIN-THE ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

  • How do changing values of Canadians influence the legal system?
  • What is the role of small groups and individuals in the evolution of law?
  • How is a balance of power between the judicial and legislative branches of government maintained?
  • Why do we follow laws? Why do we not follow laws? What should society do with people who choose to not live within our laws?

LAW AND MORALITY

  • Consider the following statements. Identify whether they are true or false:
  • It is moral to abide by the law.
  • It is immoral to disobey the law.
  • It is moral to punish those who disobey the law.
  • It is immoral to fail to punish those who disobey the law.
  • Note: Morality is defined as principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good or bad behavior.

LAW AND MORALITY

  • Consider these:
  • Can an act be legal but immoral?
  • Can an act be morally right but unlawful?

KOHLBERG’S THEORY OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT

  • In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2,000 for a small dose of the drug.  The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $ 1,000 which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said: "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from it." So Heinz got desperate and broke into the man's store to steal the drug-for his wife. (Kohlberg, 1963).” 
  • What do you think?

ACTIVITY

  • In Groups determine guilt or innocence of the man…however that is not really that important…it is the reasoning.
  • Ratio Decidendi: the reasoning behind a judge’s decision- the rule of law on which the decision is founded
  • Prepare a reason for your decision for the man in the scenario- no punishment



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