Chapter04: Local and Popular Culture Multiple Choice

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Chapter04: Local and Popular Culture
Multiple Choice

  1. Jovanotti “reterritorialized” hip hop to reflect the local cultural context of

  1. Local “extreme sports” such as skateboarding, rapidly spread by being featured in

  1. The text focuses on one local culture which is conspicuous in its attempts to lessen the influence of foreign popular culture by controlling its cultural media outlets and industries. It is

  1. Japan is a hearth of global popular culture that influences North America with

  1. The only Old Order Anabaptist group who live communally rather than in family farmsteads are the

  1. Reflecting its origins and cultural tradition, Hutterite leaders speak

  1. Over 425 Hutterite communities exist in each of the following states and provinces except:

  1. The changes in local culture brought about by the onslaught of popular culture tend to disrupt __________.

  1. Government efforts to discourage native practice and languages in the United States and Canada were attempts to _____________ native groups.

  1. Efforts to conserve local cultures often focus on the local ____________.

  1. Buying a Native American styled dream catcher at a Wal-Mart store would possibly be an example of

  1. Anabaptist groups have tried to restrict contact with the outside world by

  1. Rural local cultures are often dependent on a single economic activity. Customs, beliefs, and artifacts are often intimately bound up with the economic activities. For example, the customs of the Plains Indians in early nineteenth-century North America focused on

  1. According to E. Relph, the term which best captures the quality of the American landscape which is associated with the spread of popular culture is

  1. Which is not an aspect of cultural landscape convergence?

  1. ________________ culture is conceived as small, incorporating a homogeneous population, typically rural and cohesive in cultural traits.

  1. Which is an example of a non-material aspect of culture?

  1. A group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a community and who share experience, customs, and traits are referred to as a

  1. In terms of popular culture, cities like Paris, New York, and Milan are referred to as

  1. The fact that trends in popular culture (e.g. fashion) proceed from large global centers (Milan, Paris, New York) through a series of progressively smaller cities is an example of

  1. Hutterites differ from the Amish in that they

  1. Urban local cultures as in Brooklyn, New York and North End Boston, Massachusetts are seen as positive examples of _____________, places of cultural persistence.

  1. Recently, Puerto Ricans living in Spanish Harlem in New York feel themselves challenged by the influx of Mexican immigrants to the neighborhood. This would be an example of the threat of _____________ to an ethnic neighborhood.

  1. Geographer, David Harvey, refers to the increasing speed by which innovations in popular culture diffuse as

  1. The Makah of Washington State reinstituted _______________ as a means of solidifying their culture and reconnecting with their past.

  1. According to the text, the Makah whalers used a 50-caliber rifle to kill the gray whale they hunted because

  1. The building of a sense of community identity around the idea of “Swedish-ness” in Lindsborg, Kansas is an example of

  1. The growth in the size of the audience of Phish in its college band days was the result of

  1. Globalized popular culture can be picked up and reproduced by people in the context of their local culture. This is referred to as:

  2. One of the challenges to urban ethnic neighborhoods mentioned in the text is

  1. Cultural appropriation for purposes of profit (e.g., naming a beer for a Lakota chief) is referred to as an example of

  1. The commodification process of a local custom or artifact often leads to the development of an image of “authenticity” which amounts to an example of

  1. Branson, Missouri capitalizes on local culture by presenting it as _____________ for tourist consumption.

  1. In 1830 there were over 290 local breweries in Ireland. The number declined to less than 10 in 1980. Today, Irish beer and prefabricated Irish pubs are marketed to the world by the global brewing corporation

  1. Fred Kniffen’s map of folk-housing regions does not show the eastward diffusion of a housing style that can be found almost everywhere today. It is the


  1. The early popularity of the college band Phish spread by word of mouth in their native Vermont. This is an example of contagious diffusion.

  1. Hip hop music can be found in places such as Indonesia, Italy, and France, in localized versions. This is referred to as reterritorialization.

  1. The rise of NASCAR from a regional Southern sport to its national prominence on television and advertising has not affected its status as a local cultural phenomena.

  1. Housing in American suburbs shows little regional variation and tend to sacrifice tradition for practicality and convenience.

  2. A group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share customs and traits are referred to as a local culture.

  1. Notting Hill festival (London) was appropriated by West Indian migrants to express their cultural distinctiveness. This is an example of assimilation.

  1. Commodification of local culture often leads to stereotypical images of that culture.

  1. 5. Branson, Missouri, a place where local Ozark culture is consumed, is more authentic than the local culture of surrounding communities.

  1. Visiting an “Irish” pub in San Diego, California in search of an authentic experience of a local culture would be to mistake myth for reality.

  1. Local cultures are distinctive in that they are stable over time.

  1. Popular cultures can change rapidly in periods as short as days or even hours.

  1. The spread of clothing styles from Paris or New York to regional mall stores and finally to shops near your local college, is an example of hierarchical diffusion.

1. Define local culture and popular culture. In what ways do local and popular culture interact? Think of local culture and popular as “ends of a continuum” and attempt to identify aspects of your locality which exemplify points along the continuum.
2. Think of your favorite local bands. In what ways do the music, attitudes, styles, and lyrical references of the band reflect local culture? In what ways does the band attempt to reterritorialize popular culture in the local context?
3. What is an ethnic neighborhood? Choose an example of an ethnic neighborhood and describe the traditions, customs and traits that set the ethnic group and its neighborhood apart from the popular culture. What are some of the internal and external threats to the local culture of the ethnic neighborhood you have chosen?
4. Think of the cultural landscape of the city or town where you live. Give examples of each of the three dimensions of cultural landscape convergence (1. “globalized architectural forms and planning ideas; 2. widespread businesses (McDonald’s) and products; 3. wholesale borrowing of idealized landscape images) operative in the landscape of your community. What attempts are being made to preserve local cultural landscape features against the encroachment of “placelessness”?
5. What technological advances have led to time-space compression and the associated rapidity of diffusion of change in the global system? Give examples of some of the benefits and of the liabilities of time-space compression.

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