Chapter 13 Aggregate Planning True / False Questions



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Chapter 13

Aggregate Planning

 

 




True / False Questions
 

1. Aggregate planning is intermediate-range capacity planning that typically covers a time horizon of one to three months. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

2. The goal of aggregate planning is to achieve a production plan that attempts to balance the organization's resources and meet expected demand. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

3. Aggregate planners are concerned with the quality and quantity of expected demand. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

4. Aggregate planning is used to establish general levels of employment, output, and inventories over an intermediate-range of time. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

5. The assignment of work to specific machines and people are examples of aggregate planning. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

6. The output from aggregate planning is a detailed business plan covering the next 2 to 12 months. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

7. Demand can be altered in aggregate planning by promotion and producing additional product using overtime. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

8. Capacity can be modified in aggregate planning by promotion and producing additional product using overtime. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

9. Organizations facing seasonal changes in demand are prevented from using aggregate planning techniques. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

10. Seasonality in demand has the advantage of leveling out requirements for our product or service. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

11. A level capacity strategy is also known as a chase demand strategy 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

12. An advantage of a "chase" strategy for aggregate planning is that inventories can be kept relatively low. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

13. Linear programming models yield the optimal solution. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

14. Ultimately the overriding factor in choosing a strategy in aggregate planning is overall cost. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

15. Aggregate planners commonly use trial and error methods in developing aggregate plans. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

16. The use of tables and charts in aggregate planning usually enables planners to arrive at an optimal plan. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

17. Aggregate planners typically use mathematical techniques such as linear programming and linear decision rules for planning. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

18. Disaggregating an aggregate plan leads to a master schedule. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

19. The master schedule indicates the quantity and timing for delivery of a product, but not the dates production will need to start. 


TRUE

 


AACSB: AS
Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

20. Departmental budgeting is an example of aggregate planning. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

21. Master schedulers are employed primarily by service organizations. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

22. Subcontracting 'in' would apply to periods in which our organization has excess capacity. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

23. Available-to-promise in the first week is equal to beginning inventory plus MPS quantity, if any, less committed customer orders before the next MPS quantity. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

24. A time fence in the master schedule is used to prevent unauthorized people from making changes to the schedule. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

25. After the first period of the planning horizon, available-to-promise is computed only for those periods in which there is an MPS quantity. 


TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

26. In the master production schedule, production is planned for the next period whenever the available-to-promise quantity becomes negative. 


FALSE

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

27. Which of the following best describes aggregate planning? 


A. the link between intermediate term planning and short term operating decisions
B. a collection of objective planning tools
C. make or buy decisions
D. an attempt to respond to predicted demand within the constraints set by product, process and location decisions
E. manpower planning

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

28. Accommodating peak demands and effectively using labor resources during periods of low demand would be the goal of aggregate planners in  


A. Manufacturing
B. Military
C. Archeology
D. Libraries
E. Financial Services

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

29. Aggregate planning is capacity planning for: 


A. the long range
B. the intermediate range
C. the short range
D. typically one to three months
E. typically one or more years

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

30. One area to which aggregate planning decisions relate is: 


A. job sequencing
B. customer order quantities
C. inventory levels
D. location
E. layout

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

31. Which of the following is an input to aggregate planning? 


A. beginning inventory
B. forecasts for each period of the schedule
C. customer orders
D. all of the above
E. quantity discounts

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

32. Essentially, the output of aggregate planning is the: 


A. marketing plan
B. production plan
C. rough-cut capacity plan
D. assignment plan
E. material requirements plan

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

33. In doing "aggregate planning" for a firm producing paint, the aggregate planners would most likely deal with: 


A. just gallons of paint, without concern for the different colors and sizes
B. gallons of paint, but be concerned with the different colors to be produced
C. gallons, quarts, pints, and all the different sizes to be produced
D. all the different sizes and all the different colors by size
E. none of the above

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

34. Aggregate planning requires which of the following information? 


A. a forecast of expected demand
B. current levels of inventory
C. (a) and (b)
D. policies regarding employment levels
E. all of the above

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

35. Aggregate planners attempt to balance: 


A. demand and inventories
B. demand and costs
C. capacity and inventories
D. capacity and costs
E. capacity and demand

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

36. Which of the following is not an input to the aggregate planning process: 


A. resources available
B. demand forecast
C. policies on work force changes
D. master production schedules
E. cost information

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

37. Which one of the following would not be considered a decision option for purposes of aggregate planning? 


A. inventory levels
B. manpower levels
C. pricing
D. production costs
E. promotion

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

38. Which of the following is not a basic option for altering the availability of capacity in a service environment? 


A. overtime
B. hiring/layoff
C. part time
D. inventory
E. All of these are basic capacity options.

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

39. Which one of the following is not a basic option for altering demand? 


A. promotion
B. backordering
C. pricing
D. subcontracting
E. All are demand options.

 


AACSB: AS
Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

40. One option for altering the pattern of demand is: 


A. backorders
B. overtime
C. part-time workers
D. inventories
E. subcontracting

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

41. Which of the following would not be a strategy associated with adjusting aggregate capacity to meet expected demand? 


A. subcontract
B. vary the size of the workforce
C. vary the intensity of workforce utilization
D. allow inventory levels to vary
E. use backorders

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

42. One option for altering the availability of manufacturing capacity is: 


A. pricing
B. promotion
C. backorders
D. inventories
E. none of the above apply to manufacturing capacity

 


AACSB: AS
Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

43. One option for altering the availability of capacity is: 


A. use of overtime or slack time
B. pricing
C. promotion
D. backorders
E. none of the above

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

44. In order to use the "level capacity strategy," variations in demand are met by: 


A. varying output during regular time without changing employment levels
B. varying output during regular time by changing employment levels
C. (a) and (b)
D. using combination of inventories, overtime, part time, and back orders
E. price adjustments

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

45. In using the "chase strategy" variations in demand could be met by: 


A. varying output during regular time without changing employment levels
B. varying output during regular time by changing employment levels
C. (a) and (b)
D. varying inventory levels
E. price increases

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

46. Uncommitted Inventory is called  


A. Available to promise inventory
B. Free inventory
C. Safety stock
D. Lead time inventory
E. Obsolete inventory

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

47. Aggregate planners seek to match supply and demand: 


A. at minimum overall cost
B. by staying within company policy
C. (a) and (b)
D. keeping inventories at a minimum
E. all of the above

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

48. In practice, the more commonly used techniques for aggregate planning are: 


A. mathematical techniques
B. informal trial-and-error techniques
C. (a) and (b) about equally
D. simulation models
E. linear programming optimization

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

49. The main disadvantage(s) of informal techniques used for aggregate planning is(are): 


A. they are expensive to do
B. they may not result in the best plan
C. they take a long time to do
D. they require use of a computer
E. lack of formal education of the planners

 


Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

50. Inventory information for firm ABC:


What is the expected inventory at the end of April, 1999? 


A. 350
B. 250
C. 150
D. 50
E. none of the above

 


AACSB: AS
Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 4
Taxonomy: Application
 

51. Inventory information for firm ABC:


What was the inventory at the end of March, 1999? 


A. 350
B. 250
C. 150
D. 50
E. none of the above

 


AACSB: AS
Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 4
Taxonomy: Application
 

52. Linear programming to produce an aggregate plan: 


A. will produce the best plan if accurate inputs are used
B. is the most widely used technique
C. (a) and (b)
D. will produce a plan that may not be the best plan
E. requires an excel spread sheet

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

53. Simulation to produce an aggregate plan: 


A. will produce the best plan
B. is the most widely used technique
C. both (a) and (b)
D. will produce a plan that may not be the best plan
E. requires a minimum of 4 iterations to be accurate

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 3
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

54. Which term is most closely associated with the term disaggregation? 


A. subcontracting
B. master schedule
C. diversity
D. varying inventory levels
E. firing and laying off

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

55. The direct result of disaggregating the aggregate plan is the: 


A. marketing plan
B. production plan
C. rough-cut capacity plan
D. master schedule
E. material requirements plan

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

56. Moving from the aggregate plan to a master production schedule requires: 


A. rough cut capacity planning
B. disaggregation
C. sub-optimization
D. strategy formulation
E. chase strategies

 


Difficulty: Hard
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

57. That portion of projected inventory which enables marketing to make realistic commitments about delivery dates for new orders is: 


A. beginning inventory
B. safety stock inventory
C. available-to-promise inventory
D. high margin inventory
E. none of the above

 


AACSB: CA
Difficulty: Easy
TLO: 1
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

58. Proactive and Reactive aggregate planning strategies are best associated with: 


A. Input and Output
B. Make and Buy
C. Quantitative and Qualitative
D. Exact and Approximate
E. Demand and Capacity options

 


Difficulty: Medium
TLO: 2
Taxonomy: Knowledge
 

 

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