Chapter 04: Patient Records, Medication Orders, and Medication Labels Mulholland: The Nurse, The Math, The Meds, 3rd Edition essay



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Chapter 04: Patient Records, Medication Orders, and Medication Labels

Mulholland: The Nurse, The Math, The Meds, 3rd Edition
ESSAY
1. Define the following medical abbreviations:

a. NPO:

b. IV:

c. IM:


d. ID (route):

e. NG:


f. PO:

g. SL:


h. subcut:

i. stat:

j. bid:

ANS:
a. Nothing by mouth



b. Intravenous

c. Intramuscular

d. Intradermal

e. Nasogastric

f. By mouth

g. Sublingual

h. Subcutaneous

i. Immediately

j. Twice a day; two times a day
2. Write the medical abbreviations for the following words and phrases:

a. Before meals:

b. After meals:

c. When needed:

d. With:

e. Without:

f. Immediately:

g. Three times a day:

h. As desired:

i. Every 4 hours:

j. Twice a day:

ANS:
a. ac

b. pc

c. prn


d.

e.


f. stat

g. tid


h. ad lib

i. q4h


j. bid
3. It is recommended that HS be written out: What are two possible meanings for HS?

ANS:


Hour of sleep (bedtime); half strength (solution)
4. Write out the following order: ibuprofen ent tab 400 mg stat and tid pc.

ANS:


Ibuprofen enteric coated tablet 400 mg immediately and three times daily after meals.
5. Change the traditional time to notations from the 24-hour clock system:

a. 4 PM:


b. Midnight:

c. Noon:

d. 1:30 AM:

e. 11:45 AM:

ANS:
a. 1600

b. 2400 0000

c. 1200

d. 0130


e. 1145
6. Name six basic patient rights.

ANS:


Right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, and right documentation. There is one additional patient right: right to refuse.
7. Ordered: 200 mg of a medication PO stat. Supplied as 0.1 g oral tablets.

a. Write the appropriate conversion formula:

How many tablets will you give?

b. Estimated dose: (Move the decimal point to estimate.)

c. Verify with a DA-style equation:

d. Evaluation:

ANS:
a. 1000 mg = 1 g

b. Estimate: Give 2 (100 mg) tablets. (0.1 g = 0.100.mg)

c. Tablets =

d. Estimate supports the answer.


8. Ordered: Keflex 0.5 g PO stat.

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