Chapter 01 The Sciences of Anatomy and Physiology Multiple Choice Questions



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Chapter 01 - The Sciences of Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 01

The Sciences of Anatomy and Physiology

 

 




Multiple Choice Questions
 

1.  The word "anatomy" comes from:  


A.  Latin and means "to be born".
B.  Hebrew and means "shape".
C.  Greek and means "to cut apart".
D.  German and means "body".
E.  Italian and means "form".

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.01 Describe the science of anatomy.
Section: 01.01
Topic: General
 

2.  Anatomy is the study of:  


A.  stars.
B.  function.
C.  sharp tools.
D.  structure and form.
E.  word histories.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.01 Describe the science of anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 
 


True / False Questions
 

3.  Since the body has been the same for thousands of years, anatomy is considered a static classification system instead of a dynamic science.  


FALSE

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.01 Describe the science of anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

4.  A scientist who describes the layers of the heart wall and their relationship to the surrounding pericardium would be a(n):  


A.  anatomist.
B.  physiologist.
C.  pathologist.
D.  pulmonologist.

 


Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.01 Describe the science of anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

5.  ______ anatomy examines both superficial anatomic markings and internal body structures as they relate to the skin covering them.  


A.  Regional
B.  Surface
C.  Radiographic
D.  Surgical
E.  Systemic

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

 


Fill in the Blank Questions
 

6.  The discipline known as _____________ anatomy examines similarities and differences across species.  


comparative

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

 
Multiple Choice Questions


 

7.  Which branch of microscopic anatomy is the study of tissues?  


A.  Histology
B.  Cytology
C.  Embryology
D.  Developmental anatomy
E.  Surgical anatomy

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

 


True / False Questions
 

8.  Cytology is a subdivision of gross anatomy.  


FALSE

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

 
Multiple Choice Questions


 

9.  Gross anatomy refers to the study of:  


A.  cells.
B.  structures formed by cells.
C.  structures not visible to the unaided eye.
D.  structures visible to the unaided eye.
E.  nasal secretions.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

10.  The anatomic changes that result from disease are studied under:  


A.  pathologic anatomy.
B.  systemic anatomy.
C.  histology.
D.  surgical anatomy.
E.  developmental anatomy.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

11.  The two main divisions of microscopic anatomy are:  


A.  embryology and parasitology.
B.  cytology and histology.
C.  comparative anatomy and pathological anatomy.
D.  neurobiology and surface anatomy.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

12.  When medical students study all of the structures in a particular area of the body as a unit (for example, all the muscles, blood vessels, and nerves of the leg), that approach is called:  


A.  surface anatomy.
B.  comparative anatomy.
C.  popliteal physiology.
D.  regional anatomy.
E.  systemic anatomy.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.02 List the subdivisions in both microscopic and gross anatomy.
Section: 01.01a
Topic: General
 

13.  The scientific discipline that studies the functions of body structures is:  


A.  anatomy.
B.  physiology.
C.  astronomy.
D.  anthropology.
E.  archeology.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.03 Describe the science of physiology.
Section: 01.01b
Topic: General
 

14.  Which is a physiological description rather than an anatomical one?  


A.  The muscles of the intestinal wall contract slowly and involuntarily.
B.  The walls of blood capillaries are composed of a thin epithelium.
C.  The muscles of the thigh are composed of skeletal muscle tissue.
D.  There are fenestrations (openings) in the epithelial cells of capillary walls.
E.  The esophageal wall includes a middle layer of dense irregular connective tissue.

 


Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.03 Describe the science of physiology.
Section: 01.01b
Topic: General
 

 
True / False Questions


 

15.  Physiologists use chemistry to understand the workings of the body's organ systems.  


TRUE

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.03 Describe the science of physiology.
Section: 01.01b
Topic: General
 

 


Fill in the Blank Questions
 

16.  The discipline that studies the functions of the nervous system, including the way that impulses are conducted is known as __________.  


neurophysiology

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.04 List the subdivisions in physiology.
Section: 01.01b
Topic: General
 

17.  The discipline that associates changes in organ system function with disease or injury is known as ____________.  


pathophysiology

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.04 List the subdivisions in physiology.
Section: 01.01b
Topic: General
 
 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

18.  Respiratory physiology is primarily the study of:  


A.  cell shape within the alveoli of the lungs.
B.  the branching pattern of the small airways of the lungs.
C.  the tissue composition of the airways, air sacs, and blood vessels.
D.  how gases are transferred between the lungs and the blood vessels supplying them.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.01.04 List the subdivisions in physiology.
Section: 01.01b
Topic: General
 

19.  The large surface area of the inside of the small intestine means that this structure is:  


A.  well adapted for its physiological role in absorption.
B.  derived from an embryological structure that served a different function.
C.  anatomically complex but physiologically simple.
D.  maladaptive in that it harbors bacteria.

 


Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A05.02 Give specific examples to show the interrelationship between anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.02.01 Explain how the studies of form and function are interrelated.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General
 

 
Essay Questions


 

20.  Some researchers think pheromones are important tools in human communication.  Pheromones are chemical signals that one individual sends to another.  What research questions might be asked by anatomists and what questions might be asked by physiologists to determine if pheromones are important to humans?  

Students might consider that anatomists would look for organs (and cellular machinery) to transmit pheromones and to receive them.  Comparative anatomists might also look for structures in the brain that are homologous to pheromone processing areas in animals.  Physiologists might study how pheromones are released, received, and processed.  These studies could involve cellular and molecular approaches and would involve multiple organ systems (e.g., integumentary and nervous systems).

 


Bloom's Level: 6. Create
HAPS Objective: A05.02 Give specific examples to show the interrelationship between anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.02.01 Explain how the studies of form and function are interrelated.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General
 

 


True / False Questions
 

21.  Both anatomists and physiologists are aware that form and function are interrelated.  


TRUE

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.02 Give specific examples to show the interrelationship between anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.02.01 Explain how the studies of form and function are interrelated.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General
 

 
Multiple Choice Questions


 

22.  The mechanism by which the body propels food through the digestive tract is primarily a topic of study for:  


A.  anatomists.
B.  physiologists.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.02.01 Explain how the studies of form and function are interrelated.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General
 

23.  The term that refers to the ability of organisms to react to changes in the environment is:  


A.  responsiveness.
B.  reproduction.
C.  metabolism.
D.  development.
E.  organization.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.03.01 List the characteristics common to all living things.
Section: 01.03a
Topic: General
 

24.  The various chemical reactions that organisms carry out are collectively called:  


A.  reproduction.
B.  homeostasis.
C.  metabolism.
D.  responsiveness.
E.  development.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Objective: 01.03.01 List the characteristics common to all living things.
Section: 01.03a
Topic: General
 

 


True / False Questions
 

25.  Homeostasis refers to an organism's ability to regulate its internal environment despite changes in the external environment.  


TRUE

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B01.01 Define homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module B01 Definition.
Learning Objective: 01.03.01 List the characteristics common to all living things.
Section: 01.03a
Topic: General
 

 
Multiple Choice Questions


 

26.  The category of reactions in which larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones is known as:  


A.  anabolism.
B.  catabolism.
C.  synthesis.
D.  homeostasis.
E.  enzymatic.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: O02.01 Define metabolism, anabolism and catabolism.
HAPS Topic: Module O02 Introduction to Metabolism.
Learning Objective: 01.03.01 List the characteristics common to all living things.
Section: 01.03a
Topic: General
 

 


Fill in the Blank Questions
 

27.  The group of metabolic reactions in which smaller molecules are combined to form larger ones is ___________.  


anabolism  or  
anabolic  or  
anabolic reactions

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: O02.01 Define metabolism, anabolism and catabolism.
HAPS Topic: Module O02 Introduction to Metabolism.
Learning Objective: 01.03.01 List the characteristics common to all living things.
Section: 01.03a
Topic: General
 

 
Multiple Choice Questions


 

28.  The smallest structural unit that exhibits the characteristics of living things is:  


A.  an organ.
B.  an individual.
C.  tissue.
D.  a cell.
E.  a system.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

29.  Which level consists of related organs that work to achieve a common function?  


A.  Organ system level
B.  Cellular level
C.  Tissue level
D.  Chemical level
E.  Organ level

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

30.  At what level of organization is a tooth?  


A.  Tissue level
B.  Cell level
C.  Organ level
D.  System level
E.  Atomic level

 


Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A06.02 Give an example of each level of organization.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

31.  Which of the following statements accurately describes the organization of structures?  


A.  Organs are made up of tissues, which are made up of cells, which are made up of organelles and molecules.
B.  Tissues are made up of organs, which are made up of cells, which are made up of individual atoms.
C.  Organisms are made up of tissues, which are made up of organ systems, which are made up of DNA.
D.  Organ systems are made up of cells, which are made up of tissues, which are made up of organelles.
E.  Organs are made up of cells, which are made up of atoms, which are made up of molecules.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

 
Essay Questions


 

32.  Iron atoms help our blood transport oxygen. Describe each level of anatomical structural complexity for an iron atom in your blood, working from the simplest level (atom) to the most complex (organism).  

The iron atom helps make up a hemoglobin molecule. The hemoglobin molecule helps make up a red blood cell.  The blood cell helps make blood, a connective tissue.  Blood travels within vessels, which are organs.  All of this is part of the cardiovascular system that helps make up the person, the organism.

 


Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

 


True / False Questions
 

33.  A molecule is made up of a combination of two or more atoms.  


TRUE

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

 
Fill in the Blank Questions


 

34.  Specialized subunits of cells that are made of macromolecules are called __________.  


organelles

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.02 Give an example of each level of organization.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Objective: 01.03.02 Describe the levels of organization in the human body.
Section: 01.03b
Topic: General
 

 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

35.  Which system is responsible for providing protection, regulating body temperature, and being the site of cutaneous receptors?  


A.  Respiratory
B.  Muscular
C.  Integumentary
D.  Urinary
E.  Nervous

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A07 Survey of body systems.
Learning Objective: 01.03.03 Compare the organ systems of the human body.
Section: 01.03c
Topic: General
 

36.  The body system that provides support and protection as well as being a site of blood cell production (hemopoiesis) is the ____________ system.  


A.  skeletal
B.  muscular
C.  cardiovascular
D.  respiratory
E.  lymphatic

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.02 Describe the major functions of each organ system.
HAPS Topic: Module A07 Survey of body systems.
Learning Objective: 01.03.03 Compare the organ systems of the human body.
Section: 01.03c
Topic: General
 

37.  The system responsible for the exchange of gases between the blood and atmospheric air is the _____________ system.  


A.  urinary
B.  respiratory
C.  cardiovascular
D.  endocrine
E.  nervous

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.02 Describe the major functions of each organ system.
HAPS Topic: Module A07 Survey of body systems.
Learning Objective: 01.03.03 Compare the organ systems of the human body.
Section: 01.03c
Topic: General
 

 

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