Changes and continuities in sub-saharan africa

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Bruno Arredondo

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AP World History



By 1900-2000 it was one of the periods of time of Sub-Saharan Africa that went through the most changes. The political system changed in some aspects, however Sub-Saharan Africa still possessed its political stability in the government. The economic system remained the same except for the movements of industrialization. And as for their social system, it had a huge change with the African Independence and the equal civil rights granted to the Africans.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the country was still rich in natural resources such as minerals, raw materials, and agriculture. This characteristic of African economy remained in Africa even when the movement of extraction of minerals and to industrialize Africa began. In Africa this movement was called the Apartheid, the objective was to boost the economy during World War II. However, later on the system turned into a policy to keep black in a position of political, social, and economic subordination. It was until new president of south Africa F.W. de Klerk along with Nelson Mandela that with their hard work and effort they both brought an end to the Apartheid system. Now Africa still remains as one of the less developed countries with low percent capita incomes and little industrial development.

In Sub-Saharan Africa there were white settlers in the country that were treated above the Africans even in their own land. This conflict in Africa between Blacks and Whites remained for a couple of years afterwards, another thing that remained the same was the overpopulation of Sub-Saharan Africa.. In some cases this meant that the African had to turn against their colonial in revolutions or in nonviolent acts. During the time of the World War II African nationalism flourished in Sub-Saharan Africa where they celebrated their culture, movements like Negritude to revive African traditions in French-controlled states. In the early years of World War II African nations gained their independence from colonial rule and sought to become self-governing states. Some nations got their independence and move to aid other neighboring nations to accomplish the same goals.

Throughout these years Africa was capable of maintaining political stability. Also they managed to become independent and apply their own type rule. Although, this remained the same Sub-Saharan Africa went through a multiethnic rule. The purpose was to solve political crisis and discord. The political identity and stability was more visible during the history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Republic of Congo had its ruler named Mobutu Sese Seko to ensure the stability of his nation.

In conclusion Sub-Saharan Africa remained with its issue of growing population little industry. However it was able to change its social system of unfairness towards Africans and granted them equal rights as whites. Although when speaking of its political system it still remained stable for a long time.

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