China’s boundaries wax and wanes with the dynasties
Korea, Vietnam, Inner China, Outer China, and Southeast Asia were all at one point parts of China
Change and Continuity
Throughout the time period of 8000 B.C.E. – 600 C.E China goes through five different dynasties; The Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, and Sui Dynasties.
Throughout the time frame of 8000 B.C.E. – 600 C.E. there were several continuities. China maintained its monopoly on Silk, and also always had the mandate of heaven as the emperor’s divine right to rule.
P-Japan attempts to recreate the great dynasties of China, but when that fails, the political structure is dominated by Feudalism E-Mostly closed to the world, and relied heavily on agriculture R- Buddhism enters Japan from China S- Japan is divided into provinces by the Feudal system and the social structure was rigidly defined with warlords known as shoguns on the top I-idea of cultural borrowing in which Japan would take certain aspects of society (mostly from China) and apply them to their own society A- The Japanese learn the use of sugar, silk, and alcohol from the Chinese
P-Tang Dynasty (618-907); Song Dynasty (960-1279); both dynasties were a strong, centralized govt.
P- Ming & Qing dynasties. Hongwu commanded a rebel army to drive the Mongols from China and became the first Ming emperor in 1368. His son Yonglo launched a series of voyages of imperial control led by Zheng He. The Manchus ended the Ming dynasty and started the Qing. Kangxi was the first Qing emperor and was followed by his son, Qianlong.
E- Isolationist policies in the 1500’s. Silk and ceramics were major exports. The Dutch were accepted by the Qing even after isolation. Tea was a major commodity. Farming & agriculture. There was rising merchant class during the Qing.
R- Italian Jesuits, Matteo.
S- Constant rebellions under Ming. Upheld traditions and Confucian beliefs & social structures. Kowtow ritual. Population increased two-fold. Patriarchal society.
I- Jesuits transmit scientific and technological knowledge to Ming China; Great Wall, Grand Canal, Forbidden City
A- Ming Emperor halts Zheng He’s expedition
P 1467-1568 Sengoku period (warring states). Daimyos became lords and the emperor was merely a figurehead. Oda Nobunaga initiated the unification of Japan under the shogun. Succeeded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tokugawa started the Tokugawa shogunate also known as the Edo period. National Seclusion Policy.
E- The Portugese establish trade with Japan in 1542. Within a decade, Christian missionaries streamed in and facilitated trade in the port city of Nagasaki.
R- Jesuits in Japan. Christians were persecuted. Buddhism and Shintoism.
S- Patriarchal society
I- Haikus, wood block prints, painting.
A- Tokugawa Shogunate prohibits trade with Western nations,
New mass culture (Japan) – ukiyo (the floating world), an ideal world; professional female entertainers called geisha,, music, popular stories, Kabuki and bunraku (puppet theater), poetry, a rich literature, and art, exemplified by beautiful woodblock prints